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a precarious subsistence.
Before this was established, men were always on the look-out for homeward bound vessels, and as soon as one was descried, every man and boy was alert in making off to it with fish, eggs, fowls, potatoes, and other articles of barter. The captain seldom paid them in money, but usually was glad to give in exchange a bottle of rum, some coffee, or some sugar, which obtained at St. Mary's a ready sale. Now, one pound of sugar would expose the boat to • seizure, and the men to imprisonment;' of which several most distressing instances have occurred. Some of the best boats are now lying on the beach, ruining with the sun, and some men have been sent to the Fleet prison.'
• It seems, it was conjectured that some persons must fall a sacrifice to the extreme severity of the preventive system, and the inhabitants of the Off-Islands of Scilly appear to be the victims To some, however, has appeared, that the great expense attached to building a large boat and watch houses on the Islands, providing for so many men, and supporting officers, must be greater than what the revenue would gain by the measure; but this is a business with which we presume not to interfere, as it has now become an established law, and therefore must be obeyed.' p. 22.
Yet, if Government knew the miseries,' it is remarked, to • which the people have been reduced by these things, they • would surely be disposed to relax a little, in favour of a rega' lated mode of barter, if some plan could be struck out, with
out injuring the revenue.' Five bundred pounds had been voted by Government for the relief of the Islands, but fears were .entertained that this would be employed chiefly in the building of sea-banks, while nothing short of immediate relief will save the wretched people from perishing. Of this, a specimen or two will give sufficient proof.
Old Grimsby.-F. J. nine in family, very poor.-H. J. three in family, have lived very hard, chiefly on limpets; poverty is visible in their countenances.-F. J. aged 74, wife 73, very poor; the wife has of late been down every morning to the sea side cutting sca weed, and carrying it on her back to obtain a little bread; she complained of this as a great hardship at her time of life, and declared she was hardly able to do it, yet at the same time felt thankful that God had disposed any one to speculate in Kelp, as it obtained bread for many families, who would otherwise at this moment be starving:-J. J. nine in family, very poor, suffered greatly last winter, lived chiefly on limpets and barley corn, burnt, as a substitute for coffee, wife just lain in, no prospect of support for the next winter; every thing about this hut, as well as the appearance of the family, indicated grief, despondency, and poverty.S. J. eight in family, sold almost every thing they had, last winter, to obtain bread; lived for three weeks almost wholly on limpets; when they had bread, obliged to limit the family to one or two pounds a day, for the wbole eight;
mother and children very much distressed for clothes, having scarcely a change to put on : this was a very distressing case, and impressed us deeply with the miseries to which these poor people must have been reduced, particularly during the last winter.' p. 34. LR. P. seven in family, no potatoes, very little bread.-P. P. five in family, in the greatest distress, no potatoes, and only a little bread, lately obtained. The mother of this family unfolded a most distressing scene of misery, stating with the most poignant grief, through her sufferings at the cries of the poor children around her for bread; her story was confirmed by the neighbours, and having no means of support, it was evident to us all, that she mast have suffered the very extremes of poverty; often putting her children to bed, as she de- . clared, crying to her for a bit of bread, or a cold potatoe. We were deeply affected with this scene also, and bitterly lamented over the state of the poor children.-T. E. five in family, very poor ; this family has been for months without potatoes, and frequently no bread, lived chiefly on limpets, and forced to sell every thing to prevent the children starving.-D. P. seven in family, much in the same state, every thing sold for bread.-M. J. seven in family, extremely poor. -W. W. five in family, greatly distressed, no land, no boat, and no prospect whatever of future support.-J. J. eight in family, in the same condition; two lads of the family ask the neighbours who have a boat, to let them go in her when the weather fis fair, to obtain à little fish to prevent the whole from perishing.-T. E. a poor cripple, in the deepest distress.
• Eight" families more follow, whose poverty has been equally great ; several widows wanting bread and every other necessary, some very old. No poor rates can be obtained on the Off-Islands, and therefore they receive no help but what may be obtained by an occasional visit to St. Mary's, where the applications for bread and potatoes have been so numerous, as almost to exhaust the liberality of such as were able to give.
• P. E. nine in family, sold almost every thing saleable to obtain bread. One circumstance struck us as very remarkable; a cow where there are many children, is a great support, and we should imagine would be the last thing parted with, but most families who had a cow were forced to sell her for bread. --D. P. eight in family ; the most indubitable marks of distress appeared in this house, and with all the family; the man had been obliged to leave work about the Kelp, and throw himself on the bed from weakness, for want of food, the woman seemed equally weak; on asking how the children lived for the last few months, she replied, I can't tell, I'm sure the Lord himself must have nourished them, for it cannot be the food they have had ; many times we have been for days without a potatoe for them, and often without a crust of bread, and sometimes we have gone for days without either; limpets have then been our only support, excepting when the children get a bit of bread, a cold potatoe, nor a piece of fish, from any neighbour who knew we had neither land nor boat. Mr. Jeffery, a minister on the Island, confirmed this sad statement, -T.J. six in family, in the greatest dis. Vol. X. N.S.
tress, sold all their clothes but what they had on, for bread and potatoes.-C. O. three in family, a most wretched habitation, the mother an object of the greatest misery; but what affected us most, was the sight of a little girl three years old, a sweet child, with a pale countenance, hollow eyes, and a soft expression of melancholy, that filled spectators with tears; the mother extremely weak, and greatly depressed in spirits from want.-S. E. seven in family, all in distress.
• S. B. three in family, two were old people, the woman 76, and barefooted, no bread or potatoes ; 3-a case of real misery, sufficient to melt the hardest heart ;-it is wonderful how these people have struggled on so far, without shoes, or bread, or any comfort, but what a few limpets afforded. M. A. a poor widow with six children; no potatoes or bread, when they had any they put themselves on an allowance of one pound and a half for the whole family ;—the mother moved every heart by her affecting account of the children's tean for bread.-H. A. three in family, very poor, lately broke his thigh, and suffered much by his confinement; he has served thirteen year and half in the navy, and showed us a letter from the Admiralty Office, dated 12th February, 1818, which says, “ As you have not served fourteen years in the royal navy, you are not entitled to any pension.” The poor man declared, he would gladly serve the other six months when his thigh was well, in any ship the Lords of the Admiralty thought fit to appoint, as it was rather hard to lose the pension after serving so long We were much pleased with the very mild manner in which he spoke of the circumstance, saying he only wanted a little bread and potatoes for his wife and child. A promise was made him that a letter should be sent to the society for distressed seamen on his account. The letter addressed to him from the Ad. miralty Office is now before the writer, T. W. five in family, often for days without bread, and suffered much distress ; no clothes but what they had on, and no boat. It appears that if many poor families had a small boat, they would consider it essentially useful to them.-S. W. six in family, husband sick, all in the greatest distress.-As we'entered, many of those families were boiling the limpets as their chief food, and immense piles of limpet shells lay before each door : striking proofs of their extreme poverty and misery. It became a common remark with some of our company, addressed to those of us from Penzance, when we approached a door, “ see! yor may tell the state of the people here by the piles of limpet shells before their houses."
Here we must close our extracts. Could any measure be adopted, to establish fisheries on the Islands, the place, it is said, would become a scene of business and energy. Now, owing to the particular circumstances of the tenure of these Islands on lease from the Prince Regent, as Duke of Corowall, there is no encouragement, because the people can have no security. We trust that this plain and simple-hearted appeal to the Legislature and the public, will not be fruitless.
Gentlemen and Publishers who have works in the press, will oblige the Conductors of the Eclectic Review, by sending Information (post paid) of the subject, extent, and probable price of such works ; which they may depend upon being communicated to the Public, if consistent with its Plan.
Early in December, will be published lished by a Member of the University of in 3 vols. 12mo. by the Rev. Richard Cainbridge: to which will be subjoined Warner, Rector of Great Chesterfield, “ The Song of a Captive Jew in Babylon," Wilts, dedicated by permission to the and other smaller pieces. Lord Bishop of Salisbury: Old Church Shortly will be published, a Graphic of Eugland Principles : opposed to the and Historical Description of the City of New Light, in a series of plain, doc. Edinburgh, comprising a series of riews trinal, and practical Sermons, 38 in of its most interesting remains of antinumber, on the first Lesson in the Mom. quity, public buildings, and picturesque ing Service of the different Sundays, and scenery : the drawings are made and great Festivals throughout the year : engraved by Messrs. Storer. shewing the connexion between the Old In the press, Remarks on the present and New Testaments : illustrating the state of Musical Instruction, with the histories, characters, types, and prophe. Prospectus of an improved plan, in which cies of the former, by the events, per- the great need of a new order of musical sonages, realities, and fulfilments of the designation, and the important advanlatter: explaining the popular difficule tages resulting therefrom are explicitly ties in both Testainents; refuting the ovo stated, with an illustration of the same jections of the infidel or sceptic to particu- in the way of practical application. By lar parts ofthe Old Testament: and prov. John Relfe, Musician in Ordinary to His ing the conformity of the tenets, rites and Majesty, Professor and Teacher of Music. services of the Church of England, to Mr. Caulfield, of Bath, is preparing for the teaching of Scriptures, and the prac- the press, a volume which will contain tice of the primitive Church : adapted to notices of every important transaction the use of private families, young per- of the Regency, from the year 1811 to sons, and country congregations : to the Dissolution of the late Parliament. which are added, prayers for private fa- In November will be published, t'ime's milies, and young persons.
Telescope for 1819 : vo vhich will be preThe Rev. Dr. Chalmers of Glasgow fixed, an Introduction containing the will shortly publish a volume of Ser. Elements of Chemistry. mons preached by him in the Tron Mr. Westall bas in a considerable Church, Glasgow.
state of forwardness, a series of Illustra. Mr. G. H. Toulmin will publish in tions to Mr. Campbell's Pleasures of December, a poem entitled “ Beauties Hope, and Gertrude of Wyoming, which of Affection.”
will be engraved by Mr. Charles Heath. In the press, the Eighth Edition of A new weekly paper, is to appear in the Poetical Monitor, consisting of pieces November, under the title of the Cale. select and origioal, for the improvement donian Mercury, at the cheap rate of 4d. of the young in virtue and piety.
each oumber: it is intended to diffuse A new and corrected edition of Wil. more extensively a knowledge of the proson's Hebrew Grammar is nearly ready gress of science, literature, manners, for publication, from the press of the and political opinions in Scotland. Society for the propagation of Christi. Dr. J. Carey has in the press a new anity among the Jews.
Edition of " Dryden's Virgil,” with ReA new poem entitled “ The Widow of marks on the text, as corrected from the City of Nain” will speedily be pubo Dryden's own two tolio editions.
Dr. Carey has also forth-coining, a new A History of Greenland, from the Edition of his “ Latin Prosody made German of Crantz, with a continuaeasy"--and “ Drakenborch's Livy," the tion of the history of the Missions of Regent's pocket edition.
the United Brethren to the present time, The Rev. Alfred Bishop of Ringwood, and supplementary notes including ininteuds shortly to publish by supscrip- teresting notices of Labrador, is printing h!on, a volume entitled “ The Beloved in two octavo volumes. Disciple; a series of discourses on the Mr. Guy is printing a School AstroLife, Character, and Writings of the nomy, illustrated by plates, 'in a similar Apostle Jobn.". Price to Subscribers, with
bis School Geography. 5$.
Miss Trimmer will soo publish, a The Rev. Joseph Fletcher will shortly short History of France, after the manpublish a new and enlarged edition of bis ner of Mrs. Triminer's Histories for Lectures on the Principles and In-titutions Children of the Roman Catholic Religion.
Dr. Armstrong is preparing new The second part of Mr. Cottle's Poem editious, considerably improved, of his of Messiah, will be published in Decem- three Treatises on Scarlet, Typhus, and ber. A new edition of the Refuge will be Puerperal Pever. ready in a few days,
The following works will be published In the press, An Essay on Midwifery, during the ensuing Season. The Life of enforcing new principles, which tend ma- the Rt. Hon, Richard Brinsley, Sheridan, terially to lessen the sufferings of the from a variety of interesting Documents, Patient, and shorten the duration of la- and original Communications. By Thom bour. By John Power, Accoucheur, mas Moore, Esq. Author of Lalla Rookb, Meinber of the Royal Medical Society of 4to. Edinburgh.
On the Topography and Antiquities The Rev. W. Faulkner is printing a of Athens. By Lieut. Colonel W. M. work on the siniplicity and ingenuity of Leake, E«q, the Evidence in favour of the Miracles An Account of the Mission from Cape recorded in the Gospels, contrasted with Coast Castle to the Kingdom of Achan. the most striking Wonders of the Chris tee, in Africa. By J. Edward Bowditeb, tjan Church in the s!icceeding centuries. Esq. Conductor and Chief of the Em
Lieute Elmirst will soon publish, bassy. Comprising its History, Lavs, Occurrences during a Six Months' Resi- Superstitions, Customs, Arehitecture, dence in Calabria Ulteriore in the king- Trade, &c. 'To wbich is added, a Transdom of Naples.
lation, from the Arabic, of an Account Mr. Accnm has in the press, Ele-: of Mr. Park's Death, &c. With a map, ments of Chymistry, for Self-instruction, and several plates of architecture, cosafter the system of, Sir H. Davy, illus- tumes, processions, &c. trated, by experiments; in, an octavo The Jourual of an Expedition orer volume, with plates,
part of the (hitherto) Terra Incognita Mr. Zachariah, Jackson, will,soon pube of Australasia, performed by command lish, in an octavo volume, a Restoration of the British Government of tbc terriof 700 Passages to their pristine beauty, tory of New South Wales, in the year which, in the Plays of Shakspeare, have 1817. By John Oxley, Esq, Surveyor hitherto remained corrupt,
general of the territory, and Lieutenant Brig, Gen. Macdonnell is preparing of the Royal Navy. With a large map, for publication, in two quarto volumes, 4to. a Polybian Viewy
, of the late War in Anastasius, or Memoirs of, a Greek Spain and Portugal,
written by himself, 3 volumes, crown Mr. M. E. Elliot, jun. has in the press, Night, a descriptive poem; being Memoirs of the first thirty-two years an attempt to paint the scenery of night of the Life of James Hardy Vaux, DON. as connected with great and interesting transported for life to New South Wales. eyents.
Written by himself, 2 vols, 12010, Miss Hutton baş nearly ready to ap: Rolitical and Literary Anecdotes of pear, the Tour of Africa, containing a His Own Times. By Dr. W. King. concise account of all the cquntries, in Principal of St. Mary Hall, Oxford. that quarter. of the globe, hitherto vi- Crowa, 8vo. sited by Europeans,