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latest Annals remember that Period, in which she enjoy'd two successive Governors of the illustrious Name of STANHOPE. And that your Excellency may long poffefs those Honours to which you have rose by your own continued Integrity and unblemish'd Virtue, is I believe the hearty Wish of all True Britons, but of none more ardently than him who begs Leave to subscribe himself with the highest Respect,

My LORD,

Your Excellency's

Most obedient and

Most humble Servant

Richmond, Nov.

26, 1748.

to command,

JOSEPH GROVE:

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T H E

PREF A C E.

N our Third Volume we left the
CARDINAL in a most exalted
Sphere of ministerial Action, and
Splendor, and in the greatest E-
steem with his Royal Master. In

this we have descended with him, from his Zenith of Glory to his Dismission from Court, where we behold him as much neglected as he was before caressed, and as much vilified as before applauded : Though we have seen no Reason for that mighty Indignation, which caused this extream Change; but are fully convinced, that, when the Glory given to him was removed, his Integrity had not departed from him, and that he was in himself as meritorious as ever.

The Observation in the following Line,

Regis ad exemplum, totus componitur orbis, was too fatally verified in the undeserved Fall and Treatment this great Man met with : We learn, however, from hence two useful Lessons ; the

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one,

one, the Vanity of human Greatness; the other, the Variableness of human Judgments.

As we have had Occasion, in several Places, to mention the Reasons that induced us to undertake the Compiling this History, we shall not here repeat them : But only observe, that, notwithstanding some Errors may have slipped us, we hope there will not appear any but such as are common; that, we are not conscious to ourselves of any partial Fondnesses for our principal Character, nor of any undue Severities towards his Enemies, either dead or living; that tho' we have taken more Freedom with Monsieur Rapin, than with any

other Author, our Readers may see we were not the first who did so, if they will but attend the many Pieces that have been published to set forth his Mistakes; and that we do not conceive even the most Censorious can bring against us the Charge of undertaking this Publication with a mercenary View, especially as there could be no Hopes of Family Gratifications, in vindicating the Character of one who was the first and last Person in his, of any the least Consequence or Distinction.

After having spoke of the many Circumstances relating to his Disgrace, and attended him both in his Retirement from the World, and his final Departure out of it, we were brought to the MEMOIRS with which this Volume and this Work is concluded, and dispatched them with as much Conciseness as possible.

And we cannot but here hint, that we have been at a much larger Expence about this Collection, than our Subscriptions have hitherto answered; though we are not uneasy on that Account,

because,

because, in discharge of our Obligations to the Encouragers of it, we have afforded them more Matter and a greater Number of Embellishments than is usually given, or might reasonably be expected.

In this Volume will be further seen what Use has been made of ancient Records, and other valuable Letters and Papers, many of which are preserved in the Exchequer Record-office: And, as to our taking so many large Quotations from the inimitable Shakespear, we say, that, finding him so full of fine Imagery, in Relation to our CARDINAL, &c. we thought some of his Scenes would be no disagreeable Parts in our History.

We must own too, that we are particularly obliged to several worthy Gentlemen, who furnished us with Original Letters, or other Matters, made use of in the Course thereof; which leads us here to acquaint our Readers, that the CARDINAL had another Dignity in the Church, which had escaped us, till communicated by a Gentleman (while the Index to this Volume was printing off) in these Words,

To Mr. GROVE,

S IR,

A Mong the many Preferments, which Cardinal

Wolsey enjoyed, I do not find any of our Hiftorians mention that of the Deanry of Saint Stephens, Westminster.

As you would probably take Occahon to mention this in your History, I give you the Trouble of this Letter.

On the 3d of October, Anno 4to, Hen. 8. the King, by Letters Patents, granted the next Turn

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