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Sect. 1. The members of the house of representatives shall be chosen every second year, by the people of the several states comprehended within this union. The qualifications of the electors shall be the same, from time to time, as those of the electors in the several states of the most numerous branch of their own legislatures.

Sect. 2. Every member of the house of representatives shall be of the age of twenty-five years at least; shall have been a citizen in the United States for at least three years before his election; and shall be, at the time of his election, a resident of the state in which he shall be chosen.

Sect. 3. The house of representatives shall, at its first formation, and until the number of citizens and inhabitants shall be taken in the manner herein after described, consist of sixty-five members; of whom three shall be chosen in New Hampshire, eight in Massachusetts, one in Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, five in Connecticut, six in New York, four in New Jersey, eight in Pennsylvania, one in Delaware, six in Maryland, ten in Virginia, five in North Carolina, five in South Carolina, and three in Georgia.

Sect. 4. As the proportions of numbers in the different states will alter from time to time; as some of the states may hereafter be divided; as others may be enlarged by addition of territory; as two or more states may be united; as new states will be erected within the limits of the United States, the legislature shall, in each of these cases, regulate the number of representa

tives by the number of inhabitants, according to the provisions herein after made, at the rate of one for every forty thousand.

Sect. 5. All bills for raising 'or' appropriating money, and for fixing the salaries of the officers of government, shall originate in the house of representatives, and shall not be altered or amended by the senate. No money shall be drawn from the publick treasury, but in pursuance of appropriations that shall originate in the house of representatives.

Sect. 6. The house of representatives shall have the sole power of impeachment. It shall choose its speaker and other officers.

Secr. 7. Vacancies in the house of representatives shall be supplied by writs of election from the executive authority of the state, in the representation from which they shall happen.


Sect. 1. The senate of the United States shall be chosen by the legislatures of the several states. Each legislature shall choose two members. Vacancies may be supplied by the executive until the next meeting of the legislature. Each member shall have one vote.

Sect. 2. The senators shall be chosen for six years ; but, immediately after the first election, they shall be divided, by lot, into three classes, as nearly as may be, numbered one, two, and three. The seats of the members of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year; of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year; so that a third part of the members may be chosen every second year.

Sect3. Every member of the senate shall be of the age of thirty years at least; sball have been a citi. zen in the United States for at least four years before his election; and shall be, at the time of his election, a resident of the state for which he shall be chosen.

SÉCT. 4. The senate shall choose its own president and other officers.


Sect. 1. The times, and places, and the manner of holding the elections of the members of each house, shall be prescribed by the legislature of each stale ; but their provisions concerning them may, at any time, be altered by the legislature of the United States,

Sect. 2. The legislature of the United States shall have authority to establish such uniformn qualifications of the members of each house, with regard to property, as to the said legislature shall seem expedient.

Sect. 3. In each house a majority of the members shall constitute a quorum to do business ; but a smaller number may adjourn from day to day.

Sect. 4. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and qualifications of its own members.

SECT. 5. Freedom of speech and debate in the legislature shall not be impeached or questioned in any court or place out of the legislature ; and the members of each house shally in all cases, except treason, felony, and breach of the peace, be privileged from arrest durs ing their attendance at Congress, and in going to and returning from it.

Sect: 6. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings-s may punish its members for disorderly behaviour; and may expel a member.

Sect. 7. The house of representatives, and the senate, when it shall be acting in a legislative capacity, shall keep a journal of their proceedings; and shall, from time to time, publish them : and the yeas and nays of the members of each house, on any question, shall, at the desire of one-fifth part of the members present, be entered on the journal.

Sect. 8. Neither house, without the consent of the other, shall adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that at which the two houses are sitting. But this regulation shall not extend to the senate, when it shall exercise the powers mentioned in the

article. SECT. 9. The members of each house shall be ineli. gible to, and incapable of holding any office under the authority of the United States, during the time for which they shall respectively be elected; and the members of the senate shall be ineligible to, and incapable of holding any such office for one year afterwards.

Sect. 10. The members of each house shall receive a compensation for their services, to be ascertained and paid by the state in which they shall be chosen.

Seot. 11. The enacting style of the laws of the United States shall be, " Be it enacted, and it is hereby " enacted by the house of representatives, and by the ".senate of the United States, in Congress assembled.”

Sect. 12. Each house shall possess the right of oric ginating bills, except in the cases before menlioned.

Sect. 13. Every bill, which shall have passed the house of representatives and the senate, shall, before it become a law, be presented to the President of the United States, for his revision. If, upon such revision, he approve of it, he shall signify his approbation by

signing it; but if, upon such revision, it shall appear to him improper for being passed into a law, he shall return it, togetber with his objections against il, to that house in which it shall have originated, who shall enter the objections at large on their journal, and proceed to reconsider the bill; but if, after such reconsideration, two thirds of that house shall, notwithstanding the objections of the president, agree to pass it, it shall, together with his objections, be sent to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered, and if approved by two thirds of the other house also, it shall become a law. But, in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be determined by yeas and nays; and the names of the persons voting for or against the bill shall be entered in the journal of each house respectively. If any bill shall not be returned by the president within seven days after it shall have been presented to him, it shall be a law, unless the legislature, by their adjourn. ment, prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.


Sect. 1. The legislature of the United States shall have the power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts

and excises ; cada To-regulate commerce with foreign nations, and among the several states ;

To establish a uniform rule of naturalization throughout the United States; : To coin money;

To regulate the value of foreign coin;-
To fix the standard of weights and measures
To establish post offices ; *

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