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To secure to authors exclusive rights for a certain time.

To establish publick institutions, rewards, and im munities, for the promotion of agriculture, commerce, trades, and manufactures.

That funds which shall be appropriated for pay. ment of publick creditors shall not, during the time of such appropriation, be diverted, or applied to any other purpose ; and to prepare a clause, or clauses, for restraining the legislature of the United States from establishing a perpetual revenue.

To secure the payment of the publick debt.

To secure all creditors, under the new constitution, from a violation of the publick faith, when pledged, by the authority of the legislature.

To grant letters of marque and reprisal.
To regulate stages on the post roads.

It was moved by Mr. Rutledge, and seconded, that a committee, to consist of a member from each state, be appointed to consider the necessity and expediency of the debts of the several states being assumed by the United States

Which passed in the affirmative.

Yeas-Massachusetts, Connecticut, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

6 Nays-New Hampshire, New Jersey, Delaware, Maryland

4 DIVIDED-Pennsylvania

1 And a committee was appointed, by ballot, of the honourable Mr. Langdon, Mr. King, Mr. Sherman, Mr. Livingston, Mr. Clymer, Mr. Dickinson, Mr. M'Henry, Mr. Mason, Mr. Williamson, Mr. C. C. Pinckney, and Mr. Baldwin.


It was moved and seconded to agree to the following resolution, namely,

“ Resolved, That this convention will meet punctusally at 10 o'clock, every morning (Sundays except"ed) and sit till four o'clock in the afternoon, at which "time the President shall adjourn the convention; and " that no motion for adjournment be allowed"

Which passed in the affirmative,

Yeas–New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecti. cut, New Jersey, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

9 Nays-Pennsylvania, Maryland,

2 It was moved and seconded to insert the words " and "support," between the word "raise” and the word "armies," in the fourteenth clause, first section, seventb article

Which passed in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to strike out the words “ build and equip," and to insert the words “provide "and maintain," in the fifteenth clause, first section, seventh article

Which passed in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to insert the following as a sixteenth clause, in the first section of the seventh article:

To make rules for the government and regulation " of the land and naval forces"

Which passed in the affirmative.

It was moved and seconded to annex the following proviso to the last clause :

“Provided, That in time of peace the army shall not 6 consist of more than

thousand men Which passed in the negative.



It was moved and seconded to insert the following as

clause in the first section of the seventh article :

To make laws for regulating and disciplining the "militia of the several states, reserving to the several "states the appointment of their militia officers."

It was moved and seconded to postpone the last clause, in order to take up the following:

" To establish a uniformity of exercise and arms "for the militia ; and rules for their government, when "called into service under the authority of the United “States ; and to establish and regulate a militia in any "state where its legislature shall neglect to do it."

It was moved and seconded to refer the two last motions to a committee

Which passed in the affirmative.

YEAs New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia

8 Nays-Connecticut, New Jersey DIVIDED— Maryland

1 And they were referred to the committee of eleven.

And then the house adjourned till Monday next, at 10 o'clock, A. M.

MONDAY, AUGUST 20, 1787. It was moved and seconded to refer the following propositions to the committee of five

Which passed in the affirmative.

Each house shall be the judge of its own privileges, and shall have authority to punish, by imprisonment, every person violating the same ; or who, in the place

where the legislature may be sitting, and during the time of its session, shall threaten any of its members for any thing said or done in the house ; or who shall assault any of them therefor; or who shall assault or arrest any witness or other person ordered to attend either of the houses in his way going or returning; or who shall rescue any person arrested by their order.

Each branch of the legislature, as well as the supreme executive, shall have authority to require the opinions of the supreme judicial court upon important questions of law, and upon solemn occasions.

The privileges and benefit of the writ of habeas corpus shall be enjoyed in this government in the most expeditious and ample manner; and shall not be suspended by the legislature, except upon the most urgent and pressing occasions, and for a limited time not exceeding months.

The liberty of the press shall be inviolably preserted.

No troops shall be kept up in time of peace, but by consent of the legislature.

The military shall always be subordinate to the civil power, and no grants of money shall be made by the legislature for supporting military land forces for inore than one year at a time.

No soldier shall be quartered in any house, in time of peace, without consent of the owner.

No person holding the office of President of the United States; a judge of their supreme court; secretary for the department of foreign affairs; of finance; of marine ; of war; or of shall be capable of holding at the same time any other


office of trust or emolument under the United States, or an individual state.

No religious test, or qualification, shall ever be annexed to any oath of office under the authority of the United States.

The United States shall be forever considered as one body corporate and politick in law, and entitled to all the rights, privileges, and immunities which to bodies corporate do, or ought to appertain.

The legislature of the United States shall have the power of making the great seal, which shall be kept by the President of the United States, or, in his absence, by the president of the senate, lo be used by them as the occasion may require. It shall be called the great seal of the United States, and shall be affixed to all laws.

All commissions and writs shall run in the name of the United States.

The jurisdiction of the supreme court shall be extended to all controversies between the United States and an individual state, or the United States and the citi. zens of an individual state.

To assist the President in conducting the publick affairs, there shall be a council of state composed of . the following officers :

1. The chief justice of the supreme court, who shall, from time to time, recommend such alterations of, and additions to, the laws of the United States, as may in his opinion be necessary to the due administration of justice, and such as may promote useful learning and inculcate sound morality throughout the union. He shall be the president of the council, in the absence of the President.

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