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shall agree to pass the bill, it shall be sent, together with the objections, to the other house, by which it shall likewise be reconsidered ; and if approved by two-thirds of that house, it shall become a law. But in all such cases, the votes of both houses shall be de termined by yeas and nays; and the names of the per. sons voting for and against the bill shall be entered on the journal of each house respectively. If any bili shall not be returned by the president within ten days (Sundays excepted) after it shall have been presented to him, the same shall be a law, in like manner as if he had signed it, unless the Congress by their adjournment prevent its return; in which case it shall not be a law.

Every order, resolution, or vote, to which the concurrence of the senate and house of representatives may be necessary, (except on a question of adjournment) shall be presented to the President of the United States ; and before the same shall take effect, shall be approved by him, or, being disapproved by him, shall be repassed by three-fourths of the senate and house of representatives, according to the rules and limitations prescribed in the case of a bill.

Sect. 8. The Congress may, by joiot ballot, appoint a treasurer. They shall have power to lay and collect taxes, duties, imposts, and excises ;

To pay the debts and provide for the common defence and general welfare of the United States ; · To borrow money on the credit of the United States;

To regulate commerce with foreign nations, among the several states, and with the Indian tribes;

To establish a uniform rule of naturalization, and uniform laws on the subject of bankruptcies throughout the United States ;


To coin money, regulate the value thereof, and of foreign coin, and fix the standard of weights and measures ;

To provide for the punishment of counterfeiting the securities and current coin of the United States; ! To establish post offices and post roads ;

To promote the progress of science and useful arts, by securing for limited times, to authors and inventors, the exclusive right to their respective writings and dis. coveries ; 2. To constitute tribunals inferior to the supreme court;

To define and punish piracies and felonies committed on the high seas, and offences against the law of nations ; 3. To declare war, grant letters of marque and repri. sal, and make rules concerning captures on land and water ;'. , Binghelidon liste de Por

o 14. To raise and support armies ; but no appropriation

of money to that use shall be for a longer term than two years ; ; , .,.?'.top!! t

To provide and maintain a navy; 1 Alghter

To make rules for the government and regulation of the land and naval forces; !!

To provide for calling forth the militia to execute the laws of the union, suppress insurrections, and repel invasions ;

.. :!, * Pics To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the militia, and for governing such part of them as may be employed in the service of the United States-reserving to the states respectively, the appointment of the officers, and the authority of training the militia, according to the discipline prescribed' by Congress;

To exercise exclusive legislation in all cases what. soever, over such district (not exceeding ten miles square) as may, hy cession of particular states, and the acceptance of Congress, become the seat of the government of the United States; and to exercise like authority over all places purchased by the consent of the legislature of the state in which the same shall be, for the erection of forts, magazines, arsenals, dock yards, and other needful buildings; and,

To make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into execution the foregoing pow. ers, and all other powers vested by this constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof.

Sect. 9. The migration or importation of such persons as the several states, now existing, shall thiok proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight; but a tax or duty may be imposed on such im. portation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.

The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when, in cases of rebellion or invasion, the publick safety may require it. . "No bill of attainder shall be passed, or any ex post facto law.

No capitation tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census herein before directed to be taken.

No tax or duty shall be laid on articles : exported from any state. ' . r ' J ill. . .1": · No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law.

· No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States. . i

And no, person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state,

Sect. 10. No state shall coin money, nor emit bills of credit, nor make any thing but gold or silver coin a tender in payment of debts, nor pass any bill of attainder, nor ex post facto laws, nor laws altering or impairing the obligation of contracts; nor grant letters of marque and reprisal; nor enter into any treaty, alliance or confederation ; nor grant any title of nobility. : No state shall, without the consent of Congress, lay imposts or duties on imports or exports, nor with such cousent, but to the use of the treasury of the United States; nor keep troops nor ships of war in time of peace ; nor enter into any agreement or compact with another state, nor with any foreign power; nor engage in any war, unless it shall be actually invaded by enemies, or the danger of invasion be so imminent, as not to admit of delay until the Congress can be consulted.


Sect. 1. The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America. He shall hold his office during the term of four years, and, together with the Vice President, chosen for the same term, be elected in the following manner :

Each state shall appoint, in such manner as the legislature thereof may direct, a number of electors equal to the whole number of senators and representatives to which the state may be entitled in Congress; but no senator or representative shall be appointed an elector, nor any person holding an office of trust or profit under the United States.

The electors sball meet in their respective states, and vote by ballot for two persons, of whom one at least shall not be an inhabitant of the same state with themselves. And they sball make a list of all the persons voted for, and of the number of votes for each; which list they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the general government, directed to the president of the senate. The president of these nate shall, in the presence of the senate and house of representatives, open all the certificates; and the votes shall then be counted. The person having the great, est number of votes shall be the president, if such number be a majority of the whole number of electors appointed ; and if there be more than one who have such majority, and bave an equal number of votes, then the house of representatives sball immediately choose by ballot one of them for president; and if no person have a majority, then from the five bighest on the list the said house shall, in like manner, choose the president. But in choosing the president, the votes shall be taken by states, and not per capita, the representation from each state having one vote. A quorum for this purpose shall consist of a member or members from two-thirds of the states; and a majority of all the states shall be necessary to a choice. lo every case, after the choice of the president by the represenlatives, the person having the greatest number of votes of the electors shall be the vice president. But if

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