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At the first session of the first Congress under the constilu, tion, the following resolution was adopted. , .
CONGRESS OF THE UNITED STATES ; " ") Begun and held at the City of New York, on Wednes
the 4th of March, 1789.
The conventions of a number of the states, having at the time of their adopting the constitution, expressed a desire, in order to prevent misconstruction or abuse of its powers, that further declaratory and restrictive clauses should be added. And as extending the ground of publick confidence in the government will best insure the beneficent ends of its institution :* Resolved, by the senate and house of representa tives of the United States of America in Congress as: sembled, two-thirds of both houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to the legislatures of the several states, as amendments to the constitution of the United States, all or any of which articles, when ratified by three-fourths of the said legislatures, to be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of the said constitution, namely, ... : : .!774
... B!! 10 .40 ARTICLES in addition to, and amendment of, the Consti
tution of the United States of America, proposed by Congress and ratified by the Legislatures of the several States, pursuant to the fifth article of the original Constitution. .'
ART. 1. After the first enumeration required by the first article of the constitution, there shall be one répresentative for every thirty thousand, until the number shall amount to one hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by, Congress, that there shall not be less than one hundred representatives, nor less than one representative for every forty thousand persons, until the number of representatives shall amount to two hundred, after which the proportion shall be so regulated by Congress, that there shall not be less than two hundred representatives, nor more than one representative for every fifty thousand.
ART. 11. No law varying the compensation for services of the senators and representatives shall take effect, until an election of representatives shall have intervened. s . ,
ART. mn. Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exer. cise. thereof, or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press, or the right of the people peaceably to as. semble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances.
Art. IV. A well regulated militia being necessary to the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear arms shall not be infringed. In
Art. v. No soldier sball, in time of peace, be quartered in any house, without the consent of the owner, nor in time of war, but in a manner prescribed by law. i Ant. vi. The right of the people to be secure in their persons, houses, papers and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated; and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and particu. larly describing the place to be searched, and the perBons or things to be seized. - iressway
ART. VI. No person shall be held to answer for a capital or otherwise infamous crime, unless on a presentment or indictment of a grand jory, except in cases arising in the land or paval forces, or in the militia when in actual service, in time of war or publiek dan. ger; nor shall any person be subject for the same offence to be twice' put in jeopardy of life or limb; nor shall be compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself; nor be deprived of life, liberty or property, without due process of law; nor shall private property be taken for publick use without just compensation.
:.. . tudo is, ART. vir. In all criminal prosecutions, the accused shall enjoy the right of a speedy and publick trial, by an impartial jury of the state and district wherein the crime shall have been committed, which district shall have been previously ascertained by law, and to be informed of the nature and cause of the accusation; to be confronted with the witnesses against bim; to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favour, and to have the assistance of counsel for his defence. ' .
ART. IX. In suits at common-law, where the value in controversy shall exceed twenty dollars, the right of trial by jury shall be preserved, and no fact tried by a jury shall be otherwise re-examined in any court of the United States, tban according to the rules of the common law.
. . - Art. X. Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Art. XI. The enumeration in the constitution of certain rights, sball not be construed to deny or dispa. rage others retained by the people.
ART. XI. The powers not delegated to the United States by the constitution, nor probibited by it to the # states, are reserved to the states respectively, or to the people. - FREDERICK AUGUSTUS MUHLENBERG,
Speaker of the House of Representatives."> : JOHN ADAMS, Vice President of the United
: States, and President of the Senate. 4. Attest. JOAN BECKLEY, Clerk of the House of Representatives.
I thing **** Samuel A. Oris, Sec'ry of the Senate.' 1s Which being transmitted to the several state legislatures, were decided upon by them, according to the following re. turns. !. STATE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE. **". In the House of Representatives, Jan. 25, 1790. ? Upon reading and maturely considering the proposed amendments to the federal constitution,
Voted, To accept the whole of said amendments, except the second article, which was rejected. ·
Sent up for concurrence. ... (Signed) THOMAS BARTLETT, Speaker. .: In Senate, the same day, read and concurredo
(Signed) J. Pearson, Secretary. : ..A true copy. Attest. . JOSEPA Pearson, Sec’ry.
.. BY THE STATE OF NEW YORK. ( 19 209260 The People of the State of New York, by the Grace of God, free and
independent. 4) : 17h To all to whom these Presents shall come or may
concern, Greeting. ** Know ye, That we having inspected the records remaining in our secretary's office, do find there a cer. tain act of our legislature, in the words following:
An Act ratifying certain Articles in addition to, and
amendment of, the Constitution of the United States of America, proposed by the Congress.
Whereas by the fifth article of the constitution of the United States of America, it is provided, that the Congress, whenever two-thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to the said constitution, which shall be valid to all intents and purposes as part of the said constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three-fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three-fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by Congress. pigo lib
i' À . And whereas in the session of the Congress of the United States of America, begun and held at the city of New York, on Wednesday the fourth of March, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, it was resolved by the sénate and house of representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both houses concurring, that the following articles be proposed to the legislatures of the several states, as amendments to the constitution of the United States; all or any of which articles, when ratified by