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RULES. That no member be absent from the house, so as to interrupt the representation of the state, without leave.
That committees do not sit whilst the house shall bé, or ought to be, sitting. :
That no copy be taken of any entry on the journal. during the sitting of the house, without the leave of the house.
That members only be permitted to inspect the journal. · That nothing spoken in the house be printed, or otherwise published, or communicated without leave.
That a motion to reconsider a matter which had been determined by a majority, may be made, with leave unanimously given, on the same day in which the vote passed; but otherwise, not without one day's previous notice; in which last case, if the house agree to the reconsideration, some future day shall be assigned for thal purpose.
Resolved, That the said rules be added to the standing orders of the house.
The honourable John Dickinson, Esq. a deputy of the state of Delaware, and the honourable Elbridge Gerry, Esq. a deputy from the state of Massachusetts, attended and took their seats.
Mr. Randolph, one of the deputies of Virginia, laid before the house, for their consideration, sundry propositions, in writing, concerning the American confederation, and the establishment of a national government.
QFFERED BY MR. EDMUND RANDOLPA TO THR CONVEN
TION, MAY 29, 1787. ifiimood 161. RESOLVED, That the articles of the confederation ought to be so corrected and enlarged, as to accomplish the objects proposed by their institution, namely, common defence, security of liberty, and general wel. fare. 3112. Resolved, therefore, that the right of suffrage, in the national legislature, ought to be proportioned to the quotas of contribution, or to the number of free inhabitants, as the one or the other may seem best, in different cases. Som 23. Resolved, That the national legislature ought to
consist of two branches. 2004. Resolved, That the members of the first branch of the national legislature ought to be elected by the people of the several states, every'L buito for the term of
to be of the age of Oude 9010 years at least; to receive liberal stipends, by which they may be compensated for the devotion of their time to publick service; to be ineligible to any office established by a particular state, or under the authority of the United States (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the first branch) during the term of service and for the space of after its expiration ; to be incapable of re-election for the space of
after the expiration of their term of service ; and to be subject to recal.
5. Resolved, That the members of the second branch of the national legislature ought to be elected by those of the first, out of a proper number of persons nominated by the individual legislatures; to be of the age of
years, at least; to hold their offices for a term sufficient to ensure their independency ; to receive liberal stipends, by which they may be compensated for the devotion of their time to the publick service; and to be ineligible to any office established by a particular state, or under the authority of the United States, (except those peculiarly belonging to the functions of the second branch) during the term of service;, and for the space of
after the expiration thereof.
6. Resolved, That each branch ought to possess the right of originating acts; that the national legislature ought to be empowered to enjoy the legislative right vested in Congress, by the confederation; and moreover to legislate in all cases to which the separate states are incompetent, or in which the harmony of the United States may be interrupted by the exercise of individual legislation; to negative all laws passed by the several states, contravening, in the opinion of the national legislature, the articles of union, or any trea. ty subsisting under the authority of the union; and to call forth the force of the union against any member of the union failing to fulfil its duty under the articles thereof.
7. Resolved, That a national executive be instituted, to be chosen by the national legislature for the term of
years, to receive punctually, at stated times, a fixed compensation for the services rendered, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the magistracy existing at the time of the increase or diminution; to be ineligible a second time;
and that, besides a general authority to execute the national laws, it ought to enjoy the executive rights vested in Congress by the confederation.
8. Resolved, That the executive, and a convenient number of the national judiciary, ought to compose a council of revision, with authority to examine every act of the national legislature, before it shall operate, and every act of a particular legislature before a negative thereon shall be final; and that the dissent of the said council shall amount to a rejection, unless the act of the national legislature be again passed, or that of a particular legislature be again negatived by of the members of each branch.
9.. Resolved, That a national judiciary be established to hold their offices during good behaviour, and to receive punctually, at stated times, fixed compensation for their services, in which no increase or diminution shall be made, so as to affect the persons actually in office at the time of such increase or diminutionThat the jurisdiction of the inferior tribunals, shall be, to hear and determine, in the first instance, and of the supreme tribunal to hear and determine, in the dernier resort, all piracies and felonies on the high seas; captures from an enemy; cases in which foreigners, or citizens of other states, applying to such jurisdictions, may be interested, or which respect the collection of the national revenue; impeachments of any national officer; and questions which involve the national peace or harmony.
10. Resolved, That provision ought to be made for the admission of states, lawfully arising within the
limits of thc United States, whether from a volantary junction of government and territory, or otherwise, with the consent of a number of voices in the national·le. gislature less than the whole.
11. Resolved, That a republican government, and the territory of each state (except in the instance of a voluntary junction of government and territory) ought to be guarantied by the United States to each state.
12. Resolved, That provision ought to be made for the continuance of a Congress, and their authorities and privileges, until a given day, after the reform of the articles of union shall be adopted, and for the completion of all their engagements. . .
13. That provision ought to be made for the amend. ment of the articles of union, whensoever it shall seem necessary; and that the assent of the national legislature ought not to be required thereto. : .
14. Resolved, That the legislative, executive, and judiciary powers within the several states ought to be bound by oath to support the articles of union.
15. Resolved, That the amendments, which shall be offered to the confederation by the convention, ought, at a proper time or times, after the approbation of Congress, to be submitted to an assembly or assemblies of representatives, recommended by the several legisJatures, to be expressly chosen by the people to consider and decide thereon.
Resolved, That the house will to-morrow resolve itself into a committee of the whole house to consider of the state of the American union.
Ordered, That the propositions this day laid before