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He did not deal with them as Servants, but as Friends. 467 vant knoweth not what his with Reserve; for the Servant is not let into the Sect. 176. Lord doth : but I have Secrets of his Master, and knoweth not particucalled you Friends; for all

. Things that I have heard larly what his Lord doth (a): But I have not only som av..

Y 15. . of my Father, I have made in Words called you my Friends, (Luke xii. 4.* known unto you.

Sect. 111.) but on the whole have treated you as
such ; for all Things that I have heard, and re-
ceived in Charge from my Father, I have, so far
as was convenient, declared to you (6) in the most
condescending and indearing Manner, as you very

well know.
16 Ye have not chosen Remember that you have not first chosen me, 16
me, but I have chosen you, but I by my sovereign and effectual Grace bave
and ordained you, that ye che

chosen you, to the honourable Office of my Aposhould go and bring forth Fruit and that your Fruit ftles and Embassadors ;' and have appointed and should remain : that what- ordained you, that you should go and publish what Soever ye Thall alk of the Fa- Vou have heard from: me to all the World, and ther in my Name, he may

be fo qualified and assisted, that you may bear give it you.

abundant Fruit in the most distant Countries,
and [that] the blessed Effect of your Fruit should
continue even to the remotest Generations (c):
Yea, I have also raised you to such a happy Cir-
cumstance, and made you so eminently the Fa-
vourites of Heaven, that, as I lately told you,
(ver. 7.) whatever you shall ask the Father in my
Name, be may perform it for you ; and you may

certainly depend upon it, that he will give it you. 17 These Things I com. But then again I would remind you, that

mand
if you would continue thus the Objects of these

his

Vol. I, po tom my Fatemption vil. 12

(a) I do not any longer call you Servants; for the Servánt knoweth not &c.] Mr. Locke (in his Reasonableness of Christianity, pag. 105.) refers this to the Caution, with which our Lord had spoke of his being the Meffiah ; some Instances of which have been already pointed out. See Note (9) on John iv. 26, Vol. i. pag. 177;

. (6) All Things that I have heard from my Father, I have declared to you.] Our Lord had, no doubt, the fullest View of the Scheme of Redemption undertaken by him ; but the Apostles not being yet able to bear many Things, (compare Chap. xvi. 12. Sect. 177.) especially relating to the Calling of the Gentiles, and the Abolition of the Mosaic Law, he wisely deferred the Discovery of them : So that these Words must be taken with the Limitation mentioned in the Paraphase, and signify that he had done it so far as was convenient. .

(c) That you should go, and bear Fruit, &c.] This was a Security to them, that they should be preserved from immediate Dangers, and that their Life should be guarded by Providence, till some considerable Services had been accomplished by their Means. When our Lord adds, that your Fruit should continue, he may allude to the Custom of keeping rich and generous Wines a great many Years, so that in some Cases, (which was especially applicable to the sweet Eastern Wines,) they might prove a Cordial to those, who were unborn when the Grapes were produced. In this View there is a beautiful Propriety in the Representation, which I hope will be particularly felt, when these reviving Chapters are read..

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(d) It

468

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The World would hate them, as it hated him.
Sect. 176. his gracious Regards, you must carefully practise mand you, that ye love one
w your Duty to each other, as well as to him ; for anothet.
John XV

thefe Things I command you, that ye love one an-
other; and this you should the rather do, as you
will be the Mark of coinmon Hatred and Perse-
cution. Yet if you find the World hate and 18 If the World hate
injure you, you have no Reason to be offended you, ye know that it hated:
or surprized at this; for you know, that mild and"

me before it hated you.
benevolent as my Conduct has always been, yet
it has hated me your Chief and Lord (d), before
it discharged its Venom and Malignity on you.
Indeed if you were like the rest of the World, 19 If ye were of the
and your Doctrines and Practice were conform- World, the World would
able to its Customs and Maxims. the World is. love his own: but because

ye are not of the World, but fo generally under the Power of selfith Prejudices, I have chosen' you out of the that it undoubtedly would love its own, and you World, therefore the World. might expect much better Treatment from it (e) :

better Treatment from it . hateth you..
But because this is not your Character, and you
are not thus of the World, but I have chosen you
out of the World, not only to feparate from, but
to oppose its Vices and Enormities, and even to
be Leaders in that holy and necessary Opposition,
it is no wonder that upon this Account the World
bateth you, tho' the Cause in which you are en-
gaged be indeed fo honourable, and your Lives

To useful and beneficent. . .
20 : Remember, and recollect upon this Occasion, 20 Remember the Word
the Word which I fpake to you fome Time that I said unto you, The

Serago,

(d) It has hated me your Chief.), The Words in the Original, (que apelor uman ususmuvy) which we render, It hated me before it hated you, may (as Mr. Lardner has well observed, be more literally rendered, It hated me your Chief; which makes the Expression more lively, and exactly parallel to Mat. x. 24, 25. Sect. 75. (See Lardner's Gredibility, Vol.i.. pag. 404.) Thus an Opalos Gusya, (1 Tim. i. 15.) is well translated, of whom I am chief. , (e) If you were of the World, the World would love its own.] This seems to me a strong Intimation, that even in Nations which profess Cbriftianity, if true Religion fall, as it very possibly may, to a very low Ebb, they that exert themselves remarkably for the Revival of it, mult, on the very Principle here laid down, expect Hatred and Opposition; and that the Passages in Scripture relating to Perfecution are not so peculiar to the forft Ages, or to Christians living in Idolatrous Countries, as some have supposed. Would to GOD, the Malignity to be found in some of us against our Brethren, did not too plainly illustrate this Remark! Men will probably experience the Truth of it, in Proportion to the Degeneracy of those around them, and to the Vigour and Resolution with which they bear their Testimony against prevailing Errors and Vices. Yet it is certain, that the Imprudence and Bigotry of some very good Men has sometimes made Matters worse, than they would otherwise have been, and perhaps has irritated the Vices of their Enemies, so as in Part to have been accessary to their own Damage, and the much greater Mischief of those that have injured them.

of

469

John XV.

fent me.

The Jews were inexcusable in their Hatred of him. Servant is not greater than ago, and have lately repeated, (see Mat. X. 24. Sect. 176. the Lord. If they have per- Łuke vi. 40. and John xiii. 16.) The Servant is y m fecuted me, they will also not greater than bis Lord; nor the Messenger Jon persecute you: if they have kept my 'Saying, they will greater than him that sent him: If therefore they keep yours also.

have persecuted me, and Providence has permitted
them to do it, you may reasonably conclude,
they will also perfecute you, and cannot justly com-
plain, if you have your Share of Sufferings; and
if you have seen, that they have generally kept my

Saying, I will give you Leave to suppose, they
21 But all these Things will also keep yours (9). But when you see, 2.1
will they do unto you for as you very quickly will, not only my Doctrine
my Name's fake, because

rejected, but my Person assaulted, abused, and they know not him that

murthered, it must be a sensible Warning to
you to prepare for the like Usage ; and all these
Things they will in Fact do to you for my Name's
fake, because they do not know him that sent me ;
for their Ignorance of that God, to whom they

boaft so near a Relation, does indeed lie at the
22 IF I had not come, Bottom of all their Opposition to me. And 22.
and spoken unto them, they a dreadful Account they will have to give for it;.
had not had Sin: but now for if I had not come and spoken thus plainly to
they have no Cloak for their
Sin.

them, they would comparatively have had no Sin (g);
but now they have no Excuse or Pretence for their
Sin, but being committed against so clear and

strong a Light, it stands exposed in its most odious
23 Hc that hateth me, Colours : Yea, it appears Rebellion against 23
liateth my Father also.. God, as well as Ingratitude to me; for he that

hateth and opposeth me, hateth and opposeth my
Father also, whose Commission I bear (b) :. And

this

(f) If they have kept my Saying, &c.] I am surprized, that such a Multitude of learned Commentators, and among the rest Gataker and Knatchbull, should contend that theeu nog op should here be understood of observing a Person's Discourse with a malignant Design to carp at it. ( See Wolfius, in loc.) Tapalupev has indeed that Sense, Mark iii. 2. Luke vi. 7. xiv. 1.. xx. 20. But no certain Argument can be drawn from hence, especially considering how constantly the Phrase before us is taken in a good Sense, for an obedient Regard, in this very Discourse, in which it often occurs. See yon xiv. 15, 21, 23. xv. Jo. xvii. 6,

(8) They would have had no Sin.] It is so evident from the Word of GOD, (see Rom. i.. 20, 21. and ii. 12,-15.), as well as from the Reafon of Things, that Sin may be imputed. to those that have no Revelation, that it is most evident, this is only a Hebraism; as when, according to the pathetic Manner of speaking, especially in Use among the Eastern Nations, that is said to be nothing at all, which when compared with something else, is inconsiderabły small. See Psal. xxxix. 5. Ifa. xl. 17. I Cor. i, 28ji. 7., and compare John ix. 41.

(h) Hateth my Father also.] How much is it to be wished, that those who make light of Cbrift, while they pretend a great Veneration for the Father, would seriously attend to this weighty Admonition, left haply they be found even to fight against GOD! (Aets v. 39.)

(i) They

470

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The Spirit when he comes, would testify of him. Sect. 176. this is what they have done, after all reasonable

w Methods have been taken for their Conviction. Tobn XV. If I had wrought no Miracle at all, nay, if I. 24 If I had not done'a24. bad not done among them such extraordinary Works' mong them the Works which as no other Man ever did, not even their Prophets. none other Man did, they

. had not had Sin : but now or Moses himself, they had not bad any Degree of they have both feen, and Sin, comparable to that which they are now un- hated both me and my fader ; but now, as they have rejected my superior ther. Miracles, which they have seen with their own Eyes, at the same Time that they own the Evi. dence of those which Moses wrought, of which they have heard only by distant Report, they manifest such an obstinate Perverseness of Temper, that I may truly fay, they have both feen, and hated, both me and my Father; and GOD himself will justly resent and punish it, as an

Indignity that thews their Enmity to him. 25 But [this is all permitted, ] that the Word 25 But this cometh to pass,

which is written in their Law, or in their Sacred that the Word might be fulVolume, concerning David, (Psal. xxxv. 19.) might Law, They hated me with

filled that is written in their eminently be fulfilled in me, as many antient Pro- out a Cause. phecies fore told that it should, “ Surely they

is bave hated me without a Cause(i). 26 But when the Comforter is come, whom, as I 26 But when the Comtold you before, I will shortly send to you from

forter is come, whom I will

send unto you from the Fa. the Father, even the Spirit of Truth, who pro- ther, even the Spirit of Truth, ceeds from the Father, and iš to reside in my which proceedeth from the Church, he hall bear a convincing Testimony to Father, he thall testify of me. me, to vindicate my Character from all the In

famy they are maliciously attempting to throw 27 upon it. And you also, weak as you now 27 And ye also shall bear

appear, shall by his powerful Affistance bear a Witness, because ye have couragious and convincing Testimony to me, be- ginning.“

been with me from the Because you have been with me from the Beginning of my Miniftry, and therefore are the best qualified u Victos i Mary

to

(i) They have hated me without a Cause.] It appears to me very evident, that Pfal. XXXT. cannnot be strictly speaking a Prophecy concerning the Messiah, especially from ver. 13, 14, which represent a Person incapable of helping his Enemies, when fick, otherwise than bl. Fasting and Prayer ; whereas Christ (and so far as we can find, be alone,) had a Power of working Miracles, whenever he pleased. Nevertheless, that the Enemies of the Meffiah should bate him without a Caule, was expressly foretold ; (Isa. liii. 3- 9. Dan. ix. 26. and Zech. xii. 10.) not to mention the Argument arising, from comparing all the Places, in which his Innocence and Holiness are described, with those which refer to his Sufferings. So that I apprehend the Turn given in the Paraphrase sufficiently jultilied.

Reflextions on the World's Hatred of CHRIST, &C. 471

to give an Account of my whole Conduct; which Sect. 176.
the better it is known, the more it will justify m y
my Cause, and expose the Wickedness of those John XV.
that rise up against me.

IMPROV E M E N T.

V

M H E Son of God condescends to speak under the Character of John xv, 15.

I a Friend ; and with what humble Gratitude should we atttend to his Words ! He lays aside the Majesty of a Sovereign, to assume this more tender Relation; and surely our overflowing Hearts must enquire, Blessed Jesus, what shall we do to express the Friendship on our Sid Let us observe what he has here declared, re are my Friends indeed, if Ver. 14. ye do whatever I command you. Lord, we will run the Way of these thy Commandments, when on this noblest Principle thou shalt enlarge our Hearts ! (Psal. cxix. 32.)

He has loved us with an unexampled Affection, which has approved Ver. 12, 1.3. itself stronger than Death; and in 'Return he requires us, to love one another. How gracious a Command ! How merciful to our Fellow-Creatures, and to ourselves, who should infallibly feel the Benefit of the Practice of it, both in the Delight inseparable from benevolent Affections, and in the Circulation of kind and friendly Offices, which, degenerate as Human Nature is, few are so abandoned as not to endeavour to repay! Who would not imagine, that the whole World should feel Ver. 18, 25, and obey the Charm ? And yet, instead of this, behold, they hate Christ, and his Servants for his sake, tho' without a Cause, and against the strongest Engagements. Miserable Creatures! who by a necessary Consequence, whatever they may fondly imagine, bate the Father also, and Ver. 23, 24. stand daily and hourly exposed to all the dreadful Terrors of an Almighty Enemy.

Let us not wonder, if the World hate us; 'nor greatly regard, if it Ver. 19, 20. injure us. We are not of the World, nor is the Servant greater than his Lord: But surely the Opposition, which the Gospel brings along with it, is nothing, when compared with those Blessings which it entails on all who faithfully embrace it. Were the, Sufferings and Difficulties a thousand times greater than they are, we ought to esteem the Pearl of Price, the most happy Purchase at any Řate ; and to be daily returning our most thankful Acknowledgements, that Christ sent forth bis Apostles, qualified with such a Knowledge of himself, and assisted by such Power from his Spirit, appointing them to go, and bring forth Ver. 16. Fruit, even Fruit which mould remain to the remotest Ages. Thro’ his guardian Care it still remains in the World: Oh may it fourish more abundantly among us! and may its Efficacy on our Hearts and Lives

be

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