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of the spirit of love, in the dreadful eternally frustrated ? There wars in which they have been mu- surely objects better worthy of celes tually engaged.
bration than the triumphs.of war. The advocates for defensive war
I recollected however that my will probably maintain, that these country had first given this dan
gerous example, in the column of reasonings can only apply to con- the Place Vendôme; but its name tests between those nations which is not insulting or sanguinary. The profess the name of Christ, and do bridges on the Seine : they too have not preclude them from carrying on
divested themselves of their inhoswars with infidels and barbarians. pitable and unholy titles.
Will not England imitate our exTaking these precepts of the Saviour
ample ? Shall her noblest inonuin the letter merely, the force of the ments be consecrated to the memory objection is admitted ; but if the of feuds and discords, of devastation governments and nations of Europe and death! only, professing Christianity, would Adversity and experience are the unitedly agree to observe this essen
stern instructors of nations as well as tial command of Christ in reference to
of individuals:... The delusion which each other, the permanent tranquillity to dissipate : ... Austerlitz and Water
crowned the conqueror is beginning of the world would not be far distant.
loo will be equally blots in the page of history
To the Editor of the Herald of Peace. Third Annual Report of the Tavi
stock Auxiliary Peace Society. Sir, I am a Frenchman lately landed in England. I am a friend We congratulate the public on the of my race: as a Frenchman and a increase that has taken place in the philanthropist I address you.
number of subscribers this year, which In one of my wanderings through has advanced from thirty to seventythe capital of England, I crossed a three, and on the improved amount of magnificent bridge. I paid a penny the subscriptions, being from 101. 15s. for this privilege; I concluded in to 191. 78. In addition to this, we consequence, that this fine piece of believe we may confidently affirm, architecture had been lately erected. that the principles on which the inI had hardly crossed the Thames stitution is founded have, by the cir. when I inquired its name; the re- culation of tracts, and the indirect inply was, Waterloo Bridge.
fluence of your Society, aided by the The word grated on my feelings active exertions of a Ladies' Associas a Frenchman : it brought to my ation, instituted since our last annual mind a series of mournful recollections. meeting, taken a deeper root, and
As a philanthropist, it distressed me been more widely diffused in this more severely. Why should na- neighbourhood than in any former tional disputes and national hatred be year. thus perpetuated by insulting monu- Difficulties and opposition must be ments, adorned with injurious and expected, and should always be anreproachful names! Is it thus, I ticipated, where an attempt is made exclaimed, that the seeds of discord to propagate opinions that may in any are to be scattered? Is it thus that degree assume a novel aspect ; the benevolent efforts of individuals, especially when those opinions run the noble crusades of public bodies counter to the prejudices of educaagainst war and misery, are to be tion, and stand opposed to the de
praved passions and natural propen- believe and put their trust in God, sities of man.
nay, to live by faith, not fearing what While we believe the reasoning man can do unto them, while at the faculty, when rightly exercised, in- same time they so far fear them that dependent of Christian light, would can only kill the body, as to violate point out the atrocity and impolicy of the plainest precepts of the Gospel, all war, though it could impart no rather than risk the loss of any tempower to remove its source from the poral or imaginary good ? hearts of men; and while we have We hope these considerations will before us the unqualified protests of have weight, especially with those enlightened and devout Heathens, who by pecuniary aid assist to
support against the custom and spirit of shed- and extend the pacific doctrine, fully ding human blood; we cannot but convinced that the consistent and with increasing importunity recom- habitual exemplification of it will mend the subject to the attention of effect far more than can ever be done all those who profess to be followers by any other of Him who suffered for us, leaving is A late writer observes, that “ War an example that we should follow his is one great crime.” It is not so much steps, who, when he was reviled, a violation as a repeal of the laws of reviled not again, when he suffered morality and of God; the precepts he threatened not, but committed of the Bible are directly opposite to hinself to him whojudgeth righteously,' the maxims of war. The fundamenand who commanded that we should tal rule of the first is to do good, of • love our enemies, and do good to them the latter to inflict injuries ; the former that hate and despitefully use us.' commands us to succour the oppresAnd further declared, that it is in- sed, the latter to overwhelm the decumbent on his disciples that they fenceless; the former teaches men to keep his commandments.
love their enemies, the latter to make Can such persons, we would ask, themselves terrible even to strangers. be consistent, while they directly or The rules of morality will not suffer indirectly countenance or encourage us to promote the dearest interest by the practice of war, and at the same falsehood; the maxims of war aptime profess to give their unqualified plaud it, when employed in the deassent to this weighty and all-impor- struction of others. The Bible says, tant declaration, If any man have Thou shalt not kill; War says,
Thou not the spirit of Christ, he is none of shalt kill. The greater number, the his?' We will leave it to that righ- more glorious. teous principle of moral truth, im- The Bible commands, Thou shalt planted in the heart of man by his not steal ; plunder is of War both Maker, to determine. We believe cause and consequence. The Goswe shall not go beyond the bounds pel says, Overcome evil with good; of Christian charity and truth, if we but War exhorts to subdue evil by affirm it to be essential to the Chris- greater evil, and more tremendous tian character, that the principles of malignity. The one says, Bless them revenge and retaliation, much more
that curse you, do good to them that those of aggression, be removed from hate you; and the other, Carry outthe human heart, and give place to rage, misery, and murder amonget the noble feelings of meekness, gen- those who have excited no anger, tleness, forbearance, and brotherly flicted no injury. Who shall make kindness; and where this is effected, these principles coincide? The plain what becomes of War and all its ac- question is, does the command of 8 complishments !
superior justify a violation of the laws We would inquire, Where is the of God! If it does for the hired consistency of those who profess to soldier, it does also for the hired as.
sassin. Suppose a man were to go to defence are those recommended by one place, and shoot a person whom infallible Wisdom, to overcome evil: he never saw before; then to a second, with good, to obviate a threatened inand stab another by whom he was jury by overtures of kindness, to prenever injured; then to a third, and vent the recurrence of injuries inflicted burn another in his own house. What by returning acts of beneficence. The would all this be but repeated and experiment has been often made, and atrocious murder? Would its moral has been found as often successful. character be changed by the command Thus the meek shall inherit the of a prince, minister, or general ? earth, and shall delight himself in the None but those who are grossly blinded abundance of peace; and though a by prejudice will answer in the af- thousand fall at his side, and ten thoufirmative. Indeed we confidently pre- sand at his right hand, the evil shall sume, that could the film of prejudice not come nigh him, because he hath be once removed from the eye of the made the Lord his refuge, and the mind, the object of your Society would, Most High his habitation. in a great degree, be accomplished ; its principles, we are sure, would then be recognized and adopted by all the friends of humanity and truth.
The Evils of War. We are aware that an objection ap
It is wonderful with what parently formidable may be, and coolness and indifference the greater sometimes is, brought forward by per- part of mankind see war commenced. sons whose benevolence and love of Those that hear of it at a distance, truth is indisputable, namely, That a or read of it in books, but have never feeling or principle of self-defence is presented its evils to their minds, conimplanted in man by his Maker, and sider it as little more than a splendid that if it be incumbent on the pro- game, a proclamation, an army, a fessors of Christianity practically to battle, and a triumph. Some indeed be influenced by the principles taught must perish in the most successful by your Society, it would be opposing field, but they die upon the bed of the Author of Nature and the Author honour, resign their lives amidst the of Christianity to each other. This joys of conquest, and, filled with objection is plausible; but it should England's glory, smile in death. be noticed, that the propriety of self- The life of a modern soldier is ill defence, in every case where an in- represented by heroic fiction. War jury is either inflicted or even threa- has means of destruction more fortened, is not called in question; but midable than the cannon and the the subject in dispute is, as to the sword. Of the thousands and ten means of self-defence that should be thousands that perished in our late had recourse to by all who profess to contests with France and Spain, a believe in the existence and universal very small part ever felt the stroke of providence of that God, in whose an enemy; the rest languished in hands are the hearts of all men, who tents and ships, amidst damps and maketh the wrath of man to praise putrefaction; pale, torpid, spiritless, him, and the remainder of that wrath and helpless ; gasping and groaning, restrains; who when a man's ways unpitied among men, made obdurate please the Lord, maketh even his by long continuance of hopeless mienemies to be at peace with him; sery, and were at last whelmed in who protected Daniel even among pits, or heaved into the ocean, withlions, because he trusted in him. out notice and without remembrance, Again, let the experiment be tried, By incommodious incampments and and it will in the aggregate be found unwholesome stations, where courage that the most successful means of is useless, and enterprise impracticable, fleets are silently dispeopled, lasting monument of vengeance, and and armies sluggishly melted away. to put perpetual desolation as a bar
Thus is a people gradually ex- rier between him and those against hausted, for the most part wită little whom the faith which holds the moral effect. The wars of civilized nations elements of the world together was make very slow changes in the sys- no protection. He became at length tem of empire. The public perceive so confident of his force, só collected scarcely any alteration but an in- in his might, that he made no secret crease of debt; and the few indivi- whatever of his dreadful resolution. duals who are benefited, are not Having terminated his disputes with supposed to have the clearest right to every enemy, and every rival, who their advantages. If he that shared buried their mutual animosities in the danger enjoyed the profit, and their common detestation against the after bleeding in the battle grew rich creditors of the Nabob of Arcot, he by the victory, he might shew his drew from every quarter, whatever a gains without envy. But at the con- savage ferocity could add to his new clusion of a ten years' war, how are we rudiments in the arts of destruction ; recompensed for the death of mul- and compounding all the materials of titudes and the expense of millions, fury, havoc, and desolation into one but by contemplating the sudden black cloud, he hung for a while on the glories of paymasters and agents, con- declivities of the mountains. Whilst tractors and commissaries, whose the authors of all these evils were idly equipages shine like meteors, and and stupidly gazing on this menacing whose palacés rise like exhalations! meteor, which blackened all their
These are the men who, without horizon, it suddenly burst, and poured virtue, labour, or hazard, are growing down the whole of its contents upon, rich as their country is impoverished; the plains of the Carnatic. Then they rejoice when obstinacy or am- ensued a scene of woe, the like of bition adds another year to slaughter which no eye had seen, no heart, and devastation, and laugh from their conceived, and which no tongue can desks at bravery and science, while adequately tell. All the horrors of they are adding figure to figure and war before known or heard of, were eipher to cipher, hoping for a new mercy to that new havoc. A storm contract from a new armament, and of universal fire blasted every field, computing the profits of a siege or consumed every house, destroyed tempest. Johnson, Falkland Islands. every temple. The miserable in
habitants flying from their flaming
villages, in part were slaughtered; When at length Hyder Ali others, without regard to sex, to age
to the found that he had to do with men*
respect of rank, or sacredness who either would sign no convention, dren, husbands from wives, enveloped
of function ; fathers torn from chilor whom no treaty and no signature in a whirlwind of cavalry, and amidst could bind, and who were the de- the goading spears of drivers, and termined enemies of human inter- the trampling of pursuing horses, course itself, he decreed to make the country possessed by these incorrie known and hostile land. Those who
were swept into captivity, in an ungible and predestinated criminals a memorable example to mankind. to the walled cities; but escaping
were able to evade this tempest filed He resolved, in the gloomy recesses of a mind capacious of such things, into the jaws of famine.
from fire, sword, and exile, they fell to leave the whole Carnatic an ever
For eighteen months, without in
termission, this destruction raged from Servants of the East India Company. : the gates of Madras to the gates of
Tanjore ; and so completely did these certain safety, which its enemy is not masters in their art,'Hyder Ali, and of consideration enough to interrupt; his more ferocious son, absolve them- for it is peculiar in the make of a selves of their impious vow, that when brave man to have his friends seem the British armies traversed, as they much above him, his enemies much did, the Carnatic for hundreds of miles below him, in all directions, through the whole
Yet though the neglect of our eneline of their march they did not see mies may, so intense a forgiveness one man, not one woman, not one
as the love of them is not to be in the child, not one four-footed beast of least accounted for by the force of any description whatever. One dead constitution, but is a more spiritual uniforin silence , reigned over the and refined moral, introduced by Him whole region." Burke's Speech on
who died for those that persecuted the Debts of the Nabob of Arcot him; yet very justly delivered to us,
when we consider ourselves offenders,
and to be forgiven on the reasonable On Duelling.
terms of forgiving ; for who can ask
what he will not bestow, especially [The following excellent paper on Duel- when that gift is 'attended with a ling, written by Steele, appeared in the redemption from the cruellest slavery Guardian No, 20, April 3, 1713. We make to the most acceptable freedom ? For no apology for inserting it entire.] when the mind is in contemplation Revenge, which still we find
of revenge, all its thoughts must The weakest frailty of a feeble mind. Creech.
surely be tortured with the alternate All gallantry and fashion, one pangs of rancour, envy, hatred, and would imagine, should rise out of the indignation; and they who profess religion and laws of that nation where- a sweet in the enjoyment of it, cerin they prevail ; but, alas ! in this tainly never felt the consummate bliss kingdom, gay characters, and those of reconciliation. At such an inwhich lead in the pleasure and in- stant the false ideas we received clinations of the fashionable world, unravel, and the shyness, the distrust, are such as are readiest to practise the secret scorns, and all the base crimes the most abhorrent to nature, satisfactions men had in each other's and contradictory to our faith. À faults and misfortunes, are dispelled, Christian and a gentleman are made and their souls appear in their native inconsistent appellations of the same whiteness, without the least streak person; you are not to expect eternal of that malice or distaste which life, if you do not forgive injuries ; sullied them: and perhaps those very and your mortal life is uncomfortable, actions, which, when we looked at if you are not ready to commit a them in the oblique glance with which murder in resentment for an affront: hạtred doth always see things, were for good sense as well as religion is horrid and odious, when observed so utterly banished the world, that with honest and open eyes, are beaumen glory in their very passions, and teous and ornamental. pursue trifles with the utmost ven- But if men are averse to us in the geance; so little do they know that most violent degree, and we can never to forgive is the most arduous pitch bring them to an amicable temper, human nature can arrive at. A coward then indeed we are to exert an obhas often fought, a coward has often stinate opposition to them; and never conquered, but . a coward never for- let the malice of our enemies have gave.' The power of doing that flows so effectual an advantage over us, from a strength of soul conscious of as to escape our good-will
. For the its own force; whence it draws a neglected and despised tenets of re