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1832, July 10, 1833, March , 1834, June 27, 1835, February 13, 1836, May 9, 1837, March 3, 1838, July 7, 1839, March 3, 1840, May 8, 1841, March 3, 1842, May 18, 1843, March 3, 1844, June 17, 1845, March 3, 1846, August 10, 1847, March 3, 1848, August 12,

20,000 00 20,000 20 30,000 00 30,000 00 80,000 00 60,000 00 90,000 00 90,000 00 100,000 00 100,000 00 100,000 00 100,000 00

80,000 00 100,000 00 111,000 00 146,000 00 165,000 00

$1,605,725 39 Deduct amounts carried to the surplus fund, viz.: In 1809,

$49,284 25 In 1814,

29,720 57 In 1822,

14,816 75 In 1826,

2,586 00

96,407 57

$1,509,317 82

DANIEL GRAHAM, Register. TREASURY DEPARTMENT,

Register's Office, December 22, 1848.

THE NATIONAL ARMORIES. The secretary of war transmitted to congress the following statement of the expenses of the national armories, and number of arms and appendages manufactured under government, during the fiscal year just closed, which we find in the Philadelphia Bulletin.

EXPENDITURES. Springfield-For repairs and improvements, including lands, buildings, dams, &c.

$65,911 29 For materials, workmanship, salaries, &c.

161,632 92 Total

$227,544 21 Harper's Ferry-For repairs, improvements, &c.

75,269 63 For materials, workmanship, &c.

183,264 56 Total

258,534 18 Total expenditures

$486,078 38 ARMS AND APPENDAGES MANUFACTURED. Springfield-Muskets (percussion,) 15,817; rifles (percussion,) none; sapper's musketoons, 252; cavalry musketoons, 4; artillery musketoons, 701; ball screws, 1,994; wipers, 24,273; screw-drivers, 22,020; bullet moulds, none; spring vices, 302; cones, extra, 2,081; cone wrenches, none; arm chests, 287.

Harper's Ferry-Muskets (percussion,) 11,000; rifles (percussion) 2,802;

sapper's musketoons, none; cavalry musketoons, none; artillery do., none; ball screws, 1,810; wipers, 12,664; screw drivers, 13,296; bullet moulds, 918; spring vices, 1,321; cones, extra, 18,882; cone wrenches, 183; arm chests, 624.

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STEAM BOILER EXPLOSIONS. At a former session of congress a resolution was adopted by the senate calling upon the commissioner of patents for information in regard to explosions of steam boilers, with a view to farther legislation for their prevention, should it be deemed proper. In obedience to this resolution, Mr. Burke submitted to the senate a full and valuable report upon the subject. We copy the following summary of its statements from the Courier and Enquirer. Whole number of boats on which explosions have occurred

233 Whole number of passengers killed (enumerated in 6 cases,)

140 Whole number of officers killed, (enumerated in 31 cases)

57 Whole number of crew killed, (enumerated in 25 cases)

103 Whole number killed (in 164 cases)

1805 Whole number wounded (in 111 cases)

1015 Total amount of damages (in 75 cases)

$997,650 Average number of passengers killed in the enumerated cases Average number of officers

2 Average number of crew

4 Average number of killed

11 Average number of wounded

9 Average amount of damages

$13,302 The cause is stated in 98 cases; not stated in 125; unknown, 10; together

233 I. Excessive pressure gradually increased was the cause in

16 II. The presence of unduly heated metals

16 III. Defective construction IV. Carelessress or ignorance

31 Accidental (rolling of the boat)

2

*23

33

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1. Under pressure within a boiler, the pressure being gradually increased.

In this class are the cases marked "excessive pressure.” 2. Presence of unduly heated metal within a boiler. `In this class are included,

This average is not a fair one, as it is derived froin but six cases, in one of which (the, Pulaski) the very unusual number of 120 lives were lost.

Deficiency of water

14 Deposits

2-16 3. Defective construction of the boiler and its appendages.

In this class are included-
Cast iron boiler-head

5
Improper or defective Inferior iron

5
materials.
Iron too thin

3
Cast iron boiler

1 Defective iron in fiue

1-15 Want of proper gauge cocks 3 Defective flue

1
Bad workmanship.
Extending wire walls

1
Pipe badly constructed

1 Want of slip joint on pipe

1-7 Defective boiler (nature of defect not stated)

11 Total in this class,

33 4. Carelessness or ignorance of those intrusted with the management of the

boiler. In this class-Racing Incompetent engineer

2 Old boilers

6 Stopping off water

1 Carelessness

22— Total

32

4 11

DATE OF EXPLOSIONS. 1816 3 | 1825 2 | 1831

2 | 1837 1817 4 1826 3 1832

1 1838 1819 11827 2 1833

5 1839 1820 1 | 1828 1 1834

7 | 1840 1821 1 | 1829

4 | 1835 10 1841 1822

1 1830 12 | 1836 13 | 1842 Date given in 177 cases, not stated in 56.—Total 233.

13 | 1843
11 | 1844

3 1845
8 | 1846

1847
1848

12 12

GENERAL ESTIMATE. of the total loss of life and property, calculated from the average of the

given cases. Pecuniary loss, 233 cases, at $13,302 each

$3,099,366 Loss of life, 233 cases, 11 each

2,563 Wonuded, 233 cases, 9 each

2,097 Total killed and wounded

4,660

COINAGE AT THE MINT. The report of the Director of the United States Mint, which has just been laid before congress, shows the coinage of the mint during the year 1848 to have been as follows: At Philadelphia, in gold,

$2,780,930 in silver,

420,050 in copper,

64,158 Total,

$3,265,138 [Number of pieces coined, 8,691,444.] The deposites for coinage amount to, in gold, $2,584,460; in silver, $466,732.

VOL. II.-MARCH, 1849. 8

In copper,

was

At New Orleans, in gold,

$358,500 in silver,

1,620.000 Total,

$1,978,500 [Number of pieces coined, 3,815,850.] The deposites for coinage amounted to, in gold, $183,360; in silver, $1,659,774.

At Charlotte, North Carolina, the amount received during the year for coinage in gold, was $370,799; the coinage amounted to $364,330—composed of, half eagles 64,472, quarter eagles 16,788.

At Dahlonega, Georgia, the amount received during the year for coinage in gold, was $274,473; amount coined, $271,7521-composed' in number of, half eagles 47,465, quarter eagles 13,771. The deposites at the four mints during the year amounted in all to $5,539,598. In gold,

$3,413,092 In silver,

2,126,506 The coinage amounted toln gold,

$3,775,5123 In silver,

2,040,050

64,158 Total,

$5,879,720} The coinage of the British mint, for a period of ten years, from 1837 to 1847, Of gold,

£34,878,666 of silver,

3,329,717 Of copper,

67,103

£38,275,486 Equal in dollars to about 1532 millions.

The greatest sum coined in gold in any one year in the mints of the United States, was in 1847, when the amount was $20,211,385, coined in the principal mint and branches. *

The largest amount of gold coinage in England for any one year is put at £9,000,000, equal to $43,200,000.

It is estimated that the whole coinage of Great Britain for the thirty-three years ending with Dec. 1847, amounted to ninety-two million pounds, equal to four hun. dred and forty-one and a half millions of dollars.

Our coinage during the same thirty-three years, was about one hundred millions, making an aggregate of money coined by the United States and Great Bri. tain alone, in the last third of a century, 541} millions of dollars; yet both these countries have, during the whole of that period, been in the constant use of a paper currency.

THE IRISH POTATO CROP. An estimate has just been published of the loss occasioned by the destruction of the potato crop in Ireland in 1846. In parliament, the loss was admitted to be £16,000,000.

In the statistics of Ireland, (Thom's Almanac, 1848,) it is stated that the land devoted to the production of potatoes, is 2,457,409 statute acres, equal in Irish acres to 1,500,000.

The annual estimated consumption of potatoes, exclusive of seed, amounts to (in tons) 13,650,000. Which at 1s. 7d. per cwt. £1 11s. 8d. per ton, would be worth £21,600,000 The supply of potato seed required in 1841, is estimated at

2,700,000 Making the whole value of the crop for consumption and seed £24,300,000

* See p. 92, Vol. 1.

ranean

.

The Dublin Evening Journal, alluding to the subject, says,—“In losses by the potato alone, between 1845–8, the amount is fixed at thirty-seven millions sterling, to which must be added, for the rise in the price of seed, an additional sum of six millions, making a total of forty-three millions! Imagine such a snm swept away from the labour and subsistence fund of such a country as Ireland! It only surprises that with such overwhelming losses our people have been enabled to make such head against the calamity.”

BRITISH AND IRISH PRODUCE AND MANUFACTURES.

The following is a table of the total value of British and Irish produce and manufactures exported from the United Kingdom to various countries in the year 1847: United States of America £10,974,161 Egypt; ports on the MediterMexico 100,688

538,308 Central America 86,983 Tunis .

697 New Grenada 145,606 Algeria

13,881 Venezuela 182,279 Morocco

16,231 Hanseatic towns

6,007,366 Western coast of Africa 518,420 Heligoland .

250 Colonial territory of the Cape British territories in the East

of Good Hope

688,208 Indies 5,470,105 Eastern coast of Africa

13,751 Islands in the Indian seas :

African ports on the Red sea 505 Java 357,870 Cape Verd Islands

4,145 Philippine Islands 104,486 Ascension and St. Helena 31,378 Lomboc 307 Mauritius

223,563 British North American co

Aden.

11,488 lonies 3,233,014 Persia

929 Holland

3,017,423 British West Indies and BriBrazil 2,568,804 tish Guiana

2,102,577 Oriental republic of Uruguay (334,083 Honduras British settlements 170,947 Buenos Ayres or Argentine

Foreign West India Islands : republic

156,421

Cuba

896,554 Chili.

866,325

Porto Rico

16,822 Bolivia

22,375
" Gaudaloupe

164 Pera

600,814
" Martinique

196 Falkland islands

2,088

Curaçoa

1,089 Russian settlements on the

St. Croix

14,797 N. W. coast of America 8,193

St. Thomas 386,599 France 2,554,283 Dutch Guiana

1,466 Portugal proper 889,916 Hayti

192,089 Azores

42,980 Russia; Northern ports 1,700,733 Madeira

33,853 Ports within the Black Spain, continental, and the

143,810 Balearic islands 770,729 Sweden

179,367 Spain, Canary Islands . 30,680 Norway

169,149 Gibraltar 466,845 Denmark

253,701 Italy, Sardinian territories 355,366 Prussia

553,968 Duchy of Tuscany 637,748 Mecklenburg Schwerin 105,164 Papal territories 181,894 Hanover

147,357 Naples and Sicily 630,690 Oldenburg and Kniphausen 26,080

Austrian territories 537,009 British settlements in AustraMalta and Gozo 195,836 lia,

1,644,170 Lonian Islands 143,426 South Sea Islands

25,368 Kingdom of Greece

233,913 China and Hong Kong 1,503,969 Turkish dominions, exclusive

Belgium

1,059,456 of Wallachja and Moldavia 2,363,442 Channel Islands,

542,191 Wallachia and Moldavia 213,547 Syria and Palestine

415,292
Total

£58,842,377

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