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1840,

1, 2, *3, 4, 5, 6, 7,

8, 1848,

5,125,077 63 19,442,646 08 4,086,613 70 6,737,398 00 16,860,160 27 5,600,689 74 15,028,486 37 19,965,009 25 8,575,539 24 27,203,450 69 8,231,001 26

861,596 55 24,748,188 23 29,320,707 78 12,991,902 84 17,093,794 30 29,941,853 90 8,595,039 10 16,750,926 33 29,699,967 74 1,213,823 31 38,956,623 38 26,437,403 16 6,719,282 37 48,526,379 37 35,635,779 21 15,429,197 21

69,805,104 56 9,607,914 82 3,451,400 20 Treasury Departinent, Register's Office, September, 1848.

DANIEL GRAHAM, Register.

ESTIMATES OF THE POPULATION AND CROPS OF THE UNITED STATES FOR THE

YEAR 1848.

By Mr. BURKE, U. S. Commissioner of Patents.

Present estiStates and Terri- Population in mated popu. Number bush. Bushels tories.

1840.

lation. els wheat Barley.

Bushels Oats.

Maine

501,793 615,000 900,000 290,000 2,000,000 N. Hampshire 284,574 308,000 620,000 132,000 2,500,000 Massachusetts 737,699 875,000 260,000 175,000 2,300,000 Rhode Island 108,830 135,000 4,600 55,000 220,000 Connecticut 309,978 340,000 130,000 30,000 2,000,000 Vermont

291,948 310,000 680,000 60,000; 3,500,000 New York 2,428,921 2,880,000 15,500,000 4,300,000 28,000,000 New Jersey 373,306 425,000 1,200,000 12,000 5,800,000 Pennsylvania 1,724,033 2,220,000 15,200,000 155,000 20,000,000 Delaware

78,085 85,000 450,000 4,500 700,000 Maryland 470,009 510,000 5,150,000 3,000 2,200,000 Virginia 1,239,797 1,295,000 12,250,000 94,000 11,000,000 N, Carolina 753,419 780,000 2,450,000 4,200 4,000,000, S. Carolina 594,308 620,000 1,400,000 4,880 1,250,000 Georgia

691,392 825,000 2,100,000 12,600 1,500,000 Alabama 590,756 716,000 1,300,000 7,800 2,000,000 Mississippi 375,651 670,000 550,000 2,250 1,500,000 Louisiana 352,411 490,000 Tennessee 829,210 980,000 9,000,000 6,800 10,500,000 Kentucky 779,828 890,000 1,500,000 20,000 15,000,000 Ohio

1,519,467 1,980,000 20,000,000 400,000 30,000,000 Indiana

685,866 1,000,000 8,500,000 42,000 17,000,000 Illinois

476,183 800,000 5,400,000 120,000 5,000,000 Missouri

383,702 589,000 2,000,000 15,000 7,000,000 Arkansas

95,574 200,000 500,000 1,100 500,000

* See note to p. 87.

Present estiStates and Terri- Population in mated popula. Number bush's Bushels of Bushels Oats. tories. 1840.

tion. of wheat. Barley.

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Maine

100,000 80,000 3,000,000 9,000,000 1,200,000 N. Hamp.

500,000 175,000 2,600,000 5,000,000 680,000 Massachus's 750,000 145,000 3,800,000 4,800,000 750,000 Rhode Island 55,000 5,000 900,000 800,000 90,000 Connecticut 1,500,000 500,000 3,400,000 3,500,000 650,000 Vermont 370,000 350,000 2,500,000 8,000,000 1,400,000 New York 4,000,000 3,860,000 17,500,000 27,000,000 4,200,000 New Jersey | 3,300,000 1,000,000 9,000,000 2,100,000 470,000 Pennsylva'a 13,500,000 3,800,000 21,000,000 8,200,000 2,000,000 Delaware 65,000 16,000 3,850,000 200,000 25,000 Maryland 1,200,000 120,000 8,800,000 1,000,000 130,000 Virginia 1,800,000 270,000 38,000,000 3,500,000 430,000 N. Carolina 300,000 20,000 26,000,000 3,200,000 140,000 S. Carolina 60,000

13,500,000 4,200,000 35,000 Georgia 80,000

27,000,000 2,000,000 28,000 Alabama 85,000

27,000,000 2,500,000 21,000 Mississippi 30,000

17,000,000 2,600,000 1,000 Louisiana 2,500

10,600,000 1,800,000 30,000 Tennessee 400,000 34,000 76,600,000 3,000,000 50,000 Kentucky 2,800,000 18,000 65,000,000 2,200,000 140,000 Ohio

1,250,000 1,500,000 70,000,000 5,000,000 1,600,000 Indiana

300,000 110,000 45,000,000 2,500,000 500,000 Illinois

170,000 130,000 40,000,000 2,300,000 450,000 Missouri

90,000 30,000 28,000,000 1,200,000) 100,000 Arkansas 12,000

8,000,000 800,000 1,500 Michigan 100,000 340,000 10,000,000 5,000,000 400,000 Florida

1,250,000 500,000 1,500 Wisconsin 10,000 40,000 1,500,000 1,250,000 150,000 Iowa

15,000 25,000 3,500,000 1,000,000 60,000 Texas

1,800,000 300,000 Dist. of Col. 8,000

50,000 25,000 2,000 Oregon

1,000,000

Total 32,952,500 12,538,000 588,150,000 114,475,000 15,735,000

Rolls of
Tobacco.

Tons
Pounds Cotton. Pounds Rice. Hemp. Pounds Sugar.

States.

Massachus's 150,000
Connecticut 825,000
New York 36,000
Pennsylvia 610,000
Maryland 23,000,000
Virginia 45,000,000 2,800,000 3,500
N. Carolina 13,000,000 45,000,000 3,600,000
S. Carolina 33,000 105,000,000 90,000,000
Georgia 220,000 220,000,000 18,000,000
Alabama 360,000 165,000,000 350,000
Mississippi

215,000 245,000,000 1,200,000 Louisiana

190,000,000 5,000,000 200,000,000 Tennessee 36,500,000 36,000,000 12,000 800 Kentucky

68,000,000 2,200,000 25,000/11,000 Ohio 9,500,000

500 Indiana 3,950,000

480 Illinois 1,340,000

9,000 550 Missouri 15,600,000

7,000 Arkansas 220,000 25,000,000 Florida

350,000 18,000,000 1,000,000 Texas

12,000,000

Total

218,909,000 1,066,000,000 119,199,500 20,330 200,000,000

THE NEW CENSUS BILL, Reported by Mr. Cameron, provides for returns to be made under plans and forms prepared by the Secretary of the Treasury. The following are some of the principal itemsWhite males under five and every five years over. Females, do.

do. Free coloured under ten years, ten and twenty-four, twenty-four and thirty-seven,

&c., number taxed and entitled to vote, Free coloured females, same. Slaves under ten, ten and twenty-four, twenty-four and thirty-six, thirty-six and

fifty-five, fifty-five and one hundred, over. Female slaves, do.

do.

do.
Nomber of persons subject to militia duty.
To vote for all elective officers.
Aliens not naturalized.
Paupers.
Married females under forty-five.
Unmarried between sixteen and forty-five.
Marriages preceding year.
Births

males and females. Deaths

do.

do. Persons born in the state.

Do. New England States.
Do. other States.

do.

do. do.

Persons born in Mexico or South America.

Do. France.
Do. Germany.

Do. other parts of Europe.
Deaf and Dumb under twelve, twelve and twenty-five. Total number.
N nber do.

do.
do.

whose parents are unable to support them. Whose parents are able. Blind under eight, eight and twenty-five, poor and not poor as to education. Idiots do.

do.

and number supported by charity. Number of persons employed, value produced, and capital invested in mining,

agriculture, commerce, manufactures and trades, navigation, ocean, canals,

lakes, rivers, fisheries, products, forests, learned professions, engineers, &c. Pensioners, and for what service. Schools and universities of all kinds, and number of students, and cost of build

ings and property. Churches, cost, improvements, members, Baptist, Episcopalian, Presbyterian,

Congregational, Methodist, Roman catholic, Dutch reformed, Universalist,

-Unitarians, Jews, Quakers, Lutherans, and all others. Agriculture and Horticulture.-Acres improved, uncultivated, average value.

Acres sown and products, barley, peas, beans, buckwheat, turnips, potatoes,

flax, wheat, corn, rye, oats, hemp, cotton, rice, silk. Mineral lands, all kinds, value per acre, number of mines worked, capital. Neat cattle and hogs, horses, mules, and sheep, do. Number of fleeces, pounds of wool, yards of woollen, cotton, linen goods, and

those manufactured by families. Mills, number and cost of construction, value of material raw and manufactured. Returns of grist, yarn, oil, fulling and carding mills. All cotton, woollen, and iron works. Glass, rolling mills, furnaces, forges, distilleries, asheries, pot and pearl, oil

cloths, dyed and printed goods, flour mills, paper do., tanneries, breweries,

and all their products. Internal improvements.—Railroads completed, and cost, in progress and cost of

completion. Canals completed, and cost of same, in progress and cost.

Turnpikes do., bridges and cost. Assistant Marshals to receive $2 for every one hundred persons, instead of $2,25 as before, and where the people are sparsely settled, $2,25. Marshals of Maine and N. Hamp South Carolina, Georgia, Wis

shire to receive as compensation, $400 consin, Indiana, Illinois, each, 450 Massachusetts and Vermont, 450 East Tennessee and west TennesConnecticut,

350
see, each,

250 Rhode Island and Delaware, 250 Two marsháls, Mississippi, each, 200 New York, the two marshals each, 450 Michigan and Arkansas, each,

300 New Jersey, 350 Ohio,

500 Pennsylvania, Maryland, 'Ken District of Columbia and Florida, 100

tucky, North Carolina, Iowa,
Also extra compensation when performing the duty of deputies.

64

UNITED STATES NAVY. The official documents recently communicated to congress contain the following statement of vessels in commission on the 1st November, 1848.

SHIPS OF THE LINE.
Ohio,

Pacific squadron.
Pennsylvania,

Receiving ship, Norfolk.
North Carolina,

New York.
Franklin,

Boston.

RAZEE.
Independence,

Pacific squadron.

FRIGATES.
United States,

Mediterranean.
Congress,

Pacific squadron.
Brandywine,

Brazil station.
St. Lawrence,

European seas.
Raritan,

Home squadron.
Constitution,

Mediterranean.

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