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The freight rates and charges of the railroads are either local or joint. A local rate or charge applies to services performed by a single railroad at, or between, points on its rails. A joint rate or charge applies for services performed jointly by two or more railroads, the rate or charge being published in a tariff which is concurred in by all of the carriers over which it applies. Local and joint rates and charges are divided into two kinds: class rates or charges, and commodity rates or charges.
Class rates or charges apply to the different classes to which articles are assigned in a Classification or Exception Sheet. Commodity rates or charges are restricted in their application to articles or services specifically named or described in the tariffs in which the rates or charges are published. Whenever a commodity rate or charge is established it supersedes any conflicting class rate or charge, unless the alternative use of the class and commodity rates or charges is specifically authorized in the tariffs.
The publications containing the freight rates and charges of the railroads are known as tariffs, of which there are four kinds:
(a) Class Tariff
(d) Special Service Tariff.
Commodity Tariffs contain rates from one point to another for articles which are specifically named in the Commodity Tariffs.
Class and Commodity Tariffs contain rates from one point to another for the different classes to which articles are assigned in Classifications or Exception Sheets, and also rates for articles specifically named in the Class and Commodity Tariffs.
Special Service Tariffs contain charges, rules and regulations governing Protective Car Service (refrigeration, heating, etc.), Terminal Services (demurrage, storage, wharfage, lighterage, switching, etc.), and Transit Privileges (milling, cleaning, sacking, refining, compressing, reconsigning, etc.)
Tariffs are published by either the railroads themselves, or agents appointed by the railroads for that purpose. The tariffs published by an agent are known as Agency Tariffs, while those published by a railroad are known as Individual Tariffs. The I. C. C. number of an Agency Tariff is that of the Agent by whom the tariff is published. In the case of an Individual Tariff, it is that of the railroad which published the tariff.
KINDS OF TAR-
The individual tariff numbers of the railroads are usually shown on both the
Agency Tariffs and Individual Tariffs. In making a request to a railroad for a REQUESTS FOR
tariff, both the individual number and the I. C. C. number of the tariff, if known, should be given, as well as a description of the tariff.
The agency tariff plan is usually adopted in publishing rates via several routes
between points in the same territory, and between points in one territory and points AGENCY TARIFF in another territory. This method of publishing rates is not only an economical one
for the railroads, but greatly simplifies and facilitates the process of ascertaining the rates via different routes.
Tariffs containing the rates, rules and regulations under which the railroads handle interstate traffic are constructed in accordance and in compliance with rules prescribed by the Interstate Commerce Commission. For these rules see pages 185 to 222. There is no better way to learn how to interpret a tariff than by acquiring a knowledge of the rules followed in its construction. Furthermore, in determining the legal status of a rate or rule applicable to interstate traffic, it is necessary to have
a thorough knowledge of these rules. CONSTRUCTION OF TARIFFS
The Interstate Commerce Commission has no jurisdiction over tariffs applicable only on intrastate traffic; that is, traffic having origin, destination and entire transportation within a State, and its rules cannot be enforced upon the railroads in the construction of tariffs containing rates applicable to such traffic. The laws of the States, or the rules of the State Commissions, govern in such cases. However, few, if any, States prescribe rules for the construction of tariffs, and in publishing intrastate tariffs, the railroads, for the sake of convenience and uniformity, usually observe the rules of the Interstate Commerce Commission.
WITH I. C. C.
All tariffs of rates, rules and regulations of the carriers applicable to interstate traffic—that is, traffic moving from a point in one State to a point in another State, or between points in the same State when the movement is through another State, or between the United States and foreign countries-must bear I. C. C. numbers and be published and filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission in ac
cordance with rules (see pages 185 to 222) established by it under authority of SecFILING TARIFFS
tion 6 of the Act to Regulate Commerce. This means that separately established rates used in making a combination of rates to apply on interstate traffic must be published and filed with the Commission, even though one or more of the rates used in the combination applies from one point to another in the same State via a route wholly within the State. It is unlawful to apply to interstate traffic any rates, rules and regulations not duly published and filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission.
Under Section 6 of the Act to Regulate Commerce, every carrier is required to keep open to public inspection schedules showing all the rates, fares and charges for transportation of interstate traffic between different points on its own route,
and between points on its own route and points on the route of any other carrier POSTING TARIFF when a through route and joint rate have been established. As meeting the rePUBLIC
quirements of this section of the Act, the carriers post for public inspection at each station the tariffs containing the rates, fares and charges applicable from or at that station, and each carrier posts at some centrally located point on its line in each State through which it operates all of the tariffs applying from, to, at or via the stations on its line.
The Act to Regulate Commerce, Section 6, provides that no changes shall be made in the rates, fares and charges which have been published and filed with the Interstate Commerce Commission except after thirty days' notice to the Commission and to the public, unless the Commission, in its discretion and for good cause, shall allow changes to be made on shorter notice. (See Rule 58 of Interstate Commerce Commission Tariff Rules, page 211.)
To illustrate the application of many of the rules prescribed by the Interstate Commerce Commission for the construction of freight tariffs (for these rules see pages 185 to 222), a specimen tariff is shown on the following pages to and including page 183. The matter in italics which appears in connection with each item in the illustration is merely explanatory and does not appear on the tariffs published by the carriers.
Supplement(s) to this tariff
(Rule 3h, Circular 18-A.)
I. C. C. No. (Cancels I. C. C. No. --)
(Rule 3b, Circular 18-A.)
N. & S. R. R. TARIFF No.
(Cancels Tarif No. -.) (Use of Road's Tariff No. Optional.)
(Rule 36, Cir. 18-A.)
NORTH & SOUTH RAILROAD
(Rules 3a and 46, Cir. 18-A.)
IN CONNECTION WITH
EAST & WEST R. R. (FX4-No. (Rules 4b, Cir. 18-A.)
NEW YORK CENTRAL R. R. (FX4-Ń. Y. C. No.
(Line Buffalo, N. Y., Clearfield, Pa., and East.)
(AND OTHER RAILROADS AS SHOWN ON PAGE 2.)
(Rule 3c, Cir. 18-A.)
CLASS AND COMMODITY RATES
(Rule 3c, Cir. 18-A.) GOVERNED, EXCEPT AS OTHERWISE PROVIDED HEREIN, BY
- CLASSIFICATION, I. C. C. NO. — (ISSUED BY
(Off'l, West. or Sou.) AGENT), SUPPLEMENTS THERETO AND REISSUES THEREOF; AND BY EXCEPTIONS TO SAID CLASSIFICATION, N. & S. R. R.
TARIFF NO. - 1.C. C. NO. SUPPLEMENTS THERETO AND REISSUE THEREOF. (Rule 3e, Cir. 18-A.) (Points of origin and desti
FROM nation to the number of 12
STATIONS ON NORTH & SOUTH R. R. (each) may, if practicable, be
(Rule 3d, Cir. shown on title page.) (Rule STATIONS ON EAST & WEST R. R.
18-A.) 4d, Cir. 18-A.)
(AS NAMED WITHIN)
PUBLICATION OF RATES FROM OR TO INTERMEDIATE POINTS.
By authority of Rule 77 of Interstate Commerce Commission Tariff Circular No. 18-A, these rates are not made (Rule 77, Cir. applicable from or to all intermediate points. Upon reasonable request therefor, rates which will not exceed those in effect 18-A.)
from or to more distant points will, under authority granted by the Interstate Commerce Commission, be established from or to any intermediate point hereunder upon one day's notice to the Commission and to the Public.
.and R. & L. R. R.
(Show Junction Point) (Also other Routes as shown on page —)
(Specifying of routes is optional.) (Rule 4j, Cir. 18-A.) Issued January 1, 1920.
Effective February 1, 1920.
(Except as noted in individual items.) (Rules 3f and 14a, Cir. 18-A. If tariff is to be effective on less than 30 days' notice, Rules 3g and 14a of Tariff Cir. No. 18-A, will have to be observed.)
(Showing different Officials is optional with
carrier. The Division Freight Agent to be
Month Day (Indicates supply printed.)
City. (Rule 3i, Cir. 18-A.)
Must be shown on tille page. Order of I. C. C. June 7, 1915, effective July 15, 1915. Tariffs should be printed from type of size not less than 6 point full face. (Rule 1, Cir. 18-A.)
Size: Width, 8 inches. (Rule 1, Circular 18-A.)
TABLE OF CONTENTS.
Table of Contents may be omitted if tariff con-
order, of exact location under general headings,
(Rule 4a, Tariff Circular 18-A.)
by subjects, where information will be found. Participating carriers up to and including 10 may be shown on title page, together with concurrence numbers. More than arrange in Alphabetical order. (Rule 46,Tariff Circular 18-A)
Abbreviations, Explanation of..
Alphabetical Index to...
Geographical List of..
Alphabetical Index to...
Boston & Albany R. R. (FX4-No. ....)
New York, New Haven & Hartford R. R.
(FX4-No.....) New York, Ontario & Western Ry.
(FX5-No. ....) Philadelphia & Reading R.R. (FX4-No.....) Pittsburg & Lake Erie R. R. (FX4-No. ....) West Shore R. R. (FX4-No. ....) (The N.Y.C. R. R. Co., Lessee.)
CANCELLATION OF RATES.
I. C. C. No. supplements thereto and reissues thereof.
INDEX OF COMMODITIES.
(For Rates, see page 183) Following list enumerates only such articles as are given specific rates; articles not specified will take class rates: