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EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS

C. R.–Carrier's risk
C. R. C.-Canadian Railway Commission
Crossg.-Crossing
C. S.-Car service
C. S. S.-Car Service Section
C. T. B.-Chief of Tariff Bureau
Cts.-Cents
Cu.—Cubic
Cu. Ft.—(a) Cubic foot (b) Cubic feet
C. W. 0.-Cash with order
Cwt.-Hundredweight
Cy.-County

D. A.—Documents for acceptance (foreign banking)
Dbk.-Drawback
D.D.-Double deck
D. D. of T.-Director, Division of Traffic
Deft.—Defendant
Deg.–Degree
Dely.—Delivery
Dem.-Demurrage
Dept.—Department
Desp.--Despatch
D. F. A.-Division Freight Agent
Diam.—Diameter
Diff.—Differential
D. of P. S.-Director of Public Service
Disc.—Discount
Dist.-(a) District (b) Distance
Div.-Division
Dk.-Dock
Do.-Ditto (same)
Doc.-Document
Doz.-Dozen
D. P.- Documents for payment (foreign banking)
Dpt.-Depth
Dr.-(a) Debit (b) Debtor
Dun.-Dunnage

F. B.-Freight bill
F. C. A.-(a) Freight Claim Agent (b) Freight

Claim Association
F. D.-Freight Department
Fertz.-Fertilizer
Fir.-Firkin
Flt.-Float
F. O. B.-Free on board
For.–Foreign
F. O. R.-Free on rail
F. P. A.-Free of particular average
F. P. A. (A. C.)–Free of particular average (American

conditions) F. P. A. (E. C.)-Free of particular average (English

conditions)
Frt.-Freight
Ft.-(a) Feet (b) Foot (c) Fort
F. T. D.-Freight Traffic Department
F. T. M.-Freight Traffic Manager
F. X.-Freight Tariff Concurrence
F. & W. Chg.-Feeding and watering charge
G. A.-General average
Gal.-Gallon
G. B.-Guide Book
Gen 1-General
G. F. A.-General Freight Agent
G. F. D.-General Freight Department
G. F. 0.—General Freight Office
G. M.-General Manager
G. 0.-General Office
G. 0. C.-General Operating Committee
G. P. A.-General Passenger Agent
G. P. D.-General Passenger Department
Gr.-(a) Gross (b) Grain
G. S.-General Superintendent
G. T.-Gross ton
G. T. M.-General Traffic Manager

E. B.-Eastbound
Ea.-Each
E. F. I. B.—Eastern Freight Inspection Bureau
e. g.-Exempli gratia (for example)
Elec.Electric
E. & O. E.-Errors and omissions excepted
Eq.-Equal
Est.–Estimated
Est. Wt.—Estimated weight
et al.--Et alia (and others)
Etc.- Et cetera (and other things, and so forth)
Ex.-(a) Exchange (b) Express (c) Example
Ex. B. L.-Exchange Bill of Lading
Excpt.-Exception
Exp.-Export
°F.-Degree Fahrenheit
F. A.-(a) Freight Agent (b) Free astray

(c) Freight astray
F. A. A.–Free of all average
F. F. A.-Foreign Freight Agent
Fahr.--Fahrenheit
F. A. Q.–Fair, average quality
F. A. S.-Free alongside

Hgt.-Height
Hhd.-Hogshead
H. P.-Horsepower
Hr.-Hour
I. & S. Docket.-Investigation and Suspension Docket
Ib. or Ibid.-Ibidem (in the same place)
i. e.-Id est (that is)
I. B.—(a) Inbound (b) In bond
I. C. C.-Interstate Commerce Commission
I. C. C. Spec'n.-Interstate Commerce Commission

Specification
I. C. Rep.-Interstate Commerce Reports
I. C. C. Rep.-Interstate Commerce Commission Re-

ports
I. L.-Interline
Imp.-(a) Implement (b) Import
In.-Inch or inches
Inc.-(a) Inclusive (b) Incorporated
Inf. L.-Inflammable liquid
Inf. S.-Inflammable solid
Ins.--Insurance
Inst.--Instant (this month)
Int.-(a) Interior (b) Interchange (c) Internal

EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS

O. & R.-Ocean and rail O. C.-Official Classification o/c-Overcharge O. K.-Correct, or (approved) o/N-Order-notify O. R.-Owner's risk 0. R. B. Owner's risk of breakage O. R. C.-(a) Owner's risk of chafing (b) Ohio Rail

road Commission O. R. L.-Owner's risk of leakage 0. R. W.-Owner's risk of becoming wet O. S. & D.-Over, short and damage Oxd. M.-Oxidizing Material Oz.-Ounce

Int. Rev.-Internal revenue
Inv.-Invoice
I. R. D.-Internal Revenue Department
I. T.-Immediate Transportation
Jct.-Junction
J. E. A.-Joint Export Agent
Jt.-Joint
Junc.-Junction
K. D,-Knocked down
K. D. C. L.-Knocked down, carload
K. D. L. C. L-Knocked down, less than carload
Lat.—Latitude
L. & D.-Loss and damage
L. & R.-Lake and rail
Lb.-Pound
Lbr.-Lumber
Lbs.-Pounds
Liq.-(a) Liquor (b) Liquid
L/C.-Letter of credit
L. C. L.-Less than carload
Ldg.-Landing
L. F. A.–Local Freight Agent
Long.-Longitude
Lg. tn.-Long ton
L. S.-Legal scroll.
Ltd.-Limited
Ltge.—Lighterage
Ltr.-Lighter
LV.- Leave
Max.—Maximum.
M. C. B.-Master Car Builder
Mdse.—Merchandise
Memo.-Memorandum
M. F. B. M.-Thousand feet, board measurement
Mfd.-Manufactured
Mfg.-Manufacturing
Min.-Minimum
Min. Wt.—Minimum weight
Misc.-Miscellaneous
M. I. T.-Milling in transit
M. M.-Master Mechanic
M. 0.-Money order
M.P.-Mile post
Mt.—Mount
Mty.-Empty
N. A. C.-North Atlantic Coast
Naut.–Nautical
Nav.-Navigation
N. B.-Northbound
N. E. F. A.–New England Freight Association
N. E. S-Not elsewhere specified
No.-Number
N. 0. E.-Not otherwise enumerated
N. O. H. P.-Not otherwise herein provided
N. 0. I. B. N.-Not otherwise indexed by name
Nos.-Numbers
N. O. S.-Not otherwise specified
Nstd.-Nested
N. T.-Net ton
Ntfy.-Xotify

P. A.—(a) Per Annum (b) Passenger Agent

(c) Purchasing Agent P/A-Particular average Pac.-Pacific Par.- Paragraph Pass.-Passenger P. C. F. B.-Pacific Coast Freight Bureau Pcs.-Pieces Pd.-Paid P. D.Per diem Per An.-Per Annum Per Ct. or Per Cent. Per centum Pfd.-Preferred P. H. P.-Packing house products Pk.-Peck Pkg.–Package P1.-Place Plff.—Plaintiff P. M.-(a) Postmaster (b) Paymaster P. 0.-Post Office P. P.-(a) Prepay (6) Prepaid (c) Parcel Post pp.-Pages P. R.—Pocahontas Region Pr.-Price Pres.-President Pro.--Progressive Prox.-Proximo P. S. C.-Public Service Commission P. T.-Postal Telegraph Pt.-(a) Pint (b) Point (c) Port P. T. M.—Passenger Traffic Manager P. U. C.-Public Utilities Commission

Qt.-(a) Quart (b) Quantity Qu.-Question

R. & W.-Rail and water
R. C.-Relief claim
Rec'd.-Received
Re-exp.-Re-export
Ref.-Reference
Refrig.-(a) Refrigerator (b) Refrigeration
Reg.-Regulations
Re-imp.-Re-import
Rel.-Released
Rep.-(a) Report (b) Representative
R. & L.-Rail and lake

EXPLANATION OF ABBREVIATIONS

R. & 0.-Rail and ocean
R. L. & R.-Rail, lake and rail
R. E. R.-Railway Equipment Register
Retd.-Returned
R. I. T.-Refining in transit
Riv.-River
R. P. 0.-Railway Post Office
Rpt.-Report
R. R.-Railroad
Rte.-Route
Rwy.—Railway
Ry-Railway

Tel.-(a) Telegram (b) Telegraph
Term.-Terminal
Terr.-Territory
Tfr.-Transfer
T. L. A.-Trunk Line Association
T. M.-(a) Traffic Manager (b) Train Master
T.-M. F. B.—Trans-Missouri Freight Bureau
Tnge.-Tonnage
Tot.—Total
Tran.-Transit
Trans.-Transportation
Transf.-Transferred
Treas.-Treasurer
Trf.—Tariff
T. T. B.-Texas Tariff Bureau

U/C-Undercharge
U. K.-United Kingdom
Ulto.—Ultimo
U. S.-United States
U. S. N. D.-United States Navy Department
U. S. P.-United States Proof
U. S. R. A.–United States Railroad Administration
U. S. S. B.—United States Shipping Board
U. S. W. D.-United States War Department

V. versus
Val.-Value
Ves.—Vessel
Viz.-Namely
Vol.-Volume
V. P.-Vice-President
VS.-versus

S. A. C.-South Atlantic Coast
S. B.-(a) Southbound (b) Steamboat (c) Shipping

Board
Sc.-Scales
S. C.-(a) Southern Classification (b) Special Circular
S. C. C.-State Corporation Commission
Sch.-Schooner
S. C. S.-Superintendent Car Service
S. C. & S.-Strapped, corded and sealed
Sdg.-Siding
Sec.—Section
S. D.-Single deck
S. E. F. A.-Southeastern Freight Association
S. E. M. V. A.-Southeastern Mississippi Valley

Association
S. F. I. B.-Southern Freight Inspection Bureau
Shtg.--Shortage
Sh. tn.-Short ton (2000 lbs.)
S. L. & C.-Shipper's load and count
S. L. & T.-Shipper's load and tally
S. 0.-(a) Seller's Option (b) Ship’s Option

(c) Shipping Order
Sou. Class'n.-Southern Classification
S. P. A.–Subject to particular average
Sp. Iron.-Special Iron
Spgs. - Springs
S. R.-Shipping Receipts
S. S.-(a) Steamship (b) Shipside
SS.-Sworn statement
S. T.-Superintendent of Transportation
St.-(a) Street (b) Saint
Sta.-Station
Str.Steamer
Strs.-Steamers
S. U.-Set up
S. U. C. L.-Set up, carload
S. U. L. C. L.-Set up, less than carload
Sup.-Supplement
Sup. Ct. Rep.-U. S. Supreme Court Reporter
Supt.-

Superintendent
Swtg.-Switching
S. W. T. C.-Southwestern Tariff Committee
Sys.-System

W. A.-With Average (insurance)
W. B.-(a) Way-bill (b) Westbound
W. C.-Western Classification
Wdt.-Width
West'n Class'n.-Western Classification
Whf.-(a) Wharf (b) Wharfage
Whse.—Warehouse
W. I.-West Indies
W/M-Weight or measurement
W. P. A.-With particular average
W. & F.-Water and feed
W. & R.—Water and rail
Wt.-Weight
W. T.-War tax
W. T. B.-War Trade Board
W. T. B. R.-War Trade Board Report
W. T. L.-Western Trunk Line
W. T. L. A.-Western Trunk Line Association
W. U.-Western Union
W. W. & I. B.-Western Weighing & Inspection

Bureau

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ABBREVIATIONS USED BY RAIL CARRIERS IN UNITED KINGDOM A. M. W.-Actual Machine Weight

0. T. W.-Owner's Tank Wagon A. W.-Actual Weight

O. V.-Owner's Van B. in L.-Barge in London

O. W.-Owner's Wagons or Trucks C. & D.Carted at both ends

P. P.-Hydraulic or steam press C. R.- Company's Risk

P. S. & P. S.-Private Siding to Private Siding C/8.- Cases

P. S. to S.-Private Siding to Station or vice versa C. W.-Company's Wagon or Tank

P. T.-Per Truck D.-Delivered in Providence

P. W.-Per Wagon D. A. S.-Delivered alongside ship

S. to S.-Station to Station (Rates do not include D. B. & B.-Deals, Battens and Boards

collection or delivery.) E. O. H. P.-Except otherwise herein provided

T. L.—Tons, Loads F. T. L.-Full Tank Loads

Ugd.-Underground G. R. C. C.-Railway Clearing House Classification U/D.-Undamageable M. W.-Measurement Weights per G. R. C. C.

X. L.-Ex Labour

gal.
gr.

lb. ap..
Ib. av...............
Ib. t.........

cm3

ABBREVIATIONS OF WEIGHT AND MEASUREMENT UNITS
ABBREVIATION

UNIT
ABBREVIATION

UNIT
ABBREVIATION

UNIT
a...
acre

ар..
dram, apothecaries'

A. OZ...............

ounce, fluid
av..
avoirdupois

dr. av.
dram, avoirdupois oz. t...

ounce, troy
bu.
bushel

ff. dr.
dram, fluid

pk..

peck
C....
carat, metric

fath.
fathom

dwt..

pennyweight
ca.
centare

ft..
foot

pt......

pint
cg.
centigram

fur.
furlong

Ib....

pound cl.. centiliter gallon

pound, apothecaries' cm. centimeter grain

pound, avoirdupois ch.. chain gram

pound, troy
cubic centimeter

ha..
hectare

qt..

quart
dm
cubic decimeter

hg.
hectogram

rd.

rod
dkm
cubic dekameter

hl.
hectoliter

square centimeter cu. ft.. cubic foot

hm.
hectometer

square chain
hm.
cubic hectometer cwt.

hundredweight

dm.

square decimeter cu. in... cubic inch

in.
inch

dkm2

square dekameter km. cubic kilometer

kg.
kilogram

square foot
m.
cubic meter

kl.
kiloliter

hm2.

square hectometer cu. mi.. cubic mile

km.

kilometer mm.

square inch cubic millimeter li....

link

km2.

square kilometer cu. yd. ..... cubic yard

1...
liter

square meter
dg.
decigram

m.
meter

square mile
dl..
deciliter

mi.
mile

mm.

square millimeter dm. decimeter

mg.
milligram

sq. rd..

square rod
desistere

ml..
milliliter

sq. yd...

square yard dkg. dekagram

millimeter

S..

sterc
dkl.
dekaliter

min..
minim

tn..

ton
dkm..
dekameter

oz.
ounce

t....

ton metric dekastere

ounce, apothecaries'

cm2
sq. ch..

sq. ft.

sq. in..

m2
sq. mi..

ds..

t....

troy dram oz. av............... ounce, avoirdupois yd..

yard

dks..

oz. ap..

dr.......

TRAFFIC GLOSSARY

TRAFFIC GLOSSARY. (For Forms, see pages 474 to 547.)

Assigned Siding.--A sidetrack owned by a transportation

line and assigned for the use of one or more firms or

individuals in loading or unloading cars. Assignee. One to whom a right orproperty is transferred. Assignor.-One by whom a right or property is trans

ferred. Astray Freight.-Freight bearing marks indicating

owner and destination, but separated from the way

bill. (See Excess and Over Freight.) Astray Freight Way-bill.–A way-bill used for astray

freight. (See Free-astray.) Automobile Car.-A car equipped with facilities for safe

and proper handling of automobiles. Average Demurrage Agreement.-An agreement made

between a shipper and a transportation line whereby the shipper is debited for the time cars are held for loading or unloading beyond a certain period and credited for the time cars are released by him within a certain period, demurrage charges being assessed by the transportation line, usually at the end of the month, for any outstanding debits.

A Ab initio.-From the beginning. Abstract.—(See Brief.) Act of God.-An irresistible superhuman cause, such as

no reasonable human foresight, prudence, diligence

and care can anticipate and/or prevent. Act to Regulate Commerce-An act of Congress regu

lating the practices, rates and rules of transportation lines engaged in handling interstate traffic (now

known as the Interstate Commerce Act). Ad Valorem.-According to value. Advanced Charge.—The amount of freight or other

charge on a shipment advanced by one transportation line to another, or to the shipper, to be collected from

the consignee. Affidavit.-A written statement sworn to before a

Notary Public. Affreightment.--The act of hiring or contracting, by

which a vessel or space is engaged for the transporta

tion of freight. Agency.-(a) The relations existing between two parties

by which one is authorized to transact certain business

for the other. (b) Office or business of an agent. Agency Tariff.-A tariff issued by a publishing agent for

one or more transportation lines. Agent:-A person authorized to transact business for and

in the name of another. Agreed Valuation.-- The value of shipment agreed upon

in order to secure a specific rating and/or liability. Agreed Weight.—The weight prescribed by agreement

between carrier and shipper for goods shipped in

certain packages or in a certain manner. Aliunde.-From another source. All Rail.-Entirely by rail transportation. All Water.—Entirely by water transportation. Alongside.—By the side of. Analogous Articles.--Articles having sin character

istics. Anderson Class Scale.-Rate scale applied intra New

England. Ante.-Before. Anti.--Against. Any-quantity Rate.-A rate applicable to an article in

any quantity. Arbitrary.-(a) A fixed amount which a transportation

line agrees to accept in dividing joint rates. (b) A fixed amount added to or deducted from a rate from one station to make a rate from another station. (c) A fixed amount added to or deducted from a rate to

one station to make a rate to another station. Arrival Notice.-A notice furnished to consignee of the

arrival of freight. Ash Pan Act.-An act of Congress requiring that loco

motives shall be equipped with ash pans conforming to certain standards.

B Barge.-A flat-bottomed boat. Barratry.—The action of officers or crews of a ship in

wilfully destroying or injuring a ship or its cargo. Basing Point. -A point the rates to and from which are

used in constructing through rates between other

points. Basing Rate.-A rate used only for the purpose of con

structing other rates. (See Proportional Rate.) Belt Line.-A short railroad operating within and/or

around a city. Billed Weight.-The weight shown in way-bill and

freight bill. Billing and Instruction Book.—(See Guide Book). Bill of Lading:Straight Bill of Lading.-A non-negotiable document

by which a transportation line acknowledges receipt of freight and contracts for its movement. The surrender of the original Straight Bill of Lading is not required by transportation lines upon delivery of the freight, except when necessary for the purpose of

identifying the consignee. (See Form 1.) Order Bill of Lading.-A negotiable document by

which a transportation line acknowledges receipt of freight and contracts for its movement. The surrender of the original Order Bill of Lading, properly endorsed is required by transportation lines upon delivery of the freight, in accordance with

the terms of the Bill of Lading. (See Form 2.) Bills of Lading Act.--An Act of Congress relating to the

preparation and negotiability of bills of lading. Blanket Bond.—A bond covering a group of persons,

articles or properties.

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