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We set

weight per bushel in this case, yet the great number and stance of tha: historian, and if there is further or other length of its ears (sometimes. 14 inches) would more than information upon the matter, we shall all be glad to remake up for the extra cob. I am very partial to this ear. ceive it. ing tendency; I can't see my way clear to a big crop with In 1719 a large number of emigrants came to this counonly four or five ears to a hill. If they grew two feet try from the north of Ireland and settled a township which long, they would hardly equal the crops we read of. they called Londonderry. They were called Irish, and Elmira, N. Y.

there was no little antipathy felt toward them, which (For the Country Gentleman and Ouitivator.)

would have been very foolish even if they had been na

tives of Ireland, but they were from a colony of Scotch My Dairy---A Simple but Efficient Churn.

presbyterians that had settled in the province of Ulster, I keep from 12 to 18 cows, stabling them from Nov. Ireland, in the reign of King James I. They had a thirst to May—did this, however, only last winter and thus far Ulster did not satisfy, and nearly, the whole colony re

for civil and religious liberty which their situation in this winter. Being deeply in debt and having no money, moved to America. About one hundred and twenty I concluded in the fall of 1860, to build a cow-house on families came. One hundred families came to Boston, the cheap plan. Hired man and myself built one at a and the rest landed on the coast of Maine. Of the former cost of about $5, capable of holding 12 cows.

about sixteen families were those who made the settle

ment of the town of Londonderry. The historian referred up corner posts-plate on top and covered with straw.

to says: "These people brought with them the necesIt works very well, being warmer than when covered with sary material for the manufacture of linen ; and their shingles. I fasten my cows with stanchions. My spring- spinning-wheels, turned by the foot, were a novelty in the house is 18 feet square, ballooon frame-studs 8 inches country. They also introduced the culture of pota!oes, deep, boarded inside of building as well as outside, and which were first planted in the garden of Nathaniel Walker the interstices or spaces tightly filled with dry saw dust - sequently thriving people.” Hence, these people being

of Andover. They were an industrious, frugal and con10 inches of saw dust over the ceiling--the floor is of called Irish, the potatoes which they introduced were call. brick, laid on 4 inches of gravel, and that is on 2 inches ed Irish potatoes. A. B. B. Randolph, Mass. of plank, making the floor rat proof, but self-draining. By using fine wire blinds for the windows in summer,

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) I am not troubled with flies; and with plenty of cold GOODRICH'S SEEDLING POTATOES. well water or ice thrown on the floor, I am not troubled with the heat. I use a small tin bucket of hot wood

Eds. Co. Gent. - In the spring of 1861 I obtained a coals occasionally through the day to keep the bouse barrel of Mr. Goodrica's Seedling potatoes from him at warm in winter, and find no difficulty in keeping the Utica. The barrel contained half a bushel each of five thermometer at from 60° to 60°. I have only had the different kinds, and I was so much pleased with their proexperience of this winter with it. I had no spring and duct that I wish to give a statement to the public through could only study out a house like this. I have never been on a dairy farm, but suppose this kind of a milk your columns. house would not do for your New York dairies.

The land was a rich loam, some gravel and clay, and In churning I first tried a patent churn or two, then had borne a crop of wheat the year previous. No manure the old fashioned dash churn, but finding that, without used, but it was heavily manured for tobacco, which grew horse power or other animal power, cburning was a

upon it two years previous. never-ending job, I laid all these aside, and made myself

I cut the potatoes, leaving two or three eyes in a piece, a square box 18 by 18 inches, hung it on qudgeons and and planted in drills, dropping the pieces about 11 feet frame, with one extension for a handle, and now bave a churn which I have used daily for 8 months, and which, apart in the row. Planted April 22d, for ease of turning and real efficiency, cannot be equalled When dug they were perfectly sound, excepting a very by any patent churn in New York. There are no pad- few of one kind, the "Copper Mine," and they were so dies—"no nuthin" in it, being but a plain oaken box. large and productive that I took pains to measure the The sides are the dashers. I have given it a full trial, ground, and with the following result: and am satisfied that it is the true principle. I got the Garnet Chili-14 bushels

at the rate of 378 bushels per acre, idea from "Flint's Milch Cows," a book by the way which

New Kidneys -25 bushels

Pinkeye Rusty Coat-17% bu. do.
I think every farmer ought to buy.
I have a corn cutter-home made—which is very effic-

Oopper Mine-22 bushels, ient-never out of "kiltur "_but which I will describe,

In planting, some varieties covered more ground than if you please, at another time.

others, from having more eyes, or more small potatoes; Harrison, Co., O.

hence the reason why the product of each half bushel [Flint's “Milch Cows” is sent postpaid by mail on re. varied so much. ceipt of $1.25 at this Office, Eds.)

I think Mr. Goodrich's Seedlings are a valuable acqui. sition, and I hope he will find the farming community

ready to appreciate his efforts to grow a potato which is (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.]

hardy, productive, and of good eating qualities, all of Introduction of the Potato into the U. States. which are to a great extent combined in the sorts I raised

last MESSRS. EDITORS—To answer the inquiry of "A Co.

year. SAMUEL J. WELLS. Fayetteville, N. Y. GENT." of New Britain, Ct. as it is put, would be to say those who may want to Rev. Chauncey E. Goodrich, Utica,

P. S.-As I have no potatoes to sell, I would refer that the potato was introduced into America by the Crea.

N. Y. tor“ in the beginning" or since, as it is one of the indigenous productions of South America. But the question STRANGE DISEASE.—The "Valley Star,” published at probably is when was it introduced into the United States ! Newville, Cumberland Co., Pa., of Feb. 20, says that a Answering that question in full will also explain why it is singular disease has appeared among the cattle of Wm. called the Irish potato, as was perhaps the case years ago mences on the side of the head and nose, causing the ani.

Smith, near Oakville, in that county. The disease commore than it is now with us, and still is at the South in mal to rub, in some instances, until the skin is rubbed off, distinction from the sweet potato.

and the eye rubbed out. Some eight or ten hours after The only authority I know of in relation to the matter the disease appears the head commences to swell, and in is Belknap's History of New-Hampshire, and as the book two hours thereafter the animal is dead. It is supposed is not common, I will give, as briefly as possible, the sub-' to be contagious.



400 475 560 594

do. do. do. do,


Cuzco-20 bushels,



R. S. L.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic]

IMPROVED MODE OF HANGING FLYWHEELS. The accompanying engravings illustrate an improved | its diameter as upon its weight, wheels of equal efficiency mode of hanging Aywheels, wbich is quite novel, and may be used much lighter than those of the usual form. possesses some important advantages over the plans in

2d. The shaft running on a step, or on rollers, there is

very little friction. general use. The wheel is placed in the base plate of the

3d. The flywheel is entirely out of the way where it machine on a vertical shaft, and the shaft may either run does not incommode the operator nor endanger bis limbs. in a step in the usual way, or it may be supported by a 4th. While a flywheel suspended in the usual manner collar running on friction rollers.

upon the side of a mill, causes the mill to be top heary, Fig. 1 of the engravings represents the wheel as ap- and in case of any wabbling in the wheel, resulting from plied to a grinding mill, with the shaft resting in a step inaccuracy in hanging, tends to shake the mill, this fly. in the cross bar, a, which crosses the base plate of the wheel by being placed in the broad base gives remarkable machine beneath the wheel. The base, b, is a large cir- steadiness to the machine. cular disk as shown, supported by a narrow rim, thus oth. Another important advantage in the use of fly. affording a space in which the flywheel, c, is placed. wheels, as above shown, is, that the size and weight of the

The rollers are attached to a ring as represented on an wheel may be specifically adapted to the capacity and re. enlarged scale in Fig. 3; the shalt passing through the quirements of the machine. And in running Aywheels axis of the ring, and the rollers running upon the upper in this way, the weight of the wheel, which, heretofore surface of the base plate. In this case, the rollers and has had to be sustained and carried on the upper and ring are inclosed in a tight box, d, as shown in Fig. 4; working parts of the machine, is sustained on the point here the wheel is represented as applied to a rice and of the upright shaft, relieving the working parts, and coffee huller.

allowing the machine to derive the full benefit of the Among the advantages of this mode of applying fy. momentum of the wheel, without the friction bitherto wheels, are the following :

engendered by the weight of the wheel. 1st. Wheels may be used of any desirable diameter, This invention has been secured by J. Bryant, M. D., and as the efficiency of a flywheel depends as much upon | Brooklyn, N. Y. (See advertisement on another page.)

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] whose opinion is entitled to as much weight on any ques. THE MOST PROFITABLE SHEEP. tions of Stock or Agriculture as any other man on this

Continent, because practical and experimental, gives a In my article on Sheep and Wool-Growing, &c., page trial lest at a dinner a this residence, of this very ques108, I promised to continue the subject of breeds, weights tion. A fine cut of mutton graced the board. Gentle. of carcass and fleece, &c., most desirable for profits, &c. men present pronounced it fine, and classed it of the Would be pleased to fulfil this promise at considerable fault on the decision of the particular stock.) The bost

South Down or other mutton varieties, (my memory is at length pow, but time will not permit; still I cannot for- was appealed to, and took the conceit entirely out of his bear touching upon the subject, by noticing an article or epicurean friends by the remark that it was Merino. But two on page 172, Co. Gent. of March 13.

for the sake of the argument only, let us admit that the 1st. I. D. G. Nelson, in commenting upon your edito- finer wooled sheep are inferior for mutton to the larger rial article in a former number, falls in with the idea that sorts. We are all after profit in all our stock and farm

arrangements, and that the Merino will give more wool, is becoming much too prevalent—in my humble opin- commanding a better market, at a less expense of food ion—that “mutton sheep husbandry” exclusively, is the than coarser sorts, is a recognized fact. After this, the most desirable system. Surely the followers of this one carcass for mutton will pay as well—the less expense of idea system of mutton-without regard to fleece-(if you production considered as any other variety. accept the term,) must be generally novices or gentlemen turers desire, to make up the millions of lbs. deficit of

Again: It is fine wools, not coarse, that our manufachusbandmen, to accept its teachings and reject contrary our home consumption. Coarse wools are easily obtainfacts. Old sheep-men know that a fine wooled carcass is ed from abroad -not so with fine. We should and can easier kept than the larger open wooled coarser muttons, grow all we demand. and more than this, the heavier the fleece the more easily Because many amateurs have imported coarse mutton kept in condition. Surely this is good philosophy. The varieties, and are breeding them to distribute for general fleece retains animal heat, and the animal requires less adoption, is no valid reason why all sheep husbandmen food to lay on flesh than if the body were more exposed. of this Union must reject the tried profitable sorts of fine

2d. I reject the idea in toto, that any epicure can dis. wooled sheep, for the larger, coarser mutton producers. tinguish varieties (if you please) of mutton by the taste Spanish sheep-(I have none to sell, want to purchase) only. John Johnston, the observant husbandman, and of a weight of carcass (ewes,) not to exceed 80 to 100 lbs., can be made to yield by judicious crossing, 6 to 8

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] and even 10 lbs. of wool each, besides raising a lamb THE EGGS OF THE LACKEY MOTH. yearly. This wool will command from 40 to 50, or 55 cents per lb. These sheep can be kept at about one-half There is not an insect more universally known in our the expense of the large sorts, and when desired to con- country, than the American Lackey Moth, or as more vert into mutton, will bring more than half-to say the commonly known by the name of the Apple-tree Caterleast of the other varieties. Besides this, the mutton pillar. Its cobweb-like nests may everywhere be seen is as equally desirable as that of any other kinds.

No, no, brother sheep husbandmen, let us not reject during next month, and the fore part of June, upon apple our Merinos, or other fine wooled, easily kept, neat carcass- and cherry trees. These insects are much more numerous ed flocks, for the mutton sorts too hastily. Should we do some years than they are in others; for instance, in the this, soon our markets will be overstocked with mutton, years 1846, '49, '56, and '88, they did great barm to apand the return in dollars for this mutton will be sent ple-trees; and I think they will prove to be more abundant abroad to purchase fine wools, or the English manufac- during the present year than they ever have been known to tured production from that wool, to supply our clothing be at least in this vicinity, although I hope to be deceived in demands.

Let us view this matter rationally,—not with prejudice- this respect, but circumstances cannot possibly permit looking to our best interests and the demands and needs such a lucky disappointment. of our manufacturers and the country. We must have

The past week I have destroyed millions of the eggs something besides mutton, else the profits will be minus. from which these caterpillars hatch, often finding from

The length of this article is such already, as to pre-three to four nests within four or five inches of each other. clude much greater continuation; still I cannot resist the

The best time to destroy them, is temptation to notice (as sustaining mý propositions pre

before they hatch and do mischief. viously advanced,) the article on same page from your

The eggs may be easily discovered bevalued contributor Mr. Geo. GEDDES.

fore the leaves start, by a careful obThe table of weights of the Sweet Brothers flocks,

server. They are generally placed on prove that it is not the larger carcass that gives the great.

the twigs near the commencement of er return of wool. I advance that it is the compactness

the last year's growth, in clusters, of fibre on that carcass, that gives the yield and profit.

forming cylinders or rings, generally A friend of mine has a flock of about 100 head, mostly

surrounding two-thirds, and sometimes ewes, that raise lambs weighing from 75 to 100 lbs. each,

the whole branch, as shown in the anthat have clipped 74 ibs. of clean, fine, well-washed wool,

nexed cut, commanding from 50 to 55 cts. per lb. A buck, weigh

The rings often contain about three ing some 140 lbs., sbeared last clip 18 lbs. 2 oz. fine

hundred eggs. They are generally wool. The bodies of this flock are round, neat, and well

three-fourths of an inch in length, and wooled, no bare, exposed spots, but wool of an even

the tenth of an inch in thickness. firmness all over carcass. The heaviest clipping ewes of

As I am afraid of occupying too flock, are in the best condition, and consume the least

much space in your columns, I must feed to attain and retain that flesh.

be brief upon this subject, by saying

that I consider the best way to remove Now shepherds and sheep-growers, for wool or mutton, let us make a note of the idea advanced by Mr. Geddes,

the eggs, is to place them between the let us attain results in the manner of the Messrs.

thumb and fore-finger, and wring them Sweets,—making comparisons and thus arrive at facts

from the branch, being careful not to aye these are what we want; no fine spun theories, but leave any part of the nest sticking fast to the bark, as correct, demonstrable truths. . The attainment of these they sometimes break apart very easily. will allow us to act understandingly, and from them, and

I request of those living in various parts of the counthe observation and experience of others, may we decide try, having orchards, to make examinations, and state the which are the most profitable, fine or coarse wools-large result of their success through the CountRÝ GENTLEMAN. or small sheep. If this be done, I have no fears of South

Washington Hollow, Dutchess Oo.

C. R. O. MASTEN. Downs or any other large varieties, superceding our bardy, profitable Merinos.


(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) London. Madison Co., 0.

MANAGEMENT OF POULTRY. (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

Messrs. EDITORS-In Co. Gent., page 208, E. M. wishes A GOOD STOCK BARN.

& remedy for a disease which has broken out among his poul

try. I think he is killing them with kindness. The disease MESSRS. EDITORS-In reading that excellent letter off is a distemper which breaks out among poultry where too JOHN SHATTCUK's, in Co. Gent. March 6th, page 166, I many are kept together. There shouldn't be more than a notice he wants a barn 80 arranged that he can have dozen kept together in one apartment. I remember a few access to any mow of hay when he wishes. I have a years ago my father had a small coop and over stocked it, barn for stock with six mows for hay, so that each mow and this disteinper broke out among them; and carried off a can be got at any time. It is 30 by 40, with floor in great many. I don't remember how it was stopped. There centre; then 60 by 28, with 12 feet floor on one side. was a doctor in the city who overstocked his yard, and this Two mows in the 30 by 40---one each side the floor, and distemper broke out among them. He tried almost every

thing, including Cayenne and black pepper, which sometimes four mows in the 50 by 28-a division between each bent. cures, but it did'nt do any good. _As a last resort he mixed Hay goes down between the floor and mowg. My barn up the meal in clear castor oil. He said he would either kill is an overshot—three stories——28 feet posts, and every or cure. It physicked and cured them, and he lost no more. thing suits me about it except the manner of saving ma- I think E. M. had better turn them out of bis poultry-house and

let them shift for themselves, and roost on the trees and have My stabling is in the part of barn 30 by 40—use the fresh air. A neighbor near here keeps from 30 to 40, and stanchions and piatform with gutter for droppings; yet I has no poultry-house. They roost on the trees in the orchard think a cistern 3 feet deep with a slat floor over it, would much in cold weather. I do not state this method because I

all the time. They look bright and healthy, but do not lay save the urine better, and by having the slats easily taken am in favor of it; for I am not; but to show that poultry out the whole might be loaded on a sled and drawn need pure air. I am in favor of warm houses, but a remedy where wanted about once a month, thus saving one or for a disease must be different from the manner in which they two handlings. EDMUND Rose. Delhi, March 15th. have been kept. D. Davis. Fall Rider, Mass.



PURE CHESTER COUNTY PIGS The above engraving, from a photograph of two of my pure stock of Chester County pigs, gives a fair representation of the prominent points of the breed. The pure Chester pigs are believed to have originated at least thirty years ago, by crossing a Bedfordshire boar, imported into Chester county, with the best stock of that county. By careful selections and breeding their valuable characteristics bare become established, so that they may now be considered a distinct breed. They are known by their pure white color, great length and depth of carcass, small head and offal parts, capacity for growing to a large size, quiet habits, and easy feeding and fattening. Philadelphia, Pa.


G. R. N.


these cords stiffen the pail in its posiWill you, or some of your correspondents, favor us

tion, so that it will swing but little, with a description of the best mode of drawing water, so

and they keep it to its place while a8 to have it fresh and good, with none of the bad taste

emptying. A hook, projecting over of a pump?

the spout, catches the pail, (fig. 2.) Many contrivances have been devised for drawing wa

and one turn of the winch inverts it, ter. The tubular pumps are compact and convenient,

and discharges its contents. The but do not furnish so fresh and pure water as the chain

spout should not be fastened in its pump, which stirs the contents of the well every time it

place till a few trials determine preis used, but which in turn has some serious defects. The

cisely where it should be. "old oaken bucket" is still preferred by many.

Pig. 2.

There are two ways of filling the Inventors have tried their skill to remedy the incon. pail


One is to have a valve in the bottom, covering a veniences of the bucket striking the stones at the sides, three-inch bole; and the other is to have a heavy hoop at in its passage up and down, and of requiring the use of the top of the pail, so as to tip the mouth in the water. the hands every time in emptying. But as the complex. The valve is easily made by nailing on one side a piece of ity of the machinery is increased by such contrivances, so leather considerably larger than the hole, and a piece of is their liability to get out of order. There is one, bow. board to the top of the leather over the bole, the leatber ever, that is comparatively simple, at the same time that thus forming the hinge. Good cord, half an inch in diait is quite efficient. The following is a description :

meter, will be quite large enough, being thus double; A curb is made, and a and if the well is 30 feet deep, it would wind so as to cylinder about six inches spread to 20 inches wide. Very deep wells might have in diameter, turned by a larger cylinders, or cord one-third of an inch diameter, or winch, is placed horizon: both. The cylinder should be evenly turned, in a lathe. tally across it. Acord, The bail is made by giving the rod of iron which forms it whose length is twice as one turn at each corner, and the two eyes thus formed great as the depth of the should be nearly as remote from each other as the breadth well, winds upon this cy of the coil of cord on the cylinder, when the pail is at linder, from the middle the top of the well. towards the ends, as represented in the cut, (fig. Tanning Sheep Skins with Wool on, for Saddle 1.) The bail is fastened

Covers, &o. about one-third or two.

An exchange says, sprinkle over the flesh side of the skin Fig. 1.

fifths down from the top, a powdered mixture of one part alum and two saltpetre, and so that the pail is easily tipped in emptying. The form fold this side together, and hang in a cool place. The proof the bail, and the places where the cord is attached to cess is completed in two or three days, or as soon as dry, by

taking it down and scraping the flosh with a blunt edged it, is also indicated by the figure. Being thus attached, kniso till clean.


The Farm should not be Overstocked. A passing visit at Geneva, on the 10th, gave us a In writing and speaking of the lessons of English pleasant glimpse of the improvements which E. SHERRILL, Agriculture, we have always placed in the foremost rank, Esq., has been carrying out upon the farm purchased by the fact so clearly shown throughout its whole history, him just on the northern limits of the village, about two that the live stock of the farm bas there increased with years ago. It possesses many natural advantages, but the increase of its cereal crops—or rather, that one reahad suffered badly from neglect. Mr. S. has remodeled son why English farmers produce more grain than we do, the buildings or put up new ones, re-fenced and drained and upon a far smaller surface, is because they keep more the fields, and evtered upon a system of culture which bids stock and devote a far larger surface to the growth of fair to become remunerative as well as permanently produc crops exclusively for their stock. tive. Although warned by some against deep plowing for the If, however, this is interpreted to mean that our farcorn crop, he determined that that should form no exception iners ought to keep more sheep and cattle on their farms to the newly established rule, and the experiment last whether they grow hay and roots enough to feed them on season proved remarkably successful. The feeding of or not, it is very bad advice. The first lesson which the stock enough to provide the necessary manure, is to form good farming of England or any other country, invariably the basis—with deep plowing, thorough draining and an teaches, is that whatever is undertaken pays best in the appropriate rotation, as co-operating supports—of all his long run, when it is done thoroughly and well. We can undertakings, and we shall watch and hereafter report obtain more and better manure for our crops, from a few upon their progress with much interest. The farm build animals well fed and attended to, than from a larger numings are simple and very convenient; and a thriving lot ber that are just kept alive, and mainly left to take care of of cattle, which have been wintered largely upon cut themselves. If we can save a year in the fattening of a cornstalks, now await a summer's pasturage to close up sheep, or pig, or bullock, by more food and better care, their account with the farin. Mr. S. proposes to keep we are saving ourselves twelve months' keep, are turning hereafter quite a flock of sheep, and has decided upon quently derive a greater profit by every step which tends

over our money twelve months sooner, and can conse. the fine wooled as promising him the best returns. With Mr. SHERRILL and Col. JOHNSON we also spent we considerably diminisl the number we feed.

to lessen the time of feeding, even if in order to do so, an hour at “White Springs Farm,” where JAMES O. SHEL.

The excellent article on raising Lambs for butehers, in DON, Esq., bas built up a Short-Horn herd, now including another column, from the pen of Mr. TAYLOR of New, we believe between fifty and sixty head, and a flock Jersey, affords a striking instance in point. He shows of some of the best South-Downs “on this side the from his own experience that he began by attempting too water." Situated almost in the beart of one of the finest much; that he kept reducing his number of sheep and and wealthiest farming districts of the State, this herd adding to the profits they yielded bim, for several years should be matter of pride throughout all Western New. in succession, and without any exception to the advantaYork, and its ready accessibility and great attractions

ges that resulted.

“Cut short your losses, but let your ought to make it the goal of many and frequent visitors. profits run on,” is an old business rule very applicable on It affords us pleasure to know that such is beginning to the farm. Animals which are kept so as not to be gain, be the case, and that Mr. S. has recently made a number ing from day to day, and from week to week, fairly come of sales which would have been thought creditable to the under the head of losses that are “to be cut short;" in interests of the breed, in brighter times than these. We other words, where there are so many of them

as to be obtained permission to publish the particulars, but they barely kept alive on the produce of the farm, it is entireare not yet at band, at the present writing.

ly consumed in merely supporting them, and they are no When the season is sufficiently advanced to see more better off at the end of the season than at the beginning ; of the farmers and farming of Seneca and Ontario, we while with a reduced number, a proportionately smaller hope to call upon a larger number of our friends among amount of food would support life, and all the rest would the thorough going farmers of these well cultivated coun. be converted into additional flesh, in which there would ties. The spring at present is rather backward, and the be room for a profit “to run on.” Mr. TAYLOR, in a prifreezing and thawing of night and sunshine alternately, vate note justly adds, that " instead of having the coun. may have done some injury to the young wheats. But it try overrun with great numbers of animals stunted and is hoped that no serious damage has yet been inflicted, starved, a smaller number kept as they should be, would and that the coming harvest will bring in a crop of at result in far greater pleasure, credit and profit." least the usual extent.

It is for this reason that we have never united in the In the afternoon of the 10th, we called at the exten. outcry which one or two noisy advocates of keeping stock sive breeding stables of JOSEPH Wright, Esq., near the in just a thriving condition," always raise whenever village of Waterloo, and upon Judge SACKET at Seneca they see a Short-Horn whose ribs they can't count at the Falls, whose yards contain some very pretty specimens of first glance. Over-feeding, especially of prize animals, fattening steers, including one exhibited at Watertown has unquestionably become a great evil in England-it last autumn, which last is still making fine progress, and may eventually be an evil here. But the danger is as yet promises to attain an unusual weight.

distant. We do not preacly against the sins of people in

other countries, as some ministers have a way of doing; The Annual Exhibition of the Rensselaer County but prefer to call the attention of our hearers, if possible, Agricultural and Manufacturers' Society, will be held on to the error of their own ways. And, aside from the

merits of one breed or another, as exhibited at our Agritheir grounds at the city of Troy, on the 17th, 18th and cultural shows, we regard it as their especial mission to 19th days of September next. The President, Hon. L. present, so glaringly that the wayfaring man though not CHANDLER Ball, has issued a circular note to the farm- very bright cannot fail to vbserve it.- lesson in the good ere, manufacturers and mechanics of the county, calling keeping and care expended upon all breeds and classes of their attention to the great importance to themselves and our domestic animals, a lesson which the farmer, going the country," of putting forth their best efforts to increase home, will act upon, emulating what he has seen, until the amount of their several productions, and of placing the comparative anatomy" of his cattle or sheep, sball the best specimens of each on exhibition, where their ex- become to him a much more difficult study than it now is cellence may be made known, and purchasers secured." from the living example. We infer from a private letter received from Mr. BALI, that Gov. HOLBROOK of Vermont is expected to deliver A man with a long head is not very apt to be headthe Annual Address on the 19th.


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