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attention in Canada, and we should like to have seen them

referred to in the article before us, although the omissio'n THE CULTIVATOR. by no means ranks as a serious defect, in comparison with

its other merits.

This digression has occupied more space than we intendALBANY, N. Y., OCTOBER, 1862.

ed. The different Fruits receive a fair share of attention,

particularly grapes about which it seems as though the thirst REPORT OF THE COMMISSIONER OF PATENTS for the Year for information must be quite insatiable. There is a sound 1861. AGRICULTURE. Washington: Government Printing Office,

and useful article, if readers will devote to it the attention A copy of this recently issued “Report” has just been it deserves, on the philosophy and chemistry of Manures. sent us by the Bureau of Agriculture. It differs in some “Ruth Hall” compiles "a few words on horses," and Mr. respects from its predecessors ; on the whole, it should per- Flint gives an article on the Horses of New-England. Mr. haps be classed as an improvement upon many of them. Marshes. Mr. Bollman of Indiana treats the subject of

Clift has an essay on the reclamation and value of Salt We do not know who is responsible for the arrangement Indian corn. Mr. Grinnell sketches the Agriculture of of the volume; the name of the present chief of the New England. Mr. Marshall of Oneida Co., contributes a Bureau nowhere appears in it, either as an author or oth- few pages on Hop Culture. Mr. Hedges discusses at length erwise.

Sorghum Culture and Sugar Making. Twenty pages, formFar the larger part of the volume is made up of shorting a curious jumble of odd scissorings from the news. articles contributed by various writers in different parts of on the Recent Progress of Agricultural Science, by David

papers, are adorned with the high sounding title of "Notes the country, and partaking more of the character of the A. Wells,” in all of which there is not much “ agriculture,” ordinary communications in our Agricultural papers, than and still less“ science,” to be found. that of essays or elaborate treatises. This gives a greater

Knowing as we do most fully, how difficult it is to make variety than usual, makes the book more readable and desire to refer as kindly as possible to the weak points in

up such a volume that sball not be open to criticism, we more generally interesting, while at the same time its con- the one before us, and repeat that it shows some evidence tents are not quite up to the standard which we shall some of improvement in baving perhaps secured, on the whole, time hope to see them attain. One great fault almost a better and more practical class of writers than heretofore. everywhere apparent, is the carelessness of the editor or proof reader in charge. The Experiments of Lane

RES The inventors, the mechanics and the farmers of (Lawes) and Gilbert are referred to for example, and the the country, through such agencies as the New-York State Hereford importations of Corning & Latham (Sotham) of Agricultural Society, last year asked Congress for a small Albany; the authors of several papers suffer very badly appropriation to pay for fitting up an American depart--Jos. Cope of Pennsylvania, being transformed into Jos. ment in the International Exhibition, and for the transporCape, Jas. S. Grennell, of Massachusetts, into Jas. P. tation thither of what we had to show. In the language Gunnell, and R. S. Fay. into R. S. Tray, although the last of the street boys, Congress "couldn't see it!” “Peris corrected in the index. We have not examined the tidious Albion,” as the Frenchmen call her, did not debook very carefully with a view to the detection of such serve this mark of our high consideration. So said our errors, but when they occur so prominently, no one can

illustrious representatives. lielp observing them, and distrust is excited as to the cor

They “could not see” that the inventors of the counrectness of other and more important details.

try asked the appropriation—not as a favor to England by The leading paper in the volume is one which D. J. any means--but with the selfish, though not altogether Browne was despatched to Europe to compile, on “The improper view of making money out of the English pocket, History of Flax,” occupying 80 pages. The culture of and selling their wares and inventions both to Europe and Flax and Hemp follows, in 35 more, by O. S. Leavitt. all its dependencies. They could not look upon the apThere are a number of detached articles on Sheep and propriation asked, in the light of an investment which Wool Growing, from W. S. Colohan of Pennsylvania, would bring far more money back into the country than Robt. George of Ohio, Jos. Cope of Pennsylvania, R. S. was taken out of it;—in the light of a pecuniary advanFay of Massachusetts, T. M. Younglove of Steuben Co., tage to our people, as well as a matter of national credit N. Y. Cattle receive attention in one of the most judicious and valuable papers presented in the volume, oc

What has been the result? A few enterprising Americupying about 40 pages, and giving a condensed and en

cans are represented, where we might have had hundreds ; tirely trustworthy account of the different improved breeds, among these few, one single little intention, which would from the pen of Francis M. Rotch—the only point in be regarded probably as altogether too insignificant even which the writer appears perhaps not so thoroughly posted to be named in Congress, has brought its inventor as much from personal knowledge, being with reference to the money as Congress was asked to give for the expenses of Scotch cattle, which we notice he refers to wholly under the whole American department! We cut the following the head of “Galloways," while in Scotland they recognize from the last number of the London Field: two divisions beside the Galloways, viz., the Angus or the Exhibition, which has attracted and is attracting so much

MILKING BY MACHINERY.— The American cow-milker in Aberdeen, and the Highland or “West Highlanders.” attention, has been sold, as far as the European rights are The last mentioned is not a breed of so much importance, concerned, to Messrs. Watkins & Keen of Birmingham, for þaving received less attention from skillful breeders, and the pretty little sum of 5,0001. cash, with a good royalty.

The orders for the machines are flowing in so rapidly as alindeed inhabiting a rough country for very bighly improved most to exhaust the supply of manufactured " milkers' which stock to come from ; but our very successful friend, Mr. are being produced at the rate of fifty a day. McCombie of Tillyfour, would by no means like to see In other words, a “cow-milker" alone, has refunded his Aberdeenshire herd classed among the Galloways. We to the country all that it was necessary to spend to be well notice moreover that these distinctions, recognized for represented; while the large sales of other patents, of far years by the Highland Ag. Society, are begivning to claim greater value than this triding affair, would bave been 60


to us.

much clear gain, and we should have had the pleasure A FINE BARN.-In a recent ride from Macedon to into the bargain of demonstrating more fully than we Rochester, I stopped to examine the fine new barn of J. could by any other means, that the United States are not Lord, near Pittsford. The owner is an admirer of fancy altogether “gone to the dogs," and in a state of perfect horses, and the barn was built with a view

partly for their

accommodation. It is of wood, vertically boarded, batcommercial ruin and social anarchy, as our kind friends tened, and painted, and presents a handsome exterior. of the London Times have delighted to represent us. It is somewhat in the form of a T, the top being the front,

which is about 45 by 95 feet. The rear is about 40 by 80 We are pleased to announce the safe return of feet, besides over 100 feet sheds. The front portion is occuHon. E. CORNELL, President, and Col. Johnson, Secretary pied with borse stalls on the left, and a spacious carriage. of the State Agricultural Society, from their recent jour-room on the right; between which and conveniently adjaney in Europe. They reached Albany on Thursday even. &c. The interior is handsomely painted and grained and

cent are feed rooms, harness rooms, watering apparatus, ing of last week, having arrived at Boston the evening kept in neat order. The racks for feeding hay are an in. previous, after a return voyage shorter and more favorable terrupted narrow space in front of the horses, filled from than usual. At the session of the American Pomological the lay-loft above, and boarded to shut out bay-seed and Society at Boston, Col. Johnson made a brief speech on dust, except a grated opening directly in front of the Thursday, which was received with great enthusiasm. He horses' heads. A box, shutting tight, under each manger,

keeps the straw in its place till

wanted for use. A strong presented an invitation from the Royal Horticultural So- rope, with ring and book, extends across the rear of each ciety to American pomologists, to send fruits for exhibition. stall from post to post, to prevent the horses from back

ing out too far while secured by the halter, and from kickSale or Devon Stock.—The following sales were made ing each other, and is an additional safeguard against at Meriden, Conn., on Wednesday of last week, from the their getting loose in the barn. herd of R. Linsley: Cows sold to E. H. Hyde, 2d: rule for estimating the cost given in the last" ILI.USTRATED

The barn cost $5,000, which nearly accords with the “Majestic,” imported; “Chance;" "Nelly Bly;” “Nelly Annual Register, namely, one dollar for each two square Bly, 2d;" “Fairy 5th,” 2 years old; also “Prince John,” | feet of surface, when the barn is planed and painted, with a yearling bull. To John Wentworth of Chicago: “Fairy an additional allowance for the expense of extra finish, 20,” and beifer calf; a bull calf out of “Nelly Bly;" barness-rooms, office, &c.

The farm contains 350 acres.

J. • Empress Eugenie, 2d,” 2 years old. To Thos. B. Buffum of Newport, R. I., a bull calf out of “Chance." To Levi

es The Vermont State Fair at Rutland last week, apYale of Meriden, “Nelly Bly 5th.” The prices were so pears to have owed one of its main attractions to the siunsatisfactory, says the Hartford Courant, that the sale multaneous meeting of the Wool Growers’ Convention, an was adjourned.

extract from the proceedings at which will be found in LES Mr. P. V. VANDERVEER of Glenville, Schenectady another column. The sheep, moreover, are said to have County, has purchased from the herd of the Hon Ezra formed, to the number of four or five hundred, the prin. CORNELL, Ithaca, N. Y., a very promising Short-Horu bull cipal feature of the Fair, while the Morgan horses, for calf, sired by the Duke of Oxford 2780, and out of one of which Vermont is so noted, made a pleasing display, inMr. C.'s Alexander heisers, “Mary Cattley, 2d," by Doc- cluding about 100 entries. The cattle were usually good, tor Buckingham (14,405.)

but few in numbers. Only a few entries of butter and

cheese were on exhibition. Of fruit there were but few Saratoga Co. Fair.—The annual exhibition of this varieties, apples taking the lead. The receipts are said Society was held at Saratoga Springs, Sept. 2–5, and was to have been between three and four thousand dollars, well attended. The entries were 167 ahead of last year. being enough to cover all expenses incurred. The following officers were elected for the ensuing year:

De Portugal lias decreed that the free introduction is 1st Vice President-Edward Edwards, Corinth.

permitted of foreign cereals, wheat, corn, rye, barley, and Recording secretary-J. A. Corey. Saratoga Springs

oats in grain, flour and baked bread, through the inland Corresponding do. -Jas. Thompson, Milton, Treasurer-Milo J. Jenings, Saratoga Springs.

and maritime of the kingdom, until the end of April, 1863.

This looks as if Great Britain was not the only European A Good Devon MILKER.—I saw a statement in your country likely to suffer from short crops the present season. issue of July 10, raising the question as to what breed of cows are the best milkers , and inviting information and NE

EW-YORK STATE TILE WORKS, reports on the subject. I have been visiting Mr. John Near the corner of Lark & Lydius-Sts., Corp of Freetown, in this county, who has for the last

Albany, N. Y., nine years given much attention to raising blooded cattle.

WM. M. BENDER, Proprietor. I have conversed with Mr. C. considerably upon the sub

GEO. JACKSON, Superintendent. ject of the different breeds. He showed me on his farm, sume of the finest Devons, cows and heifers, I have ever seen in this State. One of them, “Nancy Dawson," (912, Davy's Devon Herd-Book,) during the first seven days of October last, made 121 lbs. of butter, the cream only be. ing churned-she is always milked in the usual manner, The subscriber is prepared to furnish Round, Sole and Horse Shoe twice per day; sixteen quarts of her milk made 2 lbs. of Tile, orer 13 inches in length, by the cargo, or in the smallest quanti. butter-once 2 lbs. 3 oz.

ty on demand, at prices that he will defy any other parties to under. D. R. P. W.

sell him. He will warrant his tile hard burnt, and to fit close at the The Yates County Ag. Society holds its Show this joints and altogether superior to any made in the United States.

All tile delivered on board of cars and boats in this city free of year at Penn Yan, Oct. 9 and 10. The premium list is a charge. Price list sent on application. liberal one, including, as risual, numerous copies of the N. B.-Drainage to any extent and at any place done by contract different Agricultural Journals. President, Guy Sw; and tile furnished for the same. Ap 10- w - Jy 1-- mlyr.

Also DRAINING TILE MACHINES for sale, of the latest improv Secretury, Joun MALLORY.

ed PATTERNS. For further particulars address as above.

President-SAMUEL J. Mott. Saratoga.

2d do.


-Lewis E. Smith, Halfmoon.

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Ynquiries and Answers.

$200 to $300, according to strength-the power equal to the ousting of pipe stumps at the rate of 20 to 80 per day, ac

cording to size, and it is manufactured here, where it originaHORSE POWERS.-I wish to make inquiry of you or others ted and has been extensively used for a number of years. I that know whereof they affirm, through the columns of your have worked with one for the past six years ; consequently paper, as to the best Endless Chain Horse Power, for two speak knowingly. If "One who has tried it,” will send me horses, with thrasher and cleaner? Also the amount of his address, I will furnish_him with more particulars if be work they will perform in a day, say a good fair days work ? wisbes. W. H. BENSON. Jamestown, N. Y. W. H. Benson. Chautauqua Co. [Our correspondent can- Rat TRAP.-I would be pleased if you would publish in not do better than to request the manufacturers of the seve- your next paper the best rat trap that you know of. ral Horse Powers advertised during the past few months in (We know of nothing better than the common wire trap, our columns, to send him descriptive circulars of their re which can be procured for four or fire shillings. With one of spective machines, and then judge for himself as to which these traps a smart boy can soon rid a place of rats.) will suit him best. Between the three or four most widely known makers, the choice is quite evenly balanced.

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) The same answer will apply the inquiries of Alex. Day, of

Remedy for "Foul" in the Foot. Ireland, Mass., since received, who wishes to know " which is the best thresher for a farmer having 300 to 500 bushels of

Eds. Co. GENT.-In your paper of July 3, 1862, you ingrain a year, and whether a one or two-horse power is prefer- quire for a cure of the “ Fouls” in cattle. Enclosed I able."]

STUMP PULLERS.-"One who has tried it” inquires last send you a certain remedy : week for a Stump Puller. He can procure what he wishes of Cast the animal, and then wash and soak perfectly clean, Messrs. R. H. Allen & Co, 189 & 191 Water Street, New the whole hoof-with a sharp and small bladed knife pare York. They have Willis' machine in two sizes at $150 and $200 respectively, and give it the preference decidedly over right down to the "seat of war; ” but do not start the all others ; -- also Hall's, a small machine at $60, And Bates' blood. After which "swah” with butter of antimony. Patent at 880.

When that has dried on, bind up the hoof in a poultice of Drill Barrow.-Can you inform me which is the best

1 pint boiled linseed oil, hand machine (to be used by one person) for drilling in car.

1 pound blue vitriol, rot, turnip and beet seeds ? Is there one, in which the seed can be seen by the operator as it drops into the ground? Unless

1 pound verdigris. · able to see the seed passing from the box, the operator is liable The verdigris and vitriol to be pulverised as fine as flour to go over a considerable space, if the machine gets clogged: before mixing with the oil. before discovering it, causing an annoying irregularity in the coming up of the seed.

In a week's time take off the bandages, and if the G. L. New Brunswick, N. J. We do not know of any drill in which the dropping of the "critter" is not perfectly sound at the end of another seed can be seen during the operation. Good drills, bow- week, you can make up your mind that you have not pared ever, very rarely clog; and when they do, the operator quickly perceives the altered sound. Emery's six dollar so that the medicine has touched every spot and "crease.” drill would doubtless answer the purpose intended. He sells I should have stated that the washing must be done a smaller one for $3.1

with “soft soap and rain water." Sort SOAP FOR FRUIT TREES.-Would there any injury I have cured numbers of cows in this manner. They arise from an application twice yearly of soft soap of about are very apt to be troubled in this way on farms where the consistency of print, to all kinds of fruit trees? It hoof ailed sheep ure kept, or have been kept. is death to borers, and I thought it might be to trees when used too freely. I clear the ground away to the roots, and

Cortland, Sept. 8, 1862.

PETER P. PETERS. let the soap that runs down remain about the roots, which

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] would be on a small tree, two tablespoonfuls. I don't think I have a borer on my place at this time. J. M., JR. Leav

GREAT CROP OF CORN. enworth, Kansas. (The soft soap will not injure the trees. It tends to prevent the borer from laying its eggs in the bark,

EDITORS Co. GENT.-Sometime last winter I read an but it will not kill the insect when once in. The only way account of somebody in Agawam, who had raised one then, is to punch them to death in their holes.]

hundred bushels of corn to the acre, and I did not then APPLE SEEDS.-- What is the best method for removing the believe the story. I then supposed, and still suppose, that apple seeds from the waste, after making the cider ? A SUBWashington Co.

, IU. [Break up the pomace in a I can and have raised as good corn as any of my neigbors. box or tub of water, and the seed will settle to the bottom, But that account set me to thinking how it could be done, when the pomace may be racked off. Repeat the process and I think I can now beat the story from Agawam. until the seeds are quite clean.) Peach ORCHARD.-I am about to set a peach orchard, and

Last April I plowed my turf, (which had been mowed wish you would inform me through your CULTIVATOR the for several years,) very shallow-perhaps four inches deep. kinds to set out-Ist. What kind will yield the best for mar- I did not hárrow the land at all, but furrowed it out with ket, and if there is any difference about the frost killing them in the spring? Whether the late ones or the early are best, horse, put a small shovelfull of compost manure in the and what time is best to set them out, and if the trees would be hill, and planted an early sort of corn which I have raised any better off if obtained from some other State. A SUBSCRIBER. some 20 years. When the corn was ripe enough to cut up, [Ainong the best peaches for market are Serrate Early York for I measured and counted till I was satisfied that there are very early-then Cooledge's Favorite, Large Early York. Cramford's Early, Early Barnard, &c. Later ones are President, 4,400 bills on an acre. I then picked a small patch, husk Oldmixon Free, Late Crawford, and Ward's late free. There is ed the same, and hung the ears in the sunshine to dry, and but little difference as to the frost killing these sorts, although when dry enough to shell well, I shelled it and weighed Cooledge and Early Crawford are regarded as among the hardiest. As a general rule spring is the best time to set the shelled corn very carefully, and from that weight them out, but they may be obtained from a distance in I calculated the weight on the acre, which is 8,112 lbs., autumn, and safely heeled in till spring, by covering the roots making 144 bushels and 4 quarts per acre.

The corn is and most of the stems with fine earth, filling it in well among the interstices, and guarding against mice. The great lead- now on the lot, and any one wishing to see it can do so. ing requisite of all is to keep the ground thoroughly cultiva- When we hoed the corn the last time, I scattered a ted and mellow always afterwards.]

very little turnip seed all over the land, appearances STUMP MACHINES.—"One who has tried it” makes inquiry through the columns of your paper about stump machines. In now indicate that I shall have a fair crop of turnips. answer I would say, that we have a kind here that your cor

Near Springfield, Mass., Sept. 15.

0. B respondent has probably not tried, or he would hardly bo inquiring further. For the information of any or all concerned, "All maidens are good," says one moralist; "but I would state that the design is the lever purchase-the cost' where do the bad wives come from ?"






50,000 for sale at very low prices by the quantity. by









July 31-w&mlyr.

Newport, Rhode Island. Strong 1 year old, well rooted, Delaware Vines, 30 to 60 cents single;

FOR SALE. $3 to $6 per dozen ; $20 to $40 per hundred. Extra strong layers from bearing vines, and 2 year old selected vines for immediate bearing,

HEIFERS, YEARLINGS AND CALVES, $1 to 1.50 each, with reasonable deduction by the quantity.

Full of GLOSTER and OXFORD blood, will be sold on reasonable Also superior plants of Allen's White Hybrid, Anna, Alvey, Brinckle, terms. Apply to

FRANCIS MORRIS. Black King, Cassady, Creveling, Cuyahoga, Clara, Concord, Clinton, July 17-w&m3mos. Throgs' Neck, Westchester Co., N. Y. Catawba, Diana, Elsinburg, Golden Clinton, Graham, Garigues, Hartford Prolific, Herbemont, Isabella, Lenoir, Logan, Lincoln, Louisa, HORT-HORNS AND ALDERNEYS Lydia, Maxatawney, Manhattan, Marion Port, Oporto, Offer or

FOR SA L E. Raisin Grape, Ontario, Perkins, Raabe, Rebecca, Rogers' New Hy. brids, Nos. 1. 2, 3, 4, 5, 9, 13, 15, 19 and 33, To Kalon, Taylor's Bullitt, Short-Horn cows, helfers and bulls, of Bates' blood, and in prime con

The gubscriber offers for sale, at reasonable prices, a number of Union Village, Venango, and many others. RASPBERRIES-Catawissa, erer-bearing, and Kirtland's Seedling. and bulls of the best blood in the country, delivered at the cars in

dition, and also a few pure and high grade Alderney cows, heifers CURRANTS-White Grape, White Transparent, Cherry and Black Albany free of charge. Address Dr. HERMAN WENDELL, Naples.

Feb. 18-w&mti.

Hazelwood, Albany, N. Y. STRAWBERRIES—Triomphe de Gand, Wilson's Albany, Jenny Lind. Trollope's Victoria, and Austin Shaker Seedling.


THOMAS WOOD continues to ship to any part of the Union Sept. 11-W6tmit.

these celebrated HOGS in pairs not akin, at reasonable terms. Ad. Delaware, Ohio. dress


April 3-wly-June 1-mly. for sale at very low prices by the quantity. by

BY M A I L. Aug. 28-wtf.m3t. HEFFRON & BEST, Utica, N. Y.

I have a LARGE quantity of vines suitable for sending by mail, PEAR TREES.

the following kinds at the annexed prices, in advance, post free. Concord, each 35c.; two, 65c.; three, 90c.; six, $1.60; 1 doz. $3.00 Delaware, do. 60c. do. 1.10 do. 1.60 do. 8.00


do. 60c. do. 1.10 do. 1.60 do. 3.00 do. 5.50

90 do. 1.80 do. 2.40 offer for sale, at Union Springs, N. Y., many thousand Standard Pear Hart. Prolific, do. 50c. do.

do, 4.50 Trees, of fine, vigorous, well ripened growth,

Four Plants, One of Each, for $2. PROBABLY UNEXCELLED IN THE COUNTRY, I refer, by permission, to Rev. J. Knox. Pittsburg, Pa. consisting of Bartlett, Lawrence, Sheldon, Flemish Beauty, Virgalieu,

J. H. FOSTER, Jr., Dispatch Office, Seckel, Onondaga, Doyenne d'Ete. Madeleine, Belle Lucrative, Tyson,

Sept. 11-w4t.*

Pittsburg, Pa. Anjou, and several other varieties. These were grown on unmanured land under the immediate care of J. J. THOMAS, are two and three years old, and are offered at $25 per 100, fine selection, or $30 per 100

With Practical Direotions for Laying Out a Farm and Erecting extra fine,

Buildings, Fences, and Farm Gates. Embracing also the Young Far. Also for sale at Macedon

mer's Workshop: giving full directions for the selection of good Farm

and Shop Tools, their Use and Manufacture, with numerous Original 20,000 Superb Two Year Dwarf Pears, Illustrations of Pences, Gates, Tools, etc., and for performing nearly at low prices, and a general collection of other fruit trees.

every branch of farming operations. By S. EDWARDS TOD). Price Sept. 4-weow3t.

$1.25, by mail post paid. For sale by L. TUCKER & Sox, Co. Gent.

Office, Albany, NY. O R S A L E. The subscriber wishing to give up the farming businesss, offers THE HORSE AND HIS DISEASES. his farm for sale, lying on Torringford Street, near Wolcott ville, Win stead, New Hartford, wbich afford the best of markets for the pro

Embracing his history and varieties, breeding and management, and ducts of the farm. It contains about 115 acres, 40 of which is wood. vices; with the diseases to which he is subject, and the remedies best

adapted to their cure. By Robert Jennings, V. S. To which are add. land, estimated at 2,000 cords, which will pay for the farm, delivered ed Rarey's method of taming horses, and the law of warranty as ap. on the Naugatuck Railroad, 1% miles distant. The buildings are first plicable to the purchase and sale of the animal. Illustrated by near. rate, most of them having been erected within a few years. It is ly 100 engravings. Price $1.25 by mail, postpaid. For sale by Well known as one of the best farms in this section, being in a very

LUTHER TUCKER & SON, Co. Gent, Office. Albany, N. Y. high state of cultivation, never having any hay sold from it. Also

"RURAL AFFAIRS"---2 vols. 12 mo, plenty of orcharding of grafted fruit. It is within a quarter of a mile of church and schools. The farm will be sold at a low price, and part These volumes consist of a reprint of our Illustrated Annual Regis. of the purchase money may remain on mortgage if desired.

ter, from its commencement to 1860, with the omission of the Calendar JOHN GILLETT,

pages and advertisements, and comprise a great amount of matter reSept. 1-m2t. Torringford, Litchfield Co., Conn. lating to almost every subject of interest to the Country Resident

and are illustrated with over Eight Hundred Engravings, including P H 0 P H A TE, Laying Out and Planting Ornamental Grounds and Farms, Plans of Composed of RAW BONES dissolved in sulphuric acid. Night Farm Houses and Cottages, School Houses, Barns, Ice and Emoke Soil, Guano and Wool Dust, made by the

Houses, Garden Structures, Domestic Animals, Farm Implements and LODI MANUFACTURING COMPANY Machines, Fences and Gates, Plants, Trees, &c., &c. No Farmer's

Library should be without this work. Price $2–or $1 each, sent by EXPRESSLY FOR mail prepaid.

L. TUCKER & SON WINTER GRAIN AND GRASS LANDS. This article will be warranted to contain no other material than those R E M I U M F A Ꭱ Ꮇ mentioned above; is undoubtedly the very best manure in market from its composition, and will be sold at the low price of $45 per ton,

G RIST MIL L. packed in barrels of 200 pounds each, nett weight, delivered free on We call the attention of farmers and stock feeders to our Improved board of vessel or railroad in New-York city.

Farm Grist Mill, which for
Poudrette of First Quality

Efectiveness and Durability for sale at usual rates. Apply to

has no equal. It is adapted for one or two borse power and will THE LODI MANUFACTURING COMPANY. grind ALL KINDS OF GRAIN rapidly and to any degree of fineness Aug. 21-w8tm2t. 66 Courtlandt-Street, New York, required.



Sept. 18--W4t.

Philadelphia, Pa. --Being a 24 and Mustrated edition of Agricultural Botany: an enumeration and description of useful plants and weeds, which merit the notice or require the attention of American agriculturists. By Wm. Darlington, M. D. Every Farmer or Farmer's Son who wishes

THE DEVON BULL " EMPIRE.'! to knor the names and character of the plants growing on his farm Also several other Bulls, and a humber of lleisers. Address should study this book. For sale at the office of the Co. Gent, and

JOSEPH HILTON, New Scotland, Albany Co., N. Y. Cultivator.

L. TUCKER & SON. March 6-wtf.






5. Dwarf Nasturtium-New Sweet Williams.
6. Dwarf Convolvulus-Oenothera Camarkiana-Splendid Ga.


7. Lychnis Haageana-Whittavia Grandiflora.

8. Calleopsis Cardaminifolia-The Gaillardias. *** This article was written for the ANNUAL REGISTER, with Draw. ings and Engravings expressly prepared to accompany it, and not be.

fore published in this country, by JAMES VICK, Esq., of Rochester, NO. IX---FOR 1888.


This, preceded by the usual Calendar pages and Astronomical Cal The publication of the NINTH NUMBER of The ILLUSTRATED AN. culations, forms a book which is certainly cheap at its retail price, NUAL REGISTER OF RURAL AFFAIRS, for 1863, has been somewhat detain.

and the Publishers, with a view of rendering its circulation still wider ed for the completion of a very full and valuable Treatise on Ento and larger than that of any previous Number, are prepared, as above mology, including those Insects about which there is now the greatest intimated, to offer the most liberal Terms for its introduction in quan. desire for general information, from the accomplished pen of the tities, either to Agents, Agricultural Societies, Nurserymed, Dealers State Entomologist, Dr. Asa Fitch. We are happy to say that this in Implements and Seeds, or any others who take an interest in the article is now in the hands of the printers, and that the Annual dissemination of useful reading, and in the promotion of Rural ImREGISTER will be ready for issue about the 20th of October, Mean provement. time orders will be received and registered as usual, and at the usual

Address all orders or inquiries to the publishers.


October 1, 1862.

ALBANY, N. Y. Single Copies Twenty-Five Cents, Five COPIES,..


Two Dollars.

Whatever other Agricultural Journals the Farmer may Furry COPIES,.

Eight Dollars. take, the Cheapness and Value of The Cultivator render ONE HUNDRED COPIES,

Fifteen Dollars.

it indispensable. And at these prices the ANNUAL REGISTER will be delivered, either by mail or otherwise, free of charge, to any part of the country. If purchased at the office in any quantity over one dozen, a reduction will be made equivalent to cost of transportation. For stíll larger quanti. ties for sale by agents, more favorable terms will be given. All ORDERS to be accompanied by CASH.

F O R 1 8 6 3.



The Cultivator is Published Monthly,

One Hundred and Thirty Engravings !

This Periodical enters upon its thirtieth year, with 1863. It is now Among other chapters the ANNUAL REGISTER contains the follow. | made up from the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN-those articles being partica. Ing, largely illustrated in several instances with new and expensive larly selected which shall present in each number the greatest variety Engravings:

of brief practical hints and suggestions, calculated to be of the widest I. FARMING MADE PROFITABLE-FIVE ENGRAVINGS.

interest and most general utility. It has long been the belief of the 1. Instances of Profitable Farming.

Editors that what one farmer has done another can do-hence their 2. Estimate for a Farm of One Hundred Acres.

aim is to transcribe, either themselves or through their correspon3. Causes of Disaster.

dents, the exact systems which the best and most successful of our 4. Remedies and Requisites.

farmers are now practically following. by which they have made II. MANUFACTURE OF MAPLE SUGAR-SBVEN ENGRAVINGS. money and enriched their soils--to explain the modus operandi, and 1. Sap Boilers.

set others in the way of following the example. We may assert with 2. Evaporators. 3. Processes of Collecting and Boiling the Sap.

out exaggeration, that it contains scarcely a page, from January to III. BEST WAY TO BUILD A HOUSE-FORTY-EIGHT ENGRAVINGS. Practice of the writer, of far greater real value to the careful reader

December, on which may not be found some Fact from the Actual 1. Introduction, 2. Carpenter's and Mason's Specifications.

than the year's subscription. 3. Illustrated Glossary of Architectural Terms IV. THE DAIRY-SEVEN ENGRAVINGS. 1. Hints on Butter Making.

All subscriptions beginning with the January number, and forms an 2. Rules for Making Cheese.

annual volume of nearly four hundred large octavo pages. 3. Rules for Management of Cows. V. RURAL ECONOMY-Sıx ENGRAVINGS.

Single Copies 50 Cents per Annum, 1. Suggestions for Winter, 2. Screwing on Nuts-Leaky Roofs---Horse Fork-Painting.

Payment strictly in advance. Clubs are presented with the ANNUAL 3. To Avoid Running out of Hay.

REGISTER OF RURAL AFFAIRS, containing 144 Pages, and 150 Eo. 4. Highways-Lightning Rods-Osier for Bands-Tape Line in gravings, and thus obtain

the Cornfield. 6. Forest Leaves for Litter-Good Smoke House-Corn Marker 128 Pages Reading Matter, and more than 200 En. --Scalding Tub--Harvesting Peas.

gravings, for Fifty Cents. 6. Chain Pumps-Irrigation---Draining-Clean Land. VI. FRUITS AND FRUIT CULTURE-FOURTEEN ENGRAVINGS. 1. Autumn and Spring Transplanting.

TERMS FOR 1863. 2. Dwarf Apples. 3. Rules for Tree Planters.

Ten copies of The CULTIVATOR, and ten of the RURAL REGISTER, 4 Systematic Formation of Pyramids.

(and one of each free to the sender of the Club,)...... 05.00 5. Two Native Plums.

Eight copies of THE CULTIVATOR alone, (and one copy of the 6. Sending Buds by Mail. 7. Shortening in the Peach.

RURAL REGISTER as a Premium to the sender of the Club), 3.00 8. Construction of a Cheap Grapery.

7 Subscribers in the British Provinces will add six cents each to 9. Gooseberries.

the above Terms, to cover United States postage to the lines. 10. Time for Pruning Orchards, 11. Fruit versus Malaria,

Specimen copies and Prospectuses of the COUNTRY GENTLEMAN and 12. Dwarf Cherries.

the CULTIVATOR will be sent to all who desire them, and Postmasters, 13. Strawberries--Quick Returns.

and all persons interested in Rural pursuits, are earnestly invited to 14. Pruning the Quince.

act as Agents 15. Select Lists of 16.

Address letters of Inquiry, or orders accompanied with the cash, to List of Grapes.


1. Definitions of Terms, &c. 2. Descriptions of Orders.

BACK VOLUMES OF THE CULTIVATOR. 3. Insects which Injure Fruit Trees. 4. Insects which Injure Grain Crops.

THE THIRD SERIES OF THE CULTIVATOR was commenced in 1853 5. Insects Injurious to Gardens.

from which time all the volumes can now be supplied. Price, bound' To show how full and valuable an article this is, it may be men- in muslin, if sent by mail, postpaid, $1–if sent by Express, or other tioned that six Insects injurious to Fruit; Thirteen injurious to Grain, wise, at the expense of the purchaser, 15 cents. The ten volumes' and Six injurious to Gardens, are described with complete and new completed with December, 1862, may be bad for $7.50 and constitute Illustrations, engraved expressly for this article in the ANNUAL RxgISTER. It forms, in point of fact, the readiest HAND BOOK OF ENTO

A FARMER’S LIBRARY MOLOGY for the practical use of the farmer and gardencr, we have in themselves-furnished as they are each with a complete Index, ever seen.

and presenting the collective Information and experience of so many VIII. NOTES ON NEW AND DESIRABLE FLOWERS-TEN EN

Practical Farmers, GRAVINOS. 1. Double Zinnia.

EMENT'S AMERICAN POULTERER'S COMPANION, 2. Japan Pinks. 3. Bidens Atrosanguinea.

Domestic Poultry-Book, price 75 cents. For sale at the office of this 4. Cuphea Limapani - The Striped French Marigold.


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