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Owing to the great pressure of business, at the session during which the laws composing this volume were passed, and the inpossibility of procuring a sufficient number of competent clerks to enrol the bills, many mistakes appear in the acts on file in the secretary's office, though they are generally of such a nature as not materially to alter the sense of the passages in which they occur; some of these mistakes the subscriber has attempted to remedy in the following manner:

Where a superfluous word has been found in the enrolled bill, it has been printed in the text, but in italics, and enclosed in a parenthesis, (thus.) Where a word has been found necessary to sustain the sense of the context, or where one word has been obviously mistaken for another, the word supposed to be proper

has been supplied, but in brackets, [thus ;] and in no case has the text of the enrolled bill been altered.

EDWARD V. WHITON. June, 1839.

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I hereby certify, that the laws contained in this volume, purporting to be Statutes of the Territory of Wisconsin, are true copies of the Statute Laws on file in the office of the Secretary of said Territory


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Albany City and County,

June 15, 1839. Then the above named Edward V. Whiton personally appeared, and made oath that the above certificate by him subscribed is true, before me.


Commissioner of Deeds.

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We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, ensure domestic tranquillity, provide for the common defence, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty to ourselves and our posterity, do ordain and establish this constitution for the United States of America.


SECTION 1. 1. All legislative powers herein granted, shall be vested in a con- Legislative gress of the United States, which shall consist of a senate and house powers. of representatives.

SECTION 2. 1. The house of representatives shall be composed of members House of re. chosen every second year by the people of the several states; and presenta the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for metnhers; electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature. chosen.

2. No person shall be a representative who shall not have attain- Qualificaed to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of tions of rethe United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant lives. of that state in which he shall be chosen.

3. Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among Representa. the several states which may be included within this union, accord- tives and ing to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by add-apportioned ing to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, threefifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the congress of the United meration States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such man-years. ner as they shall by law direct. The number of representatives shall J. imitation of not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, tion, &c. the state of New-Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three; Massachusetts eight; Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one; tionment of Connecticut five; New-York six; New-Jersey four; Pennsylvania tives. eight; Delaware one; Maryland six ; Virginia ten; North-Carolina five; South Carolina five; and Georgia three.

4. When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, Vacancies the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.

5. The house of representatives shall choose their speaker and other powers of officers, and shall have the sole power of impeachment.

according to numbers.

Actual enu.

the ratio of representa

First appor.

how filled.

the House.

Senators how chosen.

The senate divided into

When va. cated and tilled.

Qualifica tions of se. nators.

the senate.

Ib and other

The sole

SECTION 3. 1. The senate of the United States shall be composed of two senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof, for six years ; and each senator shall have one vote.

2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in consequence of three classes the first election, they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into

three classes. The seats of the senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year, of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year, and of the third class at the expiration

of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; Vacancies and if vacancies happen by resignation or otherwise, during the re

cess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.

3. No person shall be a senator who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for

which he shall be chosen. President of 4. The vice-president of the United States shall be president of the

senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.

5. The senate shall choose their other officers and also a president oficers.

pro tempore, in the absence of the vice-president, or when he shall exercise the office of president of the United States.

6. The senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachments. mmpeach try When sitting for that purpose they shall be on oath or affirmation. seints in the When the president of the United States is tried, the chief justice

shall preside, and no person shall be convicted without the concurrence of two-thirds of the members present.

7. Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than

in cases of im. to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any ofpeachment. fice of honor, trust or profit, under the United States ; but the party

convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to indictment, trial, judgment and punishment, according to law.

SECTION 4. 1. The times, places, and manner of holding elections for senators representa and representatives, shall be prescribed in each state by the legislature regulated thereof; but the congress may, at any time, by law, make or alter

such regulations, except as to the places of choosing senators. Meetings of 2. The congress shall assemble at least once in every year, and

such meeting shall be on the first Monday in December, unless they shall by law appoint a different day.

SECTION 5. 1. Each house shall be the judge of the elections, returns, and election ore qualifications, of its own members; and a majority of each shall conits owa mem- stitute a quorum to do business; but a smaller number may adjourn

from day to day, and may be authorized to compel the attendance of absent members, in such manner and under such penalties as each house may provide.

2. Each house may determine the rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and with the concurrence of twothirds, expel a member.

Extent of

Elections for senators and


Each house



To deter. inine its own rules, &c.

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