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this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

he rebelled against the king of who? And there looked out to Assyria, and served him not.

REGICIDE.

Judges iii, 17, 18, 21. And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man. And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present. And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it

Ezek. xxi, 25-27. And thou, profane wicked prince of Israel, whose day is come, when iniquity shall have an end; Thus saith the Lord GOD, Remove the diadem, and take off the crown; this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high, I will overturn, overturn, over-into his belly. turn it: and it shall be no more, until he come whose right it is; and I will give it him.

REVOLTS.

Gen. xiv, 4. Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.

2 Kings i, 1. Then Moab rebelled against Israel after the death of Alab.

2 Kings iii, 5. But it came to pass, when Ahab was dead, that the king of Moab rebelled against the king of Israel.

2 Kings vili, 20-22. In his days Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah, and made a king over themselves. So Joram went over to Zair and all the chariots with him; and he rose by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him about, and the captains of the chariots: and the people fled into their tents. Yet Edom revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. Then Libnah revolted at the same

time.

2 Chron. xxi, 8-10. In his days the Edomites revolted from under the dominion of Judah, and made themselves a king. Then Jehoram went forth with his princes, and all his chariots with him: and he rose up by night, and smote the Edomites which compassed him in, and the captains of the chariots. So the Edomites revolted from under the hand of Judah unto this day. The same time also did Libnah revolt from under his hand; because he had forsaken the LORD God of his fa

thers.

2 Kings xvil, 3, 4. Against him came up Shalmaneser king of Assyria; and Hoshea became his servant, and gave him presents. And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year; therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, a and bound him in prison.

2 Kings xviii, 7. And the LORD was with him, and he prospered whithersoever he went forth: and

him two or three eunuchs. And be said. Throw her down. So they threw her down; and some of her blood was sprinkled on the wall, and on the horses: and he trode

her under foot.

2 Kings xi, 16, 20. And they laid hands on her; and she went by the way by the which the horses came into the king's house: and there was she slain. And all the people of the land rejoiced, and the city was in quiet: and they slew Athaliah with the sword

2 Kings xii, 20, And his servants arose and made a conspiracy, and slew Joash in the house of Millo, which goeth down to Silla.

2 Sam. iv, 8,9. And they brought the head of Ish-bosheth unto Da-beside the king's house. vid to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ish-bosheth the son of Saul thine enemy, which sought thy life; and the LORD hath avenged my lord the 2 Kings xiv, 19. Now they made king this day of Saul, and of his a conspiracy against him in Jeruseed. And David answered Re-salem: and he fled to Lachish; but chab and Baanah his brother, the they sent after him to Lachish, and sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, slew him there. and said unto them, As the LORD

liveth who hath redeemed my
soul out of all adversity.

1 Kings xv, 27. 28. And Baasha
the son of Ahijah, of the house of
Issachar, conspired against him:
and Baasha sinote him at Gibbe-
thon, which belonged to the Phil-
istines; (for Nadab and all Israel
laid siege to Gibbethon;) Even in
the third year of Asa king of Ju-
dah did Baasha slay him, and
reigned in his stead.

1 Kings xvi, 2, 3, 9. Forasmuch as I exalted thee out of the dust, and made thee prince over my people Israel; and thou hast walked in the way of Jeroboam, and hast made my people Israel to sin, to provoke me to anger with their sins; Behold, I will take away the posterity of Baasha, and the posterity of his house; and will make thy house like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat. And his servant Zimri, captain of half his chariots, conspired against him, as he was in Tirzah, drinking himself drunk in the house of Arza, steward of his house in Tirzah.

2 Kings ix, 7-9, 31-33. And thou shalt smite the house of Ahab thy master, that I may avenge the and the blood of all the servants blood of my servants the prophets, of the LORD, at the hand of Jeze bel. For the whole house of Ahab shall perish: and I will cut off from Ahab him that pisseih against the wall, and him that is shut up and left in Israel. And I will make the house of Ahab like the house of Jeroboam the son of Nebat, and like the house of Baasha the son of Ahijah. And as Jehu entered in at the gate, she said, Had Zimri peace, who slew his master? And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side?

2 Kings xv, 10, 30. And Shallum

the sou of Jabesh conspired

against him and smote him before the people, and slew him, and reigned in his stead. And Hoshea the son of Elah made a conspiracy against Pekah the son of Remaliah, and smote him, and slew him, and reigned in his stead, in the twentieth year of Jotham the son of Uzziah.

2 Kings xxi, 23. And the servants of Amon conspired against him, and slew the king in his own house.

Jehoiada the priest brought out 2 Chron. xxiii, 14, 15, 21. Then the captains of hundreds that were set over the host, and said unto them, Have her forth of the ranges; and whoso followeth her, let him be slain with the sword. For the priest said, Slay her not in the house of the LORD. So they laid hands on her: and when she was come to the entering of the horse-gate by the king's house, they slew her there. And all the people of the land rejoiced; and the city was quiet, after that they had slain Athaliah with the sword.

2 Chron. xxv, 27, 28. Now after the time that Amaziah did turn they made a conspiracy against away from following the LORD, him in Jerusalem; and he fled to Lachish: but they sent to Lachish after him, and slew him there. And they brought him upon horses, and buried him with his fathers in the city of Judah.

vants conspired against him, and 2 Chron. xxxiii. 24. And his serslew him [Amon] in his own house.

EXTIRPATION OF ROYAL
FAMILIES.

1 Kings xvi, 11. And it came to

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pass, when he began to reign, as, soon as he sat on his throne, that he slew all the house of Baasha: be left him not one that pisseth against a wall, neither of his kinsfolks, nor of his friends.

2 Kings x, 6--11, 14, 17. Then he wrote a letter the second time to them, saying, If ye be mine, and if ye will hearken unto my voice, take ye the heads of the men your master's sons, and come to me to Jezreel by to-morrow this time. (Now the king's sons, being seventy persons, were with the great men of the city, which brought them up) And it came to pass, when the letter came to them, that they took the king's sons, and slew seventy

persons, and put their heads in remained of the house of Ahab in baskets, and sent him them to Jezreel, and all his great men, Jezreel. And there came a mes-and his kins'olks, and his priests, senger, and told him, saying, until he left him none remaining, They have brought the heads of And he said, Take them alive. the king's sons. And he said, And they took them alive, and. Lay ye them in two heaps at the slew them at the pit of the shearentering in of the gate until the ing-house, eren two and forty morning. And it came to pass in men; neither left he any of them. the morning, that he went out, And when he came to Samaria, and stood, and said to all the he slew all that remained unto people, Ye be righteous: behold, I Ahab in Samaria, till he had desconspired against my master, and troyed him, according to the sayslew him; but who slew all these? ing of the LORD, which he spake Know now, that there shall fall to Elijah unto the earth nothing of the word of the LORD, which the LORD spake concerning the house of Ahab: for the LORD hath done that which he spake by his servant Elijah. So Jehu slew all that 870

2 Kings xi, 1. And when Athaliah, the mother of Ahaziah, saw that her son was dead, she arose and destroyed all the seed royal.

(BIRTH, see under FAMILY.) (PHYSICAL FRAME, see under

BODY.)

(APPETITES AND ORGANS, see under BODY,Pages 88 and 94.)

(FRAILTY AND MORTALITY,

see under DISEASE AND
DEATH.)

I.

MAN...SPIRITUAL.

HIS FIRST STATE.

Gen. 1, 27. So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him.

Gen. v, 1. . . . . In the day that God created man in the likeness

of God made he him.

Gen. ix, 6. Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed; for in the image of God made he man.

Ps. viii. 5. For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honour.

Eccles. vii, 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

Col. iii, 10. And have put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge after the image of him

that created him.

James iii, 9. Therefore bless we God, even the Father; and therewith curse we men, which are made after the similitude of God.

HIS FIRST ABODE.

Gen. ii. 8-17. And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and there he put the

man whom he had formed. And out of the ground made the LOR God to grow every tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good

MAN.

yea, and nothing shall escape them.

Rev. ii, 7. He that hath an ear let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh will I give to eat

there is bdellium and the onyx-ness;
stone. And the name of the
second river is Gihon: the same is
it that compasseth the whole land
of Ethiopia. And the name of the
third river is Hiddekel: that is it
which goeth toward the east of
Assyria. And the fourth river is
Euphrates. And the LORD God

took the man, and put him into

the garden of Eden to dress it and
to keep it. And the LORD com-
manded the man, saying, Of
every tree of the garden thou
mayest freely eat; But of the tree
of the knowledge of good and evil,
thou shalt not eat of it: for in the
day that thou eatest thereof thou
shalt surely die.

his eyes, and beheld all the plain Gen. xiii, 10. And Lot lifted up of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar.

Isa. li, 3. For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody.

Ezek. xxviii, 13. Thou hast been in Eden the garden of God; every precious stone was thy covering, the sardius, topaz, and the diamond, the beryl, the onyx, and the Jasper, the sapphire, the emerald, and the carbuncle, and gold: the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou

wast created.

thou thus like in glory and in Ezek. xxxi, 18. To whom art greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto

of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

THE FALL.

Gen. iii, 1-6, 8-14. 22 24. Now the serpent was more subtile than any beast of the field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden? And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the fruit of the trees of the garden:" But of the midst of the garden, God the fruit of the tree which is in hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch it, lest ye die. And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely die: For God doth know, that in the day ye eat thereof, then your eyes shall be opened; and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and evil. And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat; and gave also unto her husband with her, and he did eat. And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him, Where art thou? And he said, I heard thy afraid, because I was naked; and voice in the garden, and I was I hid myself. And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that

And the

for food; the tree of life also in the the nether parts of the earth: thou shouldest not eat? And the

midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and evil. And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and from thence it was parted, and became into four heads. The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. And the gold of that land is good:

This is

uncircumcised with them that be
thou shalt lie in the midst of the
man said, The woman whom thou
Pharaoh and all his multitude, the LORD God said
slain by the sword.
gavest to be with me, she gave me
of the tree, and I did eat. And
unto the
saith the LORD God.
woman, What is this that thou
hast done? And the woman said.
The serpent beguiled me, and I
did eat. And the LORD God said
unto the serpent, because thou
hast done this, thou art. cursed

Joel li, 3. A fire devoureth before them, and behind them a flame burneth: the land is as the garden of Eden before them, and behind them a desolate wilder

877

above all cattle, and above every beast of the field: upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all the days of thy life. And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to

know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever: Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of Eden, to till the ground from whence he was taken. So he drove out the man: and he placed at the east of the garden of Eden cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to keep the way of the tree of life.

Job xxxi, 33. If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom.

Eccles. vii, 29. Lo, this only have I found, that God hath made man upright; but they have sought out many inventions.

Isa. xliii, 27, 28. Thy first father hath sinned, and thy teachers have transgressed against me. Therefore I have profaned the princes of the sanctuary, and have given Jacob to the curse, and Israel to reproaches.

Ezek. xxviii, 15. Thou wast perfect in thy ways from the day that thou wast created, till iniquity was found in thee.

Jer. vi, 7. As a fountain casteth out her waters, so she casteth out her wickedness: violence and spoil is heard in her, before me continually is grief and wounds.

Rom. vill, 7, 8. Because the carual mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject to the law of God, neither indeed can be. So then they that are in the flesh cannot please God.

1 Cor. ii, 14. But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him; neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned.

Gal. v, 17. For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other; so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

Eph. iv, 18. Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their

heart.

Titus fil, 8. For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another.

UNIVERSAL.

Gen. vi, 11, 12 The earth also was corrupt before God; and the

Hosea vi, 7. But they, like men, have transgressed the covenant: there have they dealt treacherous-earth was filled with violence. ly against me.

Rom. v, 12-14. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned: (For until the law sin was in the world; but sin is not imputed when there is no law. Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression, who is the figure of him that was to come.

2 Cor. xi, 3. But I fear, lest by

any means, as the serpent beguiled Eve through his subtilty, so your minds should be corrupted from the simplicity that is in Christ.

HUMAN DEPRAVITY.

GREAT.

Gen. vi, 5. And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every imagination of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually.

Deut. xxxii, 5. They have corrupted themselves; their spot is not the spot of his children: they are a perverse and crooked generation

And God looked upon the earth, all flesh had corrupted his way and, behold, it was corrupt: for

upon the earth.

that doeth good. They are all gone Ps. xiv, 1, 3. . . . There is none aside, they are all together become filthy; there is none that doeth good, no, not one.

Isa. lix, 3, 4. For your hands are defiled with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, your tongue hath muttered perverseness. None calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, mischief, and bring forth iniand speak lies; they conceive quity.

Jer. ii, 29. Wherefore will ye plead with me? ye all have transgressed against me, saith the LORD.

Micah vil, 2, 4. The good man is perished out of the earth; and there is none upright among men: they all lie in wait for blood, they hunt every man his brother with a net. The best of them is as a brier; the most upright is sharper than a thorn-hedge; the day of thy watchmen and thy visitation cometh; now shall be their perplexity.

are we better than they? No, in no Rom. ili, 9-12.18-20. What then? wise: for we have before proved both Jews and Gentiles, that they are all under sin; As it is written, There is none righteous, no, not one: There is none that understandeth, there is none that seeketh after God. They are all gone out of the way, they are together become unprofitable; there is none that doeth good, no, not one. There is no fear of God be

fore their eyes. Now we know, that what things soever the law under the law; that every mouth saith, it saith to them who are may be stopped, and all the world may become guilty before God. Therefore by the deeds of the law there shall no flesh be justified in his sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

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Job xv, 14-16. What is man, that he should be clean? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous? Behold, he putteth no trust in his saints; yea, the heavens are not clean in his sight; How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinketh iniquity like water?

Job xxv, 4-6. How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman? Behold even to the moon, are not pure in his sight: How and it shineth not; yea, the stars much less man, that is a worm, worm? and the son of man, which is a

Ps. 11, 5. Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

Isa. li, 1. Hearken to me, ye that follow after righteousness, ye that seek the LORD: look unto the rock whence ye are hewn, and to the hole of the pit whence ye are digged.

Eph. ii, 3...... And were by nature the children of wrath, even as others.

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Ps. v, 9. For there is no faithfulness in their mouth; their inward part is very wickedness; their throat is an open sepulchre; they flatter with their tongue.

Ps. Iv, 10, 11. Day and night they go about it upon the walls thereof: mischief also and sorrow are in the midst of it. Wickedness is in the midst thereof: deceit and guile depart not from her streets.

Prov. vi, 16-19. These six things

doth the LORD hate; yea, seven are an abomination unto him: A proud look, a lying tongue, and hands that shed innocent blood, An heart that deviseth wicked imaginations, feet that be swift in running to mischief, A false witness that speaketh lies, and him that Boweth discord among brethren.

Isa. lix. 7, 8. Their feet run to evil, and they make haste to shed innocent blood: their thoughts are thoughts of iniquity; wasting and des.ruction are in their paths. The way of peace they know not; and there is no judgment in their goings: they have made them crooked paths; whosoever goeth therein shall not know peace.

Jer. vii, 9,10. Will ye steal, murder, and commit adultery, and swear falsely, and burn incense unto Baal, and walk after other gods whom ye know not; And come and stand before me in this house, which is called by my name, and say, We are delivered to do all these abominations?

Hos. iv, 1-3. Hear the word of the LORD, ye children of Israel: for the LORD hath a controversy with the inhabitants of the land, because there is no truth, nor mercy, nor knowledge of God in the land. By swearing, and lying, and killing, and stealing, and committing adultery, they break out, and blood toucheth blood. Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one, that dwelleth therein shall languish, with the beasts of the field, and with the fowls of heaven; yea, the fishes of sea also shall be taken

the

away.

disobedient to parents. Without understanding, covenant- breakers, without natural affection, implacable, unmerciful: Who, knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit such things are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in them that do them.

the LORD to wrath. Likewise, when the LORD sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, Go up and possess the land which I have given you; then ye rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and ye believed him not, nor hearkened to his voice. Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.

Rom. iii, 13-17. Their throat is an open sepulchre; with their tongues they have used deceit; Ps. Ixxviii, 17. And they sinned the poison of asps is under their yet more against him, by provok lips: Whose mouth is full of curs-ing the most High in the wildering and bitterness: Their feetness. are swift to shed blood: Destruction and misery are in their ways And the way of peace have they

not known.

1 Cor. vi, 9, 10. Know ye not that the unrighteous shall not inherit the kingdom of God? Be not deceived: neither fornicators, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor effeminate, nor abusers of themselves with mankind. Nor thieves, nor covetous, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor extortioners, shall inherit the kingdom of God.

Gal. v, 19-21. Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife, seditions, heresies, Envyings, murders, drunkenness, revellings, and such like: of the which I tell you before, as I have also told you in time past, that they which do such things shall not inherit the king

dom of God.

1 Tim. 1, 9, 10. Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane, for murderers of fathers and murderers of mothers, for manslayers, For whoremongers, for them that defile themselves with mankind, for men-stealers, if there be any other thing that is for liars, for perjured persons, and contrary to sound doctrine.

WILFUL VIOLATIONS OF GOD'S LAW.

ber, and forget not, how thou Deut. ix, 7, 8, 13, 22-24. Remem provokest the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that thou didst depart out of Rom. i, 28-32. And even as they the land of Egypt, until ye ame did not like to retain God in their unto this place, ye have been reknowledge, God gave them over bellious against the LORD. Also to a reprobate mind, to do those in Horeb ye provoked the LORD things which are not convenient: to wrath, so that the LORD was Being filled with all unrighteous-angry with you, to have destroyed ness fornicatio., wickedness, cov- you. Furthermore the LORD etousness, maliciousness; full of spake unto me, saying, I have envy, murder, debate, deceit, ma-seen this people, and, behold, it is lignity; whisperers, Backbiters, a stiff-necked people: And at haters of God, despiteful, proud, Taberah, and at Massah, and at boasters inventors of evil things, Kibroti-hattaavah, ye provoked

Isa. v, 18-20. Woe unto them that draw iniquity with cords of vanity, and sin as it were with a

cart-rope: That say, Let him make speed, and hasten his work, that we may see it; and let the counsel of the Holy One of Israel draw nigh and come, that we may know it! Woe unto them that call evil good, and good evil; that put darkness for light, and light for darkness; that put bitter for sweet, and sweet for bitter!

This is the rest wherewith ye may Isa. xxviii, 12. To whom he said,

cause the weary to rest; and this is the refreshing: yet they would not hear.

Jer. ii, 5. Will he reserve his anger for ever? will he keep it to the end? Behold, thou hast spoken and done evil things as thou couldest,

Jer. vi, 16, 17. Thus saith the

LORD, Stand ye in the ways, and see, and ask for the old paths, where is the good way, and walk therein, and ye shall find rest for your souls. But they said, We will not walk therein. Also I set watchmen over you, saying, Hearken to the sound of the trumpet. But they said, We will not hearken.

Jer. vii, 23, 24. But this thing commanded I them, saying, Obey my ye shall be my people; and walk voice, and I will be your God, and ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the and went backward, and not forimagination of their evil heart, ward.

Jer. xxv, 7. Yet ye have not hearkened unto me, saith the LORD; that ye might provoke me to anger with the works of your hands to your own hurt.

Jer. xxxv, 13. Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, Go and tell the men of Judah, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem, Will ye not receive instruction to hearken to my words? saith the LORD.

Jer. xxxvi, 31. And I will pun

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