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Micah vil, 1. Woe is me! for Isown; yea, their stock shall not am as when they have gathered take root in the earth: and he the summer fruits, as the grape- shall also blow upon them, and gleanings of the vintage: there is they shall wither, and the whirlno cluster to eat; my soul desired wind shall take them away as the first ripe fruit.

Amos ix, 13. Behold, the days Come, saith the LORD, that the ploughman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt

Rev. xiv, 17--19. And another angel came out of the temple which is in heaven, he also having a sharp sickle. And another angel

came out from the altar, which had power over fire; and cried with a loud cry to him that had the sharp sickle, saying, Thrust in thy sharp sickle, and gather the clusters of the vine of the earth; for her grapes are fully ripe. And the angel thrust in his sickle into the earth, and gathered the vine of the earth, and cast it into the great wine-press of the wrath of God.

(WINE, See under DIET AND DRESS.)

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Job viii, 16, 17. He is green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden. His root are wrapt about the heap, and seeth the place of stones.

Job xiv, 7, 9. For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease. Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.

Job xviii, 16. His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off.

Job xix, 10. He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone; and mine hope hath he removed like a tree.

Ps. xcii, 14. They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they Bhall be fat and flourishing.

Isa. x, 19. And the rest of the trees of his forest shall be few, that a child may write them.

Isa. xl. 24. Yea, they shall not be planted; yea, they shall not be

stubble.

Ezek. xv, 6. Therefore thus saith the Lord God; As the vine tree among the trees of the forest, which I have given to the fire for fuel, so will I give the inhabitants of Jerusalem.

Ezek. xxxi, 14. To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.

Luke xxili, 31. For if they do these things in a green tree, what shall be done in the dry?

little while, and Lebanon shall be turned into a fruitful field, and the fruitful fleld shall be esteemed as a forest?

Isa. xxxili, 9. The earth mourneth and languisheth; Lebanon is ashamed and hewn down; Sharon is like a wilderness; and Bashau and Carmel shake off their fruits.

FELLING.

ward the south, or toward the Eccles. xi, 3. If the tree fall tonorth, in the place where the tree falleth, there it shall be.

Isa. x, 33, 34. Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be bewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. And he shall cut down

the thickets of the forest with

iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.

Matth. iii, 10. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the ORNAMENTAL TREES. trees: therefore every tree which Isa. xli, 19, 20. I will plant in bringeth not forth good fruit is the wilderness the cedar, the shit-hewn down, and cast into the fire. tah-tree, and the myrtle, and the oil-tree; I will set in the desert the fir-tree, and the pine, and the box-tree together: That they may see, and know, and consider, and understand together,that the hand of the LORD hath done this, and the Holy One of Israel hath created it.

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2 Sam. xviil, 9. And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak, and his head caught hold of the oak, and he was taken up between the heaven and the earth; and the mule that was under him went away.

Isa. x, 33, 34. Behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror, and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. And he shall cut down the thickets of the forests with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one.

FORESTS MENTIONED IN
SCRIPTURE.
BASHAN.

Isa. 11, 13. And upon all the cedars of Lebanon, that are high and lifted up, and upon all the

oaks of Bashan.

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1 Kings vii, 2. He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the length thereof was an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.

three hundred shields of beaten 1 Kings x, 17. And he made gold; three pound of gold went to one shield: and the king put them in the house of the forest of

Isa. xxix, 17. Is it not yet a very Lebanon.

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ARABIAN.

Isa. xxl, 13. The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.

OF THE SOUTH.

Ezek. xx, 46, 47. Son of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field; And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus saith the Lord GOD. Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burnt therein.

THE KING'S FOrest. Neh. ii, 8. And a letter unto Asaph the keeper of the king's forest, that he may give me timber to make beams for the gates of the palace which appertained

to the house, and for the wall of the city, and fer the house that I

shall enter into. And the king granted me, according to the good hand of my God upon me.

3rd.

ORCHARD.

Job xv, 32. It shall be accomplished before his time, and his brauch shall not be green.

Ps. lxxviii, 47. He destroyed their vines with hail, and their Bycamore-trees with frost.

Ps. cv, 33. He smote their vines also and their fig trees, and brake the trees of their coasts.

Eccles. ii, 5. I made me gardens and orchards, and I planted trees in them of all kind of fruits.

Çant. ii, 3. As the apple-tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons, sat down under his shadow with great delight, and his fruit was sweet to my taste.

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Cant. vi, 11. I went down into the garden of nuts to see the fruits of the valley, and to see whether the vine flourished, and the pomegranates budded.

HEBREW LAW.

Lev. xix, 23-25. And when ye shall come into the land, and shall have planted all manner of trees for food, then ye shall count the fruit thereof as uncircumcised: three years shall it be as uncir cumcised unto you; it shall not be

Cant. vill, 13. Thou that dwell-eaten of. But in the fourth year est in the gardens, the compan- all the fruit thereof shall be holy, fons hearken to thy voice: cause to praise the LORD withal. And me to hear it. in the fifth year shall ye eat of the fruit thereof, that it may yield am the LORD your God. unto you the increase thereof: I

Isa. i, 29, 30. For they shall be ashamed of the oaks which ye have desired, and ye shall be confounded for the gardens that ye have chosen. For ye shall be as an oak whose leaf fadeth, and as a garden that hath no water.

Isa. Ixi, 11. For as the earth bringeth forth her bud, and as the garden causeth the things that are sown in it to spring forth; so the Lord GOD will cause righteousness and praise to spring forth before all the nations.

Hos. ii, 12. And I will destroy her vines and herfig-trees, whereof she hath said, These are my rewards that my lovers have given me: and I will make them a forest, and the beasts of the field shall eat them.

Joel i, 7. He hath laid my vine waste, and barked my fig-tree: he hath made it clean bare, and cast it away; the branches thereof are made white.

Matth. vil, 16--20. Ye shall know them by their fruits. Do men gather grapes of thorns, or figs of thistles? Even so every good tree bringeth forth good fruit; but a corrupt tree bringeth forth evil fruit. A good tree cannot bring forth evil fruit, neither can a corrupt tree bring forth good fruit, Every tree that bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them.

Matth. xii, 33. Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit.

Luke iii. 9. And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the bringeth not forth good fruit is trees: every tree therefore which hewn down, and cast into the fire.

Luke vi, 43, 44. For a good tree bringeth not forth corrupt fruit; Ineither doth a corrupt tree bring bring forth good fruit. For every tree is known by his own fruit: for of thorns men do not gather figs, nor of a bramble-bush gather they grapes.

Cant. iv, 12, 16. A garden inclosed is my sister, my spouse; a spring shut up, a fountain sealed. Awake, O north wind; and come, thou south; blow upon my garden, that the spices thereof may flow

Mark xi, 14. And Jesus answered and said unto it, No man eat fruit of thee hereafter for ever. And his disciples heard it.

Lev. xxv, 14-17. And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour's band, ye shall not oppress one anof years after the jubilee thou other. According to the number shalt buy of thy neighbour, and according unto the number of unto thee. According to the mul years of the fruits he shall sell titude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it: for according to the number of the years of the fruits doth be sell unto thee. Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God.

Deut. xx, 19, 20. When thou shalt besiege a city a long time, in making war against it to take it, thou shalt not destroy the trees thereof by forcing an axe against them: for thou mayest eat of them, and thou shalt not cut them down, (for the tree of the field is man's life) to employ them in the siege: Only the trees which thou knowest that they be not trees for meat, thou shalt destroy and cut them down; and thou shalt build bulwarks against the city that maketh war with thee, until it be subdued.

FLOWERS AND AROMATICS.

Çant. 1, 13, 14. A bundle of myrrh is my well-beloved unto mie: he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts. My beloved is unto me as a cluster of camphire in the vineyards of En-gedi.

Sharon, and the lily of the valleys. Cant. ii, 1, 2, 16. I am the rose of As the lily among thorns, so is my love among the daughters. My beloved is mine, and I am his: he feedeth among the lilies.

day break, and the shadows fles Cant. iv, 6, 11, 13, 14. Until the away, I will get me to the moun tain of myrrh, and to the hill of frankincense. The smell

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of thy garments is like the smell of Lebanon. Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard; Spikenard and saffron;

calamus and cinnamon, with all trees of frankincense; myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices.

Cant. v, 13. His cheeks are as a bed of spices, as sweet flowers; Lis lips like lilies, dropping sweet smelling myrrh.

Cant. vi, 2, 3, 7. My beloved is gone down into his garden, to the beds of spices, to feed in the gardens, and to gather lilies. I am my beloved's, and my beloved is mine: he feedeth among the lilies. As a piece of a pomegranate are thy temples within thy locks.

Cant. vili, 14. Make haste, my beloved, and be thou like to a roe or to a young hart upon the mountains of spices. (Vegetable productions in Orchards and Fields. See under AGRICULTURE. Pages 12, 13.)

TREES AND HERBS MENTIONED IN THE BIBLE. ALMOND.

Gen. xli, 11. And their father Israel said unto them, If it must be So now, do this; take of the best fruits of the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts,

and almonds.

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Eccles. xii, 5. The almond tree shall flourish, because man goeth to his long home; and the mourners go about the streets.

Jer. 1, 11. Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Jeremiah, what seest thou? And I said, I see a rod of an almond tree.

ALMUG OR ALGUM.

1 Kings x, 12. And the king made of the almug-trees pillars for the house of the LORD, and for the king's house, harps also and paalteries for singers: there came no such almug-trees,nor were seen unto this day.

2 Chron. ix. 10, 11. And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought

And

gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones. the king made of the algum-trees terraces to the house of the LORD, and to the king's palace, and harps and psalteries for singers: and there were none such seen before

in the land of Judah.

APPLE.

Cant. ii, 3. As the apple tree among the trees of the wood, so is my beloved among the sons....

Cant. viii, 5. . . . . I raised thee up under the apple tree: there thy mother brought thee forth; there she brought thee forth that bare thee.

Joel 1, 12. The vine is dried up, and the fig tree languisheth; the pomegranate tree, the palm tree also, and the apple tree, even all the trees of the field, are withered. ....

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Isa. xliv, 14. He planteth an ash, and the rain doth nourish it.

BAY.

Ps. xxxvil, 35. I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.

Box.

cities, wherein thou trustedst, with the sword.

Jer. viii, 12, 13. Were they ashamed when they had committed abomination? nay, they were not at all ashamed, neither could they blush; therefore shall they fall among them that fall: in the time of their visitation they shall be cast down, saith the LORD. I will surely consume them, saith the LORD: there shall be no grapes on the vine, nor figs on the fig tree; and the leaf shall fade; and the things that I have given them shall pass away from them.

Amos iv, 9. I have smitten you The pine with blasting and mildew: when

Isa. xli, 19. and the box tree together.

CEDAR.

your gardens, and your vineyards, and your fig-trees, and your olivetrees, increased, the palmer-worm returned unto me, saith the Lord. devoured them: yet have ye not

made silver to be in Jerusalem as 1 Kings x, 27. And the king stones, and cedars made he to be Mark xi, 19-21. And when even as the sycamore trees that are in was come, he went out of the city. the vale, for abundance. And in the morning, as they passPs. lxxx, 9-11. Thou preparedsted by, they saw the fig-tree dried room before it, and didst cause it up from the roots. And Peter, to take deep root, and it filled the calling to remembrance, saith unto land. The hills were covered with him, Master, behold, the fig-tree the shadow of it, and the boughs which thou cursedst is withered thereof were like the goodly away. cedars. She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river.

P3. civ, 16. The trees of the LORD are full of sap; the cedars of Lebanon, which he hath planted. CHESNUT

Ezek. xxxi, 8. . . . And the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty.

CYPRESS.

Isa. xliv, 14. He heweth him down cedars, and taketh the cypress and the oak.....

FIG.

Deut. vill, 8. A land of wheat and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and pomegranates; a land of oil olive and honey.

to Hezekiah; for thus saith the Isa. xxxvi, 16, 17. Hearken not king of Assyria, Make an agree ment with me by a present, and come out to me: and eat ye every one of his vine, and every one of his fig-tree, and drink ye every one the waters of his own cistern; Until I come and take you away to a land like your own land, a land of corn and wine, a land of bread and vineyards.

Jer. v, 17. And they shall eat up thine harvest, and thy bread, which thy sons and thy daughters should eat; they shall eat up thy flocks and thine herds; they shall eat up thy vines and thy fig-trees; they shall impoverish thy fenced 717

Mark xill, 28--31. Now, learn a parable of the fig-tree; When her branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye know that summer is near: So ye, in like manner, when ye shall see these things come to pass, know that it is nigh, even at the doors. Verily I say unto you, That this generation shall not pass, till all these things be done. Heaven and earth shall pass away: but my words shall not pass away.

James iii, 12. Can the fig-tree, my brethren, bear olive-berries? either a vine, fig? so can no fountain both yield salt water and fresh,

Fin.

Solomon cedar trees and tir trees, 1 Kings v, 10. So Hiram gave according to all his desire.

Isa. xiv, 8. Yea, the fir trees relaid down, no feller is come up joice at thee, and the cedars of Lebanon, saying, Since thou art against us.

Zech. xi, 1. 2. Open thy doors, O Lebanon, that the fire may deyour thy cedars. Howl, fir-tree; for the cedar is fallen; because the mighty are spoiled: howl, O ye oaks of Bashan; for the forest of the vintage is come down.

JUNIPER.

1 Kings xix, 4. But he [Elijah] himself went a day's journey into the wilderness, and came and sat down under a juniper tree: and he requested for himself that he might die......

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and olive-trees, which thou plant- | phet's son; but I was an herdman, edst not; when thou shalt have and a gatherer of sycamore fruit. Luke xix, 4. And he ran before, eaten, and be full. and climbed up into a sycamore tree to see him: for he was to pass that way.

Isa. xvii, 6. Yet gleaning-grapes shall be left in it, as the shaking of an olive-tree, two or three berries in the top of the uppermost bough, four or five in the outmost fruitful branches thereof, saith the LORD God of Israel.

Jer. xi, 16. The LORD called thy name, A green olive-tree, fair, and of goodiy fruit: with the noise of a great tumult he hath kindled fire upon it, and the branches of it are broken.

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1 Kings x, 27. And the king made silver to be in Jerusalem as stones, and cedars made he to be as the sycamore trees that are in the vale, for abundance. Ps. lxxviii, 47. He destroyed their sycamore trees with frost.

Amos vii, 14. Then answered Amos, and said to Amaziah, I was no prophet, neither was I a pro

TEIL

Isa. vi, 13. As a tell tree, and as an oak, whose subtheir leaves: so the holy seed shall stance is in them, when they cast be the substance thereof.

WILLOW.

Job xl, 22. The shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook compass him about.

Isa. xliv, 4. And they shall spring up as among the grass, as willows by the water courses.

Ezek. xvii, 5. He took also of the seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed it by great waters, and set it as a willow tree.

HERBS AND SHRUBS MENTIONED IN SCRIPTURE. ALOES AND CALAMUS, MYRRH,

SAFFRON, SPIKENARD. Cant. iii, 6. Who is this that cometh out of the wilderness like

pillars of smoke, perfumed with myrrh and frankincense, with all powders of the merchant?

Cant. iv, 14. ... Myrrh and aloes, with all the chief spices. Prov. vii, 17. I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, alves, and

cinnamon.

John xix, 39. And there came also Nicodemus, which at the first came to Jesus by night, and brought a mixture of myrrh and aloes, about an hundred pound weight.

ANISE, CUMMIN, AND MINT.

Matth. xxiii, 23. Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for ye pay tithe of mint and anise and cummin, and have omitted the weightier matters of the law.

CUCUMBER, GARLICK, LEEKS,

MELON, ONIONS.

Num. x1, 5. We remember the fish which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick."

CASSIA.

Ps. xlv, 8. All thy garments smell of myrrh, and aloes, and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, whereby they have made thee glad.

FITCHES.

Isa. xxviii 27. For the fitches

are not threshed with a threshing instrument, neither is a cart wheel turned about upon the cummin; but the fitches are beaten out with a staff, and the cummin with a rod.

GOURDS.

Jonah iv, 6, 10. And the LORD God prepared a gourd, and made it to come up over Jonah, that it might be a shadow over his head, to deliver him from his grief. So Jonah was exceeding glad of the gourd. Then said the LORD, Thou hast had pity on the gourd, for the which thou hast not laboured, reither madest it grow: which came up in a night, and perished in a night.

HYSSOP.

Exod. xii, 22. And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in: the blood that is in the basin, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the |

basin; and none of you shall go had commanded the clouds from
out at the door of his house until
the morning.

REEDS AND FLAGS.
Job vill, 11, 12. Can the rush
grow up without mire? can the
flag grow without water? Whilst
it is yet in his greenness, and not
cut down, it withereth before any
other herb.

the brooks, by the mouth of the
Isa. xix, 7. The paper reeds by
brooks, and every thing sown by
the brooks shall wither, be driven
away and be no more.

Luke vii, 24. And when the
messengers of John were departed,!
be began to speak unto the people
concerning John, What went ye
out into the wilderness for to see?
A reed shaken with the wind?

MIRACULOUS PRODUCTS
AND SPIRITUAL SYMBOLS
P8. lxxviii, 23-25. Though ho
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above, and opened the doors of
heaven, And had rained down
manna upon them to eat, and had
given them of the corn of heaven,
Man did eat angels' food: he sent
them meat to the full.
you, I will drink no more of the
* Mark xiv, 25. Verily I say unto
fruit of the vine, until that day
that I drink it new in the kingdom
of God.

them that sat at meat with him
Luke xiv, 15. And when one of
heard these things, he said unto
him, Blessed is he that shall eat
bread in the kingdom of God.

let him hear what the Spirit saith Rev. ii, 17. He that hath an ear, unto the churches; To him that overcometh will give to eat of the hidden manna, and will give him a white stone, and in tho stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

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