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hour of business; exactly at five he passes through New-Inn,23 crosses through Russel-court,24 and takes a turn at Will’s till the play begins; he has his shoes
rubbed and his periwig powdered at the barber's as 5' you go into the Rose 25 It is for the good of the
audience when he is at a play, for the actors have an ambition to please him.
The person of next consideration is Sir Andrew Freeport, a merchant of great eminence in the city 10 of London; a person of indefatigable industry,
strong reason, and great experience. His notions of trade are noble and generous, and (as every rich man has usually some sly way of jesting, which
would make no great figure were he not a rich man) 15 he calls the sea the British Common. He is ac
quainted with commerce in all its parts, and will tell you that it is a stupid and barbarous way to extend dominion by arms; for true power is to be
got by arts and industry. He will often argue, that 20 if this part of our trade were well cultivated, we
should gain from one nation; and if another, from another. I have heard him prove, that diligence makes more lasting acquisitions than valor, and that sloth has ruined more nations than the sword. 25 He abounds in several frugal maxims, amongst
which the greatest favorite is, “A penny saved is a penny got." A general trader of good sense is pleasanter company than a general scholar; and Sir Andrew having a natural unaffected eloquence, the perspicuity of his discourse gives the same pleasure that wit would in another man. He has made his fortune himself; and says that England may be richer than other kingdoms, by as plain methods as he himself is richer than other men; 5. though at the same time I can say this of him, that there is not a point in the compass, but blows home a ship in which he is an owner.
Next to Sir Andrew in the club-room sits Captain, Sentry, a gentleman of great courage, good under-10 standing, but invincible 28 modesty. He is one of those that deserve very well, but are very awkward at putting their talents within the observation of such as should take notice of them. He was some years a captain, and behaved himself with great 15 gallantry in several engagements and at several sieges; but having a small estate of his own, and being next heir to Sir Roger, he has quitted a way of life in which no man can rise suitably to his merit, who is not something of a courtier as well as 20 a soldier. I have heard him often lament, that in a profession where merit is placed in so conspicuous a view, impudence should get the better of modesty. When he has talked to this purpose, I never heard him make a sour expression, but frankly confess 25 that he left the world, because he was not fit for it. A strict honesty and an even regular behavior, are in themselves obstacles to him that must press through crowds, who endeavor at the same end
with himself, the favor of a commander. He will however in his way of talk excuse generals, for not disposing according to men's desert, or inquiring
into it; For, says he, that great man who has a 5 mind to help me, has as many to break through to
come at me, as I have to come at him: therefore he will conclude, that the man who would make a figure, especially in a military way, must get over
all false modesty, and assist his patron against the 10 importunity of other pretenders, by a proper assur
ance in his own vindication. He says it is a civil cowardice to be backward in asserting what you ought to expect, as it is a military fear to be slow
in attacking when it is your duty. With this candor 15 does the gentleman speak of himself and others.
The same frankness runs through all his conversation. The military part of his life has furnished him with many adventures, in the relation of which
he is very agreeable to the company; for he is never 20 overbearing, though accustomed to command men
in the utmost degree below him; nor ever too obsequious, from an habit of obeying men highly above him.
But that our society may not appear a set of 25 humorists,27 unacquainted with the gallantries and
pleasures of the age, we have amongst us the gallant Will Honeycomb; a gentleman who, according to his years, should be in the decline of his life; but having ever been very careful of his person, and
always had a very easy fortune, time has made but a very little impression, either by wrinkles on his forehead, or traces on his brain. His person is well turned, and of a good height. He is very ready at that sort of discourse with which men usually enter- 5 tain women.
He has all his life dressed very well, and remembers habits 28 as others do men.
He can smile when one speaks to him, and laughs easily. He knows the history of every mode, and can inform you from which of the French king's wenches, 10 our wives and daughters had this manner of curling their hair, that way of placing their hoods; whose frailty was covered by such a sort of petticoat, and whose vanity to show her foot made that part of the dress so short in such a year. In a word, all 15 his conversation and knowledge has been in the female world. As other men of his age will take notice to you
29 what such a minister said upon such and such an occasion, he will tell you, when the duke of Monmouth 30 danced at court, such a woman 20 was then smitten, another was taken with him at the head of his troop in the Park. In all these important relations, he has ever about the same time received a kind glance, or a blow of a fan from some celebrated beauty, mother of the present lord 25 Such-a-one. This way of talking of his, very much enlivens the conversation among us of a more sedate turn, and I find there is not one of the company, but myself, who rarely speaks at all, but speaks of
him as of that sort of man, who is usually called a well-bred fine gentleman. To conclude his character, where women are not concerned, he is an honest
worthy man. 5 cannot tell whether I am to account him, whom
I am next to speak of, as one of our company; for he visits us but seldom, but when he does, it adds to every man else a new enjoyment of himself. He
is a clergyman, a very philosophic man, of general 10 learning, great sanctity of life, and the most exact
good breeding. He has the misfortune to be of a very weak constitution, and consequently cannot accept of such cares and business as preferments in
his function would oblige him to; he is therefore 15 among divines what a chamber-counselor is among
lawyers. The probity of his mind, and the integrity of his life, create him followers, as being eloquent or loud advances others. He seldom introduces the
subject he speaks upon; but we are so far gone in 20 years, that he observes when he is among us,
earnestness to have him fall on some divine topic, which he always treats with much authority, as one who has no interest in this world, as one who is
hastening to the object of all his wishes, and con25 ceives hope from his decays and infirmities. These | are my ordinary companions.