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ou, as in our; th, as in thin ; Ty, as in this ; n, nearly like ng. HUMPHREYS, urn/-fréz, a co. in the N. W. part of Tenn., E. of, and bordering on the Tennessee r. Pop. 5,195. Co. t. Reynoldsburg.
HUNGARY, hung-ga-re, (Hung. Magyar-Ország, mód-yor OR-sååg; Ger. Ungarn, vòngl-garn;) an extensive country of Europe, forming a part of the Austrian empire, situated between 44° 28 and 49° 36' N. Lat., and 16° and 25° E. Lon.; bounded on the N. and N. E. by Moravia and Galicia, E. by Transylvania, S. by Turkey, Slavonia and Croatia, and W. by Styria and Austria. Its extreme length, from E. to W. is about 420 m.; the greatest breadth, from N. to S., is about 330 m. The area is computed at 78,822 sq. m. Pop. uncertain, but estimated at upwards of 10,000,000. (M.) The kingdom of Hungary includes, besides Hungary Proper, Slavonia, Croatia, and several districts of less importance. The government is called a limited monarchy, but aristocracy is predominant, and the nobles have great power, while the great mass of the peasantry are in a state of extreme degradation. The kingdom of Hungary formerly included, besides its present territories, Transylvania, Dalmatia, and the Military Frontier; which countries, since their annexation to the crown of Austria, still go under the general name of the Hungarian dominions. The name, Hungary, is derived from the Hunni or Huns, a people of Asiatic origin, who invaded and took possession of the country immediately N. of the Danube, towards the close of the fourth century, during the reign of the Roman emperor Valens. The present Hungarians, however, are the descendants of the Magyars, another Asiatic nation, who established themselves here in the ninth century, whence the country is called Magyar-Ország, i.e. the “ land of the Magyars.”—Adj. and inhab. HUNGARIAN, hung-gd-re-an.
Hun'-TER-DỌN, a co. in the N. W. part of N. J., bordering on the Delaware r. Pop. 24,789. Co. t. Flemington.
HUNTI-ING-DON, a t. of England, the cap. of Huntingdonshire, is situated on the r. Ouse, about 60 m. N. of London. Pop. 3,507.
HUNTINGDON, a co. in the S. central part of Pa., on the head streams of the Juniata. Pop. 35,484. Co. t. Huntingdon.
HUNT'-ING-DON-SHỊRE, a co. in the E. central part of England, intersected by the r. Ouse. Pop. 58,549.
Hunt'-ING-TON, a co. in the N. E. part of Ind., intersected by the Wabash and Erie Canal. Pop. 1,579. Co. t. Huntington.
HuntsI-VILLE, a flourishing t. in the N. part of Ala., cap. of Madison co., situated at the termination of the Huntsville Canal, which communicates with the Tennessee r., and is about 16 m. long. Lat. 34° 36' N., Lon. 86° 57' W. Pop. about 2,500.
Hurd'-war!, a t. of Hindostan, celebrated as one of the principal places of Hindoo pilgrimage, and the seat of the greatest fair in India. It is said that sometimes above a million pilgrims are assembled here at
Lat. 29° 57' N., Lon. 78° 2 E. Hul-rọn, a large lake of N. America, lying between 43° and 46° 15' N. Lat., and 80% and 83° 40' W. Lon. Its length, from S. S. E. to N. N. W., following the curve, is about 200 m.; its greatest breadth,
Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; oo as in good : from E. to W., exclusive of Georgian Bay, is near 100 m. Area estimated at about 19,000 sq. m. The greatest depth is at least 1000 ft. Lake Huron is divided into two unequal portions by a long peninsula and the Manitoulin chain of islands; the parts to the N. and E. are called North Channel and Georgian Bay.
Huron, a co. in the N. part of Ohio, near Lake Erie. Pop. 23,933. Co. t. Norwalk.
Huy, hoi, a t. of Belgium, on the Meuse, 20 m. S. W. of Liege. Pop. 7,000. (B.)
Hyde, a co. in the E. part of N. C., on Pamlico Sound. Pop. 6,458. Co. t. Lake Landing.
HYDERABAD, hi-der-a-båd, or HYDRABAD, a city of Hindostan, the cap. of a prov. of the same name. Lat. 17° 22' N., Lon. 78° 35' E. Pop., including the suburbs, estimated at above 200,000. (B.)
HYDERABAD, a fortified t. of Hindostan, in Sinde, cap. of a principality of the same name, is situated in the delta of the Indus, about 90 m. from the sea. Lat. 25° 22 N., Lon. 68° 41' E. Pop. estimated at 20,000. (B.)
HYTHE, hiti, a t., and one of the Cinque Ports, of England, in Kent, si! uated on the Strait of Dover, about 60 m. E. S. E. of London, and 10 m. W. S. W. of Dover. Pop. 2,265.
JAROSLAV. See YAROSLAF.
Ibarra, e-bảr/-rå, a t. of S. America, in Ecuador, 50 m. N. E. of Quito. Lat. 0° 21' N., Lon. 78° 18' W. Pop. estimated at 10,000. (B.)
Il-BER-VILLE, a parish in the S. E. central part of Louisiana, intersected by the Mississippi r. Pop. 8,495. Seat of justice, Iberville.
Icel-LAND (Is'-land in the native language), a large i. in the N. Atlantic, belonging to Denmark, situated between 63 30' and 66° 40' N. Lat., and 16° and 24° 30' W. Lon. Its extreme length is about 250 m.; its greatest breadth about 200 m. The area is vaguely estimated at 40,000 sq. m. The pop. in 1834 was 56,000. (M.) The interior of Iceland is a dreary desert, without a single inhabitant. One mass of icy mountains, called Klofa Jökul (yöl-kul), in the S. E. part of the island, is said to have an extent of not less than 3000 sq. m. The rocks and mountains of this country appear to be chiefly of volcanic origin. In the year 1783, a mountain named Skaptar Jökul poured forth an immense quantity of lava, which destroyed no fewer than 20 villages and 9,000 people, amounting to more than one-fifth of the then population of the island. It was estimated that the whole of the lava discharged would be sufficient to cover an area of 1,400 sq. m. to the depth of 150 ft. Hecla, a celebrated volcanic mountain in the S. W. part of Iceland, about 30 m. from the sea, is 5,530 ft. in height. The Oeräte Jökul is the loftiest mountain in Iceland, of which any accurate measurement has been made, having an elevation of 6,650 ft. (B.) Among the most remarkable natural curiosities of this country are the Geysers (gil-sers) boiling springs, or rather water-volcanoes. One of these, called the Great Geyser, is said sometimes to project its contents
ou, as in our; th, as in thin; TH, as in this; n, nearly like ng. to the height of from 100 to 200 ft. The climate of Iceland is said to be mild, considering the latitude. Dr. Henderson found the winter that he passed here not severer than the mildest which he experienced in Southern Sweden and Denmark. It appears that corn was once cultivated to a considerable extent, but the inhabitants find it more to their advantage to attend exclusively to the rearing of cattle. Hay is the great harvest of Iceland. The common food of the people is butter, milk, and fish; fresh meat and rye bread are holy-day fare. Fish are very abundant. The reindeer, which were at first introduced from Norway, have greatly multiplied, and live in a wild state. Reikiavik (ri/-ke-a-vik), a little town on the W. coast, is regarded as the cap. of the island. Although its permanent population scarcely exceeds 500, it contains a number of institutions for education, three literary and scientific societies, and a library of 5,000 vols. In its immediate vicinity there is an observatory.-Adj. ICE-LAN/-dic; inhab. ICE'-LẠND-ER.
İCOLMKILL. See lona.
Idria, id-re-å, a t. of the Austrian empire, in Carniola, celebrated for its mines of quicksilver, which, after those of Almaden, in Spain, are considered to be the richest in Europe. The mine is rather more than 1,000 ft. in depth. Lat. 46° N., Lon. 14° 3' E. Pop. 5,000. (B.) IEKATARINBURG.
See EKATARINBURG. IGLAU, igl-lou, a manufacturing t. of the Austrian empire, in Moravia. Lat. 49° 23' N., Lon. 15° 36' E. Pop. 14,000. (B.)
IGUALADA, e-gwå-lål-Då, (Anc. Alquæ La/tæ,) a t. of Spain, in Catalo nia, 37 m. N. W. of Barcelona. Pop. 7,731. (M.)
IU-CHES-TÆR, sometimes written IvELCHESTER (Anc. Ischalis), a little t. of England, in Somersetsbire, situated on the Yeo or Ivel, 18 m. E. of Taunton. It appears to have once been a very important Roman station. Its name signifies the “ station of the Ivil."
ILE DE FRANCE. See FRANCE, ISLE OF.
ILFRACOMBE, ill-fra-coom', a seaport t. of England, in Devonshire, situated on the Bristol Channel, 41 m. N. W. of Exeter. Pop. 2,855.
ILLE AND VILAINE, (Fr. Ille et Vilaine, eel à ve'-lane',) a dep. in the N. W. part of France, bordering on the English Channel. Pop. 547,249. (B.) Capital, Rennes.
ILLIMANI, Nevado DE, na-vål-Do dà eel-yå-mål-ne, a mountain summit of S. America, in Bolivia, next to the Nevado de Sorata, the most elevated on the American continent. Lat. about 16° 40' N., Lon. 67° 40'W. Height, 3,753 toises, or about 24,000 English ft. (B.)
ILLINOIS, il-lin-oil, one of the U. S., situated between 37° and 42° 30' N. Lat., and 87° 30' and 91° 30' W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Wisconsin, E. by Indiana, S. E. and S. by the Ohio r., which separates it from Kentucky, S. W. and W. by the Mississippi r., which divides it from Missouri and Iowa; and divided into 94 counties.* Length, from
Adams, Alexander, Bond, Boone, Brown, Bureau, Calhoun, Carrol, Cass, Champaign, Christian, Clair, St., Clarke, Clay. Clinton, Coles, Cook, Crawford, De Kalb, De Witt, Du Page, Edgar, Edwards, Effingham, Fayette, Franklin,
Fate, får, fall, fất; mé, m't; plne or pine, pin; n), ndt; oo as in good; N. to S., 387 m.; greatest breadth about 200. The area is variously estimated from 55,000 to 59,00) sq. m. Pop. 476,183. Springfield is the capital. Minois was admitted into the Union in 1818.
ILLINOIS, a r. of the above state, which rises near Lake Michigan, and, flowing south-westerly, falls into the Mississippi. The whole length is about 400 m. It is navigable for boats nearly to its source.
Il-LYRİ-1-a, a kingdom forming a part of the Austrian empire, situated between 44° 25 and 47° 7 N. Lat., and 12° 40' and 15° 45' E. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Austria and Styria, E. by Styria and Croatia, S. by the Adriatic, and W. by Italy and Tyrol. The area is 10,801 eq. in. Pop. 1,212,753. (M.) Laybach is the capital.-Adj. and inhab. IL-LYRI-I-N.
IMOLA, e-mo'-lå, (Anc. Fo'rum Corne'lii,) a t. of Italy, in the Papal State, 20 m. E. S. E. of Bologna. Pop. 8,000. (B.)
INDEPENDENCE, a co. in the N. E. part of Ark., intersected by the White r. Pop. 3,669. Co. t. Batesville.
INDEPENDENT TARTARY. See ToorKISTAN.
IN-D]-9, the name given by the ancients to a country of indefinite extent, in the S. E. part of Asia. It appears to have included Hindostan Proper, the island of Ceylon, and the still undefined region of Farther India. The name is supposed to be derived from that of the Indus, Sind or Ilind. - Adj. and inhab. IN-DI-IN.
The name, East Indies, has an application nearly co-extensive with that of India, though the former seems to be often employed somewhat loosely to denote, besides the Indian continent, not only Ceylon (which has always been considered as a part of India), but also many other islands of the eastern seas, especially those lying near the Asiatic coast, such as Sumatra, Java, Borneo, and the group of Japan.
Indian Ocean, is situated between Africa, Asia, and Malaisia. Its greatest extent, from E. to W., is above 4,000 m.
IN-DJ-AN/-^, one of the U. S., situated between 37° 50' and 41° 50 N. Lat., and 84° 44' and 88° W. Lon.; bounded on the N. by Michigan and Lake Michigan, E. by Ohio, S. E. and S. by Kentucky, and W. by Illinois, and divided into 88 counties*. Length, from N. to S.,
Fulton, Gallatin, Greene, Grundy, Hamilton, Hancock, Hardin, Henderson, Henry, Iroquois, Jackson, Jasper, Jefferson, Jersey, Jo Daviess, Johnson, Kane, Kendall, Knox, Lake, La Salle. Lawrence, Lee, Livingston, Logan, Macon, Macoupin, Madison, Marquetie, Marion, Marshall, Mason, McDonough, McHenry, McLean, Menard, Mercer, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Ogle, Peoria, Perry, Piatt, Pike, Pope, Putnam, Randolph, Richland, Rock Island, Sangamon, Schuyler, Scott, Shelby, Stark, Stephenson, Tazewell, Union, Vermillion, Wabash, Warren, Washington, Wayne, White, Whiteside, Will, Williamson, Winnebago.
Adams, Allen, Bartholomew, Benton, Blackford, Boone, Brown, Carroll, Cass, Clark, Clay, Clinton, Crawford, Daviess, Dearborn, Decatur. De Kalb, Delaware, Dubois, Elkhart, Fayette, Floyd, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Gibson. Grant, Greene, Hamilton, Hancock, Harrison, Hendricks, Henry, Huntington, Jackson, Jasper, Jay, Jefferson, Jennings, Johnson, Joseph, St., Knox, Kosciusko, La Grange, Lake, La Porte, Lawrence, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Martin, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Noble, Orange, Owen, Parke, Perry, Pike, Porter, Posey, Pu
ou, as in our ; th, as thin ; Th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. 275 m.; greatest breadth, from E. to W., about 150 m. The area is estimated at 36,000 sq. m. Pop. 685,866. Indianapolis is the capital. Indiana was admitted into the Union in 1816.
INDIANA, a co. in the W. part of Pa., bordering on Conemaugh creek, a branch of the Alleghany r. Pop. 20,782. Co. t. Indiana.
In '-D-ẠN-AP-O-Lis, the cap. of Indiana, and seat of justice of Marion co., is situated on white r., nearly in the centre of the state. Lat. 39° 55' N., Lon. 86° 5' W. Pop. 2,692.
IND-oor' or INDORE, a city of Hindostan, cap. of a kingdom of the same name, in the prov. of Malwah. It has risen entirely since the year 1818, on the site of the old town of the same name, which was burned to the ground, in 1801, by Sindia, who was at war with Holcar, the chief of Indoor. Lat. 22° 42' N., Lon. 75° 50' E. Present pop. estimated from 60,000 to 90,000.
INDOSTAN. See HindoSTAN.
INDRE AND LOIRE (Fr. Indre et Loire, ändr à lwår), a dep. of France,
Isl-Dus or Sindu (in Sanscrit, Sindhoo), a large r. in the S. of Asia, which rises on the northern declivity of the Himalaya Mountains, and flowing, first north-westerly, and afterwards south-westerly, empties itself into the Indian Ocean by several mouths, in about 24° N. Lat. and 68° E. Lon. Its whole length is estimated at 1,700 m. In consequence of the sand-banks which obstruct the different arms of this river, it is not navigable, in the lower part of its course, except for very small vessels.
ING/-yẠm, a co. in the S. part of Mich., ncar the sources of Grand r. Pop. 2,498.
INGOLSTADT, ingl-gol-stått', a t. and important fortress of Germany, in Bavaria, on the Danube, 33 m. S. W. of Ratisbon. Its celebrated university, founded in 1472, was transferred to Landshut in 1800, but has since been removed to Munich. Lat. 48° 46' N., Lon. 11° 26' E. Pop. 7,000. (B.)
Inn, a r. which rises in the E. part of Switzerland, flows through Tyrol, and after forming a part of the boundary between Bavaria and Austria, falls into the Danube at Passau.
INXSPRUCK, insl-prõõk, or InnsBRUCK, (i. e. Innsbrücke, or the " bridge of the Inn,") the cap. of Tyrol, situated on the r. Inn. Its situation is highly picturesque. It stands in the midst of a valley, the sides of which are formed by mountains from 6,000 to 8,000 ft. in height. The Inn is crossed by a wooden bridge, from which a magnificent prospect is obtained. Innsbruck contains seve
laski, Putnam, Randolph, Ripley, Rush, Scott, Shelby, Spencer, Stark, Steuben, Sullivan. Switzerland, Tippecanoe, Union, Vanderburg, Vermilion, Vigo, Wabash, Warren, Warwick, Washington, Wayne, Wells, White, Whitley.