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Fate, får, fall, fåt; mé, mét; pine or pine, pin; nd, ndt; oo, as in good,
Wight, ISLE OF, (Anc. Vec-tis,) an i. off the S. coast of England, belonging to Hampshire. Length 22 m.; breadth 13 m. Pop. 42,550.
WIG-TON-SHỊRE, a co. forming the S. W. extremity of Scotland: Pop. 39,195.
Wu-cox, a co. in the S. W. central part of Ala., intersected by the Alabama r. Pop. 15,278. Co. t. Barboursville.
WILKES, a co. in the N. W. part of N. C., intersected by the Yadkin r. Pop. 12,577. Co. t. Wilkesboro.
Wilkes, a co. in the N. E. part of Ga., a little W. of the Savannah. Pop. 10,148. Co. t. Washington.
Wil/-KIN-SON, & co. near the centre of Ga., on the W. side of the Oconee. Pop. 6,842. Co. t. Irwinton.
WILKINSON, a co. forming the S. W. extremity of Miss. Pop. 14,193. Co. seat, Woodville.
Will, a co. in the N. E. part of Ill., intersected by the Illinois r. Pop. 10,167. Co. t. Juliet.
WILLIAMS, a co. forming the N. W. extremity of Ohio. Pop. 4,465. Co. t. Defiance.
W1/-LIAMS-BURG, a dist. in the E. part of S. C., on the N. E. side of the Santee r. Pop. 10,327. Seat of justice, Kingstree.
WILLIAMSBURG, a flourishing t. or rather suburb of New York, on the East River, above Brooklyn. Present pop. estimated at 10,000.
WILLIAMSON, a co. in the S. part of Ill., midway between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers. Pop. 4,457. Co. t. Bainbridge.
W1V-MING-TỌN, a commercial city and port of entry of Del., between the Christiana and Brandywine creeks, just above their junction, 30 m. S. W. of Philadelphia. The Christiana is navigable to the town for vessels drawing 14 ft. water. Lat. 39° 41'N., Lon. 75° 28' W. Pop. 8,367.
Wilmington, an important commercial t. and port of entry of N. C., cap. of New Hanover co., on Cape Fear r., 34 m. from its mouth. Lat. 34° 11' N., Lon. 78° 10' W. Pop. 4,744.
W11/-NẠ or Vilna, a t. of European Russia, cap. of a gov. of the same name, and formerly of Lithuania, at the confluence of the Vilepka and Vilia, an affluent of the Niemen, 90 m. N. E. of Grodno. The University of Wilna was suppressed in 1832, and its library of 200,000 vols. transferred to St. Petersburg. Lat. 54° 41' N., Lon. 25° 18' E. Pop. 58,000. (P. C.)
W11/-son, a co. in the N. central part of Tenn., on the S. side of the Cumberland r. Pop. 24,460. Co. t. Lebanon.
Wilt/-suỊRE, a co. in the S. W. part of England, W. of London. Pop. 258,733.
WIN-CHES-TER, a city of England, cap. of Hampshire, 63 m. S. W. of London. Pop., including an area of above 3 sq. m., 10,732. WINCHESTER, a t. of Va.,
cap. of Frederick co., on a small affluent of the Potomac. A railroad, 30 m. long, connects it with the Baltimoro and Ohio Railroad, at Harper's Ferry. Pop. 3,454.
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WIND-UẠm, a co. forming the S. E. extremity of Vt. Pop. 27,442. Co. t. Fayetteville.
WINDHAM, a co. forming the N. E. extremity of Conn. Pop. 28,080. .Co. t. Brooklyn.
WIND-sok, a t. of England, in Berkshire, on the Thames, 20 m. W. by S. from London, remarkable as the site of Windsor Castle, the principal country seat of the English sovereigns. Pop., including an area of above 4 sq. m., 7,786.
Windsor, a co. towards the S. E. part of Vt., on the Connecticut r. Pop. 40,316. Co. towns, Woodstock and Windsor.
WIN-NE-BA'-Go, a co. in the N. part of Ill., bordering on Wisconsin. Pop. 4,609. Co. t. Rockford.
WINNEBAGO, a co. in the E. part of Wisconsin, on the W. side of Winnebago L. Pop. 135.
Win-NJ-PEG, a large L. of British America, between 50° 30' and 54° N. Lat., and 95° 30' and 99° 30' W. Lon. Length about 250 m.; greatest breadth 70 m. The rivers Nelson and Severn form its outlets, and discharge themselves into Hudson's Bay.
Win'-Ng-Pis'-E-O-GEE (-je), usually pronounced win'-ne-pis-sok/-ke, a lake in the E. central part of N. H., connected by the Winnipiseogee r. with the Merrimack. Length, 22 m.; greatest breadth, about 10 m.
Win-ston, a co. in the N. E. central part of Miss. Pop. 4,650. Co. seat, Louisville.
WIRTEMBERG. See WÜRTEMBERG.
WISBADEN, Wis'-bål-den or Wiesbaden, Wees'-bål-den, (Anc. Mattiacum ?) a t. and celebrated watering-place of Germany, cap. of the duchy of Nassau, on an affluent of the Rhine, 6 m. N. N. '
W. of Mentz. It owes its prosperity, and probably its name (see BADEN), to its warm mineral springs, which were known to the Romans, and are called by Pliny, fontes calidi Mattiaci, or the "warm springs of Mattiacum or Mattiacus." There are 25 private bathing establishments and two public ones. Wisbaden contains a public library of 60,000 vols., besides other institutions. Permanent pop. about 10,000. (P. C.).
Wis-By, a seaport t. of Sweden, cap. of the Island of Gottland, situated on the W. coast. In the middle ages it was a member of the Hanseatic League, and one of thę most important places of trade in the N. of Europe. Though greatly fallen from its ancient prosperity, it is still, according to Balbi, the fourth town, as respects maritime trade, in the kingdom of Sweden. Lat. 57° 39' N., Lon. 18° 26' E. Pop. 4,000. (P. C.)
Wis-CASI-set, a port of entry of Me., and one of the capitals of Lincoln co., situated at the mouth of Sheepscot r.
W1s-con-sin or WISKONSIN (formerly written Ouisconsin), an extensive territory of the U. S., situated between L. Michigan and the Mississippi r., and extending from 42° 30' to 49° N. Lat., and from about 879 to 103° W. Lon.; bounded on the N. and N. E. by British America, L. Superior, and Michigan, E. by L. Michigan, S. by Illinois, and W. by the state of Iowa and Iowa Territory, from which it is separated
Fate, får, fåll, fåt; mé, một; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; öö as in good; principally by the Mississippi r.; and divided into 23 counties.* Area vaguely estimated at 100,000 sq. m. Pop. 30,945. Madison, a little t. in Dane co., on an affluent of Rock r., is the capital.
Wisconsin, a r. of the above territory, falling into the Mississippi near 43° N. Lat., and 91° W. Lon. Length estimated at 400 m. ; its navigation is impeded by sand-bars.
Wismar, Wis-mạr, a fortified sea port t. of Germany, in the grand duchy of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, on a bay of the Baltic, called the Walpich (wảl/-pin), with an excellent harbour. Lat. 53° 50' N., Lon. 11° 35 E. Pop. about 10,000. (P. C.)
WISSEMBOURG, vis'-sảm-boor', a fortified t. of France, in the dep. of Lower Rhine, on the Bavarian frontier, 33 m. N. by E. from Strasburg.
WIT-EPsK' or VITEBSK, a t. of European Russia, cap. of a gov. of the same name, on the Dwina, 330 m. S. by W. from St. Petersburg. Pop. about 14,400. (M.)
WIT-TEN-BERG (Ger. pron. Wit'-en-běry'), a t. of Prussian Saxony, once the cap. of the electorate of Saxony, on the Elbe. It is interesting as the cradle of the Reformation ; Luther and Melancthon were professors in its university, and their remains are deposited in its cathedral. A superb colossal statue of Luther, in bronze, was erected in the market-place, in 1821. Lat. 51° 53' N., Lon. 12° 46' E. Pop. 8,500, exclusive of the garrison. (P. C.)
WIVELISCOMBE, wils/-kum, a small t. of England, in Somersetshire.
WOLFENBÜTTEL, Wol-fen-büt'-tęl, a t. of Germany, in Brunswick, cap. of a circle of the same name, on the Ocker, 8 m. S. of Brunswick. It contains a magnificent ducal library, with near 200,000 vols. Lat. 52° 9' N., Lon. 10° 32' E. Pop., including the suburbs, about 10,000. (P. C.)
WOLVERHAMPTON, wool'-ver-hamp-ton, a manufacturing t. of England, in Staffordshire, 13 m. N. W. of Birmingham. Pop. of the township, with an area of 5 sq. m., 36,382. In the vicinity are extensive mines of coal and iron ore, to which the town owes its prosperity.
Woov, a co. in the N. W. part of Va., on the Ohio r. Pop. 7,923. Co. t. Parkersburg.
Wood, a co. in the N. W. part of Ohio, on the S. E. side of the Maumee r. Pop. 5,357. Co. t. Perrysburg.
Wood'-FORD, a co. in the N. E. central part of Ky., on the E. side of Kentucky r. Pop. 11,740. Co. t, Versailles.
WOODFORD, a co. in the N. central part of Ill., on the E. side of Illinois r. Co. t. Woodford.
Woolwich, woõll-ich, a seaport t. of England, in Kent, on the S. side of the Thames, 7m. E. of London, important on account of its dockyard, arsenal, and other naval and military establishments. Pop. 25,785.
• Brown, Calumet, Crawford, St. Croix, Dane, Dodge, Fond du Lac, Grant, Green, Iowa, Jefferson, Manitouwoc, Marquette, Milwaukie, Portage, Racine, Richland, Rock, Sauk, Sheboygan, Walworth, Washington, Winnebago.
ou, as in our ; th, as in thin; th, as in this; n, nearly like ng. WORCESTER, wõõs'-ter, a city of England, cap. of Worcestershire, on the Severn, here crossed by a fine stone bridge, with 5 arches, 100 m. W. N. W. of London. It has extensive manufactures of gloves : porcelain and fine earthenware are also produced here. Lat. 52° 9' N., Lon. 2° W. Pop. 25,401.
WORCESTER, a co. occupying the central part of Mass., and extending across the state. Pop. 95,313.
WORCESTER, a flourishing and handsome t. of Mass., cap. of the above, on the Boston and Albany Railroad, where it is connected with the Norwich and Worcester Railroad, and at the termination of the Blackstone River Canal, about 40 m., in a straight line, W. by S. from Boston. Lat. 42° 16' N., Lon. 71° 48' W. Pop. 7,497.
WORCESTER, a co. forming the S. E. extremity of Md. Pop. 18,377. Co. t. Snow Hill.
WOTTON-UNDER-EDGE, usually pronounced wool-ton-und/-ridge, a small t. of England, in Gloucestershire, 17 m. S. by W. from Gloucester.
Worms (Ger. pron. Worms; Anc. Borbitomagus, afterwards Vangiones), a celebrated but decayed city of Germany, in Hesse Darmstadt, on the left bank of the Rhine, 26 m. S. S. E. of Mentz. It was anciently one of the residences of the Frankish sovereigns. Charlemagne was married here. The Lutheran Church, in the market-place, in which is a painting of Luther before the Diet of Worms, now occupies the site of the council-hall in which that Diet was held. Lat. 49° 38' N., Lon. 8° 21' E. Pop. 8,500. (P. C.)
WREX-HẠM, a handsome t. of Wales, in Denbighshire, 11 m. W. from Chester. Pop. 5,818.
Wright, a co. towards the S. part of Mo., on the head branches of the Gasconade r.
WÜRTEMBERG, wurl-tem-berg', (Ger. pron. WÜR!-tem-bêrG',) often written W1RTEMBERG, a kingdom of Germany, between 47° 35' and 49° 35' N. Lat., and 8° 15' and 10° 30' E. Lon. Length 140 m.; greatest breadth 96 m. Area 7,626 sq. m. Pop. in 1838, 1,649,839. (M.) The government of Würtemberg is a limited monarchy. Stuttgart is the capital.
WÜRZBURG, wurtsl-burg, (Ger. pron. Würts-boðRG,) an ancient walled city of Bavaria, cap. of the circle of the Lower Mayn, on the Mayn, 62 m. E. S. E. of Frankfort. The University of this place, founded in 1402, is especially distinguished for its school of medicine ; it contains a library of 120,000 vols. (M.) Lat. 49° 46' N., Lon. gó 56' E. Pop. 25,000, exclusive of the garrison. (P. C.)
Wycome, wikl-um, a small t. of England, in Buckinghamshire, 27 m. W. N. W. of London.
WY-0-MING, a co. in the W. part of N. Y., S. W. of Rochester. Co. t. Warsaw.
WYOMING, a co. in the N. E. part of Pa., intersected by the E. branch of the Susquehanna. Co. t. Tunkhannock.
WYTHE, with, (th as in thin,) a co. in the S. W. part of Va., intersected by the New r.
Fate, får, fall, fåt; mė, mét; plne or pine, pin; nd, not; öð as in good;
XALAPA or Jalapa, hå-lå-på, (see Int. XXVII., 17,) a t. of Mexico, 55 m. N. W. of Vera Cruz. Pop. estimated at 13,000. (M.) The medicinal herb jalap owes its name to this town; it grows abundantly in the vicinity:
XERES or JERES DE LA FRONTERA, udl-ris då lå fron-ta-rå, a t. of Spain, in Andalusia, 17 m. N. N. E. of Cadiz. It is the great emporium of the wine called Sherry, grown in its vicinity. Pop. 34,000. (B.)
Xingu or Chingu, shin-goo', (see Int. XXVI., 11,) a large r. of Brazil, flowing into the Amazon, near its mouth. Length estimated at 1,500 m.
Y, pronounced i, an arm of the Zuyder Zee, in Holland.
YAK-OOTSK! (Yakutsk), a t. of E. Siberia, cap. of a prov. of the same name, on the Lena. Lat. 62° 2' N., Lon. 147° 44' E. Pop. about 4,000. (M.)
YAL'-A-BU/-SHẠ, a co. towards the N. part of Miss., intersected by the Yalabusha r. Pop. 12,248. Co. seat, Coffeeville.
Yan-cy, a co. in the N. W. part of N. C., bordering on Tenn. Pop. 5,962. Co. t. Burnsville.
YANG-TSE-KIANG (ke-ang'), or “ blue river;" called, also, sometimes, TA Kiang, or “great river," the largest r. of China. Its source has never been visited by Europeans, but, according to the statements of some Chinese travellers, it appears to rise between 34° and 35° N. Lat., and 89° and 90° E. Lon. Its general course is easterly, and it falls into the Pacific in about 32° N. Lat., and 121° E. Lon. Its breadth in the last 800 m. of its course varies from 1 to 3 m. The tide ascends about 400 m.: in this part the depth of the river is very great; a Chinese proverb says, " the sea has no boundary, and the Ta-Kiang no bottom.” The whole length of the Yang-tse-Kiang is estimated at above 3,000 m.
YANINA. See JANINA.
YAR'-KUND', often written YARKAND (see Int. XIX., 1, Obs.), the chief city of Chinese Toorkistan, on a r. of its own name. Lat. about 38° 20' N., Lon. 76° 20' E. Pop. estimated at 50,000. (M.)
YARI-MOUTH, a seaport t. of England, on the North Sea, partly in the co. of Norfolk and partly in that of Suffolk, at the mouth of the r. Yare, 108 m. N. E. of London. It is the principal seat of the English herring fishery. Lat. 52° 37' N., Lon. 1° 44' E. Pop. 24,086.
YAROSLAF (Jaroslavl or Jaroslaw), yår -o-slåfy, an important commercial and manufacturing t. of European Russia, cap. of a gov. of the same name, on the Volga. Lat. 57° 38' N., Lon. 40° 10' E. Pop. 28.500.
Yates, a co. in the W. part of N. Y., S. E. of Rochester. Pop. 20,444. Co. t. Penn Yan.
YẠz-ool, a r. in the N. W. part of Miss., falling into the Mississippi T., a little above Vicksburg.