Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought
Oxford University Press, 2001 - 499 էջ
R.J. Hankinson traces the history of ancient Greek thinking about causation and explanation, from its earliest beginnings around 600 BC through to the middle of the first millennium of the Christian era. The ancient Greeks were the first Western civilization to subject the ideas of cause and explanation to rigorous and detailed analysis, and to attempt to construct theories about them on the basis of logic and experience. Hankinson examines the ways in which they dealt with questions about how and why things happen as and when they do, about the basic constitution and structure of things, about function and purpose, laws of nature, chance, coincidence, and responsibility. Such diverse questions are unified by the fact that they are all demands for an account of the world that will render it amenable to prediction and control; they are therefore at the root of both philosophical and scientific enquiry. Hankinson draws on a wide range of original sources, in philosophy, natural sciences, medicine, history, and the law, in order to create a synoptic picture of the growth and development of these central concepts in the Graeco-Roman world.
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I The Presocratics
II Science and Sophistry
Explanation and Nature
Explanation and the World
VI The Atomists
VII The Stoics
VIII The Sceptics
Այլ խմբագրություններ - View all
action actual Aenesidemus aitia Alexander Anaxagoras Anaximander animals antecedent causes appears archē argues argument Aristotelian Aristotle Aristotle's Atomists atoms basic causal Chrysippus Cicero claim concept concerned containing cause Democritus determinism disease distinct divine doctrine earth effect elements empirical Empiricism Empiricists Epicureans Epicurus Erasistratus eternal everything evidence existence explanation explanatory F-ness fact fate fire function fundamental G. E. R. Lloyd Galen genuine Greek Hankinson heavenly bodies Heavens hence Herophilus human hypothesis ibid inference intelligible least Lucretius material mathematical matter medicine Metaphysics moon Moreover motion move nature necessity objects Parmenides particular perception phenomena Philoponus philosophical physical Plato Plotinus Posidonius Posterior Analytics principle prior Proclus produce properties Pythagorean reason rejects relation responsible result sceptical sense Sextus Sextus Empiricus Simplicius simply Socrates soul Stoics structure substance suggests supposed teleology Theophrastus theory things Timaeus universe void Xenocrates