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to ask, timidly, “ Was Mr. —, the gentleman | only have lost a bishop, and lengthened the you were speaking of, a music-master?”

game." “Yes," said Cecil.

"Yes,” said Marie, wearily. Sir Miles looked up in astonishment at her My lady rolled up her knitting. confused manner.

Miles, the poor child is tired. It is "Do you wish to take lessons, Marie?” quite time for us all to retire. Good-night, asked Augusta. " That is the most sensible Marie.” thing I have beard you say yet.”

Then her ladyship received Marie's kiss "No; oh, no! Í only thought-I mean I upon her rouged cheeks. Sir Miles just touched have heard the name before."

the little hand of his betrothed with his lips, "Indeed !” said Sir Miles: "may I ask and turned to reprove bis mother for having under what circumstances ?”

called her a child; and the cheeks of the sis"lo France. A gentleman named Sutton ters touched that of the stranger frigidly. And once stayed a few weeks with papa," replied the little heiress was shut up in her own room, Marie, growing bolder as she saw the expression alone. Was it to be always like this? How of the baronet's face. She was very much could she live, and bear it? 'Her eye wandered afraid of him; but she did think he had hardly down to the crape about her dress : she took it a right to question her so disagreeably.

up and pressed her face upon it passionately; Hardly likely to be the same person,” said for was it not the only tbing that remained to Sir Miles, coldly:

her of him who loved her so well ? She said to "Now I think it extremely probable,” ex- herself that they were very kind to her, these claimed Georgie, mischievously. "And what strange, cold English people; but oh! they a romantic

were not like him! She was afraid of the Cecil telegraphed to her to be quiet. He saw stately Sir Miles: she trembled at his voice, the frown deepening on his brother's brow, and but not as lovers tremble. A feeling of glad knew that a very little more would be dan- relief came over her as she reflected that a year gerous.

must elapse before he would ask for the fulfilCecil!” said Augusta,” have the goodness to ment of the compact her father had made for ask this protégé of yours when he will recom her. His wife! To be his always, always mence his lessons ?"

belonging to him, subject to him! The thought Sir Miles rustled his paper again.

began to be full of terror to her, and with that "I am going out of town in a fortnight,” he shrinking terror came the question, "Why said.

should it be? Was there absolutely no es“Nonsense! Miles."

cape? Then again came the darkened chamThe baronet did not think this worth a reply. ber, and a faint voice said to her, painfully, and

"Well, then, Cecil, tell him so; and tell him at broken intervals, “I leave you to him, conwe hope he will call — say favour us with a call tented. Remember, you are his promised wife! -before we leave town. I really must have Speak, my daughter-promise!". some idea how to manage that German song.And Marie had promised. Nothing remained

Then Sir Miles sat down to chess with Marie. but to fulfil! It was useless to think it over He liked playing with her because she never again an again, as she did now: there was no won, and was quite content to be beaten-a escape! A shade of colour Aitted across her rare quality where chess is concerned and the face suddenly at the recollection of the name sisters carried on a conversation in an under which had so startled her when Cecil Bellenden tone at one end of the room. It was an im- spoke it. Involuntarily she repeated it softlymense nuisance to bave Marie there just then: " Harry Sutton !" Could it be the same? The it had completely spoilt their town-visit. Now scene on the Merman-rock came back to her Miles had allowed no balls, no gaiety, no life of when he was tired and weak, and she had rolled any description—all because that stupid child up the cloak into a footstool. She would like was in mourning. And then this sudden to see him again, just to knowth freak of going back before the season was over! bered her-just to find out that she had not There never was a man so full of whims. There offended him, when he went away in that was one comfort, however—it would be better strange manner. He would be grieved for her in the country for some reasons. He would father, too. He had been so kind and gentle not surely be so particular about parties and to her; and she had no friends now-no friends, gaiety :

: no one was in the country, and besides, not one! And then she covered her face, and it was quite a month since Mr. Rutherford's sobbed like a weary child, rocking herself to death, and time for Marie to put off some of and fro. That was the beginning of the old that heavy crape.

life; and it was so hard to feel that it was left “Checkmate !” exclaimed Sir Miles. “You behind forever--and she was alone ! played more foolishly than usual, Marie.

Cecil Bellenden fulfilled his sister's injunc“I am very sorry.

tions, and Harry waited a week, irresolutely: “You ought to have seen that, when I un- then he went to call in Square ; but he was covered check by bishop in the knight, which too late. Something had caused the “man of also gave check, it would be mate : whereas, if whims," as Miss Bellenden called Sir Miles, to you had taken the knight last move, you would alter his plans, and the family had left town.

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“There it ends, George,” said poor Harry, Harry, my boy, I have no intention of trydrearily, and now to work, with what spirit i ing your temper, and it is no improbable may."

chance which I suggested. On the contrary, if I had not been persuaded that the thing is

not only probable but nearly certain, I should CHAP. IV.

never have spoken to you about it.”

“Do you mean- have you discovered anyThe summer faded into autumn, and the thing ?” leaves in Bellenden Park began to grow brown; “I believe I have. You know that I am but Harry Sutton had done no work. One constitutionally lazy, nevertheless, I have taken evening he sat brooding over something, silent some trouble about all this since I heard your as usual, when, looking up, he caught his tale; and, having once put my fingers into riend's eye fixed upon him curiously.

your pie, I dou't mean to rest till I have found “ Burford !” exclaimed Harry, as though the bottom of it." he fancied George had been reading his Tell me what you have found out." thoughts-"I shall start to-morrow."

“Not yet. Now listen to me. You think, “Pleasant journey to you. Might one ask and I know, that the engagement between Sir where?”

Miles and Miss Rutherford is a mere matter of “ Where?"

£ s. d. Sir Miles would be as likely to eat his “ Into the country.”

own finger-nails as to marry Miss Rutherford “ To the little village of Leighton Wood, just if she were poor-I happen to know that for a outside the park-gates of Bellenden ?” said fact. The contract was made on the mutual George.

benefit system between her father and the young Harry nodded.

baronet. Sir Miles wants money, Rutherford, “Well, what for?”

and the Rutherford pride, wanted increase of “Look here, George- I can't help it. I consequence, and the mortgage on the Bellenmust see her again! I do not believe that she den estate is to be paid off by the Rutherford likes that man: it was all her father's doing. wealth, on condition that the name should be She will be sacrificed to him!”

henceforth Bellenden Rutherford.” There was a queer smile curling the lips of “ How can you possibly know that?" his friend, and he stopped.

Very simply. Cecil Bellenden is a great “Do you know her well enough to answer for friend of mine—but I did not get it all from the attractions of a title, you stupid boy?” him. Never mind asking questions—I always

"Title!” repeated Harry, contemptuously. thought, you know, that I was a good lawyer

“You do, or at least you think you do. Well, spoilt ! Well, of course the appearance of a and what good can you do by going down to legal claimant to the estate would destroy all Leighton Wood ?”

that. But now look here, Harry; the question " I don't know; but I must do it.”

is, would Miss Rutherford rather part with all “Very well : I shall accompany you.” her wealth than marry Sir Miles ? “You! what on earth for?

“I cannot answer that." “As keeper- there, now, be quiet, and I'll “Some women would. I think, from your tell you what for. Thinking over Mr. Ruther- description of her, that she might be one." ford's story, did it never oecur to you that the "I don't see that that affects it at all,” said elder-brother may

have left a child, or Harry, gloomily. “Justice ought to be done." children?”

“But no one made you or me judges that we "I don't know. I may have thought of it : should interfere. Besides this, the suspected but Mr. Rutherford would have found them if heir is in happy unconsciousness; and, after 80; and he distinctly said there was no trace all, my conviction may be a wrong one. One except the one that assured him of his brother's often sees a checkmate balked by an unexpected death."

move; therefore you and I, Harry, having a “They may exist, nevertheless."

certain interest in this heiress, would not make “I don't see what good that would do me," ourselves busybodies and meddlers to her insaid Harry, discontentedly.

jury.” “Why, if Miss Rutherford were no heiress, "And, after all this, are you going to let her you would at least be on equal terms with her be sacrificed to that man, whom you know she as to fortune."

must hate, title and all ?” A momentary gleam came into Harry's eye "No. I am just going to find out whether as he looked up at the speaker; but he did not she does hate the title, and whether she would answer.

rather pay the price of freedom or wear it.” “ Well, would your love for this heiress lead Georgs, you are a brick! But how?" you to dispossess her ¿ That is the question." "I will tell you: but I must have no jealousy

“It is no question at all. You are merely and nonsense. It may be all very well, and trying my temper by supposing improbable lover-like, to wish to do this yourself; but you chances. I wish you would not do it, George.". cannot, and for this simple reason-Sir Miles

His mentor looked at him for a moment, and has conceived a violent prejudice against you ; then took up the oratorical position on the I don't know why, unless it is the instinct rug.

which scents an enemy. Now I am a tame,

harmless animal, to whom he has no objection; | Burford, putting his hand on Harry's arm. while I am so ugly and uncouth, that he would “ Well?" not fear to trust the prize with me. He is very “ It seems to me that you cannot cure yourproud of his park, and great on the subject of self here. Now, if we fail

, or if you see that autumnal tints; what do you say, Harry the title, &c.-well, well, you know what I shall you and I go down to Leighton Wood, take mean-in that case, I say, you will come back up our quarters at the inn, to which you must another man: the knowledge will work its own keep pretty close, while I will do a few cure.” etches ?"

“You are mistaken,' said Harry, passionately, Harry assented, but his assent was not en- “Nothing will cure me, if cure you call it. But thusiastic. This was bringing the thing down George, I say—" to a prosaic level. He would have liked to rush " What now ?" off to Bellenden and beard the lion in his den. Harry pulled out a note-book, and looked at He persuaded himself that, if Sir Miles had it dismally. been a man likely to make her happy, he could “Let me see-plenty for all you will want," have given Marie up cheerfully-that he only said Burford, composedly. "As for anything wanted to save her from certain misery ; but he extra, you don't suppose I began this business would have liked, as George said, to do it him- without counting the cost. When you are rich self.

I'll call upon you for payment--if there is any"We shall at least gain something," said thing to pay."

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"The poets have feigned strange things of the moon; 1 connection with Azara, or the White Goddess, and the ancients went so far into the whimsies, as Strabo tells us she was called by those deas to be guilty of idolatry, by paying divine honours scendants of the ancient Egyptians, the Copts. to the moon."-Rev. Thomas Dyche's Dictionary. Hear Horace in his secular hymn (Chorus of

Virgins), With all respect for the once reverend schoolmaster of Stratford-le-Bow, to whose curious "Oh moon, thou horned Queen of stars learning we owe at least as much amusement Hear the virgins;” as instruction, the above paragraph, to read correctly, requires transposition ; for the sacred and such chants had been sung to her from poets feigned nothing of the kind, and before the beginning; for "there is little doubt," says Homer the moon had her place in the theogony Gebelin, “that the Fête of the New Moon was of eastern nations, and Solomon the pervert of the first to be observed by all antique nations.' a Sidonian devotee (or a score of them) had It does not require much imagination to concrowned the Mount of Olives with a temple to ceive how in the beginning those people to

Ashtaroth, whom the Phænicians called | whom the God of Abraham did not reveal him. Astarte, Queen of Heaven, with crescent horns."* self, save through his works, perceiving within

It is, indeed, only by referring to those dim themselves, not only their individual dependence, times, and remembering that the opening lines but that of the times and seasons, upon some of Manfred's address to the sun,

unseen Power, should have embodied this per.

ception in Nature-worship, of which the sun and “Glorious orb, thou wert a worship ere moon were the centres. The mystery of thy being was revealed," From the very first, we find them associated,

in the religious history of the most ancient naare equally applicable to the sister luminary, thatit tions, as presiding deities--the gods from whom is possible to throw a light on the strange super- light, and heat, coolness and rest, with all the stiitons and customs, not yet quite exploded, in accessory blessings of existence, proceded

Husbandry, the principal source of wealth to * The Egyptians symbolized the moon, or Isis, by a primitive peoples, depended wholly on the sun's for the same reason as below

motions; while the value of moonlight to persons Astarte, Ashtaroth, Queen of Heaven, is some- ignorant of artificial lights has not so long been times represented with a cow's head, the horns of unknown to civilized countries as to render our which described the crescent moon,

fathers oblivious of it. Nota Bene, the moon


will be op;” or “N.B., it will be moonlight,” patronesss and protectress of women, she is has been the suggestive postcript to many a about them from infancy to their death-bed, and provincial playbill, within the last century, in through all phases of their lives—at birth, at England.

marriage, in child-bed-the great mother, under But moonlight_subsequent to the period one or other of her many names, supports and when Bottom the Weaver played “ The man in aids them. “Hence,” says Dr. Smith, “she bore the moon," with a lantern, and moonlight in the special surnames Virginalis and Matrona ;” times previous to those in which flambeaux and all these names (with few exceptions) howsoft (easily extinguished by wind or rain) were its only and sweet and musical they are ! from the Egypsubstitute, are two different conditions of the tian lo, which it is more like a sigh than a sound, same thing.

to the laughing Arab Allilat, and the sadness of The changes of the moon, more frequent and our Anglo-Saxon Mona. Listen to Horace, striking than those of the sun, and the rapidity whom Augustus employed to compose hymns of its apparent motions, caused it to have been for the secular feasts, where in the third chant regarded even before the sun's revolutions were he invokes Diana. attended to ; hence the reckoning of time by the “Illythie, Lucine, Genetylle (all names of moon's motions, and following the lunar instead Diana), by whatever name thou art called, Godof the solar year.

The ancient Saxons followed dess, who bringest all things to maturity, protect this primitive and simple mode of calculating our mothers of families, give them numerous the year by the course of the moon. They offspring, bless the decrees of the senate in fa. commenced the new year always on the night vour of marriages, &c., &c." of the 25th of December, which was called The subdivision of the great mother, by the “Modra-nect," the mother of the nights. Taci- individualizing of her attributes, appears to have tus says of the Germans, that they counted followed the division of time into the twelve their days by the nights; the nights they said months of the year which her motions regulated. brought forth the days. We still retain ves. The sun and moon were naturally supposed to tiges of this mode of calculating time, in the preside over the whole twelve months, six of phrases, se'nnight, (seven nights,) fortnight, &c. which were thought to be governed by the

The moon was regarded by the ancients either moon, while the other six were under the doas the wife or sister of the sun, and presided minion of the sun. Ancient peoples painted in over the night as the sun presided over the day. the calender six moons and six suns, or six With the Egyptians, the word Rhé, which meant men and six women, to describe this division, the sun, had a feminine termination, Rhea, representing each with a different emblem, pronounced by the Hebrews, Irhe, or Irha, symbolical of the character of the month, and which' signified the moon and the month. And the work to be done in it. With the Romans, of to this day, the word Re in Irish means the whom we Europeans know more than of any moon, and time; a fact which Court de Gebelen other ancient people, the six protectresses of alludes to, and which the present writer has the months were, Juno, Minerva, Venus, Ceres, tested.

Diana, and Vesta. Juno, Queen of the Gods The word is one with the Greek Héra, which and of Heaven, was the moon of January, the designated the true Juno; butJuno, according to first month in the year. The March moon was the author of the “Monde Primitif,” was her- sacred to Minerva, the protectress of art and self the moon, to whom as Queen of Heaven industry. Venus, mother of love, was the moon the new moons were always sacred.

of April, in which nature renews the whole Dr. Smith tells us that Hera was called Juno earth with fresh verdure and new generations. by the Romans, and he regards her as one with Ceres, the bright-haired goddess of harvest, was the great Goddess of Nature, everywhere wor- the August moon. Diana, the deity of the shipped from the earliest times. True he does chase, was the November moon. And Vesta, not identify her with the moon; but if one with goddess of fire, the moon of December. the Asiatic goddess Rhea, the “great mother,” The Hebrews called the moon Lebanah, or “mother of the Gods and Queen of Heaven,' white ; and gave the same name, says Gebelin, Astarte, whom the Sidonians, Phænicians, and to Mount Lebanon, because of the snow that Hebrews worshipped, then is she none other covered it. But as they sacrificed to the “ than the moon herself, by whatever name she is and all the Hosts of Heaven," on the high places, veiled. In varying mythologies, she is found may there not be a closer affinity between the under many others; for, true to her changeful name of the mountain and that of the ancient nature, her attributes are as diverse as her goddess? It seems not unnatural, considering phases - Juno, Ino, lo, Isis, Helene, Silene, the solemnity of the Feast of New Moons, orLucina, Diana, Athené, celestial Venus, Athyr, dained by the Mosaical law, and which was Phæbe, Latona, Moneta, Mena, Mona, Luna, celebrated with a pomp and in a manner far Allilat, Lucan, Hecate, Lebanah, and many exceeding the ceremonial of the Sabbath, that others; yet all are one with the great Artemis, the Jews should have fallen into the error of the and Ashtaroth, who made the Israelites to sin. heathen, and have offered incense, and kissed Her personifications are infinite, separate, and their hands to the moon. distinct, and yet in all she is specially identifiedDiana on earth, Luna in Heaven, Hecate in hell. * The Arabians call a white horse a moon-coloured But under every form and title, she is the horse.


Let my readers observe that action which a The Phænicians celebrated the new moons verse in Job has preserved for us, for I shall very nearly in the same way as the Greeks : they have to recall it. " If,” he exclaims, in his pro- set forth tables before their doors, and in the testation of integrity—“if I beheld the sun vestibules of their houses, as well as in the public when it shined, or the moon walking in bright- thoroughfares and cross-roads, in honour of ness, and my heart had been secret!y enticed, Menè or Astarte, one with the moon; and in or my mouth had kissed my hand, this also this custom originated the Roman usage during were an iniquity to be punished by the judge, i the Lectisternia, of placing the images of the for I should have denied the God that is above." Gods on tables or beds. The Phænicians, and Doubtless such was the salutation of the Jewish most other peoples, lit on these occasions great Fomen, who kneaded dough to make sacrificial Sres, over which they and their children leaped, cakes to the Queen of Heaven ;' cakes of with an idea that it purified them. honey and fine flour, such as the Egyptians and These fires were transmitted by tradition to the women of ancient Rome offered to her re- Christian times, and were insensibly abolished presentatives ; cakes round like herself, which by the councils. The Romans also observed Bede speaks of.

the Neomines. Horace says, “If at the time On the Feast of New Moons the Hebrews of the new moon you raise your suppliant hands offered two male oxen, a sheep, and seven to Heaven, and appease the household gods lambs as a sacrifice, with cakes made of Aour with incense, fruits, and a ravening swine, and oil, and aspersions of wine, besides a ram your corn and vines shall be saved from blight, for the expiation of sin; this sacrifice was and your flocks suffer no evil.” accompanied by the sound of trumpets, and Most savage nations observe some sort of many bymns and prayers. The new moon was ceremony on the appearance of the new moon. announced by the blowing of horns, and there Negroes” kiss their hands to her, and ask that were persons appointed to give notice the mo- their happiness may increase with her quarters. ment she rose, for it was from the instant of her Others salute her on their knees, and wish that apparition, and not from that of her renewal, their lives_may be renewed like hers. The that they counted the beginning of the month. Mexicans, Peruvians, Caribbians, and other peo

With the Greeks the new moon was equally ple of South America, are said by Gebelin, to sacred : Plutarch calls it the most sacred of days. greet her appearance, as did the ancient Romans, The Athenians offered sacrifices in the Citadel, with cries, howling, and a great noise. They accompanied by prayers for the public felicity are more moderate, according to this writer, in during the course of the month. Children Asia : the Javanese break forth into songs of emplored the gods for their parents, and cakes joy on beholding her, and the people of Bengal mixed with honey were given to a sacred ser receive her with acclamations and dances. pent. They placed in the cross-roads tables The Chinese consecrate both the new and covered with bread for the poor, who took it full moons to the memories of their ancestors, away, when it was said that Hecate had eaten and burn tapers before their images. it. On the night preceding the new moon the In the Highlands of Scotland, Aubrey tells us people ran into the streets and cross-roads, and that the women make a curtsey to ihe new called on Hecate seven times, howling and sing- moon; and our English women, he says, have a ing mournful songs, in memory of Ceres and touch of this, some of them sitting astride a Proserpine.

gate or stile the first evening the new moon Hecate, thus envoked on the vigil of the new appears, and saying, “A fine moon, God bless inoon, and called up by their cries from Hades, her!" "The like," he adds, “I observed io Herewas regarded as queen of the dead and of the fordshire." Homer, in the most lovely descriplower world. She kept the ghosts of those tion of moonlight ever written, and which Pope whose bones remained unburied on this side has admirably translated, has these linesStyx a hundred years, and wandered about at night, with a spectral train of phantoms and “The conscious swains, rejoicing in the sight, demons. She presided over witchcraft and Eye the blue vault, and bless the useful light.” magic, and dwelt in tombs and places where two roads crossed, of which, under the name of Tri. Another writer sinforms us that in Yorkshire via, she was the titular divinity.* Proserpine, girls kneel on a ground-fast stone, while turning or Hecate, was said to be the darkened moon, the head over the right shoulder, they invoke which disappeared for certain hours, and was said her thus to have taken refuge in Hell, where she reigned as she had done in Heaven, and whence she was "All hail to thee, Moon ! all hail to thee! recalled by the people's cries. Dogs, lambs, and I prithee, good moon, declare to me, honey were offered to her.

This night in my dreams, who my husband may be !” May not some lingering of this superstition have After which ceremony they go to bed as quickly given rise to the weird custom of burying suicides and as possible, in the hope of dreaming of the man murderers in the cross-roads, by which act they whom they are to marry: were as it were devoted to the infernal Gods, and their

In Dr. Jamieson's Étymological Dictionary spirits condemned to wander about for a hundred years of the Scottish language, we find that in Scotas is still believed in Ireland ?

land the invocation ran thus

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