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363 These warehouses contain numerous boxes, | twelve hundred persons, and conveniently placed chests, and packing-cases, in which the books, for giving to the occupants a full view of those clothes, implements, and other out-fittings of the who may be on the platform. This hall is intended missionaries are sent; and connected with them is for various kinds of meetings connected with the the necessary commercial machinery for maintain- Wesleyan body; and as the number of persons ing intercourse, by shipping, with all the foreign assembled within it is sometimes likely to be constations of the society.

siderable, the floor is supported by pillars in the Adjoining the warehouses is a room which, when room beneath. the arrangements of the new building are thoroughly As the completion of the edifice has been only brought into working order, will be a very inter- very recent, some of the apartments are scarcely esting one ; viz., the out-fitting room. In this room yet occupied in the way which they will ultimately will ultimately be deposited (and are so now to a be; but a general idea of the whole may be formed partial extent) all the out-fittings which the society from the above details. is accustomed to give a missionary when about to The only purpose which we have in describing proceed to foreign parts. On shelves are ranged such a building in a work like the present, is bereligious books of various kinds, as well as others cause it is one of the engines,-one part of the which would be valuable to a missionary; while great working machinery,—in the cause of civi. in drawers are deposited the materials for making lization. It is because the advancing operations of clothing, as well as many other articles, to be used at missionary enterprise have reached to such an such times and in such quantity as may be required. extent as they now have, that the building hitherto

Returning from the warehouses and outfitting- possessed by this society no longer affords the reroom back to the quadrangle, we proceed to the quisite facilities for conducting it; and the new upper apartments of the new building, or“ mission building becomes, therefore, in some sense, a meahouse." A circular or rather semi-circular stair- sure of civilizing progress. This remark, although case, of very elegant construction, leads up to the applied here to the Wesleyan missions, is applicatop of the building ; having, on the level of each ble also to the other admirable societies of a kinfloor, a gallery or landing-place, from which the dred nature. doors of the several apartments open.


Those persons who have not paid much attention apartments are employed for various purposes of to these matters, are but little acquainted with the the society, some as offices, others as the private vast machinery involved in our great missionary apartments of the general secretaries (the Revds. societies. The number of persons engaged,—the W. Bunting, W. Alder, J. Beecham, and E. Hoole), large sums annually expended, — and the wide to whom is principally entrusted the ecclesiastical extent of the earth's surface over which the opersuperintendence of the missions. The liberality ations are conducted, give to these societies an of the Centenary Fund Committee has been shown influence not only in spreading the truths of the in the general plan and arrangement of these por- gospel, but also in advancing the moral, social, and tions of the building.

personal welfare of mankind,-of a very notable The apartments in the front portion of the build- kind. We will give a slight sketch, derived from ings, as was before observed, are alterations from the society's “ Notice” of last January, of the staa building devoted to very different purposes, which tistics of Wesleyan missions at the present day, in formerly stood on this spot. The ground-foor con- elucidation of the above points, and as forming an sists, besides the entrance hall, of official apart appropriate sequel to our notice of the Wesleyan ments, reception rooms, &c. On the first floor is a Centenary Hall. noble room called the saloon, having on one side The society occupies about two hundred and fiftythe original picture, by Parker (together with a six principal stations ; its missionaries are about copy of the print), of the rescue of John Wesley three hundred and eighty ; its catechists and salafrom the flames, when a boy. Adjoining to this ried school-masters are about three hundred and is another room devoted to the meeting of com- twenty ; and the assistants and teachers who remittees, and other official business of the society. ceive no salaries between five and six thousand.

Above these, and occupying the upper part of the The members of the society, or communicants, building, is a hall, far exceeding in size any other under the spiritual care of the missionaries, are room in the building. It extends the whole width nearly eighty thousand ; while the total number of the house, and is proportionably wide and lofty. attending their ministry is estimated at two hunAt the north-end is a raised platform, railed off dred thousand ; and the adults and children who from the rest of the room, and provided with seats attend the schools, fifty-five thousand. Upwards of and a table or desk. At the east side, elevated twenty different languages are used by the misseveral feet from the ground, is a small gallery, sionaries ; and into several of them the translation calculated for the reception of a limited number of of the Scriptures, and of other useful and instructive persons. Nearly the whole floor of the room is books, is in progress. Seven printing establishoccupied by oak seats, capable of containing ten or ments are supported in the foreign stations.

The geographical distribution of these missions with sixteen missionaries, and an equal number of is widely extensive ; neither the burning sands of salaried teachers; a printing-press is in full and the Equator, nor the bleak regions of the north, useful operation; and the missionaries in some having deterred the agents of Christian civilization instances impart their instruction in the New Zeafrom making them the places of their abode. To land language. In the Friendly Islands, and the begin with Europe, and with a sister island united neighbouring groups, are nine missionaries, and with us by many ties, but partially severed from more than twelve hundred gratuitous teachers; us, unhappily, in matters of religion ;—there are the Gospel is preached in the native languages; in Ireland nineteen principal stations, twenty- and a printing-press, established on one of the three missionaries, four Scripture readers, and islands, is employed to print the Scriptures, transsalaried teachers to thirty-seven schools,-many of lated by the missionaries into the native tongue. whom afford instruction in the native Irish lan- At the Feejee Islands a similar course of proceeding guage. At nine different stations in France are is in operation ; but on a somewhat smaller scale. located about twenty missionaries; a few of whom We next turn to “ benighted Africa," and find give their instructions in English, but the greater missions established both in the western and number in French. At Stockholm in Sweden, and southern districts of that vast continent. In the at Winnenden in Germany, are missionaries, one former, stations have been fixed at Sierra Leone, of whom uses both the Swedish and the Eng at the settlements on the banks of the river Gamlish language ; while the other, aided by several bia, and at Ashantee and the Gold Coast. These coadjutors, visits thirty different towns and villages several stations require the services of sixteen around the principal station. In Spain are two missionaries, four assistant missionaries, twentystations, with an equal number of missionaries, of seven salaried teachers, and forty-two catechists. whom one conveys his instructions in Spanish and At some of the missions, the Mandingo and Jalloof the other in English ; together with two salaried languages are those in which the instructions of teachers for schools. One missionary is also sta- the missionaries are conveyed. At the Cape of tioned at Malta.

Good Hope and Namacqua-land six missionaries, When we direct our attention from Europe to aided by salaried and gratuitous teachers, preach Asia, we find India and Ceylon the principal seats and teach in the English, Dutch, and Namacqua of operation. In the former are nine principal tongues. In Albany and Caffraria there are sevenstations, each embracing an extensive district ; teen different stations, which are attended by a fifteen missionaries ; four assistant missionaries ; large number'of missionaries and teachers, who use and twenty-four salaried teachers. The Gospel is the English, Dutch, and Kaffer languages; there preached in four languages, viz., the English, Por- is also a printing-press, at which the Scriptures, tuguese, Tamul, and Canarese ; while religious in- catechism,&c.,-translated into the Kaffer language, struction has occasionally been given in another are printed. In Bechuana the missionaries have native dialect. In Ceylon are twelve principal succeeded in effecting several translations in the stations, seven missionaries, thirteen assistant mis- language of the country, and have a printing-press sionaries, and one hundred and thirty-seven salaried at their command. catechists and teachers. The instructions of the Passing from Africa westward to the Westmissionaries are, or have been, conveyed in the India Islands, we find all the principal of these English, Dutch, Portuguese, Singhalese, Tamul, bronght within the sphere of the society's operaand Pali languages ; and to aid in the furtherance tions. In Antigua, Dominica, Montserrat, Nevis, of the objects of the mission, a printing-press is St. Christopher's, St. Eustatius, St. Bartholomew's, established at Colombo.

St. Martin's, Auguilla, Tortola, and the Virgin The Australasian and Polynesian Islands, ex- Islands, Bermuda, St. Vincent's, Grenada, Trinidad, tending to an immense district east and south-east Tobago, Demerara, Barbadoes, Jamaica, Honduras of Asia, furnish a field as vast in a moral as in a Bay, New Providence, Eleuthera, Harbour Island, geographical sense ; and it is only at wide intervals Abaco, Exonna, Hayti or St. Domingo, and Turk's over this field that any one society can establish Islands, are stations amounting to about fifty in stations. In the great island of Australia are three number, in which about ninety missionaries aro colonized districts, eastern (New South Wales), employed ; fifty thousand natives are under their western (Swan River), and southern (Adelaide), at religious care, and twenty thousand adults and which stations, nine in number, exist; while in the children attend the schools. adjacent island of Van Dieman's Land are four In the British dominions in North America, misothers. These thirteen stations employ, collect- sions are to be found in Upper and Lower Canada, ively, the exertions of about twenty missionaries, Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, Prince Edward's Island, and a hundred and twenty gratuitous teachers. In New Brunswick, Newfoundland, and the Hudson's New Zealand, to which the attention of the English Bay Company's Territories. There are eighty public has been directed in so marked a degree principal stations, nearly a hundred missionaries, within the last few years, are ten principal stations, twelve thousand natives receiving religious in



365 struction (some in the Chippewa and other native not to discriminate between different objects, for languages), and six thousand adults and children his intellect being unawakened, he knows not the attending the schools.

cause why he is most happy while running“ wild Such is a brief sketch of the geography and in woods." When, from the influence of more statistics of Wesleyan missions at the present inquiring minds, the men of old gradually increased time. Their widely diffused influence may sur- their knowledge, the causes of the pleasure felt in prise many; and when it is recollected that each of contemplating certain objects in preference to the other great missionary societies has a similar others were investigated ; beauty then first had a tale to tell, a similar map of missionary enterprise name, was sought for with all the eagerness of a to produce (varied of course in the details), we new and delightful pursuit, and its power was may form some idea of the “civilizing" machinery evinced in the rapid rise of Greek art, which rushed now at work in this department.

onward until it arrived at the very acme permitted for the skill of man to attain. This continual contemplation of, and craving after, the beautiful, soon

led them on from the things of earth to much higher THE ORNAMENTAL ARTS.

aspirations. The philosophy and the civilization of It may at first sight appear an absurd and even Greece went, probably, as far as is within the compresumptuous assertion, that the moral character pass of unaided human nature ; but both Socrates of individuals and even of nations may be elevated and Plato owed much to Phidias and Praxiteles. by the beauty of the architecture and furniture of It seems impossible to deny that the intense detheir houses ; in other words, that the mind is votion of the Greeks to the elegant arts led them powerfully acted upon by the mere form or colour onward to the attainment of that refinement which of external objects, and that the art of the uphol. it appears scarcely credible should have ever been sterer is by no means an unimportant accessary to arrived at ; a refinement carried into the minutest the amelioration of our moral condition.

details of domestic life, and pervading the whole The idea seems extravagant that the shape of a body of the people. Why, then, should we not use chair or the fall of a curtain can possibly have any the same means as they pursued for aiding the influence upon the conduct of our lives ; but if, progress of a civilization based upon a sure rock, upon examination, we find this to be the case, we and not liable, when once built up, to perish like shall have discovered a useful ally in the cause of the more fragile structure of the Greeks ? Because education, which ought not to be neglected ; and a our foundation is so very sure we may the more treatise on the subject might not unworthily lay fearlessly hasten the superstructure, and leave no claim to the fourth Montyon prize*.

lawful means unemployed to speed the completion The enjoyment derived from the beauties of of the noble edifice. nature is one of the first we experience, and is We have been induced to make the foregoing particularly strong among the most uncultivated remarks by the inspection of a magnificent work, savages; but the real source of pleasure expe- published periodically at Paris t, and intended for rienced is here unknown ; little greater pleasure a sort of repository for every ingenious or beautiful is felt in the contemplation of one scene than of design or invention in architecture, upholstery. another; the savage, like the child, is pleased he work, bronzes and gilt ornaments, articles of Paris I knows not why, and cares not wherefore ; he seeks workmanship, carriages and saddlery ; mechanical * The founder of these prizes, which are distributed annu

inventions, tools, surgical instruments, &c. ally, under the direction of the French Academy and the Aca- The work is divided into six departments, under demy of Sciences, was Antoine de Montyon (born at Paris in

the foregoing heads; and six numbers, one devoted 1733), a man who, like the celebrated Kyrll, devoted his life to the service of his fellow-creatures. During his lifetime he

to each subject, appear monthly. Each part contains placed considerable funds at the disposal of the two societies

+ L'Exposition, Journal de l' Industrie et des Arts utiles, pubjust mentioned, for the purpose of distribution in rewards for

liant par année 288 gravures sur acier avec texte. acts of humble virtue, and also for remunerating all labourers

Divisé en six Catégories. in the task of improving and benefiting the poorer classes.

1. Architecture. During his lifetime his modesty induced him to prohibit the

2. Ameublements. publication of his name; but since his death, in 1820, it has most deservedly been adopted as the distinguishing title of the institution he founded.

5. Equipages et Sellerie. The fixed yearly prizes which the Academies have the task of

6. Mécaniques et Outils. awarding are the following :-One prize to any person who shall

Par Le Bouteiller. have discovered a plan for rendering any mechanical art less unhealthy. Secondly, a prize to any one who shall have made,

On s'abonne au bureau, Rue de la Bourse, No. 1, et chez les within the year, a decided improvement in the art of medicine

libraires de France et de l'Etranger. and surgery. Thirdly, a prize to any person in humble life, who shall have performed, within the year, the most virtuous

# A sort of miscellaneous head, under which are describod, action in the estimation of the judges. Fourthly, a prize to

even though strictly belonging to other divisions, articles which the author of the treatise most conducive to good conduct

are either peculiar to Paris, or the productions of Parisian inamong the people. A fifth prize is assigned to the best work

ventors; thus we find figured under this head a china vase, a on statistics. The proceedings at the distribution are recorded in an annual pamphlet, and are, as may be easily conceived, of gothic chimney-piece, ingenious watch lights, a novel kind of

fowling-piece, and a lady's spinning-wheel. a most interesting nature,


3. Bronzes et Dorures.
4. Articles de Paris.



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four plates, with letter-press descriptions, and con- fession of the power and goodness of Him who has sequently the volume for the year contains no less filled the whole world with it. than two hundred and eighty-eight admirably en- Sir Joshua Reynolds has observed, that “ the graved plates, of large size (13 French inches by works of nature, if we compare one species with 10), with full descriptions of the various articles another, are all equally beautiful, and that preferepresented, the name and address of the inven- rence is given from custom or some association of tor and manufacturer, and all other information ideas; and that in creatures of the same species, necessary to make the peculiar merits of every beauty is the medium or centre of all its forms." sort of improvement in domestic comfort or con- He illustrates this last axiom by reference to the venience as widely known as is possible. The choice of a naturalist in selecting a specimen ; price of such a work, executed in a style of the “amongst the blades of grass or leaves of the same greatest excellence, as regards not only the plates, tree, though no two can be found exactly alike, the but the paper and print, is surprisingly low. general form is invariable; a naturalist, before he The subscription by the year for each depart- chose one as a sample, would examine many; since ment (or category as it is termed), which may be if he took the first that occurred, it might have, by had separately, is only twenty-four francs plain, or accident or otherwise, such a form as that it would forty-eight coloured ; that is, five pounds fourteen scarce be known to belong to that species ; he seshillings (or double that sum if coloured), for a lects, as the painter does, the most beautiful, that work which is admirable as a work of art no less is, the most general form of nature." than as one of practical utility ; while for something Admitting this, it follows, that to judge truly of under a pound any mechanic may procure an ample beauty requires an accurate knowledge of nature ; illustrated description of all the best works that and that by a judicious application of the forms of have been executed in his particular trade within natural productions, attainable only by a close the last year,—an advantage of great importance, examination of the varieties of each species, the especially to those who have no opportunity of upholsterer and coach-builder, and let us not except inspecting the originals.

the milliner, dress-maker, or even the tailor, must Again, by this means any individual who pleases all, like the painter and the architect, seek to has, as it were, the workshops of all France opened perfect their various arts. It is, however, impossifor him, whence to choose the models of his house- ble for many of those actually engaged in mechafurniture, equipage, &c.

nical occupations to obtain that extended acquaintWe are much pleased with a work which thus ance with natural forms necessary to a master of raises to its due importance, as a means of national design; nor would such a power be compatible with improvement, a branch of art which, with us, has the scheme of Divine government, which gives to hitherto been limited to the narrow sphere of the

each his natural gifts, each varying from his fellow. upholsterer's pattern-book. That it is not, how- Hence the necessity of adopting the best means ever, quite unworthy of the 'attention of men of for widely extending an acquaintance with the most superior education and higher endowments than beautiful models produced by the gifted, and thus those by whom it is usually practised, has, it is true, creating an artificial good taste ; for although a been acknowledged by the establishment of that natural deficiency of invention or discrimination admirable institution, the School of Design, and the cannot be wholly supplied, yet bad taste, and lack recent publication of several beautifully illustrated of judgment, may be greatly assisted by the habitual works, illustrative of ancient architecture and fur. contemplation of beauty, and an acquaintance with niture. Still we fear its value is not yet held in the true principles of art. due estimation amongst us.

“ Since custom," says Lord Bacon," is the prinThe great object of infusing grace and elegance cipal magistrate of man's life, let men by all means into the scenes which ordinarily surround us is not endeavour to obtain good customs.” The periodical limited to the magnificence of the palace or the publication of such a work as M. Le Bouteiller's gorgeous grandeur of baronial halls, for there the is surely good, and were the example followed chief merit lies in the fitness of the decoration to here it might prove a great auxiliary to our prothe particular scene in which it is displayed. gressive advance in civilization. Beauty of form and gracefulness of design are not limited to rosewood and satin, but may be obtained in far humbler materials ; and a poor cottage may WHO WILL REPAY THEM THE TEARS be made as truly “elegant" as a lady's boudoir.

THEY HAVE SHED ! If this could be effected, and the desire of having “Who will repay them the tears they have shed ?" objects of earthly beauty continually before our To the influence of this touching appeal, in the eyes were general, it would, we feel convinced, have mouth of a Christian wife, addressed to an unbea beneficial tendency. There is surely something lieving husband, was due, under the providence of in the aspect of beauty that tends to humanize the God, the first introduction of the Gospel into the heart, and to call up reflections leading to the con- kingdom of Poland.



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The circumstances here narrated took place reproof with which our story is introduced stands about the year A. D. 970, under the barbaric rule prominent. of Miecylaus, first of the haughty family of the Having in one of his wild forages ravaged the lands Jaquillons, who for more than two hundred years of a neighbouring tribe of unoffending herdsmen, continued to rule, though often with doubtful sway, scattered far and wide their defenceless families, and the fortunes of that distracted country.

driving off their cattle as spoil, he was at length Of their earlier history but little more is known awakened by the tender Christian entreaties of his than that they were a race of warriors and heroes, wife to some sense of his own cruelty and injustice; as war was then practised and heroism understood; the flocks and herds were restored or paid for, the that is to say, they were men bold, prompt, hardy, wretched outcasts permitted to return once more and merciless, recognizing no law but that of the in peace to their dwellings. But it was in him the sword, and acknowledging no rights of humanity remorse of a still-slumbering conscience-taking beyond the pleasure of the victor. Of such a credit to itself of shame for a late and imperfect race was Miecylaus the chief, and the leader—a repentance. “ Cease, madam,” said he, in a tone barbarian in his manners, a heathen in his faith, of complacent confidence, “ cease your unfounded and a soldier in his fortunes. How little was there accusations. I have made good everything to the of human probability that through such a channel poor wretches whom I wronged. Their flocks and the Gospel should have been borne to a benighted their herds I have fully paid for.

Ay," said people!

she,“ but who will repay them the tears they have It is recorded of him that having been born blind, shed ?” he recovered sight at the age of seven years, as if It was a question that sank deep in his heart, by miracle. If the incident be true, it in all pro- and a blessed spirit seems to have gone with it of bability left traces upon his mind that prepared it contrition and amendment. His eyes were now for deeper and holier influences ; but whether true in truth opened to see and acknowledge the depth or not, it is strikingly illustrative of his subsequent and the loveliness of Christian virtue ; and from conversion from the darkness of heathenism to the that hour he is said to have entered upon the course light of revealed truth.

of a faithful and true believer. The banner of the Of this happy change, woman was the chosen cross was set up by him in every quarter of the instrument; Miecylaus having heard much by land, and churches founded, and schools endowed report of the beauty and virtues of a young Chris- and all to teach the peaceful faith of Christ, hy one tian princess, Daborzska by name, daughter of the who had been but as yesterday a proud, heathen, neighbouring duke of Bohemia, he sent by his and relentless ruler-teaching us also the beauty ambassador a haughty message, demanding her in and the power of Christian loveliness in woman, marriage. But his suit was denied by the fearless and how blessed may prove the word of truth maiden, save on condition of his being forthwith spoken by her in grace and in season. baptized and becoming like herself a Christian. One remnant only of his earlier barbaric nature Such was the power of fancy working in the breast is said still to have cleaved to the true convert of the barbarian, or it may be the inward prompt- Miecylaus. He ordained it as a law upon his ing of some higher spirit, that the proud chieftain followers—and it is one that has come down to readily consented to the condition. He submitted modern times, in the Sarmatian church—that the himself to what he then deemed a trivial ceremony, creed of their faith should ever be repeated by and consented farther to receive instruction in the them in the attitude of soldiers ready for the conprinciples of his new faith.

test, and with their hands clasped upon their halfThe profession, however, was but in name, and unsheathed swords; as intimating not only that upon Daborzska, as a wife, was soon called to the higher their swords they swore to it, but that with their task and more dubious contest of leading him by swords they were ready to maintain it. But-" pase her Christian example to the practice of that pure requiescat”—may he sleep in peace! Few converts faith to which her earlier influence had only been to the faith of Christ had to make a greater change; able to make him an unwilling convert. The and it may be well for those who have been called struggle was doubtless an arduous one—but in the to bear a less heavy burden, should they comiend end was successful. The Christian spirit, as is ever and prove the value of their faith by a proportionate the case where truth is faithful to itself, gained in exhibition of its civilizing character. the longrun the victory over its heathen adversary, May not, too, the touching question by which his and day by day, and year by year, the wild passions better spirit was awakened be recalled with adand ungoverned temper of her lord felt, we are vantage by many in our own day, more wisely told, the humanizing influence of a home companion, instructed than was this simple-hearted heathen, trained in the Christian school of gentleness and and more favourably placed for self-discipline than long-suffering.

this lordly founder of a race of princes? And may Among the agents recorded as having wrought not, too, those words effect in our case, under the out this good work, the touching, though gentle, teaching of the same good spirit, a Christian revo


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