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RICHARD KINDER, PRINTER, GREEN ARBOUR COURT, OLD BAILEY.

THE

CHRISTIAN TEACHER.

ART. I.-ENGLISH NONCONFORMITY.

1. The Suffolk Bartholomeans: a Memoir of the Ministerial and Domestic History of John Meadows, Clk., A.M., formerly Fellow of Christ's College, Cambridge; ejected under the Act of Uniformity from the Rectory of Ousden in Suffolk. By the late Edgar Taylor, Esq., F.S.A., one of his Descendants. With a Prefatory Notice, by his Sister. Printed by Arthur Taylor. London: William Pickering. 1840.

2. The Rise of the Old Dissent, exemplified in the Life of Oliver Heywood, one of the Founders of the Presbyterian Congregations in the County of York, 1630-1702. By the Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. London: Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. 1842.

TIME works great changes in the feelings with which men look back on the transactions of a former period. Perhaps in no respect is the silent progress of popular sympathies-or, to speak more justly, of an enlarged spirit of humanity—more conspicuous, than in the increasing diversion of historical research from the great names and imposing shows which have been carried in triumph over the theatre of human affairs, as if alone deserving attention-to the investigation of those events, less prominent to the eye, less dazzling to the imagination, but more intensely operative on the inward heart of society-which have drawn after them the happiness or the misery, the moral advancement or the moral degradation, of vast masses of our fellow-beings, and the remote consequences of which vibrate for generations in myriads of hearts and homes that lie sheltered in the lowly vale of life.-We do not underrate the value of the exactest political history.-We know that statesmen and VOL. V. No. 19.-New Series.

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warriors have important parts assigned them in the great drama of the world; and we desire to be informed, even to the minutest particulars, how they acquitted themselves.-Nevertheless, we must confess, it is oftentimes very refreshing to escape from the formal talk of politicians and diplomatists, who use language as if it were given them to hide their thoughts-into the homely but touching realities of private life-into the presence of living and suffering humanity-and to listen, as it were, with our own ears, to the deep and plaintive tones in which it has told the story of its griefs, its trials and its wrongs. And it is honourable to human nature, that with many of these obscurer agents in the world's history, whose existence is only recognised by the insult and abhorrence of their immediate successors-a more intimate familiarity does not, according to proverbial experience, "breed contempt," but rather, when all their circumstances are fairly taken into consideration, calls forth our sympathy and respect. Happily there is a principle of retribution in the world, which ultimately avenges the memories of the calumniated. Deus tacito ingrediens vestigio, secundum justitiam res tractat humanas. Literature, that best interpreter of humanity, at length draws towards them the interest and sympathy, which it is her noblest function to awaken in men's hearts, on behalf of the earnest, the truthful, and the selfsacrificing; and under the broad and mellowing shades of time, exhibits their persons and their deeds as the objects of a calm and rational veneration. Who that contemplated the old Puritans of England, or the persecuted Protestants of France, from the point of view that offered itself in the frivolous and dissolute courts of Charles II. and Louis XIV., could ever have anticipated, that they would become the theme of poetry and romance. Yet literature has not been unfaithful to her trust; and if she cannot be regarded as the apologist and advocate of the religious enthusiasm of the seventeenth century, her truthful eye has discerned the living principles which wrought in its history, and her graphic touch has embodied them in a form which appeals irresistibly to all hearts. Wherever the English language may spread, the outward form of Puritanism, its quaint devotion, its dogged principle, and its invincible honesty, will be preserved to all ages in the deathless colours of the pencil of Scott. Tieck has found a subject in the still wilder fanaticism of the Camisards; and Mr. Carlyle, whose large mind and powerful imagination interpret to our familiar conceptions the oracular teachings of the past—has recently stept

*Der Aufruhr in den Cevennen.

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