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ECLIPSES OF THE SUN AND MOON FOR 1866.

In this year there will be five Eclipses; three of the SUN, and two of the MOON: I. A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, March 16th, visible to the extreme northeastern portion of Asia.

II. A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON, March 30th, 31st, visible to North and South America, portions of Europe and Africa, and intervening Atlantic Ocean. At Boston,

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17 digits eclipsed.

III.-A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, April 15th, visible to the southern part of Australia, and the Great Southern Ocean.

IV. A TOTAL ECLIPSE OF THE MOON, September 24th, visible to the western part of North America, to Asia, Australia, eastern portion of Africa, and Pacific Ocean.

V. A PARTIAL ECLIPSE OF THE SUN, October 8th, visible to the northern part of North America, to Greenland, and Eastern Europe. At Boston, and New England generally, the eclipse will be quite unimportant, occurring between the hours of 11 and 12 in the morning.

The longitudes of the following places are counted west from Greenwich, while the differences of time refer to Boston. (+) added to, (—) subtracted from, Boston time.

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NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE ASPECTS.

Opposition, or 180 degrees.

Dragon's Head, or Ascending Node.
Dragon's Tail, or Descending Node.

NAMES AND CHARACTERS OF THE SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC.

2. 8 Taurus, neck.

Sagittarius, thighs.

8

9.

10.

3.

4.

Gemini, arms.
Cancer, breast.

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11.

Capricornus, knees.
Aquarius, legs.

8. m Scorpio, secrets.

12.

Pisces, feet.

Golden Number,

5

Cycle of the Sun,

27

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES FOR

Dominical Letter, G

MOVABLE FEASTS AND FASTS FOR 1866.

Septuagesima Sunday, Jan. 28 | Good Friday,

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Epact,

14

Julian Period,

6579

Mar. 30

Shrove Sunday,

Ash Wednesday,

Feb. 11 Easter Sunday, April 1 46 14 Low Sunday, " First Sunday in Lent, "6 18 Rogation Sunday, May 6

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8

Trinity Sunday,

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27

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Advent Sunday, Dec. 2

DEFINITIONS. [Continued from last year.]

PENUMBRA. [L. pæne, almost, and umbra, a shade.] That portion of space which in an eclipse is partly, but not entirely, deprived of light.

In the figure, let S be the sun, and M the moon; then it is obvious that, since luminous rays proceed from every part of the sun's disk, there will be no part of the shadow in which the light will be totally intercepted, except that included within the rays which proceed from the extreme edges of the sun and moon, A B C and B DC; the other part of the shadow, namely, from C to H, or the penumbra, being only partially obscured.

In painting, the term penumbra is used to designate the boundary of shade and light, where the one blends with the other. - From Worcester's Quarto Dictionary of the English Language.

COMMENCEMENTS, ANNIVERSARIES, AND VACATIONS

OF COLLEGES AND THEOLOGICAL SCHOOLS IN NEW ENGLAND.
HARVARD, AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS.- - Com., 3d Thurs. of July. Vaca., 6 w.
Com., 3d Wed. July. Acad. year of 40 w. from Com.; 3 w. from Nov. 22d; 4 w.
ends at Com., and consists of two terms, from March 7th.
20 w. each, separated by 8 and 4 w. vaca.
CAMBRIDGE THEO. SEM., AT CAM-
BRIDGE, MASS. - Vaca., same as Harvard
College.

DANE LAW SCHOOL, AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS. Vaca., same as Harvard College. TUFTS COLLEGE, MEDFORD, MASS. Com., 2d Wed. in July. Vaca., 1st, from end of 1st term, 6 w.; 2d, from end of 2d term, 6 w. Col. year divided as at Harv. Coll.

AMHERST, AT AMHERST, MASS. Com., 2d Thurs. July. Vaca., 6 w. from Thanksgiving; 7 w. from Com.; Recep. 1 w. from April 6th.

WILLIAMS, AT WILLIAMSTOWN, MASS. Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., 5 w. after Com.; from 4th Tues. in Nov., 6 w.; 3d Tues. in Apr., 2 w.

ANDOVER THEO. SEM., AT ANDOVER, MASS.- -Anniv. 1st Thurs, in Aug. Vaca., 6 w., and 6 w. preceding 1st Thurs, in May.

NEWTON THEO. INST., AT NEWTON, Ms. Anniv., last Wed. in June. Vaca., 9 w. from anniv., and also 3 w. from last Wed. in Jan.

YALE, AT NEW HAVEN, CONN.-Com., last Thurs. in July. Vac., 7 w. fr. Com.; 2 w. before 1st Wed. in Jan., and 3 w. before 1st Wed. in May, when the terms com. TRINITY, AT HARTFORD, CONN.Com., Thurs. before July 4th. Vac., 9 w. from Com.; 4 w. from Thurs. before Christmas.

WESLEYAN, at MiddletOWN, CONN.

UNIVERSITY OF VERMONT, AT BURLINGTON.-Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vac., Com. 4 w.; 1st Wed. in Dec. 8 w., and 1 w. from 2d Wed. in May.

MIDDLEBURY, AT MIDDLEBURY, VT. -Com., 2d Wed. in Aug. Vaca., 4 w.; from last Wed. in Nov., 8 w.; from last Tues. in April, 2 w.

DARTMOUTH, at Hanover, N. H. Com., last Thurs. but one of July. Vac., 6 w. from Com.; 6 w. from Nov. 27; 2 w. from May 6.

BROWN, AT PROV., R. I.-Com., 1st Wed. in Sept. 1st recess, Thanksgiving week; 2d'do., last w. in April. Vaca., 3d Thurs. in Jan. to 2d Friday in Feb.; 2d Thurs. in July to Com.

BOWDOIN, AT BRUNSWICK, ME.-Com., 1st Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at Com., 3 w.; from last Wed. in Nov., 8 w.; from 3d Wed. in April, 2 w.

WATERVILLE, AT WATERVILLE, ME. -Com., 2d Wed. in Aug. Vaca., at Com., 4 w.; from 2d w. in Dec. 8 w.; from 1st Wed. in May, 1 w..

MAINE WESLEYAN SEM., at ReadFIELD, ME.-Two terms of 15 weeks each. Fall term com. 1st Wed. in Aug. Spring term com. 1st Wed. in March. BANGOR THEO. SEM., AT BANGOR, ME. - Anniv., last Wed. in July. Vaca., from do., 12 w.

NORWICH UNIVERSITY, AT NORWICH, Vr.Com., 3d Thurs. in Aug. Vaca., Sept. 14; from Dec. 21 to Jan. 20, '66; from April 27th to May 11th.

EXECUTIVE GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES (JUNE, 1865). ANDREW JOHNSON, Tenn., Pres., $25,000 | Hugh McCulloch, Pa., Sec. Treas., $8,000 Wm. H. Seward, N. Y., Sec. State, 8,000 James Harlan, Ind., "Inte., 8,000 Gideon Welles, Conn., "Navy, 8,000 William Denison, Ohio, Post. Gen., 8,000 Edw. M. Stanton, Pa., War, 8,000 Jas. J. Speed, Ky., Att'y

66

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8,000

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The population of Massachusetts may be very nearly expressed by the first seven digits, thus: 1,234,567. Population of Boston in 1865, 192,264.

COUNTY COMMISSIONERS' MEETINGS IN

MASSACHUSETTS.

ESSEX, at Ipswich, on the 2d Tues. of April; at Salem, on the 2d Tues. of July; at Newburyport, on the 2d Tues. of Oct.; and at Lawrence, on the last Tues. of Aug.; and on the 4th Tues. of Dec., at Ipswich, Salem, or Newburyport, as they shall order at their next preceding term. MIDDLESEX, at Cambridge, on the 1st Tues. of Jan.; at Concord, on the 1st Tues. of June; and at Lowell, on the 1st Tues. of Sept.

WORCESTER, at Worcester, on the 4th Tues. of March, the 3d Tues. of June, the 2d Tues. of Sept., and the 4th Tues. of Dec.

HAMPSHIRE, at Northampton, on the 1st Tues. of March, Sept., and Dec., and on the Tues, next after the 2d Mon. of June.

Tues. of March and Sept., and the 2d Tues. of June and Dec.

HAMPDEN, at Springfield, on the 2d Tues. of April, the 1st Tues. of Oct., and the 4th Tues. of June and Dec.

BERKSHIRE, at Lenox, on the 1st Tues. of Jan., April, July, and Sept.

NORFOLK, at Dedham, on the 3d Tues. of April, the 4th Tues. of June and Sept., and the last Wed. of Dec.

PLYMOUTH, at Plymouth, on the 1st Tues. of Jan., the 3d Tues. of March, and the 1st Tues. of Aug.'

BRISTOL, at Taunton, on the 4th Tues. of March and Sept.

BARNSTABLE, at Barnstable, on the 2d Tues. of April and Oct.

DUKES COUNTY, at Edgartown, on the Wed. next after the 3d Mon. of May, and FRANKLIN, at Greenfield, on the 1st the Wed. next after the 2d Mou, of Oct.

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THE STATES OF THE UNION.-The following is a list of the States constituting the Union, with the dates of their admission. Colorado and Nebraska had authority, but refused to form state constitutions. The thirty-six stars in our national flag are therefore designated as under:

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¡Days of

Days of

Week.

's Declination.

19 22 29 17 51

6 22 28 12 21 36 18 20 29 24 19 8

O Full Moon, 1st day, 2h. 4m., morning.

Last Quarter, 8th day, 4h. 18m., evening.
New Moon, 16th day, 3h. 53m., evening.
First Quarter, 23d day, 4h. 10m., evening.
O Full Moon, 30th day, 3h. 44m., evening.
Full Sea, 's

Sets. m. h. m.

Length Day's of Days. Incre.

OD Boston.

Place.

30

17 35

D

D R. 8. Souths. እ. m. h. ni.

4 Th. 7 30 4 41

Rises. h.

Morn Even

h. m. h. m.

S. A.

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5 Fr. 7 30 4 42 6 Sa. 7 30 4 43 7 SU. 7 30 4 44 8 Mo. 7 29 4 45 9 Tu. 7 29 4 46 10 W. 7 29 4 47 11 Th. 7 29 4 48 12 Fr. 7 28 4 49 13 Sa. |7 28 450 14 SU. 7 27 4 52 15 Mo. 7 27 4 53 16 Tu. 7 27 4 54 17 W. 7 26 4 55 18 Th. 7 25 4 56 19 Fr.. 7 25 4 58 20 Sa. 7 24 4 21 SU. 7.24 5 22 Mo. 7 23 5

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9|27| 93|10| thi.

9 26 0 22 10 28 10 11 kn.

5 16 10 15

6 6 11 7

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