Selections from the Works of the Baron de Humboldt: Relating to the Climate, Inhabitants, Productions, and Mines of Mexico
Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme, Brown, and Green, 1824 - 310 էջ
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Selections from the Works of the Baron de Humboldt: Relating to the Climate ...
Alexander von Humboldt
Ամբողջությամբ դիտվող - 1824
abundance amalgamation America amounted annually appears become beds called capital carried Catorce celebrated clay-slate climate coast commerce communication considerable considered constructed contains copper Cordilleras covered Cruz cultivation direction district elevated employed equal Europe European expense extent extracted fathoms feet formation frequently gold greater greatest Guanaxuato height important increase Indians industry inhabitants intendancy interest interior iron kingdom lead less limestone manufacture mass means mercury metals Mexican Mexico miles miners mines mountains native nature nearly observed operations pass Peru phonolite plains population porphyry port possess Potosi powder present produce province quantity regions remains remarkable rich road rock San Luis Santa shaft silver situated sometimes Spain square sterling surface table-land Tasco tion town troy Valenciana valley veins Vera Cruz wealth whole Zacatecas
Էջ 32 - Rome, surpasses in beauty and purity of style everything which remains in this way in Europe. Instruction is communicated gratis at the Academy of Fine Arts. It is not confined alone to the drawing of landscapes and figures; they have had the good sense to employ other means for exciting the national industry. The academy labours successfully to introduce among the artisans a taste for elegance and beautiful forms.
Էջ 199 - No where does the lower people enjoy in greater security the fruit of their labours than in the mines of Mexico; no law forces the Indian to choose this species of labour, or to prefer one mine to another ; and when he is displeased wich the proprietor of the mine, he may offer his services to another master who may pay perhaps more regularly.
Էջ 294 - They were bounded by basaltic mountains, of which the structure seems to indicate, that all this country at a very remote period had been already several times convulsed by volcanoes. These fields, watered by artificial means, belonged to the plantation (hacienda) of San Pedro de Jorullo, one of the greatest and richest of the country. In the month of June, 1759, a subterraneous noise was heard.
Էջ 296 - Queretaro were then covered with ashes at a distance of more than 144 miles in a straight line from the scene of the explosion. Although the subterraneous fire now appears far from violent, and the Malpays and the great volcano begin to be covered with vegetables, we...
Էջ 35 - Mexico is the country of inequality. No where does there exist such a fearful difference in the distribution of fortune, civilization, cultivation of the soil, and population. The interior of the country contains four cities, which are not more than one or two days journey distant from one another, and possess a population of 35,000, 67,000, 70,000, and 135,000. The central tableland from la Puebla to Mexico, and from thence to Salamanca and Zelaya, is covered with villages and hamlets like the most...
Էջ 97 - Xalapa, announce by the freshness of their verdure that this is the elevation at which the clouds, suspended over the ocean, come in contact with the basaltic summits of the Cordillera. A little higher, near la Banderilla, the nutritive fruit of the banana tree comes no longer to maturity.
Էջ 33 - Argand's lamps, contain every evening some hundreds of young people, of whom some draw from relievo or living models, while others copy drawings of furniture, chandeliers, or other ornaments in bronze. In this assemblage (and this is very remarkable in the midst of a country where the prejudices of the nobility against the...
Էջ 56 - ... the purchasers, indemnifies the cultivator for the privations to which he is exposed from the hard life of the mountains. Thus from the hope of gain alone, and the motives of mutual interest, which are the most powerful bonds of society, and without any interference on the part of the government in...
Էջ 97 - ... spurs on the Indian to labour, and excites his industry. At the height of San Miguel, pines begin to mingle with the oaks which are found by the traveller as high as the elevated plains of Perote, where he beholds the delightful aspect of fields sown with wheat.
Էջ 55 - Mexico, we every where see the most striking example of the beneficial influence of the mines on agriculture. Were it not for the establishments formed for the working of the mines, how many places would have remained desert? how many districts uncultivated in the four intendancies of...