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silence. Monsieur then addressed the colo- and observing the conduct of their new com-
nel of the 18th dragoons, and inquired what rades, flew to his rescue, declared that they
were the intentions of his regiment. “ Ask would defend his person at the peril of their
them,” said the officer, “ they will frankly lives, safely conducted him within the walls
inform you.” The count then interrogated of Lyons, and then returned to rejoin the
the soldier who was next to him. " Are invaders.
you well paid ?” “ Yes, my Lord.” “Will The flight of the count d'Artois (Mon-
you fight for the King ?” “ No, my Lord.” sieur), attended by a single horseman, was
“ For whom then will you fight ? “ For immediately succeeded by the entrance of
Napoleon.” Monsieur then dismounted, pas- Buonaparte, at nine in the evening. On the
sed through the ranks, and repeated his in- following day he reviewed his army, which
quiries. At length he spoke to a veteran, now amounted to fourteen thousand men.
covered with scars, and decorated with me The guard of honour which had been formed
dals. “ Well! comrade," said the count, for the protection of Monsieur passed in re-
“ a brave soldier like you cannot hesitate to view before him, and entreated that they
cry our King for ever.” “You deceive your- might be permitted to become his personal
self,” replied the veteran, “ No soldier will escort. He received their supplication with
fight against his father, and my cry will be a smile of contempt, and observed, “ Your
Long live the Emperor !"

conduct to the count assures me what I should
The advanced guard of the invaders had expect from your attachment, in a reverse of
already entered the suburb of La Guilloterie. fortune." . He ordered, at the same time, a
Macdonald ordered two battalions of infantry cross of honour to be transmitted to the faith-
to proceed against them, and led them across ful horseman who had accompanied Mon-
the bridge, to the suburb. They were met by sieur.
a reconnoitring party of Buonaparte's army, Confident of success, and encouraged by
followed by a tumultuous crowd, exclaiming the evident enthusiasm of a great proportion

Long live the Emperor.” The moment of the Lyonese in his favour, Buonaparte aswas critical

. The troops on each side rushed sumed the imperial state, and began to issue forward, intermingled, and embraced each his proclamations and manifestoes with all other with the ardour of spontaneous feeling. the formality of an established monarch. On The menaces and entreaties of Macdonald the 13th of March he published a series of were alike unheard, and his troops encreased decrees, of which the following is the subthe army of Napoleon. “ We know,” said stance : they, “nothing of the king, we never knew

“ All the changes effected in the court of him, and you alone who have taken an oath cassation, and other tribunals, are declared to him, which our hearts disavow, will be null and void. All emigrants, who have en. culpable if you abandon your fidelity. Na- tered the French service since the 14th of poleon was torn from us by treason, but he April, are removed, and deprived of their was never absent from our affections: and as

new honours. The white cockade, the dehis noble energies have again restored him coration of the lily, and the orders of St. to our arms, to him only shall we preserve an Louis, St. Esprit, and St. Michael, are abooath which to him only we have taken. To lished. The national cockade, and the triobey the king and betray the emperor would colonred standard, to be hoisted in all places. be an act of perjury and dishonour. To quit -The imperial guard is re-established in all the standard of Louis, and join the ranks its functions, and is to be recruited by men of Napoleon, is the best proof we can give who have been not less than twelve years in of our integrity.” The determination of the service. - The Swiss guard is suppressed, the troops had scarcely been announced, and exiled 20 leagues from Paris.-All the when the legions of Napoleon rushed for- household troops of the king are .ward, surrounded the marshal, and took him – All property appertaining to the house of prisoner. But the soldiers who had just de Bourbon is sequestrated. --All the property serted him, animated by the noblest feelings, of the emigrants restored since the ist of

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April, and which may militate against the their presumption was now converted into
national interest, is sequestrated. The two despondency and alarm. The king was ear-
chambers of the peers and deputies are dis- nestly advised to hasten, as fast as possible,
solved, and the members are forthwith to re to the frontiers of Belgium, but he declared
turn to their respective homes. The laws of his intention not to quit the capital while the
the legislative assembly are to be enforced. smallest chance remained of arresting the
All feudal titles are suppressed.--National progress of the invader, or recalling his de-
rewards will be decreed to those who distin- luded subjects to their allegiance. The mar-
guish themselves in war, or in the arts and shals, the national guard, the representatives
sciences. --All the emigrants who have en of the people, the civil authorities; all, in fact,
tered France since the 1st of January 1814, who afterwards hailed with enthusiastic ac-
are commanded to leave the empire.-Such clamations the presence of the emperor, as-
emigrants as shall be found fifteen days after sembled to proclaim their attachment to the
the publication of this decree (dated the 13th king, and to assure him of their eternal and
of March) will immediately be tried, and ad- unlimited devotion. How deeply must the
judged by the laws established for that pur- unhappy sovereign, at present seated on the
pose, unless they can prove ignorance of this throne of France, lament the fickle temper
decree; in that case, they will merely be ar and unsteady principles of the people whoin
rested, sent out of France, and have their he is doomed to govern ?
property sequestrated. --All promotions in Among the most fervent and active of the
the legion of honour, conferred by Louis, are numerous individuals who assembled round
null, unless made in favour of those who de- the throne, to testify the ardour of their per-
serve well of their country. The change in sonal affection to the king, and their fidelity
the decoration of the legion of honour is null. to his government, the prince of Moskwa
All its privileges are re-established.-The (Marshal Ney), was peculiarly distinguished
electoral colleges are to meet in May, to new- by the warmth of his devotion to the sove.
model the constitution, according to the in- reign. The marshal, like many others, his
terests and the will of the nation; and to as- companions in arms, was the son of humble
sist in the coronation of the empress and the parents, and, notwithstanding the irregulari-
king of Rome.”

ties of his early years, had risen to his present Tie Bourbons, in the mean time, were as eminence by the bravery of his exploits, and totally ignorant as the meanest inhabitant of the superiority of his military talents. He the Boulevards, respecting the progress and was born in 1760, at Sarre Louis, in Alsace; resources of the enemy. Treason pervaded his father was a cooper, and early in life he every department of the post-office, and the was himself apprenticed to a cutler, a trade telegraph was rendered subservient to the which he for some time followed. A few purposes of the invader. The signals trans- years before the revolution he engaged himmitted by the latter invention were altered, self as servant to an officer of hussars, who or suppressed, by some unknown individual was in garrison at Sarre Louis, and proceeded connected with its management, and the in- with his master to Paris. It would be equally formation conveyed from the telegraph of unjust and disgusting minutely to repeat all Lyons, that Napoleon was about to enter the the calumnious narratives of his enemies recity, was transformed in its transmission to specting this period of his life. They assert Paris

, into an announcement that the duke that he was guilty of petty thefts ; that, after of Orleans had opened the campaign with remaining some time in the situation of ostler, the most brilliant success. In the delirium he became a horse-stealer; and that he was of their joy, at this agreeable and unexpected only saved from the gallies by the events of intelligence, the royalists knew no bounds to the revolution. His military career was comtheir own self-confidence, and their contemp. menced in the army of the north, under tuous abuse of Buonaparte. But their tri- Dumourier, but no public mention is made umph was of short duration. Monsieur bim- of him till 1794, when he was appointed by self arrived to dissipate their illusion, and Kleber, his adjutant-general

, in the army of

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the Sambre and Meuse. In 1796 he was * You are, gentlemen, all convinced, that promoted to the rank of brigadier-general, the prosperity which Switzerland enjoyed on the field of battle, near Wartzburgh, where before the unfortunate epoch of your revolu he fought under the command of Hochę, ţionary Aluetuations, was derived from the who there obtained a considerable victory innumerable benefits which were conferred over the Austrians.

on you by the French monarchy, either by In the beginning of the year 1797, under defensive treaties of alliance, of commerce, the same commander, Ney powerfully contri- and of military capitulations, or by the imbuted to the victory gained near Neuwied, posing force which that monarchy could alover the Austrians, whom he charged at the ways display against any power which would head of the French cavalry. On the 16th, dare to make an attempt upon your territory, after a very warm contest, he dislodged the or on your federal constitution. Well, genenemy from Diersdorff. On the 20th, his horse tleinen deputies, the same services are offered sunk under him near Giessen, when he was to you by the first consul: this pledge of exposing himself like a common soldier, to esteem which he gives to Switzerland, should save a piece of flying artillery ; he was taken convince you of that personal interest which prisoner by the Austrians, but soon released, he takes in your future prosperity. He will on his promise not to serve till he should be also place you in circumstances to recover exchanged. On the 4th of September 1797, that happy situation due to that moderation he declared vehemently against the party of and economy which your ancestors had estaPichegru, for which he obtained the rank of blished in your administrations. Days more general of division, and served, in 1799, in serene than formerly presage happy times in the army of the Rhine. In October ' future ; and the first Helvetic diet will have feated a body of Austrians at Frankfort; the glorious advantage of having laid the crossed first the Meine, and afterwards the first stone of the political edifice.” Necker; and thus effected a diversion which When he returned from Switzerland, he, was a principal cause of the victory at Zu was appointed commandant of the .corps rich, as it forced the archduke Charles to d'armée assembled at Montreuil, for the pursend strong detachments to cover his right pose of invading England. From that place wing, which was threatened. In 1801 he dis- it was that he sent an address to Buonaparte

, tinguished himself at Kilmuntz, Ingolstadt, when he was about to be elected emperor, and Hohenlinden, under the command of from which we extract the following :general Moreau. In July 1802, Buonaparte appointed him envoy extraordinary, and mi

"Head-quarters, Montreuil, nister plenipotentiary, to the Helvetic repub

11th Floreal, 1804. lic. On the 25th he had an audience of the “ CITIZEN-FIRST CONSUL, --The French senate at Berne, whom he assured of the pro- monarchy has fallen down under the weight tection he was authorised by his government of fourteen ages : the sound of its fall has to promise them; and then gave general astonished the world, and shaken all the Bachmann orders to disband his troops, warn thrones of Europe. ing him, that if it were not done before the “ Abandoned to a total subversion, France 1st of November, he would lead the French has experienced, during ten years of revolutroops against him. This threat was followed tion, all the evils which could desolate naby an order to disarm the Swiss; and, the con tions. You have appeared, citizen first confederate forces being soon dispersed, the chiefs sul, shining with glory, -sparkling with gę were arrested, and the general received depu- nius, and at onee the storms have been dissities from all parts of Switzerland, who were pated. Victory has placed you at the helm charged to declare their submission to France. of government, and justice and peace are your

It is well worthy of observation, that Ney assessors. Already has the recollection of expressed himself after the following manner our miseries become weak, and the French to the new Swiss government, in quality of people know of no sentiment but that of ambassador from France :


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Shortly after Napoleon's elevation to the dotte. His scheme succeeded so completely, imperial dignity, Ney was created a marshal. that he dined that day with Mack; and, on

In 1805, when the war with Austria broke his return to Ney, the story of his success out, Ney commanded the advanced guard; could not obtain belief from his employer, and entered the neutral territory of the elece until he produced some spoons and forks, tor of Baden, which he violated, by forcibly part of Mack's camp equipage, with his arms entering the hotels of the Swedish and Rus engraved on them, and his own gold snuff sian ministers, anå seizing all the papers box, set with diamonds, and bearing the porfound there belonging to the legations. For trait of the king of Naples, in whose service tunately for the persons of the ambassadors, Mack had been ; those Schulmeister purthey made their escape the preceding night; loined after dinner. By this means, Ney got their furniture and valuables, however, were acquainted with the strength of the garrison, made the subject of plunder.

and was also able to convince Mack that a On Ney's arrival at Stutgard, then also a French force was crossing the neutral terrineutral country, still greater violence was tory of Bayreuth; of which Mack was preoffered to the Austrian, Russian, and Swe viously informed by Napoleon, but in whose dish ambassadors, resident in that capital. report he would place no confidence. Not only were their hotels broke into and Ney was present at the battles of Austergiven up to plunder, but their persons were litz, and, in the years following, in those of secured. The persons arrested at Stutgard Jena, Eylau, and Friedland. After the peace Tere, the Austrian envoy, báron de Schrandt, of Tilsit, he remained at Paris; and, shortly and his three secretaries, Messrs. de Rubry, before Massena commenced his retreat from Steinherr, and Wolff'; the Russian envoy, Portugal, Ney was sent there as second in le baron de Maltitz, and his secretaries, Ya- command. On his return from Portugal, he cowleff and De Struve. These gentlemen commanded in the Russian campaigns; and were confined for two months in a dungeon for his exploits he was created prince of at Strasburg. But disregard to the sacred- Moskwa. His services on that important ness of neutral territories did not rest here. occasion, and in the battles of Wurtzen, BautNey, who was to have passed by agreement zen, Leipsic, and Hanau, and afterwards in on the side of Stutgard, entered it by force, France, in all of which Ney took a distinwent to the elector's stables and palace, and guished part, have been already related in carried off every horse in the one, and every our narration of those events. thing valuable in the other.

When the allies entered Paris, Ney was After the capture of Mack's army, at Ulm, with. Napoleon at Fontainbleau ; and was Ney was created duke of Elchingen, which sent by him, together with Caulincourt and place is in the vicinity of Ulm. An anèc- Macdonald, to the emperor of Russia, to dote connected with this expedition will shèw treat about terms of peace, in which he failthat Ney added very little to his military ed : and on his return to Napoleon, he enfame by the capture of Ulm. He had at- deavoured to prevail on him to abdicate, and tached to his army, which formed the ad- afterwards addressed the following letter to vance in the war, a native of Strasburg, of the provisional government. the name of Schulmeister, å man of considerable talents and address, who spoke most “ To his serene highness the prince of Benemodern languages with the fluency of a na ventum, president of the commission COItive, and who acted as principal spy in foreign

prising the provisional government. countries for Buonaparte. Schulmeister got * MY LORD,I proceeded to Paris yesterinto Ulm by forging

letter, in the name of day, with marshal the duke of Tarentum, a Prussian general who commanded at Bay.. and the duke of Vicenza, with full powers reuth, to Mack. He passed himself off as a to the emperor of Russia to defend the inPrussian officer; and the letter pretended to terests of the dynasty of the emperor Napogive information respecting the violation of leon. An unforeseen event broke off the the neutral territory of Bayreuth by Berna- negotiations, which seemed at first to pro

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mise a favourable termination. From that God forbid, gouty as I am, I will march with
time I saw that, to save our dear country you."
from the frightful evils of civil war, it re “ Sire," replied the marshals, " your ma-
mained only for the French to embrace the jesty may consider us as the pillars of your
cause of our antient kings, and I repaired to- throne—we wish to be its firmest support."
night to the emperor Napoleon to manifest The king withdrew, and the marshals were
this wish.

afterwards presented to the duchess of An“ The emperor, convinced of the critical gouleme, and to their serene highnesses the situation in which he had placed France, and prince of Condé and the duke of Bourbon. the impossibility of saving her himself, has The king did the marshals the honour of appeared disposed to resign, and to give in inviting them to dinner. His majesty, at the his full and entire abdication. To-morrow I commencement of the repast, said—“Gentle. hope to have from him the formal and au men marshals, I wish to drink with you to thentic act, and shall soon afterwards have, the French armies." A feeling of respect the honour of waiting upon your lordship. withheld the marshals, who, in the moment I

of their enthusiasm, wished to give the health (Signed) “ PRINCE OF Moskwa. of the king in return, but by a spontaneous “ Fontainbleau, April 5, 1814, at

movement their hearts gave it in silence. All half-past 11 at night.”

their looks were fixed on his majesty and his

august family. After dinner the marshals In the treaty of Fontainbleau, marshal followed the king, who condescended to call Ney was one of the subscribers on the part them successively by name, and conversed of Napoleon ; after which, he appeared zea with each, expressing his sense of the part lously to devote his whole time to the cause they had borne in sustaining the glory of the of Louis XVIII. ; but, if he was not privy French armies, and declaring the confidence to the conspiracy of Napoleon, it is evident that he had in the fidelity of all. From this he was secretly attached to his cause, and interview it appears, that the most unboundthat he only waited for an opportunity of ed confidence was reposed by the king on betraying his master.

these military chieftains. When Louis XVIII. arrived at Com The favours conferred after this period piegne, after his restoration, Ney, with the upon marshal Ney were without number; other French marshals, was introduced to for, by a decree of the 20th of May, he was him; on which occasion his majesty was ad- appointed commandant-in-chief of the royal dressed by Berthier in the name of the rest. corps of cuirassiers, light horse, and lancers To this address the king answered, that he of France; and, by an ordonnance of the 2d saw the marshals of France with pleasure, of June following, he received the cross of and that he counted upon the sentiments of the military order of St. Louis; and on the love and fidelity which they expressed in the 6th of the same month was created a peer of name of the French armies. His majesty, France!!! caused the name of each marshal to be re His conduct during the short period of peated to him. The king stood up, although Louis's government was marked with the suffering with the gout; and, at the moment most abject servility; but his sincerity was when his grand officers approached to give much doubted by the Parisians. It was re him their hands, his majesty, laying hold of the ported that it was the king's intention to arms of the two inarshals who were next to have his feet washed, on Good Friday, by him, exclaimed, with an overflow of heart twelve pilgrims, who were

to represent the “ It is on you, gentlemen marshals, that I twelve disciples. Ney was honoured with wish always to support myself; approach, an anonymous note, desiring him to give his and encircle me: you have always been good attendance, in order that he might act the Frenchmen. I trust that France will never part of Judas. This letter was addressed have occasion for your swords again ; but if Marechal Ney, Hotel de Judas, Rue de ever we shall be forced to draw them, which Lille.

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