Page images

has been opened, it is necessary, it is urgent which you have given me, a zeal of which upon us to recognise Napoleon II. emperor; I was the sole object. but at the same time it is fit that France " Let your future successes tell them that should know the motives which influenced it was the country, above all things, which us in the nomination of the executive com you served in obeying me; and that, if I had mission, and that in composing it of wise and any share in your affection, I owed it to my upright men, we intended to form a council ardent love for France, our common mother. of regency."

“ Soldiers ! Some efforts more, and the The promulgation of this act, however just coalition is dissolved. Napoleon will recogand generous to Napoleon, precluded every nise you by the blows which you are going hope and possibility of peace with the con to strike. federates. They had distinctly and repeat “ Save the honour, the independence of edly declared that they would not treat the French. Be the same men which I have with Napoleon or his family, and they could known you for these last twenty years, and not, therefore, enter into arrangements with you will be invincible. en executive committee governing in the

(Signed) “ NAPOLEON." name of his son. They naturally suspected After issuing this proclamation, the conthat the act of abdication was seeretly in duct of Buonaparte became visibly altered. tended to avert the immediate danger, and, The anxiety of the government, and of the by sowing the seeds of dissension among the chambers, was singularly contrasted by the allies, to prepare the way for the resumption extreme indifference of him who had been of the throne. Under the pretended govern the origin of all the turmoil and bloodshed, ment of the son the father would be the sole and who continued for some time to travel possessor of the imperial power, and the rea from the palace of Bourbon Elysée to Malsons for war would have continued precisely maison and back again, to give fetes there, the same. Conscious of these truths, Fouché and to prepare for a journey, no one could was deputed to represent, in the name of the say whither, with as much composure as if committee, that his continuance in Paris kept the general distraction concerned him as alive a dangerous fermentation in the minds little, or less, than any other temporary soof all parties, and that he would best consult journer in France. To complete the scene, his own happiness, and the tranquillity of he sent a message to the chambers, to request the city, by removing to some palace at a copies of two books, which he desired might distance from the metropolis. As Napoleon be placed at his disposal. But the near apII. had been now acknowledged, Buonaparte proach of the allies at length accelerated his had no longer a pretext of complaint; he con- departure, and on the 29th of June, when sented to retire from the capital, and in com they were within three leagues of the city, pliance with the suggestion of Fouché, issued he set out for Avesnes. the following proclamation to the army > His ministers had secretly provided a swift

* Soldiers? While obeying the necessity sailing vessel, in which he might now have which removes me from the French army, I Aed from Rochefort, and, sought refuge on the carry with me the happy certainty that it hospitable shores of America. He displayed will justify, by the eminent services which the utmost reluctance to depart, but as a the country expects from it, the praises, which pretext for delay, was busily employed in our enemies themselves have not been able making preparations for his voyage. He to, refuse it. "Soldiers ! I shall follow your wrote at the same time to the govemment, steps though absent. I know all the corps; and solicited to be named generalissimo of and not one of them will obtain a single ad the army, to defend Paris and save the coun: vantage over the enemy, but I shall give it try. The offer was rejected, and several credit for the courage it may have displayed members of the government were dispatchad

Both you and I have been calumni- to urge the necessity of his departure for ated. Men very unfit to appreciate our la- Rochefort with all the insolence of vulgar bours have seen in the marks of attachment ingratitude; they addressed theiv former series

[ocr errors]

reign in terins of the grossest abuse, and with first emotions of resentment had subsided, the most outrageous demeanour. Napoleon and Napoleon had leisure to reflect that his replied to their taunts and reproaches with personal safety had been threatened by these equal vehemence. He accused them of vio- unwelcome emissaries, he determined to lating their solemn promise to respect his evade the impending danger, and announced person and interests.

“ Could this,” he ex- his determination to depart for Rochefort.-claimed, “ be reconciled with their present He then set out with a train of faithful offiwish and endeavour to hurry him from the cers and domestics, amounting to forty perkingdom like a transported felon? Was this sons, who had determined to remain the dethe gratitude which they owed, to banish voted partners of his fortune. Two frigates him for ever from his family and friends, and had by this time been prepared at Rochefort, drive him to seek a precarious asylum in a with which he might be enabled to force his foreign and distant land?” The conference way through the British cruizers, who were broke up without any amicable result, and already stationed off every port, to watch the the commissioners departed. When the motions of the imperial fugitive.

[ocr errors][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors][merged small][ocr errors]

Rctreat of general Grouchy.-Battle of Namur.-Operations of Blucher.--His proclama

tion to the army. Excesses of the Prussians.--Operations of Lord Wellington. Good conduct of the British.-Connection of Louis with the operatic s of the allies.--Capture of Cambray.--Advance of the king.-Journey of the commissioner's to Hagenau.-Progress of the allics.--Siege of Paris. Operations of the Bavarian, Austrian, and Russian armies.-Convention for the surrender of the capital.- Popular feeling at Paris Conduct of the chambers.-Re-entry of the king Influence of that event on the fate of Murat.His melancholy and untimely death.

WHILE the capital was disturbed by the however, succeeded in barricading the city, tumult and anxiety attending the late convul- and the efforts of the pursuers against it were sions, the scattered fragments of the French unavailing till the arrival of Thielman, who army rallied in the environs of Laon and had himself been reinforced by numerous of Řheims, but, weak and discouraged, were detachments from the troops who had been incapable of opposing the immediate entrance employed in the pursuit of the grand French of the allies into the capital. Grouchy had army. After many impetuous but unsucscarcely begun his retrograde march, after cessful assaults, they carried the gates, delearning the result of the battle of Waterloo, cided the conflict in the streets, and drove when the Prussians, whom that intelligence the enemy from the place. In the defile had inspired with fresh confidence, turned on between Namur and Dinant, on which the their

pursuers, and commenced an incessant French were retiring, the contest was' reseries of impetuous attacks. The French newed with aggravated fury; the retreat of were thrown into confusion, a dreadfuil the enemy was delayed by the narrowness of slaughter ensued, the fugitives abandoned the defile, and rendered the fire of the pursusome of their artillery, and retired upon Na ers terribly destructive. Generals Grouchy mur. . Vandamme remained at that place, and Vandamine again united, and entered while Grouchy continued his retreat. The Rocroi with no more than 25,000 men, havPrussians pressed closely on their rear, and ing lost 14,000 in the affair of the 18th, and attempted to enter the gates at the same the subsequent retreat. It was in vain that moment with the enemy. The French, Soult, who was stationed at Mesieres, endea.

[ocr errors]

be van

his army:

voured to rally the fugitives who had been who were coming to consummate the slavery dispersed, till he had formed a junction with and the spoliation of the universe. Grouchy, at Laon, when he found that the “ All great commanders have regarded it united army amounted to 40,000 men, with as impossible immediately to renew the coma scanty allowance of ammunition and arti). bat with a beaten army: you have proved lery.

that this opinion is ill founded; you have On the day after the battle of Waterloo, proved that resolute warriors may Blucher circulated the following address to quished, but that their valour is not shaken.

“ Receive, then, my thanks, incomparable “ Brave officers and soldiers of the army soldiers !-objects of all my esteem! You of the Lower Rhine !—You have done great have acquired a great reputation. The anthings. Brave companions in arms! You nals of Europe will eternize your triumphs. have fought two battles in three days. The It is on you, immoveable columns of the first was unfortunate, and yet your courage Prussian monarchy! that the destinies of the was not broken.

king, and his august_house, will for ever re. “You have had to struggle with privations, pose. Never will Prussia cease to exist, but you have borne them with fortitude. while your sons and your grandsons resemble Immoveable in adverse fortune, after the loss you. of a bloody battle, you marched with firm

(Signed) « BLUCHER.“ ness to fight another, relying on the God of battles, and full of confidence in your com

AUSTRIAN PROCLAMATION. manders, as well as of perseverance in your Frenchmen -Twenty years of trouble efforts against presumptuous and perjured and misfortunes had oppressed Europe... enemies, intoxicated with their victory. One man's insatiable thirst of dominion and

“ It was with these sentiments you advan- conquest, while depopulating and ruining ced to support the brave English, who were France, had desolated the remotest countries; maintaining the most arduous contest with and the world saw, with astonishment, the unparalleled firmness. But the hour which disasters of the middle ages, reproduced in was to decide this great struggle has struck, an enlightened age. and has shewn who was to conquer and to All Europe rose. One cry of indignation reign in Europe, whether an adventurer, or served to rally all nations. governments who are the friends of order. It depended on the allied powers, in 1814, The fate of the day was still undecided, to exercise upon France a just vengeance, when you appeared issuing from the forest which she had but too much provoked; but which concealed you from the enemy, to at great monarchs, united for an only and sacred tack his rear with that coolness, that firm. -the re-establishment of peace

in Eu. ness, that confidence, which characterises ex- rope—knew how to distinguish between the perienced soldiers, resolved to avenge the promoter of so many evils and the people reverses they had experienced two days be whom he had made use of to oppress

the fore. There, rapid as lightning, you pene

world. trated his already wavering columns. "No The allied sovereigns declared, under the thing could stop you in the career of victory. walls of Paris, that they could never make The enemy in his despair turned his artillery either peace or truce with Napoleon Buona upon you; but you poured death into his parte. The capital rose against the oppressor ranks, and, rushing upon him with resistless of Europe. France, by a spontaneous move. fury, you threw his báttalions into confusion, ment, rallied itself to the principles which scattered them in every direction, and put were to restore and to guarantee her liberty them to complete rout.

“ The enemy found himself obliged to The allied armies entered Paris as friends. abandon to you several hundreds of cannon;

many years of misfortunes, the spoliation and his army is dissolved. A few days will

of so many countries, the death of millions suffice to annihilate these perjured legions, of brave men, who fell on the field of battle,


and peace:

[ocr errors]

or victims of the scourges inseparable from rope to combat for the inviolability of their war, all was buried in oblivion.

frontiers, the lionour of their country, the Buonaparte solemnly abdicated a power happiness of their fellow-citizens—these most which he had exercised but for the misfor- sacred of all possessions, which this man, to tunes of the world. Europe had from that whom nothing is sacred, and who has become time no enemy more to combat.

the scourge of humanity, has been attacking Napoleon Buonaparte has re-appeared in and endeavouring to destroy for so many France; he has found all Europe in arms years. Thus, brave soldiers of the Austrian against him.

army, a new and vast career of glory is opened Frenchmen - It is for you to decide on to you. I know that you will distinguish it peace or war. Europe desires peace with by new victories, and that your new deeds France it makes war only upon the usurper in arms will render still more dear to me the of the French throne. France, by admitting proud satisfaction of calling myself your geNapoleon Buonaparte, has overthrown the neral. It is as honourable to you as agreefirst basis on which its relations with other able to me, that I have only to recal the re- ' powers were built.

membrance of your ancient exploits to aniEurope does not wish to encroach on the mate you to new ones. The victories of rights of any nation, but she will never allow Culm, Leipsic, Brienne, and Paris, are so France, under a chief but lately proscribed many illustrious garlands that crown your by herself, again to threaten the repose of standards: continue worthy of your glory by its neighbours.

combating, as you did formerly, and

by add. Europe desires to enjoy the first benefit of ing fresh laurels to those you have already peace; it desires to disarm, and it cannot do gained. This as long as Napoleon Buonaparte is on Great things have been already performed: the throne of France. Europe, in short, de- your brethren in Italy have, with their arms, sires

peace, and because it desires it, will never opened themselves a way into the heart of negociate with himn whom it regards as a per the enemy's country, and their victorious petual obstacle to peace.

banners wave in the capital of the kingdom Already, in the plains of Brabant, Heaven of Naples. Those in Flanders gained, on has confounded this criminal enterprise.- the 18th instant, one of the most memorable The allied armies are going to pass the fron victories recorded in history. Those victoritiers of France ;-they will protect the peace

ous armies have their eyes fixed upon you, able citizens—they will combat the soldiers and summon you to similar exploits

. Let of Buonaparte-they will treat as friends the the recollection of what you have been on so provinces which shall declare against him many a hard-fought day—let the feeling of and they will know no other enemies than what you owe to yourselves animate you

to those who shall


become constantly more worthy of your anField-marshal Prince SCHWARTZENBERG. cient glory, by embarking for your emperor, Head-quarters at Heidelberg,

your honour, and

our country. June 23, 1815.

SCHWARTZENBERG, Field-marshal.



BAVARIAN ORDER OF THE DAY: Carlsrhue, head-quarters, June 24. Soldiers ! In three days you have marched Soldiers of the Austrian army of the Rhine! from the Rhine, in hopes of contributing to Napoleon, whose ambitious plans, and lust the operations of the allied armies in the of conquest, armed all Europe against him, Netherlands. These victorious armies have was conquered by you and your allies. Re- anticipated you. A great and decisive victurning from the exile into which the gene- tory crowned their efforts in the battle of the rosity of the victors had sent him, he again 18th. It is now for us, and the allied armies attacks the repose, the welfare, the peace, on the Upper Rhine, to annihilate the enethe security of all states; provokes, by his my's corps which oppose us.

Soldiers ! to guilty arrogance, the armies of united Eu- morrow we attack the enemy; march against


him with courage and perseverance. His allied troops, arms or military effects shall be royal highness our Crown Prince is among found, shall pay a contribution, the town of us; his royal highness, his younger brother, 200,000, the village of 50,000 francs. The is with the van-guard. The Crown Prince house of the owner of these arms shall be will be witness to your actions. Honour and plundered and pulled down, and the owner protect the property of the peaceable French brought before a court-martial, and shot in: inhabitants; it is not upon them that we twenty-four hours. If the owner of the make war: it is against Napoleon and his arms should have absconded, his family, or adherents that our swords are drawn.

the mayor, or the principal inhabitants, shall Come on, then, against him and them! be punished in a military manner, as protecCome on, then, for king and country, for tors of highwaymen. our allies, and for Germany!

Frenchmen! make yourselves easy. Our Given át our head-quarters, at Hoinburg, victorious armies will not disturb the repose, June 22, 1815.

of the peaceable citizen. Europe has taken (Signed) Prince WREDE, Field-marshal. up arms again only to conquer, for itself and

for you, the peace and the happiness of which BAVARIAN PROCLAMATION.

a single usurper threatens to rob it for the Frenchmen! The manner in which we second time. yesterday entered your country, may prove Given at my head-quarters, at Sargemines, to.

2. you that we are not the enemies of the 24th June, 1815. peaceable inhabitants. I have pardoned

Field-marshal Prince WREDE. even such of your fellow-countrymen as have been taken with arms in their hands, and From Beaumont the Prussians advanced also might have been deservedly shot as ban- to Avesnes, occupied the town by escalade, ditti. But, considering that these armed and captured 45 pieces of cannon. The ruffians, who scour the country, under the event was announced by Blucher, in a letter name of free corps, to plunder their fellow, which accompanied the escort of the prisoners citizens, are a scourge which Buonaparte has of war, and which sufficiently indicates the brought upon France, which has been already principle of revengeful retaliation on which made sufficiently unhappy by the unbounded hostilities were now conducted.

" As for ambition of this enemy of the repose and the prisoners,” says he, “the officers are to happiness of the world, I command, be marched to Wesep, and strictly guarded

1. That every one who belongs to these in the citadel. The soldiers are destined for, free corps, or is taken with arms in his Cologne, that they may be employed in bands, without belonging to the troops of working on the fortifications. All are to be the line, and wearing their uniform, shall be treated with the necessary severity.” From, brought before a court-martial, and shot in Avesnes Blucher proceeded towards La Fere twenty-four hours.

and Laon, on the direct road to Paris, and, II. That every town or commune, in detaching a corps to his right, took possession which any of the allies shall be murdered, of St. Quintin, which had been evacuated by shall be punished; for the first offence, the the enemy. During the 19th the army of town with a contribution of 200,000 francs, the duke of Wellington reposed at Waterloo

, and the village one of 50,000. On a repeti- from the fatigues of their victorious struggle

, tion of the offence, the town, or village, shall and on the next day were moved forward to be plundered and burnt.

Binche, a distance of 30 miles. From this III. Within twenty-four hours after the place he issued the following proclamations, entrance of the allied armies, every town, or of which the assurances were as punctually commune, shall deliver up its arms and mili- observed as they were honourable to his hutary effects at the chief place of the prefec- manity : ture, or subprefecture. IV. Every town, or commune, in which,

June 20, 1815. twenty-four hours after the entrance of the 5 As the army is about to enter the French


« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »