« ՆախորդըՇարունակել »
The liberty of worship,
chambers were closed against the members, The representative system,
and the monarch entered the capital and The free consent of the representatives to took possession of the government. It is the levying of men and taxes,
therefore unjust to charge them with the The responsibility of ministers,
omission of that which they had no opporThe irrevocability of the sale of national tunity to execute. The presence of the property of every description,
army, and the tumult of the federates, renThe inviolability of all kinds of property, dered it impossible immediately to recal the The abolition of tithes,
monarch, or to enter into negociations with The abolition of the ancient nobility, and him; and that restraint was no sooner rethe new hereditary nobility, and of feudal in- moved, than, before they had time to give stitutions,
the most distant intimation of their wishes The entire oblivion of all political opinions or intentions, the king was forced upon them and votes to the present moment,
by foreign bayonets. The institution of the legion of honour, Yet, strange to say, the return of Louis
The rewards due to the officers and sol. was greeted with loud and general acclamadiers, and the relief required by their widows tions. He had halted at St. Denis, and and children,
crowds of citizens hastened to that town to The institution of juries,
gaze on their returning sovereign, having in The irremovability of the judges, and their pockets the white cockades for which The payment of the public debt.
they had changed, on the preceding day, the Every government which would not gua- violet emblems and snuff boxes of Napoleon. rantee all these things would have only an On the morning of July the 8th, the tri-coephemeral existence, and would never secure loured flag, which had hitherto floated on all the tranquillity of France nor of Europe. the towers and monuments of the capital,
The chamber finally declares, that if the was taken down, and replaced by the crested bases specified in this declaration be disre- lilly. The national guards, to the number garded or violated, the representatives of the of two thousand men, presented themselves nation deem it their sacred duty to protest, at the barriers of St. Denis, and demanded in the face of the whole world, against the permission to pass. Their request was grant injustice and usurpation; and they confide ed, on condition that they should deposit the defence of the sentiments which they their arms; and, unwilling to occasion supernow proclaim to all good Frenchmen, to all fuous bloodshed, they acceded to this condi. generous hearts, to all enlightened minds, to tion. Having offered their protestations of all men jealous of their liberties, and, in fine, fidelity to the monarch, they were requested to all generations.
to return to Paris and influence their com(Signed) LANJUINAIS, president. rades in favour of the king. On their arrival
at the gates of the capital, they found that No sooner had the army departed, than Massena, after permitting all who pleased to the city was inundated by the troops of the quit Paris, had issued an order that no one allies. The chambers peaceably continued should re-enter the gates; a stratagem by their sittings, and hastened to complete the which he hoped to exclude the friends of the constitution which they had undertaken to Bourbons from the city. model. In two or three days their labours In the evening, the duke of Otranto had would have terminated: but on the very an interview with the duke of Wellington, day which succeeded the entry of the allies
, of which the purport is unknown: but it it was publicly announced that the sove terminated in an understanding that the reigns, in violation of all their promises, had provisional government should fülly declare determined to reinstate Louis on the throne, the intentions of the allies, and dissolve itself. without any of the restrictions which his Fouché assured the English general that the subjects would have wished to impose upon example would be eagerly and peaceably fol. him. On the next day the doors of the lowed by both the chambers, and that Louis
might, on the succeeding day, enter his capi- they will forget what they have declared, tal without opposition. As soon as the cham- and expel the national representation from bers were assembled; the following com. this place. Let us shew that we are worthy munication was made from the provisional of the cofidence of our constituents. government:
remain firm at our post, and leave to other Mr. President,
hands the odious task of dispersing the reHitherto we believed that the intentions presentatives of France. These expressions of the allied sovereigns were not unanimous once electrified France and Europe; let us upon the choice of the prince who is to reign repeat them a second time, "We were sent in France. Our plenipotentiaries gave us hither by our constituents, and nothing but the same assurances at their return.
bayonets shall remove us.” However, the ministers and generals of Bravo! Bravo! Yes! Yes! resounded the allied powers declared yesterday in the from all parts of the assembly, conferences they had with the president of Count
Regnault afterwards presented himthe commission, that all the sovereigns had self, and spoke as follows: "You have lately engaged to replace Louis XVIII. upon the placed yourselves under the safeguard of the throne; that he is to make his entrance into nation. That declaration requires now to be the capital this evening or to-morrow. modified. You are guarded by a handful of
Foreign troops have just occupied the brave citizens, and if you are permitted, if Thuilleries, where the government is sitting. you are ordered to die at your posts, they
In this state of affairs, we can only breathe ought to be spared all danger. Declare that wishes for the country; and our deliberations the guard placed at the gates of palace is only being no longer free, we think it our duty a guard of honour, and that if any armed to separate.
force presents itself it shall be ordered to The marshal prince of Essling, and the make no resistance.” This motion was unaniprefect of the Seine, have been charged to mously adopted. The assembly then passed watch over the maintenance of public order, to the order of the day, and with as much safety, and tranquillity.
coolness as if no danger menaced them, began We have the honour, &c.
to debate the question, whether, under the The Duke of OTRANTO
new constitution which they were framing, Count GRENIER.
the peerage should be hereditary; and, at QUINETTE.
their usual hour of breaking up, adjourned CARNOT,
till eight o'clock on the following morning. CAULAINCOURT, duke of Vicenza. As soon as it was known that the proviThe chamber was overwhelmed with con sional government had dissolved itsell, and fusion and dismay. A profound silence en that the king would make his public entry sued. For some moments the members on the morrow, crowds of persons, some led gazed on each other, and then actuated by by interest, and others by affection, hastened one common feeling, they rose from their to St. Denis to congratulate the king on the seats, and hastened from the hall,
speedy re-assumption of his power. The · In the chamber of representatives the populace of Paris, and particularly of the message was differently received. A mo suburbs, unlawed by the near approach of the ment of silent" consternation followed. M. king, and the dread of his vengeance, and Manuel then presented himself in the tri- equally unterrified by the foreign bayonets bune, and proposed that the chamber should which surrounded them, hastened to the continue its sitting and await the result. gates, and insulted every one who appeared " Gentlemen!" said he," you foresaw this to be going to St. Denis
, or returning from event, but it ought not to for any change it. As soon as they had passed the gates, ini
your conduct. One of two things will the loyal citizens mounted the white cockade; happen : either the enemy will respect your but this badge of fidelity was not suffered to independence, and if the word of kings'ares appear within the walls of the metropolis. Not vain, all hope would'not be forbidden, op. Every one who attempted to enter the gates
adorned with these ribbands, was 'insulted, foreign invasion, have at once afflicted your threatened, and most violently attacked; people. Heaven, Sire! is overcharged with some received very serious injuries, and more vengeance, and restores you only to pardon than one were murdered.
Your majesty interposes between EuIn pursuance of their adjournment, the rope and your people, to give them peace, members of the chamber of representatives and to reconcile them anew to all nationsrepaired to the usual place of their assembly. Your majesty will hasten to gather together But the gates of the palace being shut, the and to re-unite the dispersed elements of the avenues guarded by a military force, and the political body. The passions are now calmed officers who commanded it having declared in all generous hearts
, reason is heard, and that they had a formal order to refuse all en love of our country and our king will comtrance to the palace, one hundred members plete the rest. A period of twenty-five of the chamber assembled at the house of M. years, marked by so many vicissitudes, and, de Lanjuinais, their president, and issued an like all epochs of history, by glory and reappeal to the people, which produced no sen verses, cannot be preferred to the recollection sible effect. The very individuals who, but of eight centuries which have revolved under a few hours before, had rent the air with the sceptre of our kings, counted by long incries of “ Down with the Bourbons !” now tervals of prosperity, and by the moderation rushed out in multitudes, by the re-opened and the bounty of the sovereigns of your gates, to welcome the monarch whom they august dynasty. had thus calumniated by every species of re * Frenchmen! In every part of the kingviling! At two o'clock it was announced dom, if the example of the capital
, which has that the king approached, and the populace, always been of such great weight, can still who were crowded to excess, opened to the guide you, you will see it on the day which right and left. The monarch was attended has followed these storms, calm amidst the by his ministers; by a regiment of officers, numerous efforts which have been made to who, during the late events, had faithfully agitate it, forgetting all discords, abjuring adhered to his cause; by the duke de Berri, the spirit of party, and hastening around a and the count d'Artois. When Louis ar- king, who, as a first pledge of his return, has rived at the barrier, the prefect, and the proclaimed new guarantees for your happiwhole of the municipal body, appeared to ness, and the establishment of institutions receive him. The prefect addressed him in calculated to secure a wise liberty and the an harangue, which formed a ludicrous con welfare of France. Let us protest to him, trast to a production precisely similar, in according to the wish of his heart, that the which the same body, if not the same orator, passions are about to be tranquillized, that welcomed Napoleon, on his arrival at Paris, the children of the great family are about to three months before :
unite to approach him, and will henceforth “ Sire,-One hundred days have passed only have one rallying cry.”. away since your majesty, forced to tear your The monarch shortly replied, “ In removself from our dearest affections, left your ca- ing from Paris I experienced the greatest pital, amidst tears and public consternation. sorrow and regret. Testimonies of the fideIn vain did the municipal body of your good lity of my good city of Paris reached me. eity of Paris raise the unanimous cry of faith. I return with emotion. I foresaw the mis ful subjects. They announced to all French- fortunes with which it was threatened; it is men the imminent evils with which they my wish to prevent and repair them.” were menaced. But there are moments in The procession again moved on. The which Heaven does not permit the voice of royal carriage was now surrounded by the magistrates to be heard. It was not in their municipal body of Paris
, and by the marshals power to prevent an error too fatal. The of the empire. As it slowly proceeded, phrensy of the passions, the destructive dis- handkerchiefs were waved from every turbance of public tranquillity, the interrup- dow, and acclamations resounded from every tion of commerce and industry, civil war and voice. It was five o'clock before the proces
sion reached the Thuilleries, which the mo The reaccession of Louis proved fatal to narch entered amidst universal and enthusi. the cause of Joachim Murat. Driven from astic expressions of veneration and attach- the Neapolitan dominions, he had sought rement. Had the sincerity of the Parisians fuge in France, and there, on the return of been estimated by their external indications the Bourbons, he was persecuted and proof rejoicing, Louis might have justly been scribed. He hired a vessel at Toulon, on regarded as the only idol of their devotion. intelligence of their arrival, by which he The garden of the Thuilleries, which had might effect his escape, but the ship sailed been entirely abandoned during the absence without him, carrying away all his effects of the king, was now thronged by elegant and attendants. He was left completely company. Ladies formed their own sets for destitute, and wandered more than a fortcountry dances, and, bringing their own night in the woods, subsisting on a few music, danced, crowned with lilies, before pieces of brown bread, which he obtained the windows of the palace, while the king, from the humanity of the neighbouring sometimes gracefully kissing his hand, and shepherds. He at length resigned himself sometimes bursting into tears, returned by to the compassion of the inmates of a small his courtesies thiese hollow, unsatisfactory, villa near Toulon, where he remained conand deceitful testimonies of attachment to cealed more than a month, indebted for his
daily food to the benevolence of two naval On the succeeding day the king officially officers. While he remained in concealment, announced his ministers. The prince de he wrote repeatedly and ineffectually to some Talleyrand was appointed president of the friends at Paris, claiming their interference council, and secretary for foreign affairs; and protection. His letters were either inmarshal St. Cyr, minister of war; baron tercepted or neglected. The place of his reLouis, minister of finance; the duke of treat was now discovered. A band of more Otranto, minister of police; the duke de than thirty armed men surrounded the house, Richelieu, minister for the department of and he had scarcely time to escape to an ad. the king's household; baron Pasquier, mini- joining vineyard, carrying with him two ster of justice; and count de Jaucour, mi- brace of pistols, and determined to die ranister of marine. The selection of these in ther than fall into the hands of his enemies. dividuals, to fill the executive offices of the They passed him, threatening vengeance, as state, was contemplated with satisfaction by he lay concealed in the thick foliage. The the most enlightened classes of the nation. search was continued several days without They viewed, in imagination, France reviv- success, and they set a price upon his head. ing from the pressure of her unexampled He tremblingly stole from his retreat every calamities, and resuming her august place night, and received some scanty and precaamong the nations : forming new combina- rious subsistence from the officers, who would tions of glory, and seeking new objects of not even now desert him; and at length he activity for her ardent spirit, in the cultiva was enabled, by their means, to escape to tion of the fine arts, in the discoveries of Bastia, in Corsica. Their share in this event science, and the researches of truth. The having been discovered, they were immedimild and benevolent disposition of the sove- ately cashiered and thrown into prison. At reign was regarded as a sufficient guarantee Bastia, Murat prepared the following proclafor his goodness of intention, and it was mation, for circulation on the coasts of Calahoped that the experience of the late mo- bria, and for distribution as soon as he should mentous revolution might have corrected enter the Neapolitan territory :bis political inexperience, and removed that mental blindness wbich had rendered him
JOACHIM NAPOLEON, KING OF THE TWO unconscious of the errors of his former go- , SICILIES, TO HIS FAITHFUL SUBJECTS. vernment. How fallacious were these hopes, Brave Neapolitans !
_Your Joachim is rewill be seen in our narrative of subsequent stored to you. He is again in the midst of events
you. His afflictions and yours are terminated
Your king, in announcing to you his re and have executed the plan of re-conquering turn, does not announce a pardon; you never my states, and avenging the national dis offended him; but he renews to his children honour, the oath he has already sworn to them, Soldiers and citizens ! All of you who pos: namely, to render them happy! He will sess noble hearts, and are animated by sentinever be perjured, and his heart, which you ments of patriotism, assemble around your so well know, and your own constant fidelity, king. The offence is common to all. Let form your guarantees that his promises are us state it plainly: The prince who calls the not deceitful, and that he will not, like Fer- Neapolitan soldiers a hostile banditti insults dinand, prolong the epoch of vengeance. the whole nation. He has lost his right to
I have lived in solitude, in one of those the throne; and Ferdinand pronounced his modest asylums which are always to be abdication, by the letter which he wrote to found among virtuous poverty. There I the baron de Bianchi. despised the poignards of those assassins of Yes, brave men, my beloved citizens, we Marseilles--of those cannibals, who, during have been injured, and if the offence is com. the whole period of the French revolution, mon to all, you ought all to assemble around steeped themselves in the blood of their fel- your kiny, to expel from your territory so low-citizens, I had resolved to await, in my perjured a princema prince who so often retreat, the termination of the anti-revolu- promises pardon, and always shews himself tionary fever which devoured France, in or vindictive. der to attempt the conquest of my states, May the Casa Lanza, may that monument and to seek in your hearts a refuge from which Ferdinand wished to raise to the namisfortunes, and from the most unheard of tional dishonour, be rased from its foundaand unjust persecution, when I was induced tions, and on its ruins may there be erected to remove, in consequence of the indigna a column, bearing an inscription, which will tion I felt on reading the letter written by inform the present generation, and the most Ferdinand to lieutenant field-marshal baron rèmote posterity, that in every place the na Bianchi. I could not endure that a prince, tional army, after having gained signal vic who calls himself the king and father of the tories, not being able to resist the number of good Neapolitans, should consecrate, by a its enemies, was compelled to sign an honour. solemn monument, the national dishonour,
peace; and that Ferdinand, for having I could not endure that he should style hos constructed the said place in the heart of the tile banditti, that army which was composed kingdom, as a monument of national dis of the flower of all classes of the nation - honour, and for having given the title of that brave army, of which I was the creator hostile banditti to the national army, was and the chief_that army which had given declared by the Neapolitan nation unworthy so, many proofs of courage and fidelity to govern, and has for ever lost his throne which had covered itself with glory—which Yes, the nation is offended! What Neapoli
. had elevated the character of the Neapolitan tan, if this be not avenged, will henceforth people among nations and which owed its be proud of that name, and shew himself in ultimate reverses solely to hostile proelama-the great society of the world? To arms!! tions instigating desertion, and to the false To arms !! Let the nation rise in mass! reports which were circulated of the death Let every true Neapolitan, who possesses of its king
sentiments of honour, fly to my camp! Let I then resumed all my resolution, I threw the provincial legions assemble! Let the myself into a small boat, and landed in Cor army re-organise itself! Let my brave sota sica, where I immediately found hospitality, diers rejoin
their standards! Let the brave and at the same time offers of service from and faithful guard of security of my good all the brave men who had formed part of city at Naples once more save my capital! the Neapolitan army.
My royal palace, all the persons and prox Şecure of the love of my people, and happy perty of that immense city, are under its thus to recal them to my memory, I formed protection! Let the brave, the faithful Cala