The Unvarnished Doctrine: Locke, Liberalism, and the American Revolution
Duke University Press, 20 դեկ, 1989 թ. - 264 էջ
In The Unvarnished Doctrine, Steven M. Dworetz addresses two critical issues in contemporary thinking on the American Revolution—the ideological character of this event, and, more specifically, the relevance of "America’s Philosopher, the Great Mr. Locke," in this experience. Recent interpretations of the American revolution, particularly those of Bailyn and Pocock, have incorporated an understanding of Locke as the moral apologist of unlimited accumulation and the original ideological crusader for the "spirit of capitalism," a view based largely on the work of theorists Leo Strauss and C. B. Macpherson. Drawing on an examination of sermons and tracts of the New England clergy, Dworetz argues that the colonists themselves did not hold this conception of Locke. Moreover, these ministers found an affinity with the principles of Locke’s theistic liberalism and derived a moral justification for revolution from those principles. The connection between Locke and colonial clergy, Dworetz maintains, constitutes a significant, radicalizing force in American revolutionary thought.
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American Political American Revolution American Revolutionary thought argument authority Bailyn Bernard Bailyn bourgeois Locke C. B. Macpherson Cato Cato's Letters chapter citations cited Locke civic civil clerical thought colonial colonists Concerning Human Understanding consent constitutional deism deists Discourse Dunn duty eighteenth-century Election Sermon Massachusetts England Clergy epistemology Essay Concerning Human essentially Evans evidence founding doctrine historical historiography Ibid ideas ideology J. G. A. Pocock John Locke law of nature Leo Strauss Letter on Toleration liberty Locke on Government Locke's political theory Lockean liberalism Lockean thought Machiavelli magistrate Massachusetts Spy Mayhew ministers moral natural law pamphlets Parliament Political Philosophy political theory political thought principles reason and revelation Reasonableness of Christianity religion religious republican revision republican synthesis resistance revisionists Revolutionists Romans 13 rulers Samuel West Scottish Enlightenment Scripture Second Treatise Stamp Act Strauss substantive Lockean connection textual theistic Locke tion tradition Trenchard and Gordon University Press Virtue and Commerce