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"holy faith of pike and gun," nor of the strong cudgel with which Luther terminated a theological dispute, as I desire to avoid religious controversy. But it is impossible, on this subject, to forget the once-celebrated Dempster, the last of the formidable sect of Hoplomachists, who fought every day, at his school in Paris, either with sword or fist, in defence of his doctrines in omni scibili.* The imprisonment of Galileo, and the example of Jordano Bruno, burnt alive for asserting the plurality of worlds,† among other disgraceful instances, shew that laughter is the best crisis of an ardent disputation.

The talents for so delicate an office as that of a literary censor, are too great and numerous to be often assembled in one person. Rabelais wanted decency, Sterne

* Jan. Nic. Erythræ. Pinacothec.

+ Brucker. His. Critic. Philosoph. tom. v. p. 28,, 29. The famous Scioppius published a shocking letter of exultation on this execution.


learning, and Voltaire fidelity. alone supported the character properly, in those pieces which appear to be justly asscribed to him. As the narrowness of party yet infests philosophy, a writer with his qualifications would still do good service in the cause of truth. For wit and good sense united, as in him they eminently were, can attack nothing successfully which ought not to be demolished.


to the


Note I. page 10:

The following extract from the Pieces Interessantes et peu connues, p. 196, may serve in place of a whole history.

"Il y a un fait assez curieux, très-sur et peu connu, au sujet du collier de l'ordre du S. Esprit: la dévotion s'allioit autrefois avec le plus grand débordement des mœurs, et la mode n'en est pas absolument passée:

Le motif public de Henri 111. en instituant l'ordre du Saint-Esprit, fut la defense de la catholicité, par une association de seigneurs qui ambi tionneroient d'y entrer.

Le vœu secret fut d'en faire hommage à sa sœur Marguerite de Valois, qu'il aimoit plus que fraternellement.

Le S. Esprit est le symbole de l'amour: les or

nemens du collier etoient les Monogrammes de Marguerite et de Henri, séparés alternativement par un autre Monogramme symbolique, composé d'un phi et d'un d delta joints ensemble; auquel on faisoit signifier fidelta pour fidelta en Italien, et fidelité en François. Henri iv. instruit de ce mystere, changea le collier par déliberation au chapitre, du 7 Janvier 1597, & remplaça par deux trophées d'armes, le e et le Monogramme de Marguerite. J'en ai vu les preuves non suspectes."

Duclos, who was the collector of these curious anecdotes, is very high authority. But the truth of this fact appears from other proof. In SEGAR'S Honor Militarie & Civil, published in 1602, is a full-length portrait of Henry 1v. in the habit of the order, and the mysterious symbols appear most distinctly, not only on the collar, but embroidered, of a very large size, round the robe.

Note II. page 52.

Eachard's works are now in the hands of few persons. It will be interesting however to his admirers, to mention, that a complete outline of the Grounds and Causes of the Contempt of the Clergy may be found in Burton, in the section entitled, Study a Cause of Melancholy, from p. 81 to 87.

Note III. page 70:

The French translator of Tristram Shandy, whe

knew nothing of Burton, confesses himself strangely puzzled with the fragment on Whiskers. "Vainement il a voulu eclaircir ce chapitre par des recherches historiques; le seul fruit de ses peines a eté de trouver que Mlles. Rebours et la Fosseuse sont citées dans plusieurs livres, et notamment dans les memoires de Marguerire de Valois, comme maitresses de Henri IV. Quant au Guiol, Maronette, Battarelle, &c. &c. le hasard les lui a offert dans la nombreuse liste des temoins entendus au procés de Girard & la Cadiere."

It would have diverted Sterne extremely, to have seen a Frenchman seeking to illustrate his lucubrations by historical researches.

Rebours is mentioned by Brantome. The source of the other names pointed out by the translator is sufficiently probable.

Note IV. page 82.

I have mentioned, in another work, the prac tice once general on the continent, of destroying dying persons, by violently pulling away the pillows from beneath their heads. There is a treatise on this subject preserved by Valentini, written with a degree of pomp and affectation, which equally defies a serious perusal, and the power of burlesque. The author first disputes concerning the definition of a pillow; and after a great deal of erudition, gives the following: Est aliquid sup❤

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