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IN THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA;

ITS NATIONAL RECOGNITION AND RELATIONS,

FROM THE

ESTABLISHMENT OF THE CONFEDERACY,

TO THE

PRESENT TIME.

A WORD TO THE NORTH AND THE SOUTH.

BY HENRY SHERMAN,

COUNSELLOR AT LAW.

." Then I thought that Conciliators were but ignorant men, that were willing to please all, and would pretend to reconcile the world by principles which they did not understand themselves; I have since perceived, that if the amiableness of peace and concord had no hand in the business, yet greater light, and stronger judgment, usually are with the Reconcilers, than with either of the contending parties."---RICHARD BAXTER's review of his early opinions.

HARTFORD:
J. O. HURLBURT, PUBLISHER.

1858.

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ENTERED according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1858, by

HENRY SHERMAN, In the Office of the Clerk of the District Court of the United States,

for the District of Connecticut.

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TO

THE FRIENDS OF

THE SUPREMACY OF OUR NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY,

AND

OUR NATIONAL SOVEREIGNTY IN ITS SUPREMACY,

THE

TRUE FRIENDS OF

THE UNION, OF FREEDOM, AND HUMANITY,

THIS VOLUME

IS FRATERNALLY INSCRIBED BY

THE AUTHOR.

PREFACE

I HAVE long thought that the more modern controversies on the subject of Slavery, which have obtained in this country, have originated mostly in the absence of a just and proper understanding and appreciation of the Theory of our Government in its National, State, and Territorial relations, under the Constitution, and the changes which these have undergone by the extension of our National domain and jurisdiction beyond the anticipations and calculations of its framers. In preparing this work for the press, I have endeavored to develope these relations and changes in their complicity with this agitating topic, with a view to a more general understanding of it, and a more harmonious acquiesence in the privileges, as well as the restraints, of which it has been made the subject.

The Earl of Chatham, standing in his place in the British House of Lords to oppose the aggressions of Ministry upon the rights of the American Colonies, in 1775, made the memorable and truthful declaration—“In every free State it is the Constitution, and the Constitution only, which limits both Sovereignty and Allegiance. This doctrine is

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