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hearts of the most sanguine. Confi- countries, and had it not been the dence began to yield to mistrust and policy of others to foment discord bedespondency; and when, in the tween them, there can be little doubt, month of November, after the battle judging from the past and present of Inkermann, it was discovered that conduct of the United States in simibut twelve thousand of our troops lar circumstances, that their governcould be mustered on the field of bat- ment, if it had not connived at their tle, we began to look with something proceedings, would at least have approaching to dismay at the decima- winked at them; and suffered the tion of our ranks, and to experience most favourable construction to be a depressing uncertainty as to how put upon the movement which was they were to be filled up. We all openly set on foot within the States. remember this; and with what Had it been their policy, even up to alacrity we turned to the prospect of the last, to deal equitably with the a fresh supply held out by the propo- case, they would not have dreamt of sal of recruiting in friendly countries cherishing a feeling of hostility, or for the British army. The Foreign reiterating a demand of satisfaction, Enlistment Act was passed ; and we
when the whole affair had passed over, naturally turned our eyes to America, and the Powers whose quarrel had led where so many thousand native Bri- to the difficulty, had shaken hands tish subjects resided. We saw at with each other. once what use they might be turned Up to the month of March, 1855, to--but here we were met at once by the home government urged Mr. the Neutrality Laws, which were Crampton by every possible means comprehensive and striugent, and to induce foreigners or British subwhich we were bound to respect. At jects in the United States to enlist in the same time, we had no reason to hier Majesty's service. “ The suhbelieve, judging from the moral code ject,” says Lord Clarendon, in a deof America in this respect, that pro- spatch of the 16th of February, “ is vided a breach of those laws was
engages the earnest attenavoided, there could be any objection
tion of her Majesty's government, on the part of its goverment to our and you will use your best endeavours working out our own purposes as we
to give effect to their wishes.” The could ; and accordingly, acting on above injunction was coupled, at the this idea, and having been informed same time, with a caution against afby the consuls of the principal cities fording any cause of complaint to the of the United States that there were United States government on account men eager to avail themselves of the of a violation of their laws. opportunity to enlist, Government Mr. Crampton's reply bears date determined to establish recruiting the 12th of March. It contains the stations outside the limits of the following passages :States (which would satisfy the requirements of the law) and invite
In order that no misconception or inistake residents within their limits to repair should arise in regard to this matter, which to them. In furthering this project,
is justly regarded by Her Majesty's Gover
ment is one of primary importance, and Mr. Crampton, to whom the first
which is indeed an indispensable condition to suggestions were made by the British
success in the objects they desire to effect, I cousuls at New York, Philadelphia, hare caused the legal opinion in regard to the and Cincinnati, exerted himself to the bearing of the Neutrality Laws of the United utmost, and spared no labour or pains States in this matter, of which I have the on the one hand to prevent any formal honour to inclose a copy, to be drawn up by violation of the laws, and on the other an eminent American lawyer, in the soundto send forward as many effective ness of whose views—both professional and men to the frontier for enlistment as political --I place the firmest reliance. I he could. In this he was encouraged
have sent copies of the same to such of Her by instructions from home, and aided Majesty's Consuls as may be required to act by numbers of experieuced military in the water we hare in hand.
Your Lordship will no doub: percieve tlınt men of different nations, who volunteered their services--some, we fear, restrict our operations within very narrow
the provisions of the Neutrality Act will with objects very different from the limits, but I feel convinced that your Lord. ostensible ones. Now, had there been ship will approve of my having strictly no other point at issue between the enjoined upon Her Majesty's Consuls to keep
rigidly within the limits of the law according Lordship's despatch of the 12th ultimo. Mr. to its truc meaning and intent, as well as Marcy appeared much pleased with this comaccording to the letter of its provisions. munication, and said that as the question
was one which liad engaged the attention of The “opinion” is then given at
the United States' Government he should be length.
very glad to be able to show this despatch to To this despatch Lord Clarendon
the Cabinet. I told Mr. Marcy that I had replied on the 12th of April. He no instructions to leave it with himn, but I says :
would take upon myself to do so if he would
consider it in the light of a private memoranI entirely approve of your proceedings as
dum. reported in your despatch of the 12th ultimo,
Mr. Marcy said he would note it as such, with respect to the proposed enlistment in the
and that if at any time Mr. Crampton wished, Queen's service of foreigners and British sub
he might recall it; “ the question,” Mr. jects in the United States.
Marcy added, “will no doubt come before In the meantime Mr. Crampton
Congress, and I should be glad if this despatch
could be found among the papers called for.” hal put himself in communication
I am aware that in leaving this despatch with Sir Gaspard Le Marchant, the
with Mr. Marcy I have transgressed the Governor of Nova Scotia, with a
regulations of Her Majesty's service, for view to establishing a recruiting de- which I must throw myself on your Lordship's pôt in that province; and had at last indulgence; but Mr. Crampton was anxious deemed it advisable to visit him there. that the United States' Government should In his absence Mr. Savile Lumley, not for a moment suppose that a project for who was charged with his duties, enlisting troops for Her Majesty's service wrote a despatch to Lord Clarendon within the United States had ever been conon the 7th of May, to an extract from
templated. which we beg the reader's atten
After reading the despatch himself, Mr. tion :
Marcy said he had no doubt that the course
pursued by Mr. Cranıpton was the proper At an interview which I had with Mr. one ; he was, indeed, convinced of this from Marey I told him that he had judged riglıtly having seen Mr. Crampton's instructions to in supposing that Mr. Crampton's visit to Her Majesty's Consuls when the question of Canada had reference to the Englishı question. recruiting in the United States first arosc. I stated that, from the first moment this
Now up to this date it will be seen question was mooted, Mr. Crampton had
that there was not room for the shashown the greatest anxiety that it should in no way lead to violations of the laws of the dow of a suspicion that in what the United States, that he believed everything
British ministers in America were that could be done might be effected legally, engaged about there was anything and that lie was determined, as far as lay in which could possibly cause a misunhis power, to prevent anything like infraction derstanding, or bring the countries or evasion of the Neutrality Laws of this into unfriendly collision, provided country. Unfortunately the very stringent only the letter of the law was strictly nature of the provisions of these laws was not
observed ;-and not even in case of its generally understood, and several persons had
violation, unless it was brought home on their own responsibility acted at variance
to them.' Mr. Crampton accordingly with them, and it was for the purpose of fully explaining the bearings of the law, and
felt it in accordance with both his of preventing such infractions, that Mr.
duty and his patriotic sympathies, to Crampton liad undertaken his journey to the
make the organization he had planned British Provinces,
as extensive and as efficient as posI then told Mr. Marcy that as I thought
sible, and believed that he was earnit would interest him to see your Lordship’s ing the gratitude of his country when last instructions on the subject I had brouglit he spread the network over the wholo them with me, and I said that I was certain
face of the States. He became thus a perusal of this paper would convince hiin of
the centre of a wide-spread system, two things : first, that the view which had
and found himself in constant and been taken, and the opinions which had been
confidential communication with a expressed by Mr. Crampton on this suject, were precisely such as Mr. Marcy might have
host of persons, strangers to him, of expected from his knowledge of Mr. Cramp
every nation and character, disafton; and secondly, that those opinions had been responded to by Her Majesty's Govern
needy adventurers-in short, as might ment in the saine frank and honourable man- be supposed, that portion of society It was in the midst of these efforts it has been sought to criminate the that a dispatch from Lord Clarendon, British Minister. We must content dated the 22nd of June, reached Mr. ourselves with explaining two circumCrampton, enjoining him to stay all stances. First, the individuals, Strofurther proceedings in the matter of bel, Hertz, Burgthal and Reuss, enlistment, and to abandon the project upon whose evidence the enemies of definitively. It may easily be con- Mr. Crampton principally rested for ceived in what a predicament this in- their proofs of his complicity, were junction, prudent and proper though men of notoriously loose, not to say it certainly was, left the British Minis- infamous character. The second cirter. There he was, surrounded by a cumstance is best explained in the labyrinth of machinery of his own words of Mr. Crampton himself. He construction, dangerous enough in says : the working, but trebly dangerous when interfered with, obliged to put “ The Attorney-General of the United a sudden and violent stop to its mo
which is more valuable numerically I then read to Mr. Marcy a copy of your than in any other aspect.
States has acknowledged, nay, he has protions, and disjoint and safely take to claimed, that the proceedings in the trial of pieces, as it were, the whole of what Hertz were, in reality, directed against Her he had put together. No easy task,
Majesty's consuls and myself; yet he was
aware that I could not, and he was detercertainly; but still more dangerous
mined that they should not appear in their than difficult. A host of expectants
own defence. bad to be disappointed a host of “ The offence tlus charged against us needy wretches had to be turned
amounts to a misdemeanour. adrift-a host of desperadoes to be “Prosecutions for misdemeanour by the summarily got rid of. Ill-humour, State, whether by indictment or information, malignity, revenge were to be encoun- are subject in this country, as in England, to tered. The odium which always at- certain regulations, providing that the de. taches to the ostensible promoter of
fendants shall have copies of the indictment an abortive scheme had to be en
or information, and a list of the witnesses, as dured. All this time there were at
well as other legal safeguards. his elbow the ministers of the very
“Now, Her Majesty's Consuls and myself
have stood in the position of defendants in country against whom these schemes were directed. They were looking torney-General Cushing whether we had the
this case, and I would beg to ask Mr. Atover his shoulder, as he played his
benetit of any of the ineans of defence which cards, and may be supposed to have the law allows to persons charged with mismade their own signs to his enemies, demeanour?" who must now have been numerous. A man placed in such a situation can No—they had not. The Attorneyscarcely expect to get off scathless. General had taken care, by express In point of fact, Mr. Crampton, who instructions addressed to the District had been the choice of the Americans Attorney, to contrive so that no Brithemselves--whose singular suavity tish officer should be permitted to interand grace of manner, as well as fere in the trials in question. Yet up higher accomplishments and qualities, to the very last despatch received had made him up to that time perhaps from Mr. Marcy during the month the most popular minister who ever that is just past, it is still insisted represented Britislı interests in Ame
that Mr. Crampton has no right, in rira, suddenly lost his prestige with self-defence, to impugu the testimony botli government and people, and of witnesses admitted and credited in became an object of public oppro- courts of justice in America ! The brium. In the prosecutions which result of the contest indeed cannot be were instituted against various indi,
doubtful, viduals for alleged violation of the neutrality laws, and especially on the Ubi tu pulsas, ego vapulo tantûm. trial of Hertz, the authorities who acted for the government made no A simple question disposes of the secret of its being their chief endea- case. If a functionary against whom vour to implicate the ambassador-to a charge is preferred, is not to be expose him as a “malefactor.” It is heard either in court or out of court, unfortunately beyond the scope of an how is he to defend himself ? article like this, to enter upon au ex- It would afford us great pleasure to anination of the evidence upon which be able to give, for the benefit of onr
readers the whole of that masterly until the “cumulative proofs" should despatch, in which Mr. Crainpton, at have been submitted, so as to give an the solicitation of Lord Clarendon, opportunity of reply, the “exceptional makes a forinal statement of his case. character” of Mr. Crampton's desThis document should be in the hands patches, recently come to his notice in of everybody who wishes to under- the Blue Book,” would have prestand this affair thoroughly ; and cluded any such thought of delay. should especially be read in connec- Here it is that the shoe pinches, as tion with the final note of Mr. Marcy, regards Mr. Crampton. At least, this, explanatory of Mr. Crampton's dis- and his participation in the Claytonmissal. It is a pity that Lord Claren- Bulwer Treaty, are enough. He must don had not the boldness to transmit
be got rid of. He was a party to the it to the American minister as it stood. policy of 1850. Moreover, he has seen It might have had a wholesome effect through, and spoken out about, the at the time. Arriving, as it did, policy of 1855. in the “Blue Book” the other day, it He had said, on the 16th of July was simply calculated to increase
in the latter year : those elements of repulsiveness which seem by that time to have rendered I believe Mr. Rowcroft to be entirely inany intercourse between our Minister nocent; and it would appcar, eren from the and the present government of Ame- newspaper reports, that the means employed rica impossible.
to get up the charge, reflect anything but On what grounds, then, is this ex
credit on the law officers of the United States treme act of dismissal sought to be
at Cincinnati. justified? Let the answer be supplied from the despatch we have just
He had charged the American Sereferred to. They are shortly these : cretary with something more than that he undertook to do what was
weakness of memory, in a despatch contrary to the municipal laws of the
dated November 19; country, as well as derogatory of its sovereign rights, in "hiring or retain- Mr. Marcy scems to labour under a some. ing" recruits for a nation at war with
what unaccountable misapprehension as to
facts which, I should have concluded, could a friendly power. That he continued
not have been ynknoren to hin to authorize this infringement of the law after instructions had reached him
And again, in the same despatch, from his government to desist-both these allegations being sustained solely
Mr. Crampton points to a further by that evidence which Mr. Cramp
unaccountable misapprehension." ton was not allowed to question, and
What, however, renders the want of in. which he has given such good reasons formation under which Mr. Marcy evidently for discrediting-unless indeed the laboured when he made the statement in verbal contradiction of Mr. Marcy, question, more extraordinary, is the fact that supported by some unsatisfactory al- on the day he wrote his despatch, viz., the legations which he calls “cumulative 13th of October, I had addressed to him an evidence," is to be admitted as im- official note on the subject, calling his atten. pugning the solemn, clear, and deli- tion not only to the reports of the proceedberate statement of Mr. Crampton
ings in question, published in the Ainerican himself. That, notwithstanding the
newspapers, but to the communications I haro satisfactory arrangement of the dis
received from Her Majesty's Consuls at Bos
ton, Cincinnati, and New York, on the subpute between the governments of the
ject, and to the landbill circulated secretly two countries, consisting of an apology
among the Irish societies, of which I inclosed on our part, and the acceptance of it on to Mr. Marcy a printed copy. that of America, the Minister who it is insisted is guilty, but who has had In the following passage of Mr. no means allowed him of proving his Crampton's "statement,” he remarks innocence --and who besides must be
upon this refusal to permit Her Maunderstood to have already apologized jesty's ministers to be heard in their in the apology of his government, can own defence :on personal grounds no longer be endured or communicated with as Her I think, my Lord, that we have gone Majesty's representative. That even reason to complain of this treatment, as very ware the President disposed to wait little in barmony with what might be ex.
pected at the liands of a friendly power ; as showing needless distrust of Her Majesty's representative and Consuls; and, if I may be permitted to say so, as unmerited by the personal character and reputation of those gentlemen or myself.
Mr. Marcy, as well as the President, I had flattered myself would have felt convinced that, however erroneous they miglit suppose my views of the Neutrality Lairs to be, I should have disdained to şhield myself from their consequences by concealment or subierfuge; and ihnt, upon inquiry of me, every act and proceeding of mine would have been frankly communicated to them. It wonla then have been unnecessary for the law offi. cers of the United States to resort to the aid of spies and informers, in order to obtain evidence against us. By so doing they have been (as might have been expeeted) grossly misled; and it will now be my duty to refiite, as far as I am able, the misrepresentations and calomnies which have resulted from the ill-conceived method of obtaining information resorted to by the Government of the United States.
have since been brought forward against Her Majestr's Diplomatic and Consular Agenis, and against the British provincial authorities.
Had Mr. Marcy informed me of these mat. ters, I should at all events have been able to demonstrate to hin the falseliood of those charges. And even supposing that I might not have succeeded in changing liis view of the subject, and he still should have conceived that he had grounds for complaint against Her Majesty's Government and their Agents, he would at least have been obliged to weigh my statemeuts as to facts against those of the witnesses who have been brought forward as “ State's evidence" to depose in a ('ourt of Justice to the grossest falsehoods, and he would have been ableto ground his complaints, if he still had thought it necessary to make thein, upon my statements and not upon evi. dence of a character which reflects little credit upon the parties who have had recourse to it.
Finally, the observations embodied in the despatch of March 14th, 1856, are too significant to be easily borne. The topic is still the recruitment of men in the States :
The insinuations contained in the following passage from the same do. cament are not very flattering to Mr. Marey S
Conceiving that the object of the American Government, in making through M. Buchanan the remonstrance against recruitment in the l'nited States contained in that Minister's note of the 16th of July, had now been fully attained, I addressed to Mr. Marcy (on the sih of August) a private letter, suggesting to him, on my own personal responsibility and without instructions from my Gorerminent, the expediency, with a view to avoiding the appearance of any want of harmony between the two Governments, of dropping the legal proceedings which had been instiinted against Her Majesty's Consul at Cineinnati, and against other parties at New York, for a violation of the Neutrality Laws.
To this friendly overture I received no reply from Mr. Marcy, although he bad returned to Washington and I had several con. versations with bin on other subjects, but at which be never alluded to the subject of the recruitment.
On the 24th of August I rentured to enquire of Mr. Marcy whether my letter had ever reached him; he replied that it had, that the subject of it was ander adviseinent, and that he would shortly communicate with me in regard to it.
This was all that passed, nor did Mr. Marry make the slightest allusion either to the correspondence which had taken place between Mr. Buchanan and roarseli, to the new point of view in which the Government of the l'initrd States now regarded the question, or to the pretended "disclosures" upon which charges
It was only by Mr. Mary's note of the 5th of September, that I was at once in. forined both of the view taken of the matter by the United States' gorernment, and of their belief that I myself was implicated in thie :ffair of which they complained.
Froin June 6, therefore, to September 5, during the whole of which time, with the exception of six days (from June 20 to June 26), I was at Washington, and dming the whole of which time Mr. Marey, as it has since appeared, believed that recruitments were successfully going on, which recruit. ments it was natural to suppose I night have had some influence in stopping or preventing, no reinonstianco or communication of any sort was made to me on the subject, and during the greater part of that time, while evidence was being industriously cola lected by the l'rited States' District Attor. ners, through the means of paid spies and informers, against myself and other officers of her Majesty's service, it was not thought ex. pedient by the l'nited States' gorert ment to give either myself or them any notice of what was going forward, or to break silence on the suluject to us at all, until a case against us lund beon matured and completed, by which it was hoped and expressly and nvowedly intended to convict us publicly of the offence of a violation of the law."
It is not for me to speculate as to the motires by which the l'nited States' government were actuated in this course of proceeding. but it certainly would seem that it was die. tated rather loy a desire 10 epsure the public conviction of certain parties of an offence, by silently watching their proceedings until they lisid involved themselves in some illegal act,