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who was esteemed a prodigy of literature even at the early age erect, round, leafy, sometimes a yard or more in height. Root of ten years.

perennial, tuberous, somewhat creeping. The Bignonia radicans, rooting or ash-leaved Trumpet flower, is a native of North America. It is a favourite covering for Eternal spring, with smiling verdure here walls, etc. striking into the mortar of the joints, so as to sup- Warms the mild air, and crowns the youthful year; port the branches. The flowers are produced at the end of the The tuberose ever breathes, and violets blow. Garth, shoots of the same year, in large bunches, with long swelling tubes, shaped somewhat like a trumpet, whence its name. The

The tuberose, with her silvery light, corolla is of an orange red, monopetalous-blooming during mid

That in the gardens of Malay summer.

Is call'd the mistress of the night, B. Crucigera, another species of the Trumpet flower, is a

So like a bride, scented and bright, more useful plant. The people of South Carolina chop the vines,

She comes out when the sun's away.

Lalla Rookh. with sassafras roots, sweet potatoes, china briar roots and other ingredients, to make a kind of beer, which proves an agreeable

And the jasmine fáint, and sweet tuberose, and wholesome beverage.

The sweetest flower, for scent, that blows • It derives its trivial name crucigera from a section of the

And all rare blossoms from every clime, stem, which represents a cross. Its flowers are large, and tubu

Grew in that garden in perfect prime.

Shelly. lar-outside, of a dark red or rusty colour, inside, yellow. Also a climbing plant.

Fame's bright star, and glory's swell,
In the trumpet flower, is pictured well.

The common representation of Fame, exhibits her in a flying

TULIPA. attitude, sounding a trumpet, to denote the surprise, attention,

Class 6.

Order. and discourse she occasions.


MONOGYNIA. Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss. Thund'ring by night through heaven and earth she flies,


No golden slumbers seal her watchful eyes :
On tow'rs, or battlements she sits by day,
And shakes whole towns with terror and dismay;

Tulipa, an acknowledged barbarous name, said to be of PerAlarms the world around, and perch'd on high

sian origin, and to signify a turban. Nor is this article of dress,

in a Persian of rank, unlike the swelling form of a tulip. Reports a truth-or publishes a lie. Virgil's Eneida

It is supposed to have been brought from Persia to the Levant. When on the goddess, first I cast my sight,

So late as the year 1554, the Turks charged a high price for Scarce seem'd her stature of a cubit's height;

these flowers, which would not have been the case had the But swell’d to larger size, the more I gazed,

tulip been then growing spontaneously in that country. PXzy Till to the roof her tow’ring front she rais'd.

makes no mention of the tulip, which is corroborative of this

inference. Such was her form, as ancient bards have told,

Moore alludes to the similarity of the tulip to the turban, in Wings raise her arms, and wings her feet infold;

his “Veiled Prophet." A thousand busy tongues the goddess bears,

“What triumph crowds the rich Divan to-day, A thousand open eyes, and thousand list’ning ears. Pope.

With turban'd heads, of every hue and race,
Bowing before that veil'd and awful face,
Like tulip-beds, of different shape and dyes,

Bending bencath th' invisible west-wind's sighs.”

Skinner gives the same etymology the above, and says TUBEROSE.

that the tulip is the “ily of Solomon.”' POLYANTHES TUBEROSA.

What in common language is called a bulbous-root, is by LinClass 6.


næus termed the hybernacle, or winter-lodge of the young plant. HEXANDRIA.

As these bulbs in every respect resemble buds, except in their MONOGYNIA,

being produced under ground, and include the leaves and flowers Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.

in miniature, which are to be expanded in the ensuing spring. CORONARIÆ.


By the careful dissection of a tulip root during the winter, cau

tiously cutting through the concentric coats, longitudinally from Polyanthes, a name given by Linnæus, and we must therefore

the top to the base, and taking them off successively, the whole accept his own explanation of it, which is

flower of the next summer's tulip is beautifully seen by the From two Greek words polis, a town, and ANTHOS, a flower, naked eye, with its petals, pistil, and stamens. because this plant is generally cultivated, and sold in towns, for The method of making a tulip variegated, or striped with the sake of its elegance and fragrance.

divers colours, is by transplanting from a rich soil to one meagre The French know it by the name of Tubereuse—the English and sandy. The plant is weakened when this effect is procall it Tuberose-both words taken from the Latin appellation duced, and loses almost half its height. See Darwin. which it first obtained of Hyacinthus tuberosus.

Some write it Polyanthes, as Linnæus originally printed the And sure more lovely to behold generic name; and suppose the etymology to be from a Greek

Might nothing meet the wistful eye, word Polus, many.

Than crimson fading into gold, Tuberose, originated in the old appellation of Tuberous Hya

In streaks of fairest symmetry. cinth, Hyacinthus tuberosus, alluding to the tuberous root, and

Dr. John Langhorn.-Fables of Flora. the resemblance of the flower to a hyacinth.

Its leaves were dressed in a rich array, It is usually supposed to be a native of the East Indies. More

Like the clouds at the earliest dawn of day, recently, it has been believed to have come from S. America.

When the mist rolls over the valley.

Percival. The colour of the flower is white, sometimes tinged with a bluish of pink; its odour rich and delicious, most powerful at The tulip has no calyx. Corolla bell-shaped, of six petals,

Seeds numenight, resembling the flavour of ginger, with great sweetness, ovate-oblong, concave, erect, deciduous, inferior. several in a terminal, oblong, bracteated spike. No calyx.

rous. The common garden tulip is called T. Gesneriana. Native Corolla monopetalous, funnel-shaped, incurved ; its limb in six of the country bordering on Mount Caucasus. In a wild state, equal segments. Leaves scattered, linear-lanceolate, taper-point- the petals are crimson, yellowish at the base—now called the ed, sheathing, smooth, pale, and rather glaucous. Stem simple, parrot tulip.




MONOGYNIA. Nat. Ord. Linn,

Nat. Ord. Juss. CAMPANACE,


Campanula, Latin, for a little bell.

Speculum, Looking-glass, a name bestowed upon it, as some suppose, on account of the glossy nature of the seeds; others, from the corolla seeming to reflect the rays of the sun.

The flowers are purple, inclining to violet, solitary. Calyx, perianth, superior, five-cleit, its segments the length of the corolla. Corolla, monopetalous, flat, wheel-shaped, deeply divided; segments egg-shaped ; valves of the nectary scarcely discernible. Leaves small, sessile, oblong, slightly scolloped. Stem, from six to ten inches high. Root, annual. A native of corn-fields in the south of Europe, common in English gardens.

Towards evening the corollas fold up into a pentagonal figure, and open, again, with the rays of Aurora.

There are three species of this tulip, the Cappadocia, Turkey, and Gesneriana. The last, is named after the great Conrad Gesner, mentioned in the note on Poppy, and it is distinguished from the others, by its pubescent scape, spreading, sweet-scented corolla, smallness of its size, and early flowering.

The tulip has always been considered as the rival of the rose, displaying a more gorgeous and varied tinting of colours, to balance the superior fragrance of her compeer. The Turks regard this flower with so much favour, that in addition to their “Feast of Roses," their “Feast of Tulipsis celebrated annually in the Grand Seignor's gardens, with a magnificence of splendour and pomp, that can only be compared to the fairy scenes of the Arabian Night's Tales.

Sir Robert Boyle amused himself occasionally, with moralizing upon the objects presented to his observation. The tulip and the rose, chancing to come under his review-after giving due praise to each, he adds, "tulips whilst they are fresh, do indeed by the lustre and vividness of their colours, more delight the eye than roses ; but so soon as they have lost that freshness, and gaudiness, that solely endeared them, they degenerate into things, not only undesirable, but distasteful; whereas roses, besides the moderate beauty they disclose to the eye, (which is sufficient to please, though not to charm it,) do not only keep their colour longer than tulips, but when that decays, retain a perfumed odour, and divers useful qualities and virtues, that survive the spring, and recommend them all the year. Thus, those unadvised young ladies, who have beauty enough, despise all other qualities, and so soon as they have lost their youthful freshness, quickly pass from being objects of wonder, and love, to be so of pity, if not of scorn ;-whereas those, that were as solicitous to enrich their minds, as to adorn their faces, may by the fragrancy of their reputation, and those virtues and ornaments of the mind, that time does but improve, be always endeared to those, that have merit enough to discern and value such excellencies; and whose esteem and friendship is alone worth their being concerned for. In a word, they prove the happiest, as well as the wisest ladies."

The tulip is made the emblem by which an oriental lover makes a declaration of love-presenting the idea, that like that flower, he has a countenance all on fire, and a heart reduced to a coal.

“Whose leaves, with their ruby glow,
Hide the heart that lies burning and black below."

VERBENA; or, VERVAIN. Class 14.


Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.






Verbena, De Theis derives it from the Celtic ferfaen, to remove; alluding to one of its supposed medicinal virtues.

Some derive verbena from rerro, to sweep or cleanse. The Greeks called it the sacred herhand it was with this plant alone that they cleansed the festival table of Jupiter, before any great solemnity took place,

Verbena, among the Romans, was the name of some evergreen aromatic shrub, esteemed sacred, and employed in various solemn ceremonies.

It was, also, one of those plants dedicated to Venus. Venus the victorious, wore a crown of myrtle interwoven with verrain, The Roman ambassadors, or heralds at arms, were crowded with vervain, when they went to denounce war.

A wreath of vervain heralds wear,

Amongst our gardens named,
Being sent the dreadful news to bear,
Offensive war proclaimed.

Drayton. From its reputed medicinal and divine properties, it was sometimes worn as an amulet around the neck; and the Romans, in the beginning of the year, made a present of this herb to their friends.

The common Verbena officinalis, grows wild in England--aeldom found above a quarter of a mile from a house, which occasioned its being called simpler's joy, because it denoted a house to be near, for the relief of the weary traveller. This species is without fragrance.

The general character of the flower of the Verbena is a calyz with five teeth, inferior. Corolla, funnel-shaped, rather unequal, curved ; limb spreading, cloven half way down into five, more or less, unequal rounded segments.

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Liriodendron, from the Greek LIRION, or LEIRION, a lily, and DENDRON, a tree; the tulip-tree. The encyclopedia has it Liriodendrum. Nuttall, and other botanists, write it Liriodendron.

The L. Tulipifera, American tulip-tree, or yellow poplar, bears flowers resembling a small tulip, variegated with pale green, yellow, and orange--standing solitary at the end of the buds of the branches. The flowers have a calyx of three leaves, inferior. Corolla, bell-shaped, of six petals.

The young bark of this tree is very aromatic; and the remarkable shape of the leaves cannot fail to strike the most careless observer; they seem as if cut off with scissors at the ends. The elliptical obtuse deciduous stipules, which curiously enfold the young leaves, are also remarkable. The tree is celebrated for its size and beauty. Botanists indicate two varieties of it.

Our attention has lately been drawn to this tree by the public prints, which tell us, the root has been discovered to be a sovereign antidote to the venomous bite of snakes. The bark to be chipped from the root and made into a decoction ; of which half a pint is to be drunk every half hour—the wound frequently bathed with the fluid, and the bark applied in the form of a poultice to the part.

of this genus there are two other species in China, and one in the mountains of Amboina.

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Violet, Latin, viola, is, by Ainsworth, derived from via, a way where men go : so, he says, the Greek for the violet, which is ton, is derived from the Greek verb ienal, which signifies to go: possibly, from its being found wild on road-sides.

Some etymologists trace the name of this flower to Ia, daughter of Midas, who was changed by Diana into a Violet, to hide her from Apollo. And the beautiful modest blossom still retains the bashful timidity of the nymph, partially concealing itself amidst its foliage, from the gaze of Phæbus.

The trembling violet, which eyes
The sun but once, and unrepining dies. H. Smith.

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Another fabulous account of the violet, is that it sprung up on purpose to be the food of the metamorphosed Io, daughter of Inachus, who had been changed by Jupiter into a beautiful white heifer, but fed by Juno's order upon bitter herbs. “On leaves of trees, and bitter herbs she fed.”

Dryden's Ovid. The poetry, the romance, the scenery of every country, is embroidered with violets.

Clematis, L. from the Gr. KLEMA, a vine-shoot, tendril, twig.

The flowers of this genus have no calyz. Petals four, five, or six, sometimes eight, oblong, lax, pubescent. Seeds tailed.

There are many species of them scattered over the globe ; several indigenous to America.

The C. Cirrhosa, Evergreen Virgin's bower-called in England sometimes traveller's joy, wild climber, bride's wreath, virgin's bower, etc. Is a native of Andalusia—quite hardy, first cultivated in England by Gerard, plants of which have stood more than fifty years, in the Chelsea garden. It has white flowers, petals large, elliptical, pubescent on the outside. Peduncle, or flower-stalk, scarcely an inch long, lateral, axillary, oneflowered. Stem, woody, resembling that of the vine, sending out branches from every joint, which renders it a thick bushy plant. Leaves, on the same plant, both simple and ternate.

C. Viorna, native of Virginia and Carolina. Root perennial; has purple or bluish-violet flowers, petals with a whitish cortony border. Anthers terminated with a luft of hairs. Leaves, compound and twice compound, opposite, petioled ; leaflets from nine to twelve, three on each pinna, generally entire, Seeds with long plumose tails.

Violets dim
But sweeter than the lids of Juno's eyes
Or Cytherea's breath.

It has a scent as though love, for its dower

Had on it all his odorous arrows tost;
For though the rose has more perfuming power,

The violet (haply 'cause 'tis almost lost,
And takes us so much trouble to discover)
Stands first with most, but always with Lover.

Barry Cornwall. The prizes of the Floral games of the ancients, consisted of a golden violet.

And in that golden vase was set,
The prize-the golden violet.

L. E. L.

To late summer's fragrant breath
Clematis' feathery garlands dance,
And graceful there her fillets weaves.

And Virgin's-bower, trailing airily,
With others of the sisterhood.

Keats. Scotland also claims it as her own. The fair Ellen whoge praises have been sung in harmonious poesy, busied herself in training it around the rude pillars of her father's lodge

«Due westward, fronting to the green,
A rural portico was seen,
Aloft on native pillars borne,
or mountain fir with bark unshorn,
Where Ellen's hand had taught to twine
The ivy and Idæan vine,
The clematis, the favour'd flower
Which boasts the name of virgin-bower,
And every hardy plant could bear
Loch-Katrine's keen and searching air,"

Scott's Lady of the Lake.

Butler, in ridicule of love speeches, and, at the same time, in recognition of the lover's attachment to this flower, makes his hero, Hudibras, say to his mistress :

Where'er you tread your foot shall set
The primrose and the violet.

This lovely flower, is forced into rather Invidious comparison with the “Queen of Flowers”—by Sir Henry Wotton, an accomplished scholar, the devoted friend and admirer of the amiable but unfortunate Queen of Bohemia, Elizabeth, daughter of James I. of England. He was sent by James on an embassy to Germany, upon which occasion, having received from the Emperor Ferdinand, a jewel, valued at a thousand pounds, but failing to reconcile the differences between Bohemia and the Emperor, in the enthusiasm of his friendly zeal, he gave away in disgust, the precious gem, “because it came from an enemy of his royal mistress,” (as he styled Elizabeth.) The second verse of the sonnet, is the one alluded to

VOLKAMERIA. (See Note on Clerodendron.)

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which expand in the form of a cross. The two principal varieties are the yellow, and the yellow and bloody. Numerous trivial varieties have arisen from these.

It is the flower with which the romance writers embellish all decaying embattlements, falling towers, and monastic ruins; enlivening those relics of more prosperous times, by its gay foliage, and sweet perfume-fit emblem of “Fidelity in Misfortune." The wall-flower springs from the disjointed stones.

To me it speaks of loveliness

That passes not with youth ;
of beauty which decay can bless,

Of constancy and truth.
But in adversity's dark hour

When glory is gone by;
It then exerts its gentle power
The scene to beautify.

B. Barton.
An emblem true thou art

or love's enduring lustre, given To cheer a lonely heart.


But left me that token of thee.
And ne'er shall its soft notes be blended
With the voice of the spoiler by me.

Silent their harps—each cord unstrung,
On pendant willow branches hung.

Booker. Willow, (gwilou, Welch,) is defined by Johnson to be wa tree, of the boughs of which a garland was said to be worn by forlorn lovers.

In love, the sad forsaken wight
The willow garland weareth.

Drayton. I offered him my company to a willow-tree, to make him a garland, as being forsaken.

In such a night
Stood Dido, with a willow in her hand,
Upon the wild sea-banks, and waved her love
To come again to Carthage.

I'll wear the willow garland for his sake.

Same. The song of the willow, introduced by Shakspeare into his Othello, is said to have been taken from an old ballad, to be found in “Percy's Reliqucs of Ancient Poetry,' entitled “A Lover's Complaint." **DESDEMONA.—My mother had a maid call'd Barbara ;

She was in love; and he she lov’d, prov'd mad,
And did forsake her : she had a song of willow,
An old thing 'twas, but it express'd her fortune,
And she died singing it.”

Act 4, scene 3. The illustrious author varied his song, somewhat, and made it the plaint of a fair damsel. From the original ballad, I shall transcribe a few lines“Come, all yee forsaken, and sit down by me, He that 'plaines of his false love, mine's falser than she; The willow wreath weare I, since my love did feet, A garland for lovers forsaken, most meete :

Sing, O the greene willow shall be my garland. Farewell, faire false-hearted; plaints end with my breath! Thou dost loath me, I love thee, though cause of my death : The mute birds sate by him, made tame by his mones; The salt tears fell from him, which softened the stones."

The S. Babylonica is a native of the east. Leaves lanceolate, taper-pointed. Catkin naked, accompanying the leaves. As the branches droop, the catkins ascend in a recurved manner,

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Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.

APOCINE. So named, by Mr. Brown, in honour of Thomas Hoy, F.L. S. an experienced botanist, and cultivator of flowers.

Hoya, is a genus of twining or decumbent shrubs, with opposite fleshy leaves, and many-flowered umbels, standing between the foot-stalks. The corolla, wheel-shaped, five-cleft.

Only a few species bave been defined. H. Carnosa, and H. Prunea, have flowers of the most delicate blush colour. That of H. Viridiflora, are green and scentless.

None of the species can bear exposure to the direct rays of the sun—their susceptible leaves, become blotched, if subjected to its withering heat.

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Salix, according to some etymologists, derived from salio, to rise or spring up. In allusion to the quick growth of these plants.

The Greek synonyme, ITEA, derived from IENAI, to go, because it grows fast.

De Theis deduces salir from the Celtic sal, near, and lis, water; applicable to the ordinary situation of the wil. low tribe. The weeping willow is usually planted near the water, over which its drooping foliage has an appropriate and picturesque effect, yet we are told that it thrives best in a dry gravelly soil, being then less apt to split or decay.

While with the poplar, on the mazy shore

The willow waves its azure foliage hoar. Vir. Geo. 6. 2. It received its name Saliz Babylonica from Linnæus, in allusion to the 137th Psalm.


Class 3.


Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.

GRAMINE.. Triticum, an old Latin name, derived from tritum, ground or rubbed-in allusion to the manner in which grain is prepared for the food of mankind.

Wheat, E. Sax. hwate; Gothic, hwit; Dutch, weit, wheatgrass, or corn.

Corn is a term applied to all sorts of grain fit for food, particularly wheat, rye, etc. These also belong to the grand division of grasses, which are distinguished from other plants by their simple, straight, unbranched stalk, hollow, and jointed, commonly called straw, with long narrow tapering leaves, placed at each knob or joint of the stalk, and sheathing or enclosing it, as if by way of support. The T. Caninum or bearded-wheat grass, is that which most pleases the eye on account of the greater length of its beard, or arista.

The Romans cultivated only the bearded wheat, its bristles serving to protect it from birds, etc.

The flower of triticum, consists of a calyx of two valves, common receptacle zigzag, elongated into a spike. Glume (the

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husk or chaff,) transverse, containing about three, or more flowers. Corolla of two nearly equal valves, the size of the calyx.

Ceres, the goddess of corn and harvest, was represented with a garland of ears of corn on her head. And the commemoration of the loss of her daughter, Proserpine, was celebrated about the beginning of harvest; that of her search after her, at the time that corn is sown in the earth.


LONICERA. (See Honeysuckle.)

Chiron, and to have used this plant for the cure of wounds, etc.
The A. Millefolium, or Yarrow, is reputed to have great inedi-
cinal virtue.
The Yarrow, wherewithal he stopt the wound-made gore.

Drayton. We find in medical books, that the green leaves of yarrow pounded, and applied to a bruise, dissipate it in a few days.

Millefolium, of the two Latin words, mille, a thousand, and folium, a leaf.

Yarrow, Skinner derives it from the Anglo-Saxon Gearewe, etc. and adds, that Minshrew derives it from arrow, because it is the best healer of wounds, and was, therefore, in former times, happily applied to wounds made by arrows_or, perhaps, says he, it comes from the Saxon gear, the year, because it retains its foliage almost through the whole year.

The common yarrow, A. Millefolium, is mixed instead of hops, in their ale, by the inhabitants of Dale karlia, in order to give it an inebriating quality.

It is generally esteemed a troublesome and noxious weed in pastures. Its white blossoms, nevertheless, beautify our fields, and could not well be spared by the lovers of flowers. Their pearly blossoms have sometimes been seen, at this day, forming a beautiful ornament for a lady's hair.



Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.

CAPRIFOLIA. Woodbine, or Woodhind, no doubt from the flexibility of its branches, and its habit of twining round, or binding the trees, or wood, that may be placed near it.

But those who wear the woodbine on their brow,
Were knights of love who never broke their vow;
Firm to their plighted faith, and ever free
From fears, and fickle chance, and jealousy.

Dryden's Vision of Chaucer.

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Nat. Ord. Linn.

Nat. Ord. Juss.

CORYMBIFERE. Artemisia, is possibly derived from ARTEMIS, the Greek name of Diana, in honour of whom, yearly festivals, called Artemisia, were observed throughout Greece, particularly at Delphos. Possibly, the goddess, who is represented, as somewhat severe in her exactions, may have required of her votaries, the cheving of this bitter herb, as a preparation for sacrificing to her divinity, as did Apollo, of the priestesses who officiated at his celebrated temple of Delphos, the chewing of laurel leaves.

This genus of plants, includes wormwood, southernwood, mugwort, etc. The common wormwood, A. Absinthium, grows wild in temperate latitudes, but it is also cultivated in gardens. It is not easy to distinguish it from A. Abrotanum, southernwood; both having a pale hoary green foliage, with an indeterminate stalk, branching out into many small shoots, with spikes of naked flowers, hanging downward. All the species have an acrid bitter taste.

Zinnia, named by Linnæus, in honour of Dr. John G. Zinn, professor of physic and botany at Gottingen, etc.

There are many species of Zinnia, native of warm climates; many of them indigenous in America. The common red Zinnia, or Z. Multiflora, is found on the banks of the Mississippi. Rays, yellow, orange, or brick dust colour. The flowers stand each on a hollow, deeply furrowed, terminal stalk, from one to two inches long, much thicker than the stem, and gradually swelling upwards. The disk is conical and acute, composed of reddish or tawny florets, accompanied by the prominent, darkgreen, or blackish, scales of the receptacle ; the radius of this compound flower, consists of ten or more broad, elliptical, usually emarginate florets, of a deep brick-red, and very smooth above; pale greenish, and rough beneath ; reticulated with veins, and finally becoming rigid, or membranous. Calyr imbricated, somewhat ovate, with numerous obtuse, erect, permanent scales.

Zinnia contains plants of the annual flowering kind, of which the species cultivated are the North American plant just noticed. The Z. Pauciflora, yellow Zinnia, with a less hairy stem, and greater breadth of leaf, somewhat heart-shaped, at their base. Native of Peru. Z. Verticillate, whorl-leafed Z. Flowers, a multiplied radius of deep scarlet, the disk broader, and less conical, than either of the others. Z. Elegans, purple-flowered Zinnia. And Z. Tenuiflora, slender-flowered Z. The flowers being the smallest of their genus, and distinguished by their bright red narrow revolute radiant florets, very rough at the edges; the tubular florets are yellow, The three last named are natives of Mexico.

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(The zinnia's solitary flower,

Which blooms in forests lone and deep, Are like the visions fresh and bright,

That faithful, absent hearts will keep."

NOTE.—See the concluding paragraph in the note on roses, to account for there being fewer varieties of that beautiful family of flowers retained in this edition than may be found in the former ones.

Note also, that where there are not poetic answers prepared for each individual flower in this collection, if the person receiving it entertains the same sentiments expressed by that particular flower, a part of it returned, will convey the idea of reciprocity of sentiment or sympathy of feeling.

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