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2. Influence of Domestic Condition on Longevity. Showing, for each County, the number and average age of all in the returns over 20 years

old, whose condition is specified.
Males.

Females.
Unmar-

Widow Unmar-
ried.
Married.

Married. Widows.

ried. Counties.

ers.

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222 54.70 47 73.93 69 46.30 214 43.68 140 70.89 251 53.52 47 74.04 101 39.56 325 44.10 99 71.49 266 55.81 75 71.16 114 39.93 251 41.24 157 74 06 59 58.59 17 75.23 32 45.62 76 44.30 36 73.25 103 55.08 22 74.32 30 32.06 94 41.95 44 73.25 38 63.00 14 80.21 16 30.25 52 48.23

25 72.61 40 62.32 17 79.47 14 29.78 68 46.79

28|75,50 165 50.09 33 71.45 49 38.00 133 40.88 72 72.56 130 51.13 17 75.41 42 47.57 138 44.01 63 70.63 55 56.29 16 74.56 22 48.91 69 48.68 33 77.85 66 52.25 14 72.85 21 57.42 64 43.67 40 68.52 8 51.87 1 100.00

544.20

13 50.61 4 82.25 18 55.33 6 78.00

2 54.00

25 40.72 17 68.35

Total,

490 35.23 1421 54.41 326 73.93 517 41.63 1522 13.62 758 72.29

$ 400

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V. RHODE ISLAND.
Government for the Year ending 1st Tuesday in May, 1850.

Salary.
Henry B. ANTHONY, of Providence, Governor,
Thomas Whipple,

of Coventry,

Lieutenant-Governor, 200 Christopher E. Robbins, of Providence, Sec. of State, $ 750 and fees. Stephen Cahoone, of Newport,

General Treasurer,

500 Joseph M. Blake, of Bristol,

Attorney-General,

Fees. Elisha R. Potter, of Kingston, Comm'r of Public Schools, 800

Amos D. Smith, of Providence, Major-Gen. of the Militia. * James C. Fidden,

of Providence, Speaker of the House. The Governor, Lieutenant-Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, and Attorney-General are elected annually on the 1st Wednesday of April, for the year commencing the 1st Tuesday of May. The Commissioner of Schools is appointed by the Governor. The Senate consists of the Governor, who presides, the Lieutenant-Governor, and one Senator from each of the thirty-one towns in the State. The House of Representatives consists of 69 members.

JUDICIARY.

Supreme Court.
Richard W. Greene, of Providence, Chief Justice, Entries & $ 900

of Warren,
Associate Justice,

550 William R. Staples, of Providence,

550 George A. Brayton, of Warwick,

550 Joseph K. Angell, of Providence, Reporter.

Levi Haile,

The judges of the Supreme Court hold office until they are removed by a resolution passed by both Houses of the Assembly, and voted for by a majority of the members elected to each House. By an act passed May, 1848, the Court of Common Pleas in each of the five counties is hereafter to be held by a single judge of the Supreme Court sitting alone. The associate judges of the Supreme Court are to divide this duty among themselves. There are no longer any associate justices elected for each county.

Clerks of the Supreme and Common Pleas Courts.

Counties.

Clerks of Supreme Court. Clerks of Common Pleas.

Post-Office.

Newport,
William Gilpin,

Daniel C. Denham, Newport.
Providence, Walter Paine, Jr., John W. Smith, Providence.
Washington, Powell Helme, John G. Clarke, Jr., Kingston.
Bristol, Massadore T. Bennett, Massadore T. Bennett, Bristol.
Kent, Joseph J. Tillinghast, Jeremiah S. Slocum, E. Greenwich.

Public Schools. - The State has a School Fund, invested in bank stock, of $ 51,300. By an act passed 1836, the interest of this State's part of the United States surplus revenue (commonly called the Deposit Fund) was set apart for public schools. $ 25,000 is annually paid from the State treasury for schools; and each town, in 1816, according to the requisitions of the revised school law, voted to raise by tax one third as much as they receive from the State, and many of the towns raise a much larger sum. The amount expended for schools in 1844 (exclusive of academies and private schools) was over $ 54,000. For several years past, great exertions have been made in all parts of the State in improving the schools and school houses. By an act passed June, 1848, the proceeds of the militia commutation tax in each town are to be applied hereafter to the support of public schools. By the act of January, 1849, in addition to the sums heretofore appropriated, $ 10,000 is to be annually paid out of the State treasury for the support of schools. For several years past, $ 1,500 has been annually appropriated by the State for the instruction of the deaf, dumb, and blind, in asylums out of the State. No report has been made to the Legislature for three or four years past. The former commissioner resigned in February, 1849.

State Prison. — Thomas W. Hayward, Warden. Salary $ 800. The number of prisoners, Sept. 30, 1848, was 20, — 17 males, 3 females. Committed, during past year, 7. Discharged, hoy expiration of time, 2. Died, 1. Escaped, 3 (1 retaken). Natives of Rhode Island, 11 ; of other States, 3 ; foreigners, 6. The convicts in the State prison are principally employed in shoemaking, – those in the Providence county jail, at cabinet-work.

FINANCES.
Principal Items of Expenditure.

Chief Sources of Income.
Salaries,
$5,523 Bank tax,

$ 27,709 Senate,

1,846 Tax on increase of bank capital, 4,595 House of Representatives, 4,180 From Courts,

3,959 Expenses of Supreme Court and of the Insurance Companies, .

1,630 Common Pleas, 14,377 Interest on surplus revenue,

8,129 Schools, 25,665 Dividend on School Fund,

3,244 State Prison, 4,000 Auctions,

1.254 Accounts allowed by General Assem- Peddlers,

5,350 bly, 9,181 Pawtucket Turnpike,

1,000 Balance against State in last account, 9,635 Town Councils,

1,961 Governor's orders, 826 Used of U. S. Surplus Revenue,

18,200 Deaf, dumb, and blind, 1,550 Miscellaneous,

1,186 Miscellaneous,

2,4181

.

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.

.

Banks in Rhode Island in April, 1849. — The whole number of banks is 63, and their condition is thus stated :Dr. Liabilities.

Resources.

Cr. Capital stock paid in, $ 11,240,307.50 Debts due from directors, . $771,978.82 Bills in circulation,

2,543,444.37 Debts due from other stockholders, 562,091.98 Deposits on interest,

140,913.07 Debts due from all others, 13,350,806.79 Deposits not on interest, 1,300,755.00

Total discounts,

14,634,877.59 Debts due from banks, 488,897.98

262,908.74 Dividends unpaid,

Specie actually in banks,
34,893.66
Bills of other banks,

451,364.03 Net profits on hand,

659,461.34
Deposits in other banks,

539,452.00 16,408,672.92 Stock in the banks, &c.,

79,311.53 Stock in other banks, and other stocks,

145,489.98 Real estate,

232,412.97 Furniture and other property,

12,856.08

16,408,672.92 From a report to the Legislature at the June session, 1849, it appears, that the full value of all the property of the State was $ 70,289,990; of which $ 48,956,829 was real property, and $ 21,333,161 was personal. The increase of ratable property in the State, from 1796 to 1823, was $ 17,140,000; and from 1833 to 1849, it was $ 37,650,000.

City of Providence. — The total receipts of the city of Providence, for the year ending March 5, 1849, were (including balance of old account, $ 15,601.88,) $ 163,476.42. The total expenditures were $ 149,477.31. Leaving a balance to the city of $ 13,999.11. $ 9,891.26 were expended for interest; for schools, $ 32,628.04; for streets, $ 32,239.48. The debt of the city was $ 199,370.15.

Savings Institutions. — - From the returns of five Savings Institutions, in June, 1849, it appears that the amount of deposits was $ 1,054,263.60; and was made by 6,960 depositors. The average dividend, for the last 3 years, is between 5 and 6 per cent. per annum.

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VI. CONNECTICUT.
Government for the Year ending on the 1st Wednesday in May, 1850.

Salary. Joseph TRUMBULL, of Hartford, Governor,

$ 1,100 Thomas Backus, of Killingly, Lieut.-Gov. &, Pres. Senate, 300 Roger H. Mills, of New Hartford, Secretary of State, 1,000 Henry D. Smith, of Middletown, Treasurer,

1,000 Abijab Catlin, of Harwintown, C "ptroller,

1,000 Seth P. Beers, of Litchfield, Comm'r of the School Fund and

Sup't of Schools, $ 1,250 and expenses. Gideon Trumbull, of Stonington, Ass't Comm'r of School Fund.* Henry Dutton, of New Haven, Pres. pro ten. of the Senate. John C. Lewis, of Litchfield,

Speaker of the House.
JUDICIARY.

Supreme and Superior Court.
Samuel Church, of Litchfield, Chief Justice,

$ 1,300 Henry M. Waite, of Lyme, Associate Justice,

1,250

* And Commissioner after December 1, 1849.

Salary. William L. Storrs, of Middletown, Associate Justice,

$1,250 Joel Hinman, of New Haven,

1,250 William W. Ellsworth, of Hartford,

1,250 Thomas Day, of Hartford, Reporter,

550 A term of the Superior Court is held by one judge semiannually, in each county of the State ; and the Supreme Court, constituted of the five judges, meets annually in each county. The judges of this court hold their offices until seventy years of age. This court has jurisdiction in all cases where the damages, or matter in dispute, exceeds $ 70.

County Courts.
Counties.
Judges.
Attorneys.

Clerks.

Residence.

Hartford, Francis Parsons, R. D. Hubbard, Chauncey Howard, Hartford. New Haven, Henry Dutton, Dennis Kimberly, Henry G. Lewis, New Haven. New London, Charles J. M'Curdy, John T. Wait, James Stedman,

Norwich. Fairfield, Thomas B. Osborne, Joshua B. Ferris, Thomas Robinson, Norwalk. Windham, Thomas Backus, Jonathan A. Welch, Daniel P. Tyler, Brooklyn. Liichtield, Hiram Goodwin, Leman Church, Gideon H. Hollister, Litchfield. Middlesex, Samuel Ingham, Charles Whittlesey, Elihu Spencer, Middletown. Tolland, Hiram Rider, John H. Brockway, Jeremiah Parrish, Tolland.

A County Court is held by one judge three times each year, in the sev. eral counties. The judges of this court are appointed annually by the Legislature. They have jurisdiction in all civil actions where the damages, or matter in dispute, exceed $ 35. In civil cases, an appeal lies in all cases from the County to the Superior Court, where the matter in dispute exceeds the sum of $ 70. The clerks of the County Courts are likewise clerks of the Superior and Supreme Courts of their respective counties.

.

FINANCES FOR 1848-49. Principal Items of Expenditure, from (Public buildings and institutions, $9,356.73

March 31, 1848, to April 1, 1849. Quartermaster-General's department, 2,250.00 Debenture and expenses of General Assembly,

$ 28,353.64 Chief Sources of Income. Salaries of officers, 13,725.00 Forfeited bonds,

$ 2,453.20 Judicial expenses, 41,374.84 Avails of courts,

1,514.30 Contingent expenses, 10,566.74 Dividends on bank stock,

34,060.50 Support of State paupers, 1,100.00 Taxes,

70,862.19 Directors of State Prison, 300.00 Licenses to peddlers,

704.45 Superintendence of common schools, 1,350.73 State Prison,

1,000.00 The permanent fund of the State, on the 1st day of April, 1847, consisting of bank stock not transferable, or subscriptions to the capital of sundry banks, which may be withdrawn on giving six months' notice, amounted to $ 406,000. Valuation in 1846 of real estate, $88,963,321.084; personal estate, $ 15,888,483.93. Aggregate, $ 104,851,805.02.

Banks in Connecticut in May, 1849. , Liabilities, exclusive of Capital Stock. Dividends unpaid,

$ 32,220.34 Circulation, • $4,511,571.06 Other liabilities,

6,310.95 Deposits,

2,100,272.25 Due other banks,

Total, 364,966.31

$7,015,340.91

gent Ex

$

1,100

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Resources.
Over drafts,

$ 20,249.61 Specie, $575,676.07 Real estate,

332,751.72 Bills of other banks, 196,273.35 Bills discounted,

13,740,591.07 Due from other banks,

1,087,757.72 Due from brokers and agents,

Total resources, 385,558.38

$ 16,920,097.93 Stocks and bonds,

Deduct liabilities, 522,010.78

7,015,340.91 Checks and other cash items, 58,929.22 Excess of resources,

9,904,757.02 Four new banks were chartered by the Legislature of 1849, with an aggregate capital of $950,000. Abstract of Expenditures of the Staʻr. of Connecticut for Twelve Years. Contin

Public
General
Year.

Support
Judicial

Q. M.
Salaries.
Assembly

Buildings,
of State General's

Total.
Expenses.

Institu-
penses.
Paupers Depot.

tions, &c.
$

8
$

8 1839 21,729 9,234 11,250 31,115 1,700 1,720 1,438 86,172 1839 12.065 9,234

8,350 28,483 1,700 1,078 2,762 72,855 1840 17601 9,034

7,213
27,544 1,700

9.827 74,324 1811 17,287 9,034 7,986 32,479 1,700 870 13,529 83 186 1812 16,891 11,434 8,542 29,432

1,700

1,100 10,228 79,627 1843 21.930 11,434 10,737 31,336 1,500 828 5,659

83,724 1844 16.253 11,434 5,918 31,021 1,580 839 5,407 72,781 1815 17,642 11,434 8,191 31,776 1,500 943 12,573 84,360 1816 18,451 11,934 10,249 33,911 1,500 1,725 13,446 92,207 1847 23,850

12,597 15,934 34.761 1,500 605 12,112 102.619 1843 25,111 11,934 9,306 36,781 1,100 1,746 9,786 97.322 1819 28.354 13,725 10,567 41,375 1,100 2.250 9,397 108,741

Common Schools. — The number of school societies is 217; of school districts, 1,650; of children between four and sixteen, 88,911. The amount of the School Fund, September 2, 1847, as appears from the biennial exhibit, was $ 2,077,641.19, and the amount of dividends for 1849, was $ 133,366.50; which gives $ 1.50 to every enumerated child. The returns in Connecticut do not give the number of teachers, or their wages, or the length of schools ; but only the information indicated above. The Legislature, at its last session, appropriated $ 10,000 for the establishment of a State Normal School, for the training of teachers in the art of instructing and governing the common schools of the State.” This institution is placed under the control of eight trustees, appointed by the General Assembly, one from each county. The principal of the Normal School, Henry Barnard, of Hartford, is, ex officio, Superintendent of Common Schools, an office heretofore attached to that of Commissioner of the School Fund. The number of pupils is limited to 220, to be selected one from each school society. Tuition free. Schools or conventions for training teachers must also be held in each county annually, by the Superintendent of Schools.

Retreat for the Insane, Hartford. - John S. Butler, M. D., Physician and Superintendent. — The whole number of patients, April 1, 1848, was 122; 133 were admitted in the course of the year, making 255 in all ; 108 of whom were males, and 147 females. 122 were discharged during the year, leaving in the Retreat, April 1, 1849, 133; 61 of whom were males, and 72 females. Or the 122 patients discharged, 70 were recovered, 23 improved, 17 not improved, and 12 died. The whole number admitted, from the opening of the institution, in 1824, to thls time, is 1,897. 1,761 have been discharged ; of whom 1,012 have recovered, 597 have improved, and 155 have died. Of the 49 males admitted during the past year, 17

were farmers ; and of the 84 females, 12 were wives or daughters of farmers, and 34 ensgaged in domestic occupations. Of the 133, 49 were married, 71 single, and 13 widowed.

The terms of admission are, for patients belonging to the State, with the usual accommodations, $3.00 per week ; for those belonging to other States, $ 3.50 per week. For patients belonging to the State, with accommodations in the centre building, and a separate attend. ant, $ 10 00 per week ; for those belonging to other States, $ 12.00 per week. No patient is admitted for a shorter term than three months, and payment for that term must be made in advance. For admission, apply to the Superintendent. American Asylum for the Deaf and Dumb, Hartford. — Lewis Weld, A. M., Principal.

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