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The number of pupils for the year ending May 12, 1849, was 205; of whom 114 were males, and 91 females. Of these, 20 were supported by friends ; 31 by the State of Maine ; 21 by New Hampshire; 17 by Vermont ; 75 by Massachusetts; 6 by Rhode Island ; 27 by Connecticut; and 8 by South Carolina. The cost for each pupil for board, washing, fuel, &c., tuition, and the incidental expenses of the school-room, is $ 100 per annum. In sick ness, the necessary extra charges are made. Payment must be made six months in ad. vance, and a satisfactory bond for punctual payment will be required. Applicants for admission must be between 8 and 25 years of age, of good natural intellect, capable of forming and joining letters with a pen legibly and correctly, of good morals, and free from any conta. gious disease. Applications for the benefit of the legislative appropriations in Maine, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts should be made to the Secretaries of those States respective. ly, stating the name and age of the proposed beneficiary, and the circumstances of his parent or guardian. In the States of Rhode Island and South Carolina, they should be made to the commissioners of the funds for the education of the deaf and dumb, and in Verinont and Connecticut, to the Governor. In all cases, a certificate from two or more of the select. men, magistrates, or other respectable inhabitants of the township or place to which the applicant belongs, should accompany the application.
State Prison, Wethers field. — Elisha Johnson, Warden. A. S. Warner, Physician. David Miller, Chaplain. — The whole number of convicts, March 31, 1849, was 157. Dur. ing the year, 57 had been received, and 50 discharged. 31 were discharged by expiration of sentence, 7 were pardoned, and 9 died. Of those remaining in prison, 141 are males, — 105 white, and 36 colored; and 16 are females, — 10 white, and 6 colored. The males are employed in making cabinet-work, cutlery, and shoes; and the females in washing, cooking, making and mending clothing, and binding boots. The lowest number in confinement during the year was 144; the average, 157. There are 17 prisoners under sentence for life. Of the 57 admitted during the year, 33 were for offences against property, including burglary, larceny, horse-stealing, counterfeiting, &c. ; 3 for arson ; 4 for adultery; 3 for bigamy ; 12 for offences against life and the person, including assaults. A small library was purchased for the use of the prisoners, under the resolve of the General Assembly of 1847, and instruction in the rudiments of learning has been given them. There is also a Sunday school connected with the prison. The receipts of the prison for the year were $ 13,871.29; the ex. penditures $ 11,661.48; balance in favor of the prison, $ 2,209.81.
Registration. — An act providing for the Registration of Births, Marriages, and Deaths was passed by the General Assembly in 1848. The returns made under this act, for the year ending August 7, 1813, are far from complete, - several towns wholly failing to comply therewith, and in others only a part of the school districts making the required returns. The report of the Secretary of State (May, 1849) exhibits the following results, - from 134 towns:
565 587 540 467 285 307
544 524 468 428 254 298 261 122
1,324 4781 40 24 542 424 412 34 870 111 1,222 406 23 1 430 361
12 733 115 1,123 366 29 65 460 318 336 19 673 119 4,014 273 25 2 300 302 297 19 61 57
596 206 23 220 449 203 202 16 421 99 704 263 24
287 226 228 4 455 46 559 167 17 2 186 190 158 8 336 60 308 142 18 2 162 114 128 8 250 822 6,850 (2,301 199 316 2,816 2,138 2,121 120 1,379
Of the deaths, 587 were under 1 year of age; 561 were between 1 and 5 years ; 179 between 5 and 10; 275 between 10 and 20; 491 between 20 and 30; 376 between 30 and 40; 312 between 40 and 50; 332 between 50 and 60; 357 between 60 and 70; 410 between 70 and 80; 309 between 80 and 90; 68 between 90 and 100; and 5, 100 and upwards. The greatest number of deaths in any month was 398, in March; the smallest was 252, in December.
VII. NEW YORK.
Government for the Year 1850. Hamilton Fish, of New York, Governor (term ends Decem- Salary. ber 31, 1850),
$4,000 Geo. W. Patterson, of Westfield, Lieutenant-Governor, $6 a day. *Christopher Morgan, of Auburn, Sec. State f. Sup't Com. Schools, 2,500 *Washington Hunt, of Lockport, Comptroller,
2,500 * Alvah Hunt, of Oxford, Treasurer,
1,500 * Ambrose L. Jordan, of New York, Altorney-General,
2,000 *Charles B. Stuart,
State Engineer and Surveyor, 2,400 *Samuel Stevens,
1,000 John Stewart, of New York, Commissary-General,
700 Lewis Benedict, of Albany,
Judge- Advocate General,
500 *Nelson J. Beach, of Lowville, Canal Commissioner,
1,700 Jacob Hinds, of Hindsville,
1,700 § Charles Cook, of Havana,
1,700 *Isaac N. Comstock, of Albany, Inspector of State Prisons, 1,600 David D. Spencer, of Ithaca,
1,600 s Alexander H. Wells, of Sing Sing,
1,600 || David K. Abell,
$4 a day, and 5
[cents a mile for travel. TGideon Hard, of Albion, TElihu L. Phillips, of Syracuse, Archibald Campbell, of Albany, Dep. Sec. of State & Clerk of
Comm’rs of the Land-Office, 1,500 Philip Phelps, of Albany,
1,500 Judson W. Sherman, of Albany, Dep. Treasurer,
1,300 Francis H. Ruggles, of Fredonia, Auditor of Canal Department, 1,500 Alexander G.Johnson, of Troy, Dep. Sup't of Common Schools, 1,000 Alfred B. Street,
600 Elisha W. Skinner,
600 Robert H. Morris, of Albany, Private Secretary of Governor, 600
Legislature. The Senate consists of thirty-two members, who are elected for two * Term expires Dec. 31, 1849.
$ Term expires Dec. 31, 1851. Term expires March 7, 1850.
11 Term expires January 8, 1850. 1 Term expires Dec. 31, 1850.
1 Term expires April 4, 1850.
years, one from each senatrrial district. The Asserbly consists of one hundred and twenty-eight members, elected annually. Tie : ay of Senators and Representatives is $ 3 per day, and $ 1 for every 10 miles' travel.
1. Court for the Trial of Impeachments. This court is composed of the President of the Senate (who is president of the court, and when absent the chief judge of the Court of Appeals presides), the Senators, or the major part of them, and the judges of the Court of Appeals, or the greater part of them. It is a court record, and when summoned, meets at Albany, and has for its clerk and officers the clerk and officers of the Senate. If the Governor is impeached, the Lieutenant-Gov. ernor cannot act as a member of the court. Two thirds of the members present must concur for conviction. The judgment of the court extends only to removal from or disqualification for office, or both; the party being still liable to indictment.
2. The Court of Appeals. This court has full power to correct and reverse all proceedings and decisions of the Supreme Court, or of the old Supreme Court and Court of Chancery. It is composed of eight judges, of whom four are elected (one every second year) by the people at large, for eight years, and four selected each year from the justices of the Supreme Court having the shortest time
These selections are made alternately from the first, third, fifth, and seventh, and from the second, fourth, sixth, and eighth judicial districts. The judge (of the four chosen at large) whose term first expires presides as chief judge. Six judges constitute a quorum. Every cause must be decided within the year in which it is argued, and, unless reargued, before the close of the term after the argument. Four terms must be held each year, and every two years there must be one term in each judicial district. Each judge has a salary of $ 2,500 per annum. The court for 1850 is thus constituted :Chosen by the People at Large.
Term expires. Greene C. Bronson, of Albany, Chief Judge, Dec. 31, 1851. Charles H. Ruggles, of Poughkeepsie,
1853. Addison Gardiner, of Rochester,
1855. Freeborn G. Jewett, of Skaneateles,
1849. Selected from the Justices of the Supreme Court to serve until Dec. 31, 1850.
E. P. Hurlbut, of New York, Daniel Pratt, of Syracuse,
John Maynard, of Seneca Falls.
3. The Supreme and Circuit Courts. The Supreme Court has general jurisdiction in law and equity, and power to review judgments of the County Courts, and of the old Courts of Com
mon Pleas. For the election of the justices, the State is divided into eight judicial districts, each of which elects four to serve eight years, with an annual salary of $2,500. In each district one justice goes out of office every two years. The justice in each district whose term first expires, and who is not a judge of the Court of Appeals, is a presiding justice of the court, and the clerks of the several counties serve as clerks. At least four general terms of the Supreme Court are held in each district every year. Every county has each year at least one special term, and two Circuit Courts. Any three or more of the justices (including one presiding justice) hold the general terms; and any one or more hold the special terms, at which are heard all equity cases, and Circuit Courts, which are held exclusively for the trial of issues of fact.
Justices of the Supreme and Circuit Courts.
1853. H. P. Edwards, New York, 1855. Wm. F. Allen, Oswego,
1855. Samuel Jones, New York, 1849. Charles Gray, Herkimer,
1849. Second District.
Sirth District. W. T. McCoun, Oyster Bay, 1851. Hiram Gray, Elmira,
1851. Nathan B. Morse, Brooklyn, 1853. Charles Mason, Hamilton,
1853. Seward Barculo, Poughkeepsie, 1855. E. B. Morehouse, Cooperstown, 1855. Selah B. Strong, Setauket,
1849. W. H. Shankland, Cortlandville,“ 1849. Third District.
Seventh District. Ira Harris, Albany,
1851. John Maynard, Seneca Falls, “ 1851. Malbone Watson, Catskill, 1853. Henry Welles, Penn Yan,
1853. Amasa J. Parker, Albany, 1855. Samuel L. Selden, Rochester,
1855. W. B. Wright, Monticello, 1849. T. A. Johnson, Corning,
1849. Fourth District.
Eighth District. Alonzo C. Paige, Elizabethtown," 1851. James Mullet, Buffalo,
1851. John Willard, Sarat. Springs," 1853. Seth E. Sill, Buffalo,
1853. Augus. C. Hand, Schenectady, 1855. R. P. Marvin,
1855. Daniel Cady, Johnstown, 1849. James G. Hoyt, Attica,
1819. 4. County or Surrogates' Courts. When the real estate, or all the defendants, or all the parties interested, are in the county, the jurisdiction of the County Courts extends to actions of debt, assumpsit, and covenant, when the debt or damages claimed are not above $2,000 ; to actions for injury to the person or trespass upon property, where the damages are not above $ 500; and in replevin suits, where the property claimed is not above $1,000. They have equity jurisdiction for the foreclosure of mortgages; for the sale of the real estate of infants; for partition of lands; for admeasurement of dower; for the satisfaction of judgments where above $75 is due on an unsatisfied execution; and for the care and custody of lunatics and habitual drunkards. The Surrogates' Courts have the ordinary jurisdiction of courts of probate.
5. Criminal Courts. These are the Courts of Oyer and Terminer and the Court of Sessions. The Courts of Oyer and Terminer, in each county, except in the city and county of New York, are composed of a justice of the Supreme Court, who presides, the county judge, and the two justices of the peace chosen members of the Court of Sessions. The presiding justice and any two of the others form a quorum. In the city and county of New York, they are composed of a justice of the Supreme Court, who presides, and any two of the following officers : judges of the Court of Common Pleas of the city and county ; the mayor, recorder, and aldermen of said city. These courts are all held at the same time and place at which the Circuit Courts are held. Courts of Sessions are composed of the county judge and the two justices of the peace designated as members of the Court of Sessions, and are held at the same time and place as the County Courts.
6. Courts of New York City and County.
1853. Aaron Vanderpoel,
1849. J. L. Mason,*
1851. John Duer,
1853. Wm. W. Campbell,
1849. Daniel P. Ingraham,
1851. Charles P. Daly,
do. Education. - The amount of capital and annual revenue of the several funds appropriated to the purposes of education, for the year ending September, 1848, was as follows:
Capital. Revenue. 'Common School Fund,
$ 211,475.14 $ 117,220.25 United States Deposit Fund,
4,014,520.71 251,577.24 Literature Fund,
265,806.78 18,183.61 $ 6,491,802.63 $ 386,981.10
* Judges Mason, Duer, and Campbell attend only to suits transferred from the Supreme Court, which court is empowered to transfer, by order, peading suits to the Superior Court.