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Salary. Thomas Burnside, of Centre Co., Associate Justice, $ 1,600 Richard Coulter, of Westmoreland Co.,
1,600 Thomas S. Bell, of Chester Co.,
1,600 Cornelius Darragh, of Alleghany, Attorney-General, $ 300 and fees. Joseph S. Cohen, Prothonotary for the Eastern District, Fees. Wm. McCandless,
Western P. C. Sedgwick,
Middle Charles P. Pleasants,
Northern The judges of the Supreme Court appointed before 1843 have four dollars a day while engaged in holding court or travelling to and from the same. Those appointed since, and whose salaries are $1,600, have three dollars a day while thus engaged, as a full allowance for travelling expenses. They hold court in bank, once a year, in four several districts : - 1st, for the Eastern District, at Philadelphia ; 2d, for the Middle District, at Harrisburg; 3d, for the Northern District, at Sunbury; 4th, for the Western District, at Pittsburg.
District Courts. There are four District Courts, which are invested with the civil jurisdiction of the Common Pleas in their respective districts in all cases exceeding a certain amount.
Salary. George Sharswood, Pres. Judge for City and Co. of Philadelphia, $2,000 John K. Findlay, 1st Assist. Judge
2,000 George M. Stroud, 2d Assist. Judge
2,000 Hopewell Hepburn, Pres. Judge for the County of Alleghany, 2,000 Charles Shaler, Judge
2,000 Courts of Common Pleas. For the sessions of this court, the State was formerly divided into 21 districts. Last winter, the number of districts was increased to 24. The following is a list of the judges. Districts.
President Judges. Salary. 1. Philadelphia,
Edward King, $ 2,600 Judges, James Campbell, Anson N. Parsons, Wm. D. Kelley, each 2,600 2. Lancaster,
1,600 3. Northampton and Lehigh,
J. Pringle Jones, 1,600 4. Centre, Clinton, and Clearfield,
Geo. W. Woodward, 2,000 5. Alleghany,
Benjamin Patton, 2,500 6. Erie and Crawford,
Gaylord Church, 1,600 7. Bucks and Montgomery,
1,600 8. Northumberland, Lycoming, and Columbia, Joseph B. Anthony, 1,600 9. Cumberland, Perry, and Juniata,
Frederic Watts, 2,000 10. Westmoreland, Indiana, and Armstrong, Jno. C. Knox, 1,600 11. Luzerne, Susquehanna, and Wyoming, William Jessup,
2,000 12. Dauphin and Lebanon,
John J. Pearson,
President Judges. Salary. 13. Bradford, Tioga, Potter, and McKean, Horace Williston, 2,000 14. Washington, Fayette, and Greene, Samuel A. Gilmore, 1,600 15. Chester and Delaware,
Henry Chapman, 1,600 16. Franklin, Bedford, and Somerset, . Jeremiah A. Black, 2,000 17. Beaver, Butler, and Mercer,
John Bredin, 2,000 18. Venango, Jefferson, Warren, and Elk, Joseph Buffington, 2,000 19. York and Adams,
Daniel Durkee, 2,000 20. Mifflin and Union,
Abraham S. Wilson, 2,000 21. Schuylkill,
Luther Kidder, 1,600 22. Monroe, Pike, Wayne, and Carbon, Nathaniel B. Eldred, 1,600 23. Berks,
David F. Gordon, 1,600 24. Huntingdon, Blair, and Cambria, . George Taylor, 1,600
$1,887,519.06 Five per cent. stocks, .
37,305,801.18 Four and a half per cent. stocks,
39,393,350.24 Relief notes in circulation,
$702,664.00 Interest, certificates outstanding,
4,448.38 Interest on unclaimed and outstanding certificates to be added to them when funded,
14,165.89 Domestic creditors,
1,031,386.74 Total public debt, Dec. 31, 1948,
$ 40,424,736.98 Regular annual interest on loans,
1,987,542.99 Add arrears of interest ($ 19,000) and guarantied interest on internal improvement companies ($ 32,500), .
51,500.00 Total interest for 1849,
$ 2,039,042.99 The value of the productive property owned by the State in 1849 was $ 32,152,754.06. Total receipts during the year ending November 30, 1848,
$ 3,831,776.22 Balance in Treasury, November 30, 1847,
680,890.85 Total revenue,
$ 4,512,667.07 Total expenditures during the same period,
3,935,376.68 Balance in Treasury, November 30, 1848,
$ 577,290.39 Principal Items of Expenditure. Damages on public works, $ 26,153.10 Loans, . $ 148,378.15 Penitentiaries,
7,247.00 Guaranty of interest, 32,500.00 Domestic creditors,
13,246.42 Interest on loans, 2,005,740.79 Militia expenses,
36,721.32 Public improvements, 996,592.70 Pensions and gratuities, .
22,705.21 Common schools, 176,590.62 State library,
2,014.15 Cancelled relief notes, 139,000.00 Revenue commissioners,
2,253.02 Expenses of government, 230,580.78 House of refuge,
4,000.00 Abatement of State tax, 41,522.11 Miscellaneous,
22,800.31 Charitable institutions, 27,000.00
Chief Sources of Income. Tavern licenses,
$ 33,306.61 Loans, $ 140,000.00 Auction commissions,
22,500.00 Canal and railroad tolls, . 1,550,555.03 Lands,
21,451.91 Tax on real and personal estate, 1,350,129.49 Militia fines,
17,161.73 Tax on corporation stocks, 140,359.89 Tax on certain offices,
19,394.26 Tax on bank dividends, 118,048.55 Brokers' licenses,
2,566.00 Retailing licenses, 131,165.30 Peddlers’ licenses,
2,181.85 Tax on loans, 113,431.23 Tax on enrolment of laws,
1,965.00 Collateral inheritance tax, 55,359.01 Refunded cash,
14,538.05 Auction duties, 56,153.50 Miscellaneous,
12,784.56 Tax on writs, 30,682.95
$3,831,776.22 Common Schools. — The whole number of school districts in the State, exclusive of the city and county of Philadelphia, for the year ending June 5, 1848, was 1,306. Of these, 1,153 contributed to the support of schools, and 1,102 made reports. The whole number of schools was 7,815. The average number of months taught was 4.244. Number of male teachers, 6,065, at an average monthly pay of $ 17.37. Number of female teachers, 3,031, at an av. erage monthly pay of $ 10.65. Number of male scholars, 197,984; of female scholars, 162,621. There were 6,931 studying German. The average number of scholars in each school was 44, and the cost of teaching each scholar per month, 454 cents. The amount of tax levied was $ 508,696.51 ; received from the State appropriation, $ 193,035.75 ; received from the collectors of the school tax, $ 392,442.56. The cost of instruction was $ 465,992.34; of fuel and contingencies, $ 39,513.63; of school-houses, repairs, &c., $ 96,539.47.
Salary. William THARP, of Smyrna, Governor (term of office expires on the 3d Tuesday in January, 1851),
$1,333} Daniel M. Bates, of Dover, Secretary of State, Fees and 400 Jacob Faris,
500 Hiram W. M'Colley, of Milford, Auditor,
500 W. W. Morris, of Dover, President of the Senate. Daniel Cummins, of Smyrna,
Speaker of the House.
$ 1,200 Samuel M. Harrington, of Dover, Associate Justice,
1,200 John J. Milligan, of Wilmington,
1,000 1 Edward Wootten, of Georgetown,
1,000 Edward W. Gilpin, of Wilmington, Attorney-General, Fees and 500
Court of Chancery. Kensey Johns, Jr., of Newcastle, Chancellor,
1,100 Orphans' Court. Amos H. Wickersham, of Newcastle, Register of Wills,
Fees. John Raughley, of Dover,
Fees. William Dunning, of Georgetown,
Principal Items of Expenditure.
$ 2,858.33 Railroad tax, 3,250.00 Legislature,
687.62 Interest on loans, 4,947.62 Judiciary,
5,850.00 Bank dividends, 15,105.00 School fund,
15,947.62 Sheriffs, 440.00 Delaware College,
1,061.91 Clerks of the peace, 2,400.76 Sundries,
$ 26,705.37 Secretary of State,
4,637.73 Other sources, 12.75
$31,343.10 Total income,
Resources of the State. Invested capital (State and School),
$414,725.83 Taxes on corporations (annual),
5,725.00 Dividends and interest on loans (annual),
20,052.64 Retailers and tavern licenses,
2,989.76 Fines and forfeitures, .
676.06 Other sources,
1,073.75 For statistics relating to schools, pauperism, and crime, see the American Almanac for 1849, page 257. The sessions of the Legislature are biennial.
Government for the Year 1850. Philip F. THOMAS, of Talbot County, Governor (term expires Salary.
the 1st Monday in Jan., 1851), Use of a furnished house and $ 2,000 J. Nick. Watkins, of Annapolis, Secretary of State,
1,000 Dennis Claude, of Annapolis, Treasurer,
2,500 James Murray,
800 G. R. Richardson, of Baltimore,
Fees. John S. Gittings, of Baltimore, Commissioner of Loans
Fees and 750 George G. Brewer, of Annapolis, Register of the Land-Office, Fees. Richard Swan, of Annapolis, State Librarian,
1,000 John N. Watkins, of Annapolis, Adjutant-General,
Salary. John Johnson, of Annapolis, 1846, Chancellor, $3,000 Louis Gassaway, Register. Cornelius M'Lean, Auditor.
Court of Appeals. Thomas B. Dorsey, of Ellicott's Mills, 1848, Chief Judge, 2,500 Ezek. F. Chambers, of Chestertown, 1835, Associate Judge, 2,200 Ara Spence, of Snowhill, 1835,
2,200 Robert N. Martin, of Cumberland, 1845,
Salary. A. C. Magruder, of Pr. Geo. Co., 1845, Associate Judge, $ 2,200 William Frick, of Baltimore,
2,200 Richard W. Gill, of Annapolis,
Clerk and Reporter, Fees. Nicholas Brice, Chief Judge, Baltimore City Court,
2,400 Alexander Nisbet, Associate Judge,
1,500 The State is divided into six judicial districts, each comprising two, three, or four counties. For each district there are a chief judge and two associates, who constitute the County Courts for the respective counties in the district. These are the common law courts of original jurisdiction in the State; and they have jurisdiction of all claims for $50 and upwards, appellate jurisdiction from the judgment of justices of the peace, and equity jurisdiction within the counties, coextensive with the Chancellor. The six chief judges constitute the Court of Appeals for the State, which has appellate jurisdiction of cases at law and in equity, originating in the County Courts, the Orphans' Courts (of which there is one in each county), and the Court of Chancery.
Baltimore city and county comprise one of the six judicial districts, of which Judge Frick is chief judge. The associate judges are John Purvi. ance and John C. Le Grand. The stated salary of the associate justices is $1,500, and fees, which, in the Baltimore district, amount to as much more.
FINANCES. The finances of Maryland are now in a most flourishing condition, and there is nothing foreseen which is likely again to throw a shade upon the credit of the State. All the resources which have been relied upon for revenue by those who projected and carried through the measures looking to the resumption of payments of the interest on the debt, and its entire liquidation hereafter by the accumulation of the sinking funds and surpluses, have more than realized the expectations formed. During the present year (1849) the Treasurer has been enabled, from surpluses in the treasury, to redeem one fourth part of the arrears of interest funded under the resumption act passed in March, 1847, thus discharging about $ 220,000 of the State debt; and there will be a balance in the treasury, December 1st, 1849, according to present receipts, of over $ 300,000. The direct tax is now cheerfully paid in every part of the State, and the revenue from indirect taxes has so much increased as to give flattering evidence of the growing wealth and prosperity of the citizens. The report of the Committee on Ways and Means, made at the last session of the Legislature, during the winter of 1847 - 48, demonstrated that the sum of $ 9,184,128, then in hand, would pay off the whole principal of the public debt, to provide for the interest of which it was necessary to lay taxes. This was based upon the receipts of that year, including the revenue derived from the public works. Since then, the debt has decreased, both by the operation of the sinking fund and by the surpluses, out of which the Treasurer has discharged one fourth of the arrears, while the income from the public works has considerably increased. The same report claims an annual surplus of $ 208,000 to be devoted to the extinction, first of the funded arrears, and then of the principal or main debt. This estimate has been more than realized, and there is but little doubt that, in the course of three years, the funded arrears will be entirely redeemed; and if the present taxes are continued for fifteen years, there will no longer be any need of taxation to pay the interest of so much of the debt as may then be unliquidated, as it will be amply provided for by the proceeds of the public works for whose account the greater part of the debt was incurred.
The total nominal debt of Maryland is now about $ 15,900,000. Of this, about $ 1,900,000 is owned by the State as a sinking fund; and the interest on about $7,000,000 more is now