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The Secretary of State, Auditor, and Treasurer, are elected by a joint vote of both houses of the General Assembly. The Legislature meets biennially at Little Rock. Number of Senators, 25; of Representatives, 75. Their compensation is $3 a day during the session, and $3 for every 20 miles' travel in coming to and returning from the seat of government. Supreme Court.
Thomas Johnson, of Saline Co.,
of Washington Co.,
The Supreme Court has appellate jurisdiction only, except in particular cases pointed out by the constitution. It holds annually two terms at Little Rock, in April and October. The judges are elected by the General Assembly, by a joint vote of both houses, for eight years.
The Circuit Court has original jurisdiction over all criminal cases not expressly provided for otherwise by law; and exclusive original jurisdiction of all crimes amounting to felony'at common law; and original jurisdiction of all civil cases which are not cognizable before justices of the peace; and in all matters of contract, where the sum in controversy is over $100. It holds annually two terms in each circuit. The judges and prosecuting attorneys are elected by the people, the former for four, and the latter for two years.
1st Circuit, John T. Jones,
Albert H. Ringo,
Salary. Fees and $300
2d 66 Josiah Gould,
Treasury warrants issued from 30th Sept., 1844, to 30th Sept., 1846,
Value of Taxable Property and Amount of Annual Tax from 1838 to 1846.
The annual accruing interest is $153,670.00. This debt was incurred by issuing State bonds on account of two banks, the Real Estate Bank and the State Bank. To meet these liabilities, there are in the Real Estate Bank 187,180.89 acres of land mortgaged by subscribers for stock, the depreciated valuation of which is $2,012,560.38; and in the State Bank, productive assets to the amount of $1,083,026.58; in all amounting to $3,095,586.96. Internal Improvemeuts. - There are none in the State. 500,000 acres of land, given for purposes of internal improvement, were, by the Legislature of 1849, distributed among the counties.
Colleges and Common Schools. -There are no colleges in the State. Seventy-two sections of land, given by Congress to the State, for the purpose of establishing a seminary of learning, have been, by act of the Legislature of 1849, in utter defiance of the intention of Congress, distributed among the counties.
There are but few common schools in the State. In each township (of 36 sections of land) there is one section (the 16th) given by Congress to the townships for the use of schools. The law authorizes these to be sold. By act of January 7, 1845, $1,515.84 was appropriated out of the State Treasury to buy books for common schools, to be distributed by the auditor to the Boards of School Commissioners of the counties. $1,000 more was appropriated by act of 9th January, 1845, for the same purpose. The revenue arising from leases of salt springs, and from estrays sold, form part of the common school fund. There are academies and high schools, for one or the other sex, in Little Rock, Fayetteville, Washington, Camden, and some other places; but we have no means of ascertaining the number of scholars. State Penitentiary, Little Rock. - Number of inmates, 32. The keeping of the penitentiary is let to the lowest bidder by contract. The inmates are all men, and nearly all confined for larceny and counterfeiting.
Government for the Year 1850.
WILLIAM TROUSDALE, Governor (term expires October, 1851),
William B. Turley, of Jackson, Judge, Western Division,
Robert J. McKinney, of Greenville,
W. R. Caswell,
The judges of the Supreme Court are elected by a joint vote of the two houses of the General Assembly, for the term of 12 years. The judges of the inferior courts are elected in the same manner, for 8
14 Circuit Courts. Salary of each judge, $1,500. Each circuit has an attorney, with a salary of $200 and fees.
of Sommerville, Chancellor, Western Division, $1,500
1. Seth J. W. Lucky, Jonesboro'.
D. H. Cummings,
M. M. Brien,
5. Samuel Anderson, Murfreesboro'. Wm. L. Martin,
6. Thomas Maney, Nashville. 7. Mortimer A. Martin, Clarksville. 8. Edm. Dillahunty, Columbia. 9. William Fitzgerald, Paris. 10. John Read,
11. Wm. C. Dunlap, 12. R. M. Anderson,
13. A. J. Marchbanks, 14. James Scott,
R. C. Foster, 3d,
W. B. Johnson,
Archelaus M. Hughes, Columbia.
New Market. W. R. Caswell,
Savannah. R. A. Hill,
Criminal Court of Davidson County.
William K. Turner, of Nashville, Judge,
Commercial and Criminal Courts of Shelby County.
Ephraim W. King, of Memphis, Judge,
Total amount received,
Excess of receipts,
For the Year ending October, 1847.
The amount of productive property held by the State is $4,837,430.64; of unproductive property, $1,101,390. The State debt amounts to $3,337,856.66, and the annual interest on it is $177,426.37. The excess of the whole property of the State over its entire debt is $2,600,963.98; the excess of the productive property over the debt is $1,499,573.98.
Government for the Year 1850.
JOHN J. CRITTENDEN, of Franklin Co., Governor (term of office Salary.
A large majority of the voters voted, at the elections of August, 1847, and August, 1848, in favor of a convention to change the present constitution, and members of the convention for that purpose were elected in August, 1849, and the convention met October 1st, 1849.
John L. Bridges, of Danville, Judge; salary, $1,300. A. H. Rennick, of Frankfort, Clerk. Joseph Gray, of Frankfort, Sergeant. The clerk and sergeant are paid by fees.