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Residence. 11. Kenaz Farrow, Mount Sterling.
Thomas B. Porter, Flemingsburgh. 12. John L. Bridges, Danville.
Jeremiah T. Boyle, Danville. 13. Samuel Carpenter,
Bardstown. William Alexander, Brandenburgh. 14. John Calhoon,
Hardinsburgh. 15. Tunstall Quarles, London.
Barboursville. 16. Wiley P. Fowler, Smithland. Edw. J. Bullock,
the $1,000). John B. Helm, of Bowling Green, and Austin P. Cox, of Frankfort, members; latter acting as Secretary; salary, $500.
State Institutions for the Relief of the Unfortunate. — Lunatic Asylum, at Lexington, founded in 1822, number of inmates Jan 1, 1849, 271. Deaf and Dumb Asylum, at Danville, founded in 1822, number of pupils, Jan. 1, 1849, 50. School for the Blind, at Louisville, founded in 1812, number of pupils in 1849, 38. Marine Hospital, at Smithland, established in 1827. Penitentiary, established in 1798, number of prisoners at the close of 1849, 61. Louisville Marine Hospital, established in 1835. A new Lunatic Asylum is now building at Hopkinsville, in the southern part of the State, and will be completed in 1849.
FINANCES. Sinking Fund. - Certain resources are provided for the payment of the interest and principal of the public debt of the State. It is under the control and management of the following persons as Commissioners: – John J. Crittenden, Governor, and Chairman er officio; John Tilfourd, President of Northern Bank of Kentucky; Virgil M’Knight, President of the Bank of Kentucky; J. B. Bowles, President of the Bank of Louisville; John B. Temple, Auditor; John F. Bell, Secretary of State; and E. H. Taylor, Cashier of Frankfort Branch Bank, Secretary ex officio. The receipts of the Fund during the year 1848 were $ 404,824.37 ; the expenditures for the same time, $ 363,943.15; leaving a balance of $40,881.22. The interest on the debt has been promptly paid.
Ordinary Revenue. — Receipts into the treasury for the year ending October 10, 1848, $ 419,567.42. Ordinary expenses of the government for the same time, $ 428,118.41, leaving a deficit of $8,550.99. Valuation of property liable to taxation in 1848, $ 272,847,696; increase since 1847, $ 18,131.513. A tax of 17 cents is collected on each $ 100 worth of property, 5 cents of which are appropriated to the payment of interest on the public debt, two cents for the support of common schools, and 10 cents to pay the ordinary expenses of government. Number of acres of land in the State liable to taxation, 425,063; value, $ 127,631,871 ; average value per acre, $ 6.57. Number of slaves liable to taxation, 192,470; value, $ 60,820,378. Number of horses, 353,249; mules, 41,081. Total number of white males over 21 years
old in 1848, 142,976, of whom 139,612 vote at the various elections.
State Debt. — The entire funded debt of the State is $4,532,913.81, to pay which the State owns $ 1,270,500 of bank stock, about 400 miles of turnpike-road stocks, 29 miles of rail. road, and 290 miles of slack-water navigation, all of which yield upwards of $ 100,000 per annum; this, with a portion of the annual taxes, pays the interest on the public debt.
Government for the Year 1850.
on the 1st Monday in December, 1850),
Salary, $ 1,200
Salary. Samuel Galloway, of Ross Co., Sec. of State and Sup't of Schools, $ 900 John Woods, of Butler Co., Auditor of State,
1,200 Albert A. Bliss, of Elyria, Treasurer of State,
1,000 L. Dewey, of Ravenna, Warden of the State Penitentiary, 800 0. M. Mitchell of Cincinnati, Adjutant-General,
200 E. Gale, of Franklin Co., Quartermaster-General,
300 Samuel Carey, of Cincinnati, Paymaster-General. John Greiner, of Zanesville, Librarian of the State Library, 500
Commissioners of the Board of Public Works. E. S. Hamlin, of Columbus, Franklin Co., President, $ 2.50 a day. Samuel Forrer, of Dayton, Montgomery Co., Act. Commis., 1,000 J. Blickensderfer, of Tuscarawas, Tuscar. Co.,
1,000 E. N. Sill, Acting Commissioner of the Canal Fund,
666 Richard Howe, of Akron, Res. Engineer Ohio Canal,
800 Samuel Carpenter, of Lancaster,
Ohjo and Hocking C., 800 E. C. Cook, of Zanesville, “
Mus. Impr.&.Walh.C., 800 hn Waddle, of Chillicothe,“
800 A. F. Hinsch, of Lebanon,
Miami Canal, A. G. Conover, of St. Mary's,“
Miami Ex. Canal, 800 Cyrus Howard, of Florida,
Wabash and Erie Canal, 800 Henry A. Field, of Columbus,
700 John Hersh, of Cambridge, “
700 The Auditor and Treasurer of State are advisory Commissioners of the Canal Fund. Brewster Randall, of Cuyahoga Co., Speaker of the Senate, in 1848 - 49. John G. Breslin, of Seneca Co., Speaker of the House,
JUDICIARY. The judges of the Supreme Court, of the Courts of Common Pleas, and of the courts of the cities, are elected by the Legislature for seven years. Of the judges of the Supreme Court, the oldest in commission is chief judge, if the chief judge is not reëlected. Two of the four judges hold a court in each county once every year. The several Courts of Common Pleas are held three times a year, by a resident judge and three associate judges in most of the counties; but in the counties very recently organized, only twice a year. The judges who receive but $ 1,000 salary were elected after the law of January, 1844, reducing the salaries of public officers, was passed. The associate judges receive $ 2.50 a day. Supreme Court.
Salary. Peter Hitchcock, of Geauga Co., Chief Judge,
$ 1,500 Edward Avery,
1,500 Rufus P. Spalding, of Akron, Summit Co.,
1,500 Wm. B. Caldwell, of Cincinnati, Hamilton Co., “
1,500 Lewis Heyl, of Columbus, Clerk of Court in Bank, and Sup. Ct. Franklin Co.
Salary Isaac G. Burnet, of Cincinnati, Clerk of Supreme Court, Hamilton Co. Henry Stanberry, of Columbus, Attorney-General,
$ 1,300 Hiram Griswold, of Canton, Stark Co., Reporter,
Courts of Common Pleas. George B. Holt,
of Dayton, Judge 1st Circait, $ 1,200 Ozias Bowen, of Marion,
1,000 Benj. F. Wade, of Jefferson,
1,000 Richard Stilwell, of Zanesville,
1,000 John Pearce, of Carollton,
1,000 John H. Keith, of Chillicothe,
1,200 Elijah Vance, of Hamilton,
7th Arius Nye, of Marietta,
1,000 Samuel M. Hart, of Cincinnati,
1,200 Elijah Vance, of West Union,
1,000 Levi Cox, of Wooster,
11th James L. Torbert, of Springfield,
1,000 Eben B. Sadler, of Sandusky,
1,000 Philemon Bliss, of Painesville,
1,200 Benj. S. Cowen, of St. Clairsville, 15th
1,000 Patrick G. Goode, of Sydney,
1,000 William V. Peck, of Portsmouth,
1,000 George B. Way, of Defiance,
1,000 Sherlock J. Andrews,
Superior Court of Cleveland, 1,000 William Johnson,
1,000 Thomas M. Key,
* Commercial Court of Cincinnati, 1,000 The Superior Court of Cincinnati has original civil jurisdiction with the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton Co., at common law and in chancery. The Commercial Court of Cincinnati has original concurrent jurisdiction with the Court of Common Pleas of Hamilton Co., in all cases founded on matter of contract, both at law and in chancery. It is held by a single judge, appointed by the Legislature for the term of seven years. It has also a jury, in all respects like the Common Pleas. Suits are reviewed by the Supreme Court upon appeal and writs of error.
FINANCES For the Fiscal Year ending November 15th, 1848. The total amount of receipts for the year ending Nov. 15th, 1848, was $2,473,702.31 Balance in Treasury, Nov. 15th, 1847,
$ 2,963,400.85 Total disbursements for all purposes during the year,
2,541,918.97 Balance in Treasury, Nov. 15th, 1849,
* Created during the year 1848.
Principal. Annual Interest. Domestic bonds,
$43,518.59 Irreducible stock, School and Trust Funds,
94,015.85 Foreign debt,
16,880,982.50 1,022,358.95 Total State debt and annual interest, Nov. 15th, 1848, $ 19,173,223.22 $ 1,159,893.39
During the year a temporary debt of $ 259,418 has been paid, and $ 107,818.08 of the foreign and domestic debt has been redeemed and cancelled. The irreducible stock, upon which the State pays six per cent. interest to the townships and districts from which the funds were received, forms a part of the State debt which is not to be repaid. The surplus revenue repaid by the counties, and now in the treasury and in the hands of the commissioners, amounts to $1,653,084.06, and is pledged to the redemption of $1,500,000, 7 per cent. stock, payable in 1851. Of the domestic bonds, the canal bonds are pledged to the redemption of $ 270,661.51, and the railroad, canal, and turnpike stocks held by the State are fairly worth $ 1,000,000. Deducting these several sums from the present amount of the State debt, and there remains $ 14,835,630.84 to be provided for out of the ordinary revenues of the State. These are derived from the tolls, &c., of the public works, and from taxation. The gross income of the public works for the year was $ 879,389.39. The total value of taxable property, real and personal, in the State, for the year 1848, was $ 421,067,991 ; upon which the State tax was $ 1,265,769.26. The following table exhibits the present revenue of the State as compared with former tax laws.
Chief Sources of Income.
Principal Items of Expenditure. Taxes, real and personal prop
Bills drawn for appropriations, $ 238,462.19 erty, $ 1,155,502.17 Common School Fund,
200,630.60 Taxes on banks, insurance,and
Interest on foreign debt, paid bridge companies,
1,027,356.95 Canal tolls,
765,011.02 Interest on School and Trust Canal and turnpike dividends, 31,361.78 Funds,
83,291.12 Canal lands sold, .
66,461.76 Interest on domestic bonds, 33,082.71 Road tolls, 57,569.01 State debt redeemed,
404,754.56 Principal of surplus revenue, 215,355.21 Repairs on canals and public Interest on surplus revenue, 79,014.68 works,
339,372.67 School and trust funds,
51.289.273.37 The number and value of the domestic animals in the State, by the assessors' returns for 1848, were as follows:- Number of horses, 492,509,-value, $ 16,856.84; number of mules, 2,098, – value, $ 78,955; number of cattle, 983,822, — value, $ 9,729,929; number of sheep, 3 677,171, - value, $ 1,988,316; number of hogs, 1,879,689, — value, $ 2,341,106. The whole value of personal property, upon the duplicates, was $ 90,072,718.
Common Schools.- Amount of School Fund owned by the State, $ 1,566,930.87. Amount apportioned for school purposes to the several counties for the year 1848, $ 291,796.09. The number of whole school-districts in the State is 6,826 ; of fractional districts, 835; of common schools, 5,062 ; of teachers, male, 2,799, female, 2,412; of scholars enrolled, males, 50,211, females, 44,219; average daily attendance, males, 50,442, females, 40,253. The amount of wages paid to teachers from public funds was, to males, $116,812.82, to females, $ 32,392.62; from other sources, males, $ 25,154.81, females, $ 50,442. Number of months common 44.71 ;
schools have been taught, 15,745. 153 new school-houses were built the past year, at a cost of $ 39,727.43. Amount of building fund raised by tax, $31,640.47.
Ohio Lunatic Asylum, Columbus. - Wm. M. Awl, Superintendent. — Statistics for ten years, from Nov. 30, 1338, to Nov. 15, 1813, inclusive:- The number admitted during the ten years was 1,210; of whom were males, 612; females, 568; old cases, 584 ; recent cases, 626 ; pay patients, 375; State patients admitted, 835. Number of males discharged, 481 ; of females, 402. Number of males recovered, 291 ; of females, 250. During the ten years, of the whole number, 1,210, 119 died, 90 males and 59 females, making the average per cent. of deaths on all admitted in nine years, 8.9. The per cent. of recoveries on all recent cases discharged, in ten years, was 90.20; on all old cases discharged, 27.73; total on the whole nuniber discharged, 60; grand per cent. of recoveries on all admitted in ten years, per cent. of deaths on the average number in ten years, 8.09.
Ohio Penitentiary. — Laurin Dewey, Warden.— The number of prisoners, Nov. 30, 1847, was 415 ; of whom 390 were white males ; 7 white females; 2 colored females; 46 colored males. 189 males were married, and 247 were single; of the females, 8 were married, and I was single. Number admitted during the year, 120. Whole number during the year, 565. Of these there have been discharged, by expiration of sentence, 56 ; by pardon, 52; by restoration to citizenship, 22; by death, 8; by writ of error, 1; by pardon from President of the United States, 1; in all, 140. Number in confinement, Nov. 30, 1848, 425. Of the 120, 85 can read and write ; 17 can read only; and 18 can neither read nor write. Of the 120, 97 were committed for offences against property, including burglary, larceny, counterfeiting, horse-stealing, &c., 3 for arson, 2 for forgery, 3 for robbing the mails, and 15 for oikences against life or the person. Of the 425 in prison, 29 are under sentence for life; 3 for 30 years ; 5 for 20 years; 10 for 15 years ; 39 for 10 years; 86 for 5 years; 36 for 4 years; 94 for 3 years; and 13 for 1 year. The earnings of the prison for the year were $ 41,997.47. Expenses, $ 23,367.20. Balance in favor of the prison, $ 13,130.27. There is a library con: nected with the prison, for the use of the convicts, of nearly 7,000 volumes.
Government for the Year 1850.
Salary. EPAPHRODITUS Ransom, of Kalamazoo, Governor (term of office expires 1st Monday of January, 1850),
$ 1,500 William M. Fenton, of Fentonville, Lieutenant-Governor, $6 per diem
[during the session of the Legislature. George W. Peck,
Secretary of State, Fees and 800 John J. Adam, of Lenawee, Auditor-General,
1,000 George B. Cooper, of Jackson, State Treasurer,
1,000 George V. N. Lothrop, of Detroit, Attorney-General, Exp. and 700 Francis W. Sherman, of Marshall, Sup't of Public Instruction, 500 Abiel Silver,
of Edwardsburg, Comm'r of Land-Ofice, 1,000 Henry C. Bunce, of Marshall, Recorder of Land-Office,
400 John E. Schwarz, of Detroit, Adj.-Gen. and Q. M. Gen., 450 Justus Goodwin, of Calhoun Co., Agent of State Prison, 750
The seat of government is located permanently at Lansing, Ingham county, to which place the public offices were removed in December, 1847.