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THE

AMERICAN ALMANAC,

FOR

1850.

P A R T I.

1

THE

AMERICAN ALMANAC,

FOR

THE

YEAR

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1850, Being the latter part of the 74th, and the beginning of the 75th year

of the Independence of the United States of America ; the 6563d year of the Julian Period; the latter part of the 5610th, and the beginning of the 5611th

year since the creation of the world, according to the Jews; the 2603d year (according to Varro) since the foundation of

Rome; the 2597th year since the era of Nabonassar, which has been as

signed to Wednesday, the 26th of February, of the 3967th year of the Julian Period, which corresponds, according to the chronologists, to the 747th, and, according to the astron

omers, to the 746th year before the birth of Christ ;
the 2626th year of the Olympiads, or the second year of the 657th

Olympiad, beginning in July, 1849, if we fix the era of the
Olympiads at 7754 years before Christ, or at or about the

beginning of July of the year 3938 of the Julian Period;
the latter part of the 1266th, and the beginning of the 1267th

year (of twelve lunations) since the Hegira, or flight of Mahomet, which, as is generally supposed, took place on the 16th of July, in the year 622 of the Christian era.

I. CALENDAR AND CELESTIAL PHENOMENA FOR

THE YEAR.

SIGNS OF THE PLANETS, &c. O The Sun.

Mars.

4 Jupiter. The Earth.

Vesta.

h Saturn. DOC The Moon.

Juno.

H Herschel or Uranus. & Mercury.

Pallas.

Neptune. & Venus.

Ceres.

* A fixed star. 6 Conjunction, or having the same Longitude or Right Ascension. 0 Quadrature, or differing 90° in 8 Opposition, or differing 180° in * The ascending, U the descending node.

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CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES, SIGNS OF THE ZODIAC, ETC.

(1850.

The sign + is prefixed to the latitude, or declination, of the Sun, or other heavenly body, when north, and the sign when south; but the former prefixed to the hourly motion of the Moon in latitude indicates that she is approaching, and the latter that she is receding from, the north pole of the ecliptic.

The letters M. A., m. A., denote Morning and Afternoon.

CHRONOLOGICAL CYCLES.

Dominical Letter,

F | Solar Cycle, Epact,

17 Roman Indíction, Lunar Cycle, or Golden Number, 8 | Julian Period,

. 11

8 6563

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BEGINNING AND LENGTH OF THE SEASONS.

h. m.

8. Sun enters 10 (Winter begins) 1849, Dec. 21st, 4 32 47 A.

Mean go (Spring 1850, March 20th, 5 54 52 A.

Time at go (Summer

June 21st,
2 51 20 A.

Washing. - (Autumn

6 Sept. 23d, 4 54 37 M. ton Obser: 20 (Winter

Dec. 21st,

10 31 41 A. vatory.

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d. Sun in the Winter signs,

89 1 22 5 Spring

92 20 56 28 Summer"

93 14 3 17 Autumn 66

89 17 37 4 north of Equator, (Spring and Summer,) 186 10 59 45 south of

(Winter and Autumn,) 178 18 59 9 Length of the tropical year, commencing at

the winter solstice, 1849, and terminating 365 5 58 54

at the winter solstice, 1850, . Mean, or average length of the tropical year, 365 5 48 48

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(The anniversaries marked with an asterisk (*) are to be strictly observed.]

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Feb. 27,

.

Year. Names of the Months, 5610 Thebet begins,

Dec. 16, 1849 10th, Fast for the Siege of Jerusalem, Dec. 25, " 4 Sebat begins,

Jan. 14, 1850 “ Adar begins,

Feb. 13," 13th, Fast of Esther,

Feb. 25, " 14th, *Purim,

Feb. 26, 66 15th, Schuscan Purim, “ Nisan begins,

Mar. 14, 15th, *Beginning of the Passover,

Mar. 28, " 16th, *Second Feast, or Morrow of the Passover, Mar. 29,6 21st, *Seventh Feast,

April 3,5 22d, *End of the Passover, .

April 4, 5 Ijar begins,

April 13, " “ 18th, Lag Beomer,

April 30, “ “ Sivan begins,

May 12,“ 6th, *Feast of Weeks or Pentecost,

May 17, " 7th, *Second Feast,

May 18, “ Thammus begins,

June 11, “ 17th, Fast for the taking of the Temple, · June 27, “ Ab begins,

July 10, “ " 9th, *Fast for the burning of the Temple,

July 18, “ Elul begins,

Aug. 9, " 5611 Tisri begins, *Feast for the New Year,

Sept. 7, “ " 2d, *Second Feast for the New Year,

Sept. 8, " “ 3d, Fast of Gedaljah, « 10th, *Fast of the Reconciliation or Atonement, Sept. 16, “ " 15th, *Feast of the Huts or Tabernacles, . Sept. 21,

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