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United States, 3,260,073 22,000,000 Washington, Zachary Taylor, 18191 Mexico,

1,100,000 7,000,000 Mexico, José Joaquin de Herrera, 1848 Guatemala, 29.000 850,000 New Guatemala,

Paredes,

1849 Honduras,

81.000 280,000 Chiquimula, San Salva'r

24,000 330,000 San Salvador, Unknown Costa Rica,

33,000 180,000 Cartago, Nicaragua, 30,000 400,000 Leon,

Novberto Ramirez. * Hayti, St. Do 700,000 Port Republican, Faustin Soulouque,

1847 Dominica, mingo, 200,000 San Domingo, Gen. Santana,

118191

America,
Central

29,400

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BRITISH AMERICAN PROVINCES. LORD Elgin, Governor-General, Vice-Admiral, and Captain-General of all

the British Provinces of North America.

Area in

Provinces.

Lieutenant-Governors.

Sq. Miles. Population.

Canada East,

194,815 693,649 Canada West,

147,000 506,055 New Brunswick,

27,700 | 130,000 Sir W. Colebrooke. Nova Scotia, with C. Breton, 17,500 199,870 Sir John Harvey. Prince Edward's Island, 2,134 34,666 Capt. H. V. Huntley. Newfoundland,

35,913 81,517 Honduras,

62,740 3,958 Col. Fancourt. * Hayti is said to have been made an Empire. See Chronicle of Events for 1849, under date of August 26th.

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Oscar I. King Sweden and Norway July 4, 1799 Mar. 8, 1844 45 Lutheran Nicholas I. Emperor Russia

July 6, 1796 Dec. 1, 1825 29 Greek Church Frederic VII. King Denmark

Oct. 6, 1808 Jan. 20, 1848 39 Lutheran Victoria Queen Great Britain May 24, 1819 June 20, 1837 18 Prot. Episc. William III. King Holland or Netherl'ds Feb. 19, 1817 Mar. 17, 1849 32 Reformed Leopold

Belgium

Dec. 16, 1790 July 21, 1831 10 Lutheran* Fred. Wm. IV.

Prussia

Oct. 15, 1795 June 7, 1840 45 Evangelical Fred. Augustus

Saxony

May 18, 1797 June 6, 1836 39 Catholic* Ern. Augustus

Hanover

June 5, 1771 June 20, 1837 66 Evangelical Fred. Francis Grand Duke Mecklenburg-Schwer. Feb. 28, 1823 Mar. 7, 1842 19 Lutheran George

Mecklenburg-Strelitz Aug. 12, 1779 Nov. 6, 1816 37
Augustus

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Oldenburg

July 13, 1783 May 21, 1829 16
William
Duke Brunswick

Apr. 25, 1806 Apr. 25, 1831 25
Adolphus

Nassau

July 24, 1817 Aug. 20, 1839 22 Evangelical Ch. Frederic Grand Duke Saxe-Weimar-Eisen Feb. 2,' 1783 June 14, 1825 45 Lutheran Ernest II. Duke Saxe-Coburg-Gotha June 21, 1818 Jan. 29, 1844 26 Bernard

Saxe-Meiningen Dec. 17, 1800 Dec. 24, 1803 31 Joseph

Saxe Altenburg Aug. 27, 1789 Sep. 29, 1834 45 Leopold

Anhalt-Dessau Oct. 1, 1794 Aug. 9, 1817 22 Evangelical Alexander

Anhalt-Bernberg Mar. 2, 1805 Mar. 24, 1834 29 Augusta

Duchess Anhalt-Cöthen Aug. 3, 1794 Nov. 23, 1847 53 Reformed Gunther Prince Schwarzburg-Rudolst. Nov. 6, 1793 Apr. 28, 1807 13 Lutheran Gunther.

Schwarz'g-Sonder'n Sept. 24, 1801 Sept. 3, 1835 34 Henry XX.

Reuss, Elder Line, June 29, 1794 Oct. 31, 1836 42 Henry LXII.

Reuss, Younger Line, May 31, 1785 Apr. 17, 1818 33 Leopold

Lippe-Detmold Nov. 6, 1796 Apr. 4, 1802 5 Reformed George

Lippe-Schaumburg Dec. 20, 1784 Feb. 13, 1787 2 George Victor

Waldeck

Jan. 14, 1831 May 15, 1845 14 Evangelical Ferdinand Landgrave Hesse-Homburg

Apr. 26, 1783 Sept. 7, 1848 65 Reformed Leopold Grand Duke Baden

Aug. 29, 1790 Mar. 36, 1830 40 Evangelical Frederic Wm. Elector Hesse-Cassel

Aug. 20, 1802 Nov. 20, 1847 45 Reformed Louis III. Grand Duke Hesse-Darmstadt June 9, 1806 June 16, 1848 42 Lutheran Charles Antony Prince Hohenzol’n-Sigmar'n Sept. 7, 1811 Aug. 1848 37 Catholic Frederic

Hohenzol’n-Hechin'n Feb. 16, 1801 Sept. 13, 1838 37 Aloys

Liechtenstein May 26, 1796 Apr. 20, 1836 10 William King Wurtemberg

Sept. 27, 1781 Oct. 30, 1816 35 Lutheran Maximilian II.

Bavaria

Nov. 28, 1811 Mar. 21, 1848 37 Catholic Fran. Joseph I. Emperor Austria

Aug. 18, 1830 Dec. 2, 1848 18 Chas. Louis

President

France N. Bonaparte

Apr. 20, 1808 Dec. 20, 1848 40 Isabella II. Queen Spain

Oct. 10, 1830 Sept. 29, 1833 3 Maria II.

Portugal

Apr. 4, 1819 May 2, 1826 7 VictorEmanuel King Sardinia

Mar. 14, 1820 Mar. 25, 1849 29 Leopold II. Grand Duke Tuscany

Oct. 3, 1797 June 18, 1824 26 Ferd’nd Charles Duke Parma

Jan. 14, 1823 April, 1849 26 Francis V.

Modena and Massa June 1, 1819 Jan. 21, 1846 26 Pius IX. Pope States of the Church May 13, 1792 June 21, 184654 Ferdinand II. King Two Sicilies

Jan. 12, 1810 Nov. 8, 1830 20 Otho

Greece

June 1, 1815 May 7, 1832 17 Catholic* Abdul Medjid Sultan Turkey

May 6, 1822 July 1, 1839 17 Mahometan Florestan Prince Monaco

Oct. 10, 1785 Oct. 2, 1841 56 Catholic John

Regent German Federation Jan. 20, 1782 June 29, 1848 66

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* The King of Belgium is a Protestant, though his subjects are mostly Catholics ; the King of Saxony is a Catholic, though the greater part of his subjects are Protestants ; and the King of Greece is a Catholic, though most of his subjects are of the Greek Church.

STATES OF EUROPE, With the Form of Government, and Square Miles, according to McCulloch's Geo

graphical Dictionary, with Corrections; and the Population (chiefly) from the
Almanach de Gotha for 1849.
States and Titles.

Square Popu-
Form of Government.

Miles. lation.

Date of Enumin

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Andorre, Pyrenees, Repub. With two syndics and a council,

190 7.000 *Anhalt-Bernberg, Duchy, States having limited powers,

336 48,814 1846 *Anhalt-Cothen,

310 43,120 *Anhalt-Dessau,

337 63,082 1846 *Austria, Empire, Constitutional monarchy,

255,226 35,879,152 1842 *Balen, Grand Duchy, Limited sovereignty; two chambers, 5,712 1,349,930 1846 *Bavaria, Kingdom, Limited monarchy;

28,435 4,504,874 1816 Belgium,

12,569 4,335,319 1846 *Bremen, Free City, Republic; senate and convention,

67 72.90 1842 *Brunswick, Duchy, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 1,525) 269,301 1846 Church, States of, Popedom, Unsettled,

17,048 2,908,115 1:46 Denmark, with SchleswigHolstein, Kingdom,

Absolute monarchy; with prov. states, 59,762 2,239,077 1545 France, Republic; with one chamber,

202,125 35,401,761 1816 *Frankfort, Free City, Republic; senate and legislative body, 91 68,240 1846 Great Britain, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; lords and commons, 116,700 27,019,555 1841 Greece, Limited monarchy,

10,206 637,700 *Hamburg, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 149 188,054 *Hanover, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 14,600 1,773,711 1845 *Hesse-Cassel, Electorate, Limited sovereignty; one chamber, 4,386 754,590 1846 *Hesse-Darmstadt, G. Duch., Limited sover two chambers,

3,198

852,679 1845 *Hesse Homb'g, Landg'v'te, Absolute sovereignty,

151

24,433 1846 *Hohenzol. Hechingen, Pr. Limited; one chamber,

136

20,143 *Hohenzol. Sigmaringen,"

383 45,431 Holland, with Luxemburg, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 13,890 3,236,741 1315 Ionian Islands, Republic, Under Brit. protec.; council and chamb., 998 219,797 1314 *Liechtenstein, Principal., Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 52 6,351 142 *Lippe-Detmold,

432 108,236 *Lippe-Schaumburg,"

205 31,870

1846 *Lubec, Free City, Republic; senate and common council, 142 47,197 1845 *Mecklen.-Schwerin, G. 'Du. Limited monarchy; with one chamber, 4,701 524,042 1847 *Mecklenburg Strelitz,

1,094 94,406 1845 Modena and Massa, Duchy, Revolutionary,

2,073 515,313 Monaco, Principality, Absolute monarchy,

50 7.000 *Nassau, Duchy,

Limited sovereignty; two chambers, 1,736 424,817 1846 *Oldenburg, Grand Duchy, Unsettled,

2,4701 278,909 1846 Parma, Duchy,

2,184 496.903 Portugal, Kingdom, Lim. monarchy; one chamber of rep., 34,500 3,412.500 1841 *Prussia, Limited monarchy,

106,302 16,112,913 146 *Reuss, Principalities of, Limited sovereignty ; one chamber,

588 112,175 1846 Russia (in Europe). Empire, Absolute monarchy,

2,041,809 60,303,266 1816 San Marino, Republic, Senate and council of ancients,

21 7,600 Sardinia, Kingdom, Constitutional monarchy,

28,830 4,650,369

1839 *Saxony,

Limited monarchy; two chambers, 5,705 1,836,433 1346 *Saxe-Altenburg, Duchy, Limited monarchy; one chamber,

491 129.589 146 *Saxe-Coburg & Gotha, “

790 147,195

1846 *Saxe-Mein.-Hildburg.,

880

160,515 *Saxe-Weim.-Eisenach,

1,403 257,573 *Schwarzburg-Rudolst., Pr.

331 68,711 *Schwarzburg-Sondersh.,

328 58.632 Sicilies, The 'Two, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; with two chamb., 41,521 8,423,316

1845 Spain, Limited monarchy; with a legislature, 176,480 12,386,841

1833 Sweden,

170,715 3,138,894 Norway,

121.725 1,167.766 Switzerland, Republic, Confederation of republics; a diet, 17,208 2,188,009 "Turkey, Empire, Absolute monarchy,

183,140 9,545,000 STuscany, Grand Duchy, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 8,712 1,786,875 *Waldeck, Principality, Limited sovereignty; one chamber,

455 58,753 *Wurtemberg, Kingdom, Limited monarchy; two chambers, 7,569 1.743.827

Total,

3,708,871 * Member of the Confederation of Germany.

t Including Poland and Finland. 1 Including Wallachia, Moldavia, and Servia.

$ With Lucca, Garfagnana, Massa, and Lunigiana. The cessions made by Tuscany in famer! Parma and Modena, viz. Pontremoli and the Tuscan territory in Lunigiana, with the exception Borga, Pietra Santa, and Seravezza, have not been completed.

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THE ROYAL FAMILY. The Queen. Alexandrina Victoria, born May 24, 1819; succeeded her uncle, William IV., June 20, 1837; married, Feb. 10, 1840, to Prince Francis Albert Augustus Charles Emanuel, of Saxe Coburg and Gotha, born Aug. 26, 1819. Princess Royal. Victoria Adelaide Mary Louisa, born Nov. 21,

1840. Prince of Wales. Albert Edward, born Nov. I, 1841. Princess Royal. Alice Maud Mary, born April 25, 1843. A Royal Prince. Alfred Ernest Albert, born August 6, 1844. A Royal Princess. Helena Augusta Victoria, born May 25, 1846. A Royal Princess. Louisa Caroline Alberta, born March 18, 1848.

The Queen Dowager. Adelaide Amelia Louisa Teresa Caroline, widow of King William IV., sister of the reigning Duke of Saxe-Meiningen, born August 13, 1792.

Her Majesty's Mother. Victoria Maria Louisa, Princess Dowager of Leiningen, Duchess of Kent, born August 17, 1786.

Royal Princes and Princesses. Ernest Augustus (King of Hanover), Duke of Cumberland, born June 5, 1771; married, May 29, 1815, to Frederica Carolina Sophia Alexandrina, daughter of the Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, and widow of Frederic William, Prince of Solms-Braunfels, born March 2, 1778. Issue, George Frederic, born May 27, 1819.

Adolphus Frederic, Duke of Cambridge, born Feb. 24, 1774; married, May 7, 1818, to Augusta Wilhelmina Louisa, daughter of the Landgrave of Hesse, born July 25, 1797. Issue, George William, born March 26, 1819; Augusta Caroline, July 19, 1822; Mary Adelaide, Nov. 27, 1833.

Mary, Duchess of Gloucester, born April 25, 1776, married, July 22, 1816, her cousin, Prince William Frederic, second Duke of Gloucester (who died Nov. 30, 1834).

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MINISTRY.
Formed July, 1846.

Salary.
Lord John Russell,
First Lord of the Treasury,

£6,000 Lord Cottenham, Lord High Chancellor,

14,000 Marquis of Lansdowne, Lord President of the Council, 2,000 Earl of Minto, Lord Privy Seal,

2,000 Rt. Hon. Sir George Grey, Bart., Secretary of State, Home Dep., 5,000 Viscount Palınerston,

Secretary of State, — Foreign Dep., 5,000 Earl Grey,

Secretary of State, Colonial Dep., 5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir Chas.Wood, Bart., Chancellor of the Exchequer,

5,000 Rt. Hon. Sir F. T. Baring, Bart., First Lord of the Admiralty,

4,500 Sir John C. Hobhouse, Bart., President of the Board of Control, 3,500 Lord Campbell,

Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, 4,000 Earl of Carlisle,

Woods and Forests. Marquis of Clanricarde, Postmaster-General,

2,500 Rt. Hon. Henry Labouchere, President of the Board of Trade.

The above form the Cabinet. Duke of Wellington, Commander of the Forces,

3,460 Sir Wm. M. Somerville, Bart., Chief Secretary for Ireland, 5,500 Earl of Fortescue,

Lord Steward of the Household, 2,000 Duke of Norfolk,

Earl Marshal and Master of the Horse, 2,500 Sir John Jervis, Attorney-General,

5,500 Sir John Romilly, Solicitor-General,

1,500 Earl of Dalhousie,

Governor-General of India.
Earl of Clarendon,
Lord-Lieutenant of Ireland,

20,000 Rt. Hon. Fox Maule, Secretary at War,

2,580 Earl Granville, Paymaster-General and V. Pres. of the Board of Trade.

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1839 A.G Spencer, D.D. Jamaica, £ 4,000 1842 W. P. Austin, D.D. Brit. Guiana, £2,000 1842 Thos. Parry, D. D. Barbadoes. 1842 G. Tomlinson, D.D. Malta & Gib1825 John Inglis, D. D. Nova Scotia, 2,400

raltar, 1832 Dan'l Wilson, D.D. Calcutta, 5,000 1845 J. Chapman, D. D. Columbo, 1836 Geo. J. Mountain,

Ceylon.
D. D.

Montreal, 1,900 1842 F. R. Nixon, D. D. Tasmania, 1,091 1836 Thos. Carr, D. D. Bombay, 2,500 1842 D. G. Davis, D. D. Antigua, 2,000 1836 W. G. Broughton, Sydney,

1847 Wm. Tyrrell, D. D. Newcastle. D. D.

1847 Chas. Perry, D. D. Melbourne, 1,000 1837 G.T. Spencer, D.D. Madras, 2,500 1847 A. Short, D. D. Adelaide,

0 1839 J Strachan, D. D. Toronto, 1,0831817 R. Gray, D. D. Cape Town, 800 1844 Edward Feild, D.D. Newfoundl. 1849 G. Smith, D. D. Victoria, 1845 John Medley, D.D. Fredericton,

Hong Kong.
N. B.

1849 D. Anderson, D. D. Rupert's 1841 G. A. Selwyn, D.D. New Zealand 1,2001)

Land.

Metrop,

$2,000

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