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ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF ENGLAND.

Net Born. Cons. Trans. Archbishops.

Dioceses.

Income. * 1780 1828 1848 John Bird Sumner, Primate, Canterbury,

£17,000 1788 1837 1847 Thomas Musgrave,

York,

10,000 Bishops. 17861824 1828 Chas. James Blomfield, D. D. London,

11,700 1770 1831 1836 Edward Maltby, D. D. Durham,

8,000 1790 1826 1827 Chas. Richard Sumner, D. D. Winchester, 10,500 1783 1820 1827 Jobn Kaye, D. D.

Lincoln,

4,000 1824 1830 Christopher Bethell, D. D. Bangor,

4,000 1784 1827 1827 Hugh Percy, D. D.

Carlisle,

3,000 1784 1814 1827 George Murray, D. D. Rochester,

4,500 1776 1827 Edward Copleston, D. D. Llandaff,

1,000 1782 1829 1845 Richard Bagot, D. D. Bath & Wells,

5,000 17831830 James Henry Monk, D. D. Glo'ster & Bristol,

3,700 1777 1830 Henry Phillpotts, D. D. Exeter,

2,700 1794 1836 Chas. Thomas Longley, D. D. Ripon,

4,500 1801 1837 Edward Denison, D. D. Salisbury,

5,000 1780 1839 George Davys, D. D. Peterborough, 4,500 1797 1840 Connop Thirlwall, D. D.

St. David's,

2,500 1783 1840 Henry Pepys, D. D.

Worcester,

5,000 1842 1841 Ashurst Turner Gilbert, D. D.Chicbester,

4,200 1843 John Lonsdale, D. D. Lichfield,

4,500 1845 Thomas Turton, D. D. Ely,

5,500 1805 1845 Samuel Wilberforce, D. D. Oxford,

5,000 1790 1841 1846 Thomas Vowler Short, D. D. St. Asaph,

5,300 1794 1848 John Graham, D. D. Chester,

3,250 Not Peers. 1848 Renn Dickson Hampden, D.D. Hereford,

4,200 1847 James Prince Lee, D. D. Manchester,

4,500 Robert John Eden, (Baron Sodor and Man, 1799 1847

2,000 Auckland,)t D. D. Samuel Hinds, D. D.

Norwich,

4,465 The Bishops of London, Durham, and Winchester rank next to the Archbishops; the rest according to priority of consecration.

ARCHBISHOPS AND BISHOPS OF IRELAND.

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Cons.

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1806 1822 Lord J. G. de la Poer

1812 1820 John Leslie, D. D. 1 Kilmore. Beresford, D. D. Armagh. 1849 R. B. Knox, D. D. Down and Con. 1931 Rich. Whately, D. D. Dublin. 1928 1831 Rich. Ponsonby, D. D. Derry.

1845 James Wilson, D. D. Cork. Bishops.

1831 1831 Edmund Knox, D. D. Limerick.

1839 Thos. Plunket, D. D. Tuam and K. 1340 Edw. Stopford, D. D. Meath. 1539 Ludlow Tonson, D. D. Killaloe. 1894 1822 Lord R. P. Totten

1812 J. T. O'Brien. D. D. Ossory. ham, D. D.

1 Clogher.11843 Robert Daly, D. D. Cashel, &c. The Bishop of Meath takes precedence of all other Irish bishops, and is a Privy Councillor in right of his see. The rest take precedence according to priority of consecration.

* By net income is meant that of the bishopric. Some bishops hold other places of profit in the Church. The Bishop of Llandaff receives £2.965 as Dean of St. Paul's; the Bishop of Carlisle £1,439, as a Prebendary of St. Paul's, &c. There are in England and Wales 11.356 henefices, and 7,785 glebe-houses.

+ The Bishop of Sodor and Man, since Jan. 1, 1849, sits in the House of Lords as Baron Auckland.

1 The bishoprics thus marked are to be abolished when they become vacant.

JUDICIARY.

England. High Court of Chancery. Lord Cottenham,t (b. 1786, ap. 1846, Lord High Chancellor, salary, £ 14,000; Lord Langdale, (b. 1783, ap. 1836,) Master of the Rolls, £7,000; Sir Launcelot Shadwell, (b. 1779, ap. 1827,) Vice-Chancellor of England; Sir J. L. Knight Bruce, (ap. 1841,) and Sir James Wigram, (b. 1793, ap. 1841), Vice-Chancellors, £6,000 each.

Court of Queen's Bench. - Lord Denman, (b. 1779, ap. 1832,) Lord Chief Justice, £10,000; Sir J. Patteson, (b. 1790, ap. 1830,) Sir J. T. Coleridge, (b. 1790, ap. 1835,) Sir Wm. Wightman, (ap. 1841,) and Sir William Erle, (b. 1793, ap. 1845,) Judges, £5,500 each.

Court of Common Pleas. — Sir Thomas Wilde, (b. 1782, ap. 1846,) Lord Chief Justice, £8,000; Sir W. H. Maule, (ap. 1840,) Sir C. Creswell, (ap. 1842,) Sir Edw. Vaughan Williams, (ap. 1847,) and Thomas Noon Talfourd, (b. 1795, ap. 1849,) Judges, £5,500 each.

Court of Exchequer. — Sir Frederic Pollock, (b. 1783, ap. 1844,) Lord Chief Baron, £7,000; Sir James Parke, (b. 1782, ap. 1834,) Sir E. H. Alderson, (b. 1787, ap. 1834,) Sir R. M. Rolfe, (b. 1790, ap. 1839,) Sir Thomas Joshua Platt, (ap. 1845,) Barons, £ 5,500 each.

Scotland. Court of Sessions : Inner House. 1st Division. *David Boyle, (b. 1772, ap. 1841,) Lord President, £ 4,300 ; *J. H. Mackenzie, (b. 1777, ap. 1822,) Lord Mackenzie ; J. Fullerton, (ap. 1829,) Lord Fullerton ; Francis Jeffrey, (b. 1773, ap. 1834,) Lord Jeffrey, Judges, £2,000 each.

2d Division * John Hope, (b. 1794, ap. 1844,) Lord President, £4,000 ; *J. H. Forbes, (b. 1776, ap. 1825,) Lord Medwyn; *Sir J. W. Moncrieff, (b. 1776, ap. 1829,) Lord Moncrieff; *H. T. Cockburn, (ap. 1834,) Lord Cockburn, Judges, £2,000 each. Those of the judges who are also judges of the Criminal Court have an additional £600 a year.

Outer House : Permanent Lords Ordinary, attached equally to both Divisions of the Court. — J. Cunninghame, (b. 1782, ap. 1837,) Lord Cunninghame; Sir J. A. Murray, (b. 1779, ap. 1839,) Lord Murray; James Ivory, (b. 1792, ap. 1840,) Lord Ivory ; * Alexander Wood, (ap. 1842,) Lord Wood; Patrick Robertson, (b. 1794, ap. 1843,) Lord Robertson. Andrew Rutherford, Lord Advocate. T. Maitland, Solicitor-General.

The judges marked thus (*) are Lords of the Justiciary, or chief criminal

court.

Court of Justiciary. Lord Justice General, David Boyle; Lord Justice Clerk, John Hope; Commissioners, the remaining Lords of Session marked (*) in the list.

Ireland. Court of Chancery. Rt. Hon. Maziere Brady, (b. 1796, ap. 1846,) Lord Chancellor, £8,000; Rt. Hon. T. B. C. Smith, (ap. 1846,) Master of the Rolls, £4,500.

| Lord Cottenham was Chancellor from 1836 to 1841.

Court of Queen's Bench. – Rt. Hon. F. Blackburne, (b. 1782, ap. 1845,) Lord Chief Justice, £5,076; Hon. Philip C. Crampton, Rt. Hon. Louis Perrin, (ap. 1836,) Rt. Hon. Richard Moore, (ap. 1847,) Judges, £3,692 each.

Court of Common Pleas. — Rt. Hon. John Doherty, (ap. 1830,) Lord Chief Justice, £4,615; Hon. Robert Torrens, Rt. Hon. Nicholas Ball, (b. 1791, ap. 1839,) and Hon. J. D. Jackson, (b. 1783, ap. 1842,) Judges, £3,692 each. Attorney-General, Rt. Hon. J. H. Monahan; Solicitor-General, John Hatchell, Esq.

Court of Exchequer. — Rt. Hon. David R. Pigott, (ap. 1846,) Lord Chief Baron ; Hon. Richard Pennefather, Rt. Hon. John Richards, (b. 1790, ap. 1837,) Rt. Hon. Thomas Lefroy, (b. 1776, ap. 1841,) Barons.

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STATISTICAL ACCOUNT Of the Population of the Austrian Empire after the latest Calculation (close

of 1848) with regard to Nationality and Language. [Transmitted for publication in the American Almanac by Dr. J. G. Flügel, Leipsic.) The population of the whole Austrian Empire is 37,662,135 souls, namely:Germans, 7,819,275 | Hungarians (Magyars),

5,214,047 Czechs, Moravians, and Slavocks

Italians,

5,066,846 (ancient Sclavonians), 6,308,202 Furlanians (Furlaner),

389,511 Poles, 2,180,524 Ladines (Ladiner),

8,642 Pruthenians and Russians, 3,069,132 Moldo-Wallachians,

2,630,278 Slovenians (Southern Sclavon

Gypsies,

97,000 ians), Carniolians, and Wends, 1,143,367 Albanians,

1,970 Croats, 1,270,355 Greeks,

10,000 Servians, Schokazes, * Sclavoni

Armenians,

17,384 ans, Dalmatians, and Istrians, 1,685,146 Jews,

740,256 Bulgarians,

10,000 This population is distributed as follows: 1. Austria PROPER, below the Enns, has | 5. Coast District. - 489,946 inhabitants, 1,501,458 inhabitants, of which are —

of which are Germans, 1,431,023 Germans,

9,385 Czechs, 11,881 Slovenians,

172,422 Sloveno-Croats, 4,258 Sloveno-Croats,

3,300 Croato-Servians,

134,515 2. Austria PROPER, above the Enns and

Italians,

116,823 Saltzburg:

Furlanians,

49,426 857,007 Wallachians,

1,555 3. STYRIA:

Jews,

3,490 Germans,

619,000 6. TYROL.— 859,673 inhab’ts, of which are — Slovenians, 353,041 | Italians,

320,212 4. CARINTHIA and CARNIOLA. — 784,635 in

Ladines,

8,642 habitants, of which are

7. BOHEMIA. – 4,347,444 inhabitants, of Germans,

260,700

which are Slovenians, 506,238 Germans,

1,727,432 Sloveno-Croats, 7,078 Czechs,

2,549,975 Croato-Servians, 10,619 | Jews,

70,037 * Nickname of the Roman Catholic Servians.

German race,

$

3

8. MORAVIA and Silesia. — 2,263,021 in 13. HUNGARIANS. — 11,000,000 inhabitants,

of which are habitants, of which are — Germans, 756,706 Magyars,

4,500,000 Czechs, 1,330,213 Germans,

1,000,000 Poles, 135,375 Sclavonians,

2,300,000 Sloveno-Croats, 663 Pruthenians and Russians,

400,000 Jews, 40,061 Carniolians and Wends,

50,000 Croats,

700,000 9. GALLICIA (with Cracow) and BUCKOWI

Servians, Schokazes, Sclavonians, NA. — 5,255,621 inhabitants, of which are

Dalmatians, and Istrians, . 800,000 Germans,

131,000
Bulgarians,

10,000 Czechs,

2,182
Wallachians,

930,000 Poles,

2,005,149
Gypsies and Albanians,

37,000 Pruthenians,

2,612,793
Greeks, .

10,000 Russians,

2,339
Armenians,

3,000 Wallachians,

144,626
Jews,

260,000 Armenians,

5,384 Albanians,

5,446

14. TRANSYLVANIA (the seventh Military Jews,

346,702

Boundary inclusive). 2,383,880 inhabit

ants, of which are 10. DALMATIA. 404,640 inhabitants, of Germans,

250,000 which are

Bulgarians,

200 Slovenians, 374,725 Hungarians, ·

660,500 Italians, 28,500 Moldo-Wallachians, .

1,397,180 Albanians, 1,005 Gypsies and Albanians,

60,000 Jews,

9,000 11. LOMBARDY :

Jews,

7,000 Italians,

2,670,833 15. FRONTIER MILITARY GOVERNMENTS. 12. VENETIAN KINGDOM. -2,257,200 inhab

410 Armenians,

.

1,091,748 inhabitants, of which are — Germans,

48,229 itants, of which are

Czechs, Moravians, and Slavocks,

9,951 Germans,

12,036

Croats, Slovenians,

535,736 26,317

Servians, Schokazes, Sclavonians, Italians,

1,873,002

Dalmatians, and Istrians, . 354,876 Furlanians, 341,085 Moldo-Wallachians, ·

136,917 Jews,

4,760
Albanians and Gypsies,

965 Jews,

532 To this is to be added the Austrian military force, at an estimate of 492,486 men, of which are Germans, 105,486 Croats, .

24,000 Czechs, Moravians, and Slavocks, 104,000 Servians, Sclavonians, Dalma. Poles, 40,000 tians, and Istrians,

21,000 Pruthenians and Russians, 54,000 Hungarians,

44,000 Slovenians, Carniolians, and

Italians,

60,000 Wends, 20,000 Moldo-Wallachians, .

20,000

STATEMENT

Of the Progress of Population in the Kingdom of Saxony from 1843 to 1846. [From a Report of the “Statistical Society of the Kingdom of Saxony.” – Transmitted for

publication in the American Almanac by Dr. J. G. Flügel, Leipsic.] According to the last calculations, the area of the kingdom of Saxony amounts to 271.913

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geographical square miles ; * the total population in 142 cities, 3,756 villages, and several isolated estates and farms is 1,836,433 souls; and, according to this, there are 6,753.75 individuals to one square mile on an average; or, vice versů, 296433 geographical square miles, = 1 German acre 141.85 square roods to one individual.

In the district (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) of Dresden, which contains 78.78 geographical square miles, there live, in 31 cities and 1,091 villages, &c., 464,107 individuals; being, on an average, 5,891.18 inhabitants to 1 square mile, or 1 acre 206.55 square roods to one individual.

In the district (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) of Leipsic, which contains 63.14 geographical square miles, there live, in 38 cities, and 1,065 villages, &c., 417,041 inhabitants; being 6,605.02 individuals to 1 square mile, or 1 acre 151.80 square roods to one individual.

In the district (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) of Zwickau, comprising 84.31 geographical square miles, there live 669,114 inhabitants in 59 cities and 943 villages, &c.; being 7,936.35 individuals to 1 square mile, or 1 acre 76.01 square roods to one individual.

In the district (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) of Budissin, which contains 45.68 geographical square miles, there live 268,171 inhabitants in 14 cities and 657 villages, &c., and there are, accordingly, 6,264.69 individuals to 1 square mile, or 1 acre 176.35 square roods to one individual.

COMPARISONS. The population in 1846 amounted to 1,836,433 souls, viz. 895,918 males, and 940,515 females; of these 635,194 (or 312,971 males and 322,223 females) were living in towns; 1,201,239 (or 582,947 males and 618,292 females) in the country; and 17,035 (15,026 males and 2,009 females) in the military state.

The progress of population in the kingdom of Saxony from 1843 to 1846 is 78,633 individuals, = 4.473 per cent. (40,298 males, = 4.710 per cent. ; 33,335 females, = 4.249 per cent.). The annual average from 1843 to 1846 amounts to 26,211 individuals, = 1.491 per cent. (13,434 males, = 1.570 per cent. ; 12,778 females, = 1.416 per cent.). In the several districts (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) the increase of population from 1843 to 1846 amounts in general,

Dresden, to 14,538 individuals, = 3.234 per cent.
Leipsic, to 20,196

= 5.089
Zwickau, to 34,276

= 5.399 Budissin, to 9,623

= 3.480
And the annual average from 1843 to 1846 : -

Dresden, 4,846 individuals, 1,078 per cent.
Leipsic, 6,732

= 1.696
Zwickau, 11,425

= 1.800
Budissin, 3,208

= 1.160
Cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants (the military force included) are : -

Dresden, 89,327 individuals; annual increase, 1.041 per cent.
Leipsic, 60,205

2.465
Chemnitz, 28,936

3.749 Freiberg, 13,194

0.895 Plauen, 11,051

1.327 Zwickau, 10,861

2.001 Budissin, 10,113

0.820 Zittau, 10,079

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0.402 The proportion of the inhabitants of towns to those living in the country is as follows: For every 1,000 living in town, there are 1,894 individuals living in the country.

According to sexes there were in the kingdom, in 1816, for 1,000 males, 1,019 females.

* One German mile is equal to 4 English.

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