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There were in Saxony, in 1846, 137 persons above the age of 91 years.
Proportion of the number of children up to 14 years, among the whole population of Saxony, in 1846, to 100 individuals, 32.627; in the other States of the German CustomsUnion, to 100 individuals, —
Electorate of Hesse,
The number of dwelling-houses in the kingdom of Saxony amounts to 220,255, and that of domestic establishments to 403,518. For every domestic establishment in the kingdom there were, on the average, in 1846, 4.551 individuals; that is, 4.425 in the cities, 4.621 in the country.
The number of Wends amounts to 21,215 males, and 22,671 females, of whom, in the district (Kreis-Directions-Bezirk) of Budissin, 788 males and 988 females live in the cities, and 19,375 males and 21,289 females in the villages, &c.
The number of the deaf and dumb is 1,045; 549 of the male, and 496 of the female sex, The number of the blind is 1,321; 656 of the male, and 715 of the female sex.
The number of lunatics amounts to 2,113; 1,094 males, and 1,019 females.
Nov. 1.-In Bethlehem, Ct., Joseph H. Bellamy, Esq., aged 60. Mr. Bellamy graduated at Yale College in 1808. He was repeatedly a Representative of the town in the General Assembly of the State, and a Senator from the 16th Senatorial District, and greatly beloved in private life.
Oct. 1.- At Philadelphia, Commodore James Biddle, aged 65. He was born in Philadelphia, Feb. 28, 1783, was educated at the Pennsylvania University, and entered the navy as a midshipman in 1800. He was on board the Philadelphia when she was lost on the coast of Tripoli in 1803. He was attached to the Wasp when she captured the Frolic, and was detailed to take charge of the prize. For his conduct in this engagement, the Pennsylvania Legislature gave him a sword and a vote of thanks. Afterwards, in the Hornet, he was blockaded in the harbour of New London, where he was the negotiator on the part of the Americans of the celebrated challenge to fight the British with an equal force, which the British officer declined. Passing the blockade, he captured the
British brig Penguin, of a greatly superior force, and was chased by a British seventy-four, which, by good seamanship and boldness, he escaped. As a diplomatic agent of the United States, he signed the commercial treaty with Turkey in 1832, and after the death of the Hon. Alexander H. Everett, in June, 1847, while in command of the East India Squadron, he represented the United States in China. He sailed from China to the coast of California, where he commanded the United States naval forces. He returned to the Atlantic coast of the United States but a few months before his death.
Dec. 14. — At Washington, D. C., William Brent, Esq., Clerk of the District, Circuit, and Criminal Courts of the District, aged 73 ; distinguished for the uniformity of his well-spent life, the excellence of his heart, and his retiring but universal benevolence.
Dec. 1. - At New Town, Va., Rev. Andrew Broaddus, aged 78, a distinguished divine of the Baptist denomination.
Dec. 25. — At Boston, Mass., Hon. Peter C. Brooks, aged 82. He was a native of the town of Medford, but removed to Boston while yet a young man. During the active period of his life, he was repeatedly called to render important public services, both as a Representative and a Senator in the Legislature of the Commonwealth, as a member of the Executive Council, and also as a Delegate in the Convention for amending the Constitution, and in the execution of other trusts. In all these stations he discharged the duties which devolved upon him with scrupulous promptness and fidelity, and at the same time with sound judgment and ability. By his industry, prudence, and sagacity, he acquired a large fortune, of which he knew how to make an enlightened use. He was reputed at the time of his death the most wealthy of the citizens of Boston. By the purity of his life, the amenity of his disposition and manners, and his upright, faithful, and intelligent discharge of all the duties of a good citizen, he acquired in an eminent degree the esteem and confidence of the community.
Oct. 2. - At New London, Ct., Gen. Henry Burbeck, aged 94. Gen. Burbeck was born in Boston, June 8, 1754. Much of the early part of his life was spent in Castle William, now Fort Independence, in Boston harbour, his father being an officer of the ordnance department in the service of Great Britain. He had just attained his majority when the War of Independence broke out. He joined the American army; and his first commission, as a lieutenant in a company of which his father had command, is dated at Cambridge, 19th of May, 1775, and signed by Gen. Joseph Warren. He received the commission of a captain in a regiment of artillery of the Massachusetts line, 12th of September, 1777, and continued in that regiment and line till the close of the war. In the toils and suffer. ings of the Revolution, Gen. Burbeck bore a full share. In 1775 he was with the army at Cambridge, Massachusetts ; in 1776 he was employed in the vicinity of New York till the evacuation of the city in September; and in 1777 he joined the army in Pennsylvania under Gen. Washington, and participated in the bloody conflicts of Brandywine and Germantown, and in the terrible deprivations and sufferings of the winter at Valley Forge. The following year he shared the perils of the memorable retreat through New Jersey, and was present at the battle of Mon. mouth. He continued in active service until the close of the war in 1783, and when the army was disbanded he returned to private life with the brevet rank of major. Three years subsequently he again entered the service of his country with the rank of captain, and was for several years actively engaged in the Indian wars along the western frontier under Gen. Anthony Wayne. His death has left Gen. Solomon Van Rensselaer the only surviving officer of Wayne's arıny. Four years he held the command of Fort Mackinaw, then a solitary post, almost entirely cut off from communication with the civilized world. In the war with Great Britain which commenced in 1812, he commanded at New York, Newport. New London, and Greenbush, with the rank of brigadier-general; and on the declaration of peace in 1815 retired from public service to spend the evening of his days in the tranquillity of domestic life, having spent thirty-eight years almost incessantly in active military service. It was at that time that he fixed his abode in New London, of which he continued a resident till his death. He was one of the original members of the Society of Cincinnati, and was the last survivor of those whose names were first subscribed to the articles of associa
tion. At the time of his decease he was the President of the Cincinnati of Massachusetts.
Oct. 4. — At New Orleans, La., Dr. William M. Carpenter, aged 38, Professor of Materia Medica, and Therapeutics, in the University of Louisiana.
Dec. 26. - At his residence in St. Mary's, Georgia, Major Archibald Clark, for 34 years collector of that port. He was one of the fathers and founders of St. Mary's, and is identified with its entire history, as well as with that of Camden County.
Nov. 7. — At Oswego, N. Y., Major James Cochran, aged 79, a member of Congress in 1797.
Nov. 23. — At Lowville, Lewis County, N. Y., Hon. Ela Collins. Gen. Collins had represented his county in the Legislature, in the Constitutional Con. vention of 1821, and in Congress.' In 1814 he commanded a regiment of militia in the vicinity of Sackett's Harbour.
Oct. 16. At Warren City, Miss., Alexander Covington, Esq., aged 71, a native of Prince George's City, Va., but for 40 years past a resident of Mississippi. Judge Covington was an estimable man in all the relations of life. To great intelligence and rare colloquial powers, he added the virtues of a Christian. He represented his native county in the Legislature of Virginia, and was for many years one of the judges of the County Court under the Territorial government of Mississippi. He was long attached to the church, and was noted for his charity and hospitality.
Sept. 16. - At "Troy, N. Y., Hon. John Paine Cushman, aged 64. He was born in Pomfret, Ct., and was graduated at Yale College in 1807. He studied law, and removed to Troy, N. Y., where he resided in the practice of his profession. In 1816 he was a member of Congress from the Rensselaer district. In 1838, he was appointed Judge of the Circuit Court for the 3d Circuit. He had previously been Recorder of the city of Troy, and one of the Regents of the University of the State. He was a man of eminence in his profession, and discharged with ability the duties of the various offices with which he was intrusted.
Dec. 21. — At Claiborne, Ala., Hon. James Dellett, aged 60, a native of South Carolina, and one of the early graduates of the South Carolina University. He removed to Alabama in 1818, frequently represented his county in the General Assembly of the State, and was Representative in Congress from 1839 to 1841, and from 1843 to 1845.
Dec. 11. – At Utica, N. Y., John C. Devereux, Esq., aged 74, one of the earliest settlers of that city, and its first mayor. Mr. Devereux was born in the county of Wexford in Ireland, in August, 1774. He removed to the United States in 1792 or 1793, and came to Utica in 1800. He immediately commenced a very, extensive mercantile business, which he carried on for many years with great industry, energy, and success.
it is believed, during that period, more generally known through the central and western part of the State than any merchant west of Albany, and no man was more trusted and respected.
Nov. 15. - In England, Francis De Vico. He was for several years Professor of Astronomy in the University of Rome and Superintendent of the Roman Observatory. It was whilst holding the latter important office that he announced his distinguished and brilliant discoveries in astronomical science, for which several gold medals and other marks of honor were awarded him by the Academy of Sciences. He is also well known as an author. During the recent disturbances in Italy, he had left that country for the United States, and intended to accept the chair of Astronomy in Georgetown College, D. C. It was upon business of the College that he was temporarily absent in England.
Dec. 28. — At Brookfield, Mass., Simeon Draper, aged 83, a soldier of the Revolution, a member of the Convention to amend the State Constitution in 1820, and for nearly 30 years a member of the State Legislature.
Oct. 19. - At Hallowell, Me., Rev. Dr. Gillett, aged about 80.
Nov. 30. At Baltimore, Md., Robert Gilmor, aged 74. An upright and accomplished gentleman, and the last representative of a commercial house, which, during half a century, maintained a wide-spread reputation for honorable and successful enterprise.
Nov. 24. — At New York, N. Y., Hon. Jonathan Goodhue, aged 65, a native of Salem, Mass., and a distinguished and opulent merchant.
In Unionville, Westchester County, N. Y., Isaac G. Graham, M. D., aged 88. He had lived more than 60 years upon the same spot, and was surrounded by a neighbourhood of friends, who revered his many virtues. Dr. Graham joined the army of the Revolution as an assistant surgeon; was attached to the army of Gen. Washington, at West Point, whose warm regard he enjoyed.
Sept. 27. - At Louisville, Ky., Hon. William J. Graves, aged 43. From 1827 to 1841, Representative in Congress from that State.
Oct. 19. Near Sackett's Harbour, N. Y., Dr. Samuel Guthrie, aged 66.
Nov. 8. - At Dover, N. H., Hon. William Hale, aged 84, one of the most respected citizens of New Hampshire, and a Representative in Congress in 1810-11, and again from 1813 to 1817.
: - At Mendon, Mass., Hon. C. C. P. Hastings, a gentleman well known and much respected throughout the State.
Sept. 27. - At Brooklyn, N. Y., Michael Hoffman, aged 60. He was born in the town of Clifton Park, Saratoga County. He was educated as a physician, but subsequently studied the profession of law, and became a resident of Herkimer County, where his talents soon gave him a prominent standing. In 1824 he was elected a member of Congress, and was continued in the House of Representatives for eight years. During the latter years of his service in Con. gress, he was chairman of the Committee on Naval Affairs. He was appointed a Canal Commissioner in 1833, and wrote several able reports for the Commissioners and the Canal Board, and was indefatigable in his efforts to secure economy in canal expenditures, and a rigid system of accountability on the part of disbursing officers. He resigned this office in May, 1835. He was a member of the House of Assembly from Herkimer County in 1811, and made a minority report on the finances of the State, which indicated great labor and research. He closed it with a proposition to levy a direct tax, to prohibit the further issue of stocks to railroad corporations, and to establish a sinking fund for the payment of the State debt. In 1812, he was chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means of the Assembly, and reported, and by his able advocacy carried through that body, the celebrated law " to pay the debt and preserve the credit of the State”; providing for a mill tax, the suspension of the public works, and other provisions for paying the debt and upholding the credit of the State. Mr. Hoffman supported such an amendment to the constitution as would effectually protect the people against future debts, unless sanctioned by their own votes; and as the Legislature refused to submit such an amendment to the electors, he advocated a convention of the people ; and a law, drawn by him, for calling a convention passed the Legislature in 1845. He was elected a delegate to the Constitutional Convention by his old constituents of Herkimer County, although at the time holding the office, and being in the discharge of the duties, of Naval Officer in the city of New York. He was made chairman of the finance committee of the convention, and prepared the seventh article of the constitution, which embodies in fourteen sectious a comprehensive system of finance, providing for the payment of all the State debts in about twenty years, the maintenance of the canals, the support of government, and the defence of the people against future debt, unless authorized by their own votes at a general election. Mr. Hoffman was a powerful and effective debater; a statesman in the broadest sense of the term. Divested of all selfishness, and under the impulses of an honest heart, he devoted all the energies of a strong mind to the present and future welfare of his country and his kind. His measures in the Legislature and convention were carried by the intrinsic soundness of their principles, and the masterly ability and force with which they were advocated by him. The financial article of the constitution of 1846 is a monument to the moral power and patriotism of its author, far more enduring than marble. And future generations in New York, freed from the burdens of debt and taxation by the wisdom and foresight of its provisions, will respect the memory, and bless the name, of Michael Hoffman.
Nov. 27. At Baltimore, Md., Jeremiah Hughes, Esq., aged 65, for many years editor of the Annapolis Republican, printer for the State, and member of the Legislature. After the death of Mr. Niles, he became the editor and proprietor of “ Niles's Register," which he conducted until a few months before his death.
Dec. 24. - At Indianapolis, Ind., Rev. Samuel Lee Johnson, Rector of Christ's Church, aged 36. He graduated with honor at Kenyon College in 1839, and
was Tutor from 1840 to 1843. He established the St. Mary's Seminary, in Indianapolis in 1843, and was Principal until 1848. He was a zealous and faithful preacher of Christ.
Oct. 31. – At St. Louis, Mo., in consequence of a disease contracted while in the discharge of his official duties in Mexico, Brevet Major-General Stephen Watts Kearney, aged 54. General Kearney entered the army in 1812 as lieutenant, and continued in it until his death, - a period of more than 36 years. His character and bearing as an officer were unsurpassed. His conquest of New Mexico and services in California have inseparably connected his name with the future destiny of those territories.
Sept. 18. – At Hamilton, N. Y., Rev. Nathaniel Kendrick, D.D., late President of Madison University.
Oct. 14. — At Boston, Mass., William Lawrence, Esq., aged 65. An eminent and successful merchant, distinguished for his efficiency in the promotion of objects of useful enterprise.
Oct. 25. — At New York, Hon. Dixon H. Lewis, aged 46, from 1829 to 1843 a Representative in Congress from Alabama, and since 1844 a Senator.
He was a native of Dinwiddie County, Va., and was educated in South Carolina College. He studied law, settled in Alabama, and became eminent in his profession. He was an amiable and able man, and shared largely the respect and confidence of those who knew him best.
Dec. — At Rapides, La., Hon. Seth Lewis, aged 84. He was a District Judge of that State for many years, and was esteemed one of the best jurists of the Louisiana bench of his time.
Dec. 7. — At Milton, Md., Nathan Lufborough, Esq., aged 76, formerly chief clerk in the office of the Comptroller of the Treasury.
Nov. 14. - At Boston, Mass., Hon. Jeremiah Mason, aged 80. He was born, April 27th, 1768, at Lebanon, Ct. His remotest ancestor in this country was Capt. John Mason, (an officer who had served with distinction in the Netherlands under Sir Thomas Fairfax,) who came from England in 1630, and settled at Dor. chester, Mass. His great-grandfather lived at Haddam. His grandfather, born in 1705, died at Norwich in 1779. His ancestor on the maternal side was James Fitch, a learned divine, who came from England and settled in Saybrook, but removed to Lebanon, where he died. Mr. Mason's father was a man of intelligence and activity, of considerable opulence, and highly esteemed by the community. He died at Lebanon, in 1813.
Destined for professional life, Mr. Mason was sent to Yale College, where he was graduated in 1788, and entered immediately on the study of law with Mr. Baldwin of Connecticut. The next year he went to Vermont, and entered as a student the office of Hon. Stephen Rowe Bradley, and was admitted to the bar of that State and of New Hampshire in 1791. He began to practise in Westmoreland, a few miles below Walpole, but in 1794 removed to Walpole, and in 1797 to Portsmouth. In 1802 he was appointed Attorney-General, and soon became the acknowledged head of his profession in the State. In 1813, he was elected a Senator in Congress, but resigned in 1817, and did not again enter public life, devoting himself to the active and engrossing practice of his profession. In April, 1832, he removed to Boston, where he was extensively retained in im. portant causes. On reaching the age of 70 he left the bar, though he continued to be consulted as chamber-counsel to the close of his life.
The strictly professional character of Mr. Mason's life, without even the variety of judicial office, has made his reputation more local than that of many less eminent men. He was personally little known out of New England; but his name and presence were familiar to every lawyer of his own and the adjoining States; and nothing could exceed the respect and almost terror that were felt at the bar for the acuteness, rapidity, and vigor of his mind. “I will not say," says the Hon. Daniel Webster, “ of the advantages which I have derived from his intercourse and conversation, all that Mr. Fox said of Edmund Burke ; but I am bound to say, that of my own professional discipline and attainments, whatever they may be, I owe much to that close attention to the discharge of my duties which I was compelled to pay for nine successive years, from day to day, by Mr. Mason's efforts and arguments at the same bar...... The characteristics of Mr. Mason's mind, as I think, were real greatness, strength, and sagacity. He was