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great through strong sense and sound judgment, great by comprehensive views of things, great by high and elevated purposes. Perhaps, sometimes, he was too cautious and refined, and his distinctions became too minute; but his discrimination arose from a force of intellect, and quick-seeing, far-reaching sagacity, everywhere discerning his object and pursuing it steadily. Whether it was popu. lar or professional, he grasped a point and held it with a strong hand. He was sarcastic sometimes, but not frequently; not frothy or petulant, but cool and vitriolic. Unfortunate for him on whom his sarcasm fell !
“ As a professional man, Mr. Mason's great ability lay in the department of the common law. In this part of jurisprudence, he was profoundly learned. He had drank copiously from its deepest springs; and he had studied, with diligence and success, the departures from the English common law which had taken place in this country, either necessarily, from difference of condition, or positively, by force of our own statutes. In his addresses, both to courts and juries, he affected to despise all eloquence, and certainly disdained all ornament; but his efforts, whether addressed to one tribunal or the other, were marked by a degree of clearness, directness, and force not easy to be equalled.”.
“None could fully appreciate,” says Mr. Justice Woodbury, “ the extent of his reading, his accuracy in details, the acuteness, as well as vigor, of his intellect, and his unsparing logic, without something of that long intimacy with him in the practice of his profession which I formerly had the happiness to enjoy. Well may the members of that profession respect his memory, when it is but a just tribute to his rare talents to say, that, in my opinion, in a profound knowledge of several branches of jurisprudence, and in some of the most choice qualities of a forensic speaker, he had, in his palmy days, not merely in this State or New England, but in this whole country, few equals, and probably no superior.”
Sept. 13. — At Tarrytown, N. Y., from an affection of the heart, Alerander Slidell McKenzie, Commander U.'S. N., and author of “ A Year in Spain," 'Spain Revisited,” and a work on Great Britain, of considerable reputation. His original name was Slidell. He took the name of McKenzie at the wish of a friend, who left him property:
Oct. 22. At Cockrum's Cross-roads, De Soto County, Miss., Alexander G. McNutt, late Governor of the State, aged 47. Gov. McNutt was born in Rockbridge County, Va. By his personal exertions, he obtained the means of education, and was a graduate of Washington College, Va. He removed to Mississippi in 1824, and commenced the practice of the law at Jackson, but subsequently removed to Vicksburg. In 1835, he was elected to the State Senate from Warren County. In 1837 he was chosen Governor, and reëlected in 1839. In 1841 he declined being a candidate, and returned to the practice of his profession. He was prevailed upon with great difficulty by his political friends to accept the nomination as an elector for President and Vice-President, and it was while canvassing the State as such that he died, after an illness of a few days. In the earlier part of his life, Gov. McNutt was careless and even slovenly in his dress, and intemperate in his habits, and nothing but his goodness of heart and towering intellect maintained him in public esteem. His vices were latterly all corrected, and no man in the State was more beloved and respected than he was at the time of his death. As a public speaker he was pleasant and forcible. With a mind wonderfully well stored with historical facts, and a fund of anecdotes, and with a memory of that tenacity which held them always at command, and a moral courage which never quailed, he was formidable in debate, and upon “the stump” he had no superior.
Dec. 20. - At New York, Charles Mc Vean, Esq., District Attorney for the Southern District of New York, aged 46. He was born at Johnstown, N. Y., and bred to the law, which he practised with success in Montgomery County till his removal to New York, in 1839. At the age of thirty he was elected a Representative in Congress, and displayed in that position very decided ability. From the early part of 1814 till his appointment to the office held by him at his decease, he was Surrogate of New York city and county, the duties of which office he performed with great fidelity and accuracy.
Oct. 28. - At Boston, Mass., Hon. Harrison Gray Otis, aged 83. Mr. Otis had, for the last twenty years, lived retired from public occupations, after having filled successively during the greater part of the previous thirty years, with dis
tinguished success, the principal political offices in the gift of the people of the State. He was the son of Samuel A. Otis, Esq., the first Secretary of the Senate of the United States, under successive administrations, for the period of twenty: five years.
He was graduated at the University in Cambridge, in 1783, and became early a successful practitioner at the bar. From the time he entered public life, his brilliant talents, his extensive acquirements, particularly in legal and political knowledge, bis impressive and graceful style of oratory, and the uniform consistency of his principles, gave him an influence in the political counsels of the State which few men have enjoyed. He was an efficient coadjutor with such men as Ames, Lowell, Parsons, Cabot, and Gore. He was chosen Representative in Congress for the Suffolk district in 1797, as the suc. cessor of Fisher Ames, which station he held during the whole of the adminis. tration of John Adams. For many years he was an active and efficient member of one or the other branch of the State Legislature, was a Speaker of the House of Representatives, and for six years President of the Senate. In 1817, he was chosen Senator in Congress, which station he held for five years. He also, at different periods, held the offices of Judge of the Boston Court of Common Pleas, and Mayor of the city. These important stations he filled with distinguished ability, and with the utmost fidelity to the public interests. In 1823, after the long administration of Gov. Brooks, he was ihe Federal candidate for Governor of the Commonwealth; but the strong rally of the Democratic party in that year brought into office Gov. Eustis, in opposition to him. During the most animated contests between the Federal and Democratic parties, he took an active part; and no man in the Commonwealth enjoyed a greater popularity, or in a higher degree the confidence of his political friends, or was able to move by his eloquence a popular assembly more powerfully. He had few equals in the amenity of his manners, or the grace, vivacity, and interest of his conversation on almost all subjects. He retained the vigor of his intellect in a remarkable degree to the end of his long term of life, which has closed in the full maturity of advanced age, as full of honors as of years.
Dec. 2. - At New Orleans, Col. H. D. Peire, aged 68. He was a distinguished oslicer of the regular army in the war of 1812, and was conspicuous as major commandant of the 44th infantry at the capture of Pensacola, in 1814, by Gen. Jackson. In the operations of the subsequent winter below New Orleans, he greatly distinguished himself by his energy, vigilance, and courage in resisting the invasion of the British army. He subsequently held various civil appointments, enjoying universal confidence and esteem.
Sept. 22. — At Point Isabel, of yellow-fever, Captain James H. Prentiss, of the 1st U.S. Artillery.
Oct. 7. — At Ypsilanti, Mich., Brevet Capt. Mortimer Rosecrants, of the 5th In. fantry, aged 29. Capt. Rosecrants was graduated at the West Point Academy in 1811, was in service during the Mexican War, and was distinguished for good conduct in many engagements, particularly that of Churubusco.
Aug. – In Detroit, Mich., Major Thomus Rowland, a much esteemed and prominent citizen. Major Rowland was formerly Secretary of State, and was postmaster of Detroit under Gen. Harrison.
Sept. 29. - At St. Louis, Mo., of dysentery, Lieut. George F. Ruxton, of the 89th Regiment, British Army, aged 38. He was the writer of the Blackwood series, entitled “Life in the Far West," and was the author of “Adventures in Mexico and the Rocky Mountains."
Dec. 31. - Hon. Ambrose H. Sevier, of Arkansas. Colonel Sevier was born in the mountains of East Tennessee, in 1802. While yet a child, his father died, and, having received a meagre education in Tennessee, in the year 1820 he settled in the then newly-organized Territory of Arkansas, and, before he was twenty-one, was admitted to the bar as an attorney ex gratia. He was also elected clerk of the Territorial Legislature. As soon as he was eligible, in 1993, he was returned to the Legislature; and this honor was renewed in 1825. From 1827 to 1836 he was Delegate to Congress from the Territory of Arkansas. The acceptable manner in which he had discharged this trust was manifested by his election to the United States Senate in 1836, after the admission of Arkansas as a State of this Union. Upon taking his seat in that body, he drew the short term; and in 1837 he was reëlected for six years. In 1842 he was again reëlected to the Senate of the United States. Before the expiration of his last term of service, it became necessary to select an individual to perfect a treaty of peace with the republic of Mexico, and to obtain the exchange of a ratification of this treaty. This was a most important mission, requiring firmness, ability, and address. The appointment was conferred without solicitation, and accepted in compliance with the urgent demands of his friends. At this period his health gave way ; but the duties of the station were performed with the greatest fidelity, and he returned, after an absence of three months, to receive the congratulations of the country. He was chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs for many years, and afterwards of the Committee on Foreign Relations. For more than a quarter of a century he had beld public station, and possessed the unbounded confidence of his constituents and his party.
Nov. 16. — At Kingstree, S. C., Hon. A. D. Sims, aged 45, a member of Congress from South Carolina, and a native of Brunswick County, Va.
Sept. 7. - In Guayaquil, Seth Sweetser, Esq., U. S. Consul for the Republic of Ecuador, aged 54.
Nov. 7. — At Newport, Ky., Gen. James Taylor, aged 80. He was born in 1769, in Caroline County, Virginia, and emigrated to Kentucky in 1792. He was Quartermaster-General of the Northwestern army during the last war with Eng. land, in which office he served with distinction, and was one of the largest landed proprietors in the West.
Sept. 6. — Thomus Trenor, aged 86. Mr. Trenor was born at Monaghan, in Ireland, on the 17th of March, 1761, and in early life was bound apprentice to a merchant of Dublin. In 1798 he was a merchant of extensive business and large fortune, but in that year became deeply engaged in the undertakings of the Irish patriots, and was elected Treasurer of the United Irish Society. He was arrested, with his compatriots, for treason, and confiped in the Birmingham Tower of Dublin Castle, from which he made his escape, and, after hiding and waiting some time for Lord Elwood, privately embarked in one of his own ships for Norway, whence he went to England, where he was arrested, and lay nearly four years in prison. Ruined in fortune, and with impaired health, Mr. Trenor, in 1806, got released from prison, and departed to Portugal, whence in 1807 he came with his family to America, and resided for several years at Lansingburg. Subsequently Mr. Trenor established himself as a manufacturer of iron in Vermont, where he resided for seventeen years. For the last fifteen years of his life he held a situation in the New York custom-house.
Sept. 28. - At New Haven, Ct., very suddenly, Rev. Edward R. Tyler, editor of the New Englander, aged 48. Mr. Tyler was the son of Hon. Royall Tyler, who was for many years the Chief Justice of the State of Vermont." He graduated at Yale College, with honor, in the class of 1825; and for many years, with ability and usefulness, filled the office of a Congregational pastor, first in Middletown, and afterwards in Colebrooke, in Connecticut. In January, 1843, he became the editor and proprietor of the New Englander, which, in conjunction with other gentlemen, he established.
Sept. 20. - At Boston, Simeon Willard, aged 95, a well-known clock-maker.
Sept. 11. - At Salem. Mass., Hon. John Stoildard Williams, aged 42. He was a native of Wethersfield, Conn., and was graduated at Yale College in 1827. He studied law, and established himself in Salem, Mass. He was a member of the Massachusetts Senate, and had filled other important public stations.
Oct. 25. — At Batavia, Illinois, Hon. Isaac Wilson. During the war of 1812 he commanded a company of cavalry, and was in sone of the severest actions on the Northern frontier. He was subsequently elected a member of the Assembly of New York, and, after serving two terms, was elected to the Senate. In 1823 he was elected a Representative in ress, and at the end of his term was appointed first Judge of Genesee County, and held it until his removal to Illinois.
July 1. — At -, Mo., Samuel Mansfield Bay, late Attorney-General of the State, an accomplished lawyer and gentleman.
Feb. 10. — At New Haven, Ct., Nathan Beers, aged 96. He was born in Stratford, Ct., in 1753. At an early age he removed with his father to New Haven. In December, 1774, he was one of 64 citizens of that place who formed themselves into a military company, known still as the “ Governor's Guards.” On the 21st of April, 1775, on the arrival of the news of the battle of Lexington, the company was called out by their captain, Benedict Arnold, and 40 of them, among whom was young Beers, volunteered to join the American army. Passing through Pomfret, they were joined by Gen. Putnam. They remained in Cambridge about three weeks. In March, 1777, Mr. Beers received his first commission in the Continental army,
that of lieutenant. He was attached to Col. Webb's regiment of the Connecticut line of the army, and served therein until the army was disbanded by Congress in 1783. After leaving the army, Mr. Beers engaged in mercantile business. In 1798, he was chosen Steward of Yale Col. lege, and remained in this office until his resignation in 1819. After this time he spent his time chiefly in horticulture. In 1804, he was chosen one of the deacons in the North Church, and discharged the duties of this office until near the close of life. He always maintained among his fellow-citizens an unspotted character, and was distinguished for his courtesy, integrity, and piety.
Feb. 29.- Very suddenly, at Bogotá, Hon. B. A. Bidlack, Chargé d'Affaires from the United States to New Granada, and a citizen of Wilkesbarre, Luzerne County, Pennsylvania. He had served with distinction in the Legislature and in Congress.
March 8. - At Columbia, Lancaster County, Pa., Hon. John Blanchard, a member of the late Congress.
July 19. — At Albany, N. Y., Hon. Hermunus Bleecker, aged 70, in 1810 a member of Congress from the Albany district, and appointed, by President Van Buren, Chargé d'Affaires at the Hague.
June 27. At Fairfield, Adams County, Virginia, Hon. Calvin Blythe, aged 57. He was a lawyer of distinguished abilities, and had filled various responsible stations, having been for several years a member of the State Legislature, and afterwards President Judge of the 12th Judicial District. Under the administra. tion of President Tyler, he was appointed collector of the port of Philadelphia.
Feb. 23. At Genoa, Commodore William Compton Bolton, U. S. N.
June 26. - At Saco, Me., of typhoid fever, Samuel Bradley, Esq., counsellor al law, aged 47. Mr. Bradley was a man of high intellectual endowments and extensive acquirements. He was distinguished in all the relations of life for liberality and public spirit, and his extensive practice in the State and United States courts gave assurance of his high and honorable standing at the bar.
May. At Louisville, Ky., Hon. James D. Breckenbridge, a member of Con. gress from that district from 1821 to 1823.
May 10. — At Cincinnati, Judge Brough, Presiding Judge of the Hamilton County Court of Common Pleas, and the late editor of the Inquirer.
Aug. 20. - At Nashville, Tenn., James Campbell, Esq., aged 54, a distinguished lawyer.
June 17. — At Providence, R. I., Richmond Bullock, aged_77, long distin. guished as a ship-owner and merchant, once President of the Town Council, of the Marine Society, &c., and very rich. He was born in Seekonk, Mass.
August 22. — At Providence, R. 1., Cyrus Butler, aged 82. He was the son of Samuel Butler, a shoemaker, who removed from Edgartown, Mass., about 1750, and became a large merchant and ship-owner. Cyrus Butler inherited a large fortune, extended very widely his commercial operations, was persevering: enterprising, and frugal. He left a large property, which is estimated at from $ 3,000,000 to $ 4,000,000. A few years since, he gave $ 40,000 to the Butler Hospital for the Insane at Providence.
At Smithville, N. C., Capt. Leslie Chase, Assistant Quarter. master U. S. A. Capt. Chase graduated at the Military Academy in June, 1838, and was assigned to the 2d Regiment of Artillery. He served with distinction in the early part of the war with Mexico, receiving a brevet of captain for gallant conduct in the battles of the 8th and 9th of May. In 1847, he was placed on duty in the War Department as acting Judge Advocate of the army, for which honorable position he was particularly adapted, having applied himself in his leisure hours to the study of law, and been admitted to the bar in his native State, New York. Aug. 30.
- At Burlington, N.J., Charles Chauncey, aged 73. He was born in New Haven, Ct., and was graduated at Yale College in 1792. He studied law
and removed to Philadelphia, where he soon rose to eminence in his profession. After an active and useful life, he retired to Burlington, N. J., where he ended his days.
Feb. 11. - At Richmond, Va., William B. Chittenden, aged about 51. At the time of his death, he was President of the James River and Kanawha Company, which office he held two or three years, after being its Secretary from 1836. A native of the State of New York, he wandered to Virginia on foot, via Cincinnati, and was induced by a benevolent Professor, Daniel Morgan, to join the Freshman Class at Hampden-Sydney College in 1820. He graduated in 1824, and then taught a school in Richmond. He returned to New York, and occupied himself as a reporter for the press. In the winter of 1834 – 35, he resumed his residence in Richmond, and was connected with the Richmond Whig, until his merits procured him the unsolicited appointment of Secretary to the Company of which he became the head on the resignation of its distinguished President, Joseph C. Cabell.
- At St. Louis, Pierre Chouteau, aged 90, one of the founders of the city.
(About) March 19. — David C. Claypoole, aged 92, one of the proprietors of Dunlap & Claypoole's Daily Advertiser, the first daily newspaper in the United States, first published as a daily at Philadelphia, in 1784.
Aug. 17. - Near London, England, Rev. Henry Colman, for many years a respected clergyman, and, since that time, well known by his agricultural publications and efforts.
April 27. — Near Laurel, Del., Hon. William B. Cooper, formerly Governor of that State. Aug. 8.
. -- At the Barracks, below New Orleans, Dr. Craig, one of the oldest surgeons of the army.
April 28. — Near Mobile, Hon. W. Crauford, Judge of the District Court of the United States, aged 64. Judge Crawford was a native of Virginia, but removed to Alabama in 1810, since which time he has filled various public offices under the State and Federal governments, with eminent credit to himself. He has been receiver of public moneys for the government lands ; commissioner to settle conflicting land claims under the treaties with Great Britain, France, and Spain, State Senator, U. S. District Attorney, and Judge of the District Court of the United States. in all these positions he was distinguished for promptness, industry, and attention.
Jan. 8. – At New Orleans, Col. George Croghan, Inspector-General of the army, aged 58. Col. Croghan was the son of Maj. William Croghan of the Rev. olutionary war. His mother was the sister of the celebrated Gen. George Rogers Clark, who overran the Northwestern Territory during the struggle for American independence, and achieved for the United States the title by conquest to that immense tract of country. Upon the breaking out of the last war, Col. Croghan entered the army. At the age of nineteen he made the gallant defence of Fort Sandusky. He married and resigned his commission shortly after the peace. But during the administration of Gen. Jackson he returned to the service with the commission of inspector-general.
Jan. 20. — At Burlington, Vt., James Dean, LL. D., aged 73, formerly Professor of Mathematics and Natural Philosophy in Vermont University.
Jan. 31. - At New York, Commodore George C. De Kay, aged 47, formerly in command of the navy of the Argentine Confederation, and more recently the commander of the Macedonian on her mission of mercy to famishing Ireland.
Feb. 8. At Mobile, Gen. Robert Desha, a merchant of that city, and a Representative in Congress from Tennessee, from 1827 to 1831. July 26.
At Philadelphia, Daniel J. Desmond, a member of the Philadelphia bar, and for many years Consul at Philadelphia for several Italian states.
Jan. 16. - At Roxbury, Mass., S. N. Dickinson, aged 47, an enterprising and accomplished printer.
Jan. - At Hillsborough, Washington County, Pa., on his way to Washington, of cholera. Brevet Lient.-Col. Roger S. Dir. Col. Dix was a native of New Hampshire, and was graduated at West Point in 1832. Upon graduating, he accompanied Gen. Scott on the Black Hawk expedition, and afterwards served as