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PAGB SEEKS REFUGE IN ENGLAND. - His SUCCESS THERE DUE TO ENGLISH SYMPATHY WITH THE REBELLIOX. - His MALIGNITY TOWARDS THE UNION. - SOUTHERN CHARACTER. — ITS STRONG POINTS AND ITS WEAK Points. — CONDUCT OF CONFEDERATE CONGRESS. – THEIR INFLAMMATORY ADDRESS. - ITS EXTRAVAGANCE AND ABSURDITY. - JEFFERSON Davis's ADDRESS TO CONGRESS. - His LACK OF MORAL COURAGE. – DISBANDMENT OF UNION ARMY, 1,000,516 MEN. - ANOTHER MILLION GONE BEFORE. – SELF-SUPPORT AND SELF-ADJUSTMENT. - COMPARISON WITH THE ARMY OF THE REVOLUTION. – UNION OFFICERS ALL YOUNG MEN. - AGES OF OFFICERS IN OTHER WARS. - AGES OF REGULAR ARMY OFFICERS. - OF VOLUNTEER OFFICERS. – HARMONY OF THE Two. - SPECIAL EFFICIENCY OF THE VOLUNTEERS. - MAGNITUDE OF THE UNION ARMY. – THE INFANTRY, CAVALRY, ARTILLERY. – NUMBER OF GENERALS. - NUMBER OF REGIMENTS. MILITARY RESOURCES OF THE REPUBLIC. – ITS SECURITY IN TIME OF DANGER, 18

CHAPTER III.

THE RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEM. – THE PRESIDENT'S PUBLIC ADDRESSES. - TIME

FOR ACTION ARRIVED. - PROCLAMATION DECLARING HOSTILITIES CEASED. MANNER OF DEALING WITH INSURRECTIONARY STATES. - MR. LINCOLN'S FIRST EFFORTS AT RECONSTRUCTION. - ELECTION IN LOUISIANA. — FLANDERS AND HAHN. - MR. LINCOLN'S NOTE TO GENERAL SHEPLEY. - TO CUTHBERT BULLETT, - MR. LINCOLN'S DEFINITE PLAN. -"ONE-TENTH" OF VOTERS TO OR. GANIZR LOYAL STATE GOVERNMENT. - FREE-STATE CONVENTION IN LOUISIANA.

MICHAEL HAHN ELECTED GOVERNOR. CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION. MR. LINCOLN'S CONGRATULATIONS. - SIMILAR ACTION IN ARKANSAS. – ISAAO MURPHY ELECTED GOVERNOR. — REPRESENTATION IN CONGRESS DENIED TO THESE STATES. - MR. SUMNER'S RESOLUTION. - ADOPTED BY SENATE. - SIMILAR ACTION IN HOUSE. - CONFLICT BETWEEN THE PRESIDENT AND CONGRESS. - CONGRESSIONAL PLAN OF RECONSTRUCTION. – THREE FUNDAMENTAL CONDI. TIONS. – BILL PASSED JULY 4, 1864.- NOT APPROVED BY THE PRESIDENT. His REASONS GIVEN IN A PUBLIC PROCLAMATION.- SENATOR WADE AND H. WINTER DAVIS CRITICISE THE PROCLAMATION. -THEIR PROTEST. - SUBSEQUENT RESOLUTION OF CONGRESS. — THE PRESIDENT'S REPLY TO IT. - - MR. LINCOLN'S PROBABLE COURSE ON THE SUBJECT OF RECONSTRUCTION.- RECONSTRUCTION OF THE GOVERNMENT OF TENNESSEE. — THE QUICK PROCESS OF DOING. – RATIFIED BY POPULAR VOTE, 25,293 TO 48.- PARSON BROWNLOW CHOSEN GOVERNOR.- PATTERSON AND FOWLER ELECTED SENATORS. — JOHN. SON'S INAUGURATION AS VICE-PRESIDENT. – Hs SPEECH. - WERE THE REBEL States OUT OF THE UNIONY - JOHNSON'g Vews. – MR. LINCOLN'S Views. RADICAL AND CONSERVATIVE. – EXTRA SESSION DEBATED. - ADVERSE DECISION.-ILL-LUCK OF EXTRA SESSIONS .

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CHAPTER IV.

PRESIDENT JOHNSON AND THE CABINET. – EFFECT OF VICE-PRESIDENT'S ACCESSION.

- EXAMPLE OF TYLER IN 1841 AND FILLMORE IN 1850. - A VICE-PRESIDENT'S DIFFICULT Position. - PERSONNEL OF CABINET IN 1865. – ITS NEARLY EVEN Division ON RECONSTRUCTION ISSUES. - PRESUMED POSITION OF EACH MEMBER. - ŚTANTON, HarlAN, AND Dennison RADICAL. – Welles, MCCULLOCH, AND SPEED CONSERVATIVE. MR. SEWARD'S RELATION TO THE PRESIDENT. - His POSITION EXPLAINED. - MR. SEWARD REGAINS HIS HEALTH. - DISPLAY OF HIS PERSONAL Power. - CHARACTERISTICS or MR. SEWARD. SUPERIORITY OF HIS MIND. – TENDENCY OF THE PRESIDENT'S MIND. - SOCIAL INFLUENCES AT WORK UPON HIM. - His RADICAL CHANGE OF POSITION. – PRESIDENT'S PROOLAMATION MAY 29. - AMNESTY AND PARDON TO REBELS. –THIRTEEN EXCEPTED

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CLASSES. – THE "TWENTY-THOUSAND-DOLLAR" DISABILITY. - WARMLY OPPOSED BY MR. SEWARD. - CLEMENCY PROMISED TO EXCEPTED CLASSES. - PARDONS APPLIED FOR. - FOURTEEN THOUSAND GRANTED IN NINE MONTHS. — ANOTHER PROCLAMATION OF SAME DATE. — PROVISIONAL GOVERNORS APPOINTED.- FIRST FOR NORTH CAROLINA. EXISTING GOVERNMENTS IN VIRGINIA, LOUISIANA, ARKANSAS, AND TENNESSEE RECOGNIZED. – PRESIDENT'S RECONSTRUCTION Porn ICY. - NOW FULLY DISCLOSED. - OATH OF ALLEGIANCE PRESCRIBED. - PROVIS JONAL GOVERNORS TO ASSEMBLE CONVENTIONS. – THE CONVENTIONS TO FORM CONSTITUTIONS. - LEGISLATURES THEN TO ASSEMBLE. – WHOLE MACHINERY OF GOVERNMENT IN MOTION.- REBELS IN POSSESSION OF STATE GOVERNMENTS.COLORED MEN EXCLUDED FROM ALL PARTICIPATION. - SUFFRAGE LEFT TO THE STATES. PRESIDENT'S PERSONAL POSITION ON SUFFRAGE. RECONSTRUCTION SCHEME COMPLETE IN JULY. — THE PRESIDENT AND THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.

- His Belief THAT THE PARTY WOULD FOLLOW HIM. - His HOSTILITY TO RADICALS. - PRESIDENT DEPENDS ON CONDUCT OF THE SOUTH. — PUBLIC INTEREST TRANSFERRED TO THAT SECTION

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CHAPTER V.

GREAT OPPORTUNITY GIVEN TO THE SOUTH. — THEIR RESPONSE TO THE PRESIDENT'S

TREATMENT. — NORTHERN DESIRE FOR RESTORATION OF THE UNION. - SOUTH DOES NOT RESPOND TO IT. - SOUTHERN RECONSTRUCTION CONVENTIONS. - INCOMPLETE AND ILL-DIGESTED PROCEEDINGS. – REBELS APPLY FOR SEATS IN CONGRESS. - IRON-CLAD OATH IN THEIR WAY. - THEY DENOUNCE IT AS UNCONSTITUTIONAL. - COURSE OF ALEXANDER H. STEPHENS. SOUTHERN FEELING TOWARDS THE Union. – THEIR CONVENTIONS EXHIBIT HATRED. HOSTILE MANIFESTATIONS. — EXPRESSIONS OF PRESS AND STUMP ORATORS. - LEADING REBELS NOMINATED FOR OFFICE. – SOUTH DESCRIBED BY MR. FESSENDEN'S COMMITTEE. SOUTH MISLED BY NORTHERN DEMOCRACY IN 1865.- FORMER CALAMITY FROM SAME CAUSE IN 1861. – WHAT CONGRESS WOULD DEMAND OF THE South. THREE INDISPENSABLE REQUIREMENTS. SOUTHERN LEGISLATURES DEPIANTLY RESIST. - - CHARACTER OF THOSE LEGISLATURES. – PRACTICAL RE-EXACTMENT OF THE SLAVE-CODE. — CRUELTY OF ALABAMA STATUTES. FRAUDULENT IN THEIR NATURE. COURSE OF THE CITY OF MOBILE. -STATUTES OF FLORIDA STILL WORSE. — UNFAIR TAXATION. - POLL-TAX OF THREE DOLLARS. - A LIEN UPON THE NEGRO's LABOR. – OPPRESSION OF THE NEGRO. - ENACTMENTS IN SOUTH CAROLINA. CHARACTERIZED BY RANK INJUSTICE. - PENAL ENACTMENTS IN MISSISSIPPI. - ATROCIOUS PROVISIONS. – LAWS OF LOUISIANA WORST OF ALL. - CAPITATION TAX IN THE SOUTH. - ITS UNJUST EFFECT. SCHOOL LAWS. - EDUCATION PRACTICALLY .DENIED TO THE NEGRO. - HE IS TAXED FOR THE EDUCATION OF THE WHITEs. - DISPROPORTION OF BURDENS PLACED UPON HIM.- REVIEW OF THE BLACK CODE. - SOME DETAILS OF ITS PROVISIONS. - INCREDIBLY CRUEL. — The South WITHOUT EXCUSE FOR its ENACTMENT. – THEIR DETERMINATION TO VINDICATE SLAVERY. - TO BRING REPROACH ON THE NORTH. — INFLUENCE OF THESE PROCEEDINGS ON MR. SEWARD. - His MODE OF SELF-JUSTIFICATION. – SEVERELY CENSURED BY HIS OLD SUPPORTERS. — MISLED BY THE COURSE OF EVENTS. - His LOSS OF POPULARITY

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CHAPTER VI.
MEETING OF THE THIRTY-NINTH CONGRESS. – RE-ELECTION OF SPEAKER COLFAX.-

His ADDRESS ON TAKING THE CHAIR. – THADDEUS STEVENS MOVES FOR A COM-
BITTEE OF RECONSTRUCTION. - RESISTED BY DEMOCRATS. - REBEL CONTESTANTS
DENIED ADMISSION TO THE FLOOR. - MUCH FEELING ON THE QUESTION. – PRO-

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CEEDINGS OF THE SENATE. — PROPOSITIONS OF MR. SUMNER. - ANNUAL MESSAGE
OF THE PRESIDENT. - OUTLINE OF ITS CONTENTS. – APPARENTLY CONSERVATIVE
IN TONE. – Nor PERSONALLY AGGRESSIVE. - LEADING MEN OF THE THIRTY-
NINTH CONGRESS. - DEATH OF BOTH VERMONT SENATORS. - NEW SENATORS. -
NEW MEMBERS OF THE HOUSE. - SKETCHES OF PROMINENT SENATORS AND
REPRESENTATIVES. PRESIDENT Johnson's PATRONAGE. UNPRECEDENTED
VOLUME OF IT DUE LARGELY TO THE WAR. – DANGER OF ITS USE AGAINST
REPUBLICANS. - APPREHENSIONS OF REPUBLICANS. - RECONSTRUCTION RESOLU-
TION IN THE SEXATE. – AMENDED IN THAT BODY.- CONCURRENCE OF HOUSE.

- APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEE. STRONG CHARACTER OF ITS MEMBERS.
HOUSE RESOLUTIONS. — Debate ON RECONSTRUCTION. – LONGEST DEBATE IN
THE HISTORY OF CONGRESS. - OPERED BY MR. STEVENS. – VERY RADICAL IN
ITS Tone. – HE SKETCHES CHANGED BASIS OF REPRESENTATION. -GIVES OF.
FEYSE TO THE ADMINISTRATION. - MR. HENRY J. RAYMOND. - His REPLY TO
MR. STEVENS. - His STRONG ATTACHMENT TO MR. SEWARD. — THEORY OF DEAD
STATES. - SPEECH OF MR. SPALDING. - MR. SHELLABARGER REPLIES TO MR.
RAYMOND. - EXHAUSTIVE SPEECH. - GAVE HIM A LEADING PLACE IN THE
HOUSE. – SEVERE ATTACK ON THE SOUTH. - RESOLUTIONS OF MR. VOORHEES
SUSTAINING ADMINISTRATION. - SPEECH IN SUPPORT OF THEM. – MR. BINGHAM'S
REPLY. - HOUSE Refuses TO INDORSE THE ADMINISTRATION. - Two REPUBLI-
CANS JOIN DEMOCRATIC VOTE. - DISAPPOINTMENT OF MR. RAYMOND. - THINKS
DEMOCRATIC SUPPORT A MISFORTUNE.- CHARACTER OF MR. RAYMOND. - His
GREAT ABILITY. - His LIFE SHORTENED. - DIED AT FORTY-NINE.

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CHAPTER VII.
SENATE DEBATE ON RECONSTRUCTION. SPEECH OF MR. WILSON. DENOUNCES

THE PRO-SLAVERY STATUTES OF SOUTHERN STATES. - REPLY OF REVERDY
Jouxson. - MR. SUMNER SUSTAINS MR. Wilson, - SPEECHES OF WILLARD
SAULSBURY AND MR. Cowan. - EARNEST DEBATE BEFORE HOLIDAYS. — Ex-
BARRASSMENT OF THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. - THE PRESIDENT'S PRESUMED
STRENGTH. PositioN OF COMMERCIAL MEN. FIRMNESS OF REPUBLICAN
MEMBERS OF Congress. - CONTRASTED WITH CONDUCT OF WHGS IN 1841. -
RESOLUTION OF MR. Cowan. - MR. SUMNER'S AMENDMENT. - REPORTS OF
COVODE AND SCHURZ CALLED FOR. — PRESIDENT'S SPECIAL MESSAGE. -SENDS
REPORT OF MR. SCHURZ AND LIEUTENANT-GENERAL GRANT. - CALLS SPECIAL
ATTENTION TO GENERAL GRAXT's Report. – REPORT APPARENTLY SUSTAINS
THE ADMINISTRATION. – MR. SUMNER DEXOUNCES PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. –
COMPARES Johnsox TO PIERCE. - MR. SCHURZ'S REPORT SUBMITTED. - His
PICTURE OF THE SOUTHERN CONDITION.- His RECOMMENDATION8. — FAVORS
Negro SUFFRAGE. - How MR. SCHURZ WAS SELECTED. – EXTENT OF HIS TOUR
IN THE SOUTH. — How GENERAL GRANT WAS SELECTED. - EXTENT OF HIS
TOU'R IN THE SOUTH. DIVERGENT CoxcLUSIONS OF THE Two. - SUBSEQUENT
CHANGE OF PositioX OF BOTH. — INTERESTING CASE IN THE UNITED-STATES
SENATE. - Joux P. STOCKTON SWORN IN AS SENATOR FROM NEW JERSEY. -
PROTEST AGAINST HIS RighT TO A SEAT. - JUDICIARY COMMITTEE REPORT IN
His Favor. — DEBATE IN THE SEXATE. - MR. CLARKE OF NEW HAMPSHIRE.
– ABLE SPEECHI OF MR. Fessendex. - HE EXAMINES THE CONSTITUTIONAL
GROUND. – His Concli'sIVE REASOXING. — Loxo DEBATE. – DECISION AGAINST
MR. STOCKTOX. - IMPORTANT RESULTS FLOWING FROM IT.- CONGRESS REGU.
LATES TIME AND MANNER OF ELECTING SENATORS. - CHANGE FROM STATE
CONTROL TO NATIONAL CONTROL - ALEXANDER G. CATTELL SUCCEEDS MR.
STOCKTOX, — DEATH OF MR. WRIGHT.- FREDERICK T. FRELINGHUYSEN SUC-
CEEDS HIM.

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