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5. Resolved, That it is the duty of every branch of Government, and discriminating with special reference the government to enforce and practice the most rigid to the Protection of the Domestic Labor of the country economy in conducting our public affairs, and that no --the Distribution of the proceeds from the sales of the more revenue ought to be raised than is required to de- Public Lands a single term for the Presidency-a refray the necessary expenses of the government.

form of executive usurpations—and generally such an ad6. Resolved, That Congress has no power to charter a ministration of the affairs of the country, as shall impart United States Bank, that we believe such an institution to every branch of the public service the greatest practione of deadly hostility to the best interests of the coun-cable efficiency, controlled by a well-regulated and wise try, dangerous to our republican institutions and the economy. liberties of the people, and calculated to place the busi

The contest resulted in the choice of the ness of the country within the control of a concentrated money power, and above the laws and the will of the Democratic candidates (Polk and Dallas,) who people.

received 170 electoral votes as follows : Maine, 7. Resolved, That Congress has no power, under the

9; New-Hampshire, 6;. New-York, 36; PennConstitution, to interfere with or control the domestic institutions of the several States; and that such States sylvania, 26; Virginia, 17; South Carolina, are the sole and proper judges of everything pertaining 9; Georgia, 10; Alabama, 9; Mississippi, 6; to their own affairs, not prohibited by the Constitution; Louisiana, 6; Indiana, 12 ; Illinois, 9; Missouri, that all efforts, by abolitionists or others, made to induce Congress to interfere with questions of slavery, or to 7; Arkansas, 3 ; Michigan, 5-176. take incipient steps in relation thereto, are calculated to For Clay and Frelinghuysen : Vermont, 6; lead to the most alarming and dangerous consequences, Massachusetts, 12; Rhode Island, 4; Connecti. and that all such efforts have an inevitable tendency to diminish the happiness of the people, and endanger the cut, 6; New-Jersey, 7; Delaware, 3 ; Maryland, stability and permanency of the Union, and ought not to 8; North Carolina, 11; Tennessee, 13; Kenbe countenanced by any friend to our Political Institu- tucky, 12; Ohio, 23—105.

8. Resolved, that the separation of the moneys of the government from banking institutions is indispensable DEMOCRATIC NATIONAL CONVENTION, , for the safety of the funds of the government and the

1844. rights of the people. 9. Resolved, That the liberal principles embodied by

A Democratic National Convention assembled Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence, and sanc- at Baltimore on the 27th May, 1844, adopted the tioned in the Constitution, which makes ours the land two-third rule and, after a stormy session of three of liberty and the asylum of the oppressed of every nation, have ever been cardinal principles in the Demo- days, James K. Polk, of Tennessee, was nomicratic faith; and every attempt to abridge the present nated for President, and Silas Wright, of New privilege of becoming citizens, and the owners of soil York, for Vice-President. Mr. Wright declined among us, ought to be resisted with the same spirit the nomination, and George M. Dalias, of Pennwhich swept the Alien and Sedition Laws from our statute

sylvania, was subsequently selected to fill the The Convention then unanimously nominated second place on the ticket. Mr. Van Buren for reëlection as President; but, The ballotings for President were as follows: there being much diversity of opinion as to the proper man for Vice-President, the following

1st, 2d. 3rd. Ath. 5th. 6th. ith. 8th. 9th. preamble and resolution were adopted:

M. Van Buren.... 146 127 121 111 103 101 99 104

83 94 92 105 107 116 123 114 29 Whereas, Several of the States which have nominated R. M. Johnson.... 29 33 38 32 26 25 21. Martin Van Buren as a candidate for the Presidency, James Buchanan..

11 17 29 28 22 have put in nomination different individuals as candi- J. C. Calhoun.. dates for Vice-President, thus indicating a diversity of

Levi Woodbury. opinion as to the person best entitled to the nomination; and whereas some of the said States are not represented James K. Polk...

44 233 in this Convention, therefore, Resolved, That the Convention deem it expedient at

Mr. Van, Buren's name was withdrawn after the present time not to choose between the individuals the 8th ballot. in nomination, but to leave the decision to their Republican fellow-citizens in the several States, trusting that

The plaiform adopted by the Convention was before the election shall take place, their opinions will the same as that of 1840, with the following become so concentrated as to secure the choice of a additions : Vice-President by the Electoral College.

Resowed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands

ought to be sacredly applied to the national objects speciWHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1844. fied in the Constitution, and that we are opposed to the A Whig National Convention assembled in laws lately adopted, and to any law for the Distribution

of such proceeds among the States, as alike inexpedient Baltimore, on the 1st of May, 1844, in which in policy and repugnant to the Constitution. every State in the Union was represented. Am- Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to taking brose Spencer, of New-York, presided, and Mr. from the President the qualified veto power by which he

is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply Clay was nominated for President by acclama- sufficient to guard the public interest, to suspend the tion. For Vice-President, there was some di- passage of a bill

, whose merits cannot secure the apversity of preference, and Mr. Frelinghuysen, of proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of RepreN. J., was nominated on the third ballot as fol- tained thereon, and which has thrice saved the Ameri

sentatives, until the judgment of the people can be oblows:

can People from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Bank of the United States.

Resolved, That our title to the whole of the Territory of

3rd, Oregon is clear and unquestionable; that no portion of the T. Frelinghuysen, N. J.,..... 101

same ought to be ceded to England or any other power; John Davis, Mass.,

and that the reoccupation of Oregon and the reannexMillard Fillmore, N. Y.

ation of Texas at the earliest practicable period are John Sergeant, Pa.,..

32 withdrawn.

great American measures, which this Convention recom

mends to the cordial support of the Democracy of the Total,


274 The principles of the party were briefly summed up in the following resolve, which was LIBERTY PARTY NATIONAL CONVENadopted by the Convention :

TION, 1843. Resolved, that these principles may be summed as comprising a well regulated National currency-a Tariff

The Liberty Party National Convention met for revenue to defray the necessary expenses of thel at Buffalo, on the 39 of August. Leicester


Lewis Cass...


9 1

2 2







Com. Stewart..


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King, of Ohio, presided, and James G. Birney, of Florida, or on the high seas, are unconstitutional, and all Michigan, was unanimously nominated for Pre- attempts to hold men as property within the limits of ex

clusive national jurisdiction, ought to be prohibited by law. sident, with Thomas Morris, of Ohio, for Vice

Resolved, that the provision of the Constitution of the President. Among the resolves adopted were United States, which confers extraordinary political the following:

powers on the owners of slaves, and thereby constitut

ing the two hundred and fifty thousand slaveholders in Resowed, That human brotherhood is a cardinal prin- the Slave States a privileged aristocracy; and the prociple of true Democracy, as well as of pure Christianity, vision for the reclamation of fugitive slaves from service, which spurns all inconsistent limitations; and neither are Anti-Republican in their character, dangerous to the the political party which repudiates it, nor the political liberties of the people, and ought to be abrogated. system which is not based upon it, can be truly Demo- Resowed, That the practical operation of the second cratic or permanent.

of these provisions, is seen in the enactment of the act Resolved, That the Liberty Party, placing itself upon of Congress respecting persons escaping from their masthis broad principle, will demand the absolute and un- ters, wbich act, if the construction given to it by the qualified divorce of the General Government from Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Prigg slavery, and also the restoration of equality of rights, vs. Pennsylvania be correct, nullifies the habeas corpus among men, in every State where the party exists, or acts of all the States, takes away the whole legal security may exist

of personal freedom, and ought therefore to be immediResowed, That the Liberty Party has not been organ- ately repealed. ized for any temporary purpose by interested politicians, Resolved, That the peculiar patronage and support but has arisen from among the people in consequence of hitherto extended to Slavery and Slaveholding, by the a conviction, hourly gaining ground, that no other party General Government, ought to be immediately with in the country represents the true principles of American drawn, and the example and influence of National liberty, or the true spirit of the Constitution of the authority ought to be arrayed on the side of Liberty and United States.

Free Labor. Resowed, That the Liberty Party bas not been organ- Resowed, That the practice of the General Governized merely for the overthrow of slavery; its first de- ment, which prevails in the Slave States, of employing cided effort must, indeed, be directed against slavehold Slaves upon the public works, instead of free laborers, ing as the grossest and most revolting manifestation of and paying aristocratic masters, with a view to secure or despotism, but it will also carry out the principle of reward political services, is utterly indefensible and equal rights into all its practical consequences and ap- ought to be abandoned. plications, and support every just measure conducive to Resowed, That freedom of speech, and of the press, individual and social freedom.

and the right of petition, and the right of trial by jury, Resolved, That the Liberty Party is not a sectional are sacred and inviolable; and that all rules, regulaparty but a national party; was not originated in a de- tions and laws, in derogation of either are oppressive, un. sire to accomplish a single object, but in a comprehen- constitutional, and not to be endured by free people. sive regard to the great interests of the whole country; Resowed, That we regard voting in an eminent deis not a new party, nor a third party, but is the party gree, as a moral and religious duty, which, when exerof 1776, reviving the principles of that memorable era, cised, should be by voting for those who will do all in and striving to carry them into practical application, their power for Immediate Emancipation,

Resolved, That it was understood in the times of the Resowed, That this Convention recommend to the Declaration and the Constitution, that the existence of friends of Liberty in all those Free States where any inslavery in some of the States, was in derogation of the equality of rights and privileges exists on account of principles of American Liberty, and a deep stain upon color, to employ their utmost energies to remove all such the character of the country, and the implied faith of the remnants and effects of the Slave system. States and the Nation was pledged, that slavery should Whereas, The Constitution of these United States is never be extended beyond its then existing limits, but a series of agreements, covenants, or contracts between should be gradually, and yet, at no distant day, wholly the people of the United States, each with all and all abolished by State authority.

with each; and Resolved, That the faith of the States and the Nation

Whereas, It is a principle of universal morality, that thus pledged, was most nobly redeemed by the voluntary the moral laws of the Creator are paramount to all Abolition of Slavery in several of the States, and by the human laws; or, in the language of an Apostle, that adoption of the Ordinance of 1787, for the government "we ought to obey God rather than men;" and, of the Territory northwest of the river Ohio, then the only Whereas, The principle of common law-that any Territory in the United States, and consequently the only contract, covenant, or agreement, to do an act derogaterritory subject in this respect to the control of Congress tory to natural right, is vitiated and annulled by its inby which Ordinance Slavery was forever excluded from herent immorality-has been recognized by one of the the vast regions which now compose the States of Ohio, justices of the Supreme Court of the United States, who diana, Illinois, Michigan, and the Territory of Wiscon- in a recent case expressly holds that

any contract sin, and an incapacity to bear up any other than freemen, that rests upon such a basis is void ;" and, was impressed on the soil itself.

Whereas, The third clause of the second section of Resolved, That the faith of the States and Nation the fourth article of the Constitution of the United thus pledged, has been shamefully violated by the omis- States, when construed as providing for the surrender of sion on the part of many of the States, to take any a Fugitive Slave, does " rest upon such a basis," in that measures whatever for the Abolition of slavery within it is a contract to rob a man of a natural right-namely, their respective limits; by the continuance of Slavery his natural right to his own liberty; and is, therefore, in the District of Columbia, and in the Territories of absolutely void. Therefore, Louisiana and Florida; by the Legislation of Congress ; Resowed, That we hereby give it to be distinctly by the protection afforded by national legislation and understood by this nation and the world, that, as abolinegotiation to slaveholding in American vessels, on the tionists, considering that the strength of our cause lies high seas, employed in the coastwise Slave Traffic; and in its righteousness, and our hope for it in our conformity by the extension of slavery far beyond its original to the laws of God, and our respect for the RIGHTS OF limits, by acts of Congress, admitting new Slave States Man, we owe it to the Sovereign Ruler of the universe, as into the Union,

a proof of our allegiance to Him, in all our civil relations Resolved, That the fundamental truths of the Declara- and offices, whether as private citizens or as public tion of Independence, that all men are endowed by their functionaries sworn to support the Constitution of the Creator with certain inalienable rights, among which are United States, to regard and to treat the third clause of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness, was made the the fourth article of that instrument, whenever applied fundamental law of our National Government, by that to the case of a fugitive slave, as utterly null and void, amendment of the Constitution which declares that no and consequently as forming no part of the Constitution person shall be deprived of life, liberty or property, of the United States; whenever we are called upon or without due process of law.

sworn to support it. Resolved, That we recognize as sound, the doctrine Resowed, That the power given to Congress by the maintained by slaveholding jurists, that slavery is Constitution, to provide for calling out the militia to against natural rights, and strictly local, and that its ex- suppress insurrection, does not make it the duty of the istence and continuance rests on no other support than Government to maintain Slavery by military force, much State Legislation, and not on any authority of Congress. less does it make it the duty of the citizens to form a

Resolved, that the General Government has, under part of such military force. When freemen unsheath the the Constitution, no power to establish or continue sword it should be to strike for Liberty, not for DespotSlavery anywhere, and therefore that all treaties and ism. acts of Congress establishing, continuing or favoring Resolved, That to preserve the peace of the citizens, and Slavery in the District of Columbia, in the Territory of secure the blessings of freedom, the Legislature of each of

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1st, 111

97 43 22 4 2


2d. 118 86 49 22 4 1


82 63 13





vote :




M. Fillmore.
Abbott Lawrence

115 .109


the Free States onght to keep in force suitable statutes proposition. This appeal was also laid on the rendering it penal for any of its inhabitants to transport, table. · or aid in transporting from such State, any person sought, to be thus transported, merely because subject After Gen. Taylor had been nominated, Mr. to the slave laws of any other State; this remnant of in- Charles Allen, of Massachusetts, offered the dependence being accorded to the Free States, by the following: decision of the Supreme Court, in the case of Prigg vs. the State of Pennsyivania.

Resoloed, That the Whig Party, through its representatives here, agrees to abide by the nomination of Gen.

Zachary Taylor, on condition that he will accept the WHIG NATIONAL CONVENTION, 1848.

nomination as the candidate of the Whig Party, and

adhere to its great fundamental principles--no extenA Whiy National Convention met at Phila-sion of slave territory—no acquisition of foreign terridelphia, on the 7th of June, 1848, over which tory by conquest-protection to American industry, and

opposition to Executive usurpation. John M. Morehead, of North Carolina, presided. After a rather stormy session of three days, lution out of order, and no further notice was

The president immediately decided the resoGen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana, was nomi

taken of it nated for President, and Millard Fillmore, of

After the nomination for Vice-President had New-York, for Vice-President. Gen. Taylor been made, Mr. McCullough, of New-Jersey, was nominated on the fourth ballot, as follows:

offered the following:

Resoloed, That Gen. Zachary Taylor, of Louisiana,

and Millard Fillmore, of New York, be, and they are Taylor.

171 hereby unanimously nominated as the Whig candidates Clay

for President and Vice-President of the United States.

Mr. D. R. Tilden, of Ohio, proposed the folClayton..


lowing, expressing the opinion that some such declaration by the Convention would be neces

sary, in order to secure the vote of Ohio for .279


the nominee : Mr. Fillmore was nominated for Vice-Presi..

Resowed, That while all power is denied to Congress, dent on the second ballot, by the following under the Constitution, to control, or in any way inter

fere with the institution of Slavery within the several States of this Union, it nevertheless has the power and it is the duty of Congress to prohibit the introduction or

existence of Slavery in any territory now possessed, or 173

which may hereafter be acquired by the United States. Scattering


This resolution, like all others affirming Whig

or Anti-Slavery principles, was ruled out of Total...



order, and laid on the table. A motion was Of the scattering vote cast on the first ballot, made to divide Mr. McCullough's resolve, so George Evans, of Maine, received 6; T. M. T. that the vote could be taken separately on McKennen, of Pa., 13; Andrew Stewart, of Pa., President and on Vice-President, when, after 14; and John Sergeant, of Pa., 6.

discussion, the resolve was withdrawn. The Convention adopted no Platform of Mr. Hilliard, of Alabama, offered a resolve Principles. After it had been organized, and a indorsing Gen. Taylor's letter to Captain Alliresolution offered to go into a ballot for candi- son, which, meeting opposition, was withdrawn; dates for President and Vice-President, Mr. so the Convention adjourned without passing Lewis D. Campbell, of Ohio, moved to amend any resolves having reference to Whig prinas follows:

ciples, the issues before the country, or of conResolved, That no candidate shall be entitled to re- currence in the nominations. ceive the nomination of this Convention for President or Vice-President, unless he has given assurances that he will abide by and support the nomination; that if nominated he will accept the nomination; that he will

RATIFICATION MEETING AT PHILAconsider himself the candidate of the Whigs, and use

DELPHIA. all proper influence to bring into practical operation the principles and measures of the Whig Party.

On the evening of the last day of the session This resolution met with decided opposition, (9th June), a ratification meeting was held at and the president ruled it out of order, from Philadelphia, at which Gov. Wm. F. Johnston, which decision Mr. Campbell appealed, and in a delivered by Governor Morehead, Gen. Leslie

of Pa., presided, and at which speeches were speech contended that it was strictly in order to define what sort of candidate should be voted Coombs, of Ky., and several others, and at for, and to declare that none but sound Whigs Price, of Pennsylvania, were adopted :

which the following resolves, reported by W. S. should receive important nominations at the hands of a Whig National Convention. The 1. Resoloed, That the Whigs of the United States, appeal was tabled.

here assembled by their Representatives, heartily ratify

the nominations of Gen. Zachary Taylor as President, Mr. Fuller, of New York, offered the follow- and Millard Fillmore as Vice-President of the United ing:

States, and pledge themselves to their support. Resoloed, That as the first duty of the representatives whig Candidate for President, we are glad to discover

2. Resolved, That in the choice of Gen. Taylor as the of the Whig Party is to preserve the principles and integrity of the party, the claims of no candidate can be sympathy with a great popular sentiment throughout the considered by this Convention unless such candidate nation--a sentiment which, having its origin in admirastands pledged to support, in good faith, the nominees, thon de vereat military success, has been strengthened by and to be the exponent of Whig Principles.

sound conservative opinions, and of true fidelity to the The president ruled this resolution out of great example of former days, and to the principles of order, and Mr. Fuller appealed, insisting that the Constitution as administered by its founders.

3. Resolved, That Gen, Taylor, in saying that, had he no true Whig could reasonably object to his ! voted in 1844, he would have voted the Whig ticket,

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gives us the assurance-and no better is needed from a | May. Andrew Stevenson of Va., presided. consistent and truth-speaking man- that his heart was New-York had sent a double delegation: (“Barn. with us at the crisis of our political destiny, when Henry Clay was our candidate and when not only whig prin. burners” for Van Buren and Hunkers for Dickciples were well defined and clearly asserted, but Whig inson). The Convention decided to admit both measures depended on success. with us then is with us now, and we have a soldier's word delegations, which satisfied neither, and both of honor, and a life of public and private virtue, as the declined to take part in the proceedings. The security.

two-third rule was adopted, and Gen. Lewis Cass 4. Resolved, That we look on Gen. Taylor's adminis-was nominated for President on the 4th ballot tration of the Government as one conducive of Peace, Prosperity and Union. Of Peace-because no one bet- as follows: [170 votes necessary to a choice.] ter knows, or has greater reason to deplore, what he has seen sadly on the field of victory, the horrors of war, Cass..

125 133 156 179 and especially of a foreign and aggressive war. Of Woodbury of N, H...

53 38 Prosperity-now more than ever needed to relieve the Buchanan.


40 33 nation from a burden of debt, and restore industry-Calhoun.. agricultural, manufacturing and commercial — to its Dallas.

3 accustomed and peaceful functions and influences. Of Worth..



1 Union-because we have a candidate whose very posi- Butler of Ky.. tion as a Southwestern man, reared on the banks of the great stream whose tributaries, natural and artificial,

The first ballot for Vice-President resulted as embrace the whole Union, renders the protection of the follows: interests of the whole country his first trust, and whose William O. Butler.... varied duties in past life have been rendered, not on the John A. Quitman...

114 William R. King.


74 James J. McKay. soil, oi under the flag of any State or section, but over John Y. Mason ..... 24 Jefferson Davis.... 1 the wide frontier, and under the broad banner of the Nation.

No choice. Gen. Butler was unanimously nomi5. Resolved, That standing, as the Whig Party does, nated on the third ballot. on the broad and firm platform of the Constitution,

The Convention adopted the following platbraced up by all its inviolable and sacred guarantees and compromises, and cherished in the affections form: because protective of the interests of the people, we are proud to have, as the exponent of our opinions, one who their trust in the intelligence, the patriotism, and the

1. Resolved, that the American Democracy place is pledged to construe it by the wise and generous rules | discriminating justice of the American people. which Washington applied to it, and who has said, (and

2. Resolved, That we regard this as a distinctive fea. no Whig desires any other assurance) that he will make ture of our political creed, which we are proud to mainWashington's Administration the model of his own.

tain before the world, as the great moral element in a 6. Resolved, That as Whigs and Americans, we are form of government springing from and upheld by the proud to acknowledge our gratitude for the great mili- popular will: and we contrast it with the creed and tary services which, beginning at Palo Alto, and ending practice of federalism, under whatever name or form, at Buena Vista, first awakened the American people to which seeks to palsy the will of the constituent, and a just estimate of him who is now our Whig Candidate. which conceives no imposture too monstrous for the In the discharge of a painful duty--for his march into

popular credulity. the enemy's country was a reluctant one; in the command of regulars at one time, and volunteers at another, the Democratic party of this Union, through the delegates

3. Resolved, Therefore, that, entertaining these views and of both combined; in the decisive though punctual assembled in general convention of the States, coming discipline of his camp, where all respected and beloved together in a spirit of concord, of devotion to the dochim; in the negotiation of terms for a dejected and trines and faith of a free representative government and desperate enemy; in the exigency of actual conflict, appealing to their fellow-citizens for the rectitude of when the balance was perilously doubtful--we have their intentions, renew and reassert before the American found him the same-brave, distinguished and conside- people, the declaration of principles avowed by them, rate, no heartless spectator of bloodshed, no trifler with human life or human happiness; and we do not know presented their candidates for the popular suffrage.

on a former occasion, when in general convention, they which to admire most, his heroism in withstanding the assaults of the enemy in the most hopeless fields of Then follow resolutions 1, 2, 3, 4, of Platforms Buena Vista-mourning in generous sorrow over the of 1840 and '44. The 5th resolution is that of graves of Ringgold, of Clay, or of Hardin--or in giving 1840 with an addition about providing for war in the heat of battle terms of merciful capitulation to a vanquished foe at Monterey, and not being ashamed to debts, and as amended, reads as follows: avow that he did it to spare women and children, help- Resowed, That it is the duty of every branch of the less infancy, and more helpless age, against whom no government to enforce and practice the most rigid econAmerican soldier ever wars. Such a military man, omy in conducting our public affairs, and that no more whose triumphs are neither remote nor doubtful, whose revenue ought to be raised than is required to defray virtues these trials have tested, we are proud to make the necessary expenses of the government, and for the our Candidate. 7. Resolved, That in support of such a nomination we the prosecution of a just and necessary war, after peace

gradual but certain extinction of the debt created by ask our Whig friends throughout the nation to unite, ful relations shall have been restored. to co-operate zealously, resolutely, with earnestness in behalf of our Candidate, whom calumny cannot reach,

The next (Anti-National Bank and pro-Suband with respectful demeanor to our adversaries, whose Treasury) was amended by the addition of the Candidates have yet to prove their claims on the grati

following: tude of the nation.

And that the results of Democratic Legislation, in this This election resulted in the choice of the and all other financial measures upon which issues have Whig Candidates, as follows:

been made between the two political parties of the coun.

try, have demonstrated to candid and practical men of Taylor and Fillmore-Vermont, 6; Massachusetts, 12; all parties, their soundness, safety and utility in all Rhode Island, 4; Connecticut, 6; New-York, 36; New business pursuits. Jersey, 7; Pennsylvania, 26; Delaware, 3; Maryland, 8; North Carolina, 11 ; Georgia, 10; Lousiana, 6; Ten

Here follow resolutions 7, 8, 9, of the platnessee, 13; Kentucky, 12; Florida, 3--163.

form of 1840, which we omit. Cass and Butler-Maine, 9; New Hampshire, 6; Virginia, 17 ; South Carolina, 9; Alabama, 9; Mississippi,

Resowed, That the proceeds of the Public Lands ought 6; Ohio, 23; Indiana, 12; Illinois, 9; Missouri, 7; Ar to be sacredly applied to the National objects specified kansas, 3 ; Michigan, 5; Texas, 4 ; Iowa, 4: Wisconsin, in the Constitution; and that we are opposed to any 4--127.

law for the distribution of such proceeds among the States as alike inexpedient in policy and repuguant to

the Constitution. DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848.

Resolved, That we are decidedly opposed to taking

from the President the qualified veto power, by which he The Democratic National Convention for is enabled, under restrictions and responsibilities amply

sufficient to guard the public interests, to suspend the 1848, assembled in Baltimore on the 22d of passage of a bill whose merits cannot secure the ap


proval of two-thirds of the Senate and House of Repre- ; may solicit our surrender of that vigilance which is the sentatives until the judgment of the people can be only safeguard of liberty. obtained thereon, and which has saved the American Resowed, That the confidence of the Democracy of people from the corrupt and tyrannical domination of the Union, in the principles, capacity, firmness and inthe bank of the United States, and from a corrupting tegrity of James K. Polk, manifested by his nomination system of general internal improvements.

and election in 1844, has been signally justified by the Resolved, that the war with Mexico, provoked on her strictness of his adherence to sound Democratic docPait, by years of insult and injury, was commenced by trines, by the purity of purpose, the energy and ability her army crossing the Rio Grande, attacking the Ameri- which have characterized his administration in all our can troops and invading our sister State of Texas, and affairs at home and abroad; that we tender to him our that upon all the principles of patriotism and the cordial congratulations upon the brilliant success which Laws of Nations, it is a just and necessary war on our has hitherto crowned his patriotic efforts, and assure him part in which every American citizen should have shown in advance, that at the expiration of his Presidential bimself on the side of his Country, and neither morally term he will carry with him to his retirement, the esteem, nor physically, by word or by deed, have given "aid respect, and admiration of a grateful country. and coinfort to the enemy.

Resolved, That this Convention bereby present to the Resolved, That we would be rejoiced at the assurance people of the United States, Lewis Cass, of Michigan, as of a peace with Mexico, founded on the just principles the candidate of the Democratic party for the ottice of of indemnity for the past and security for the future; but President, and William 0. Butler of Ky, for Vice-Presithat while the ratification of the liberal treaty offered to dent of the U. S. Mexico remains in doubt, it is the duty of the country to

The following resolution was offered by Mr. sustain the administration and to sustain the country in every measure necessary to provide for the vigorous Yancy, of Ala. prosecution of the war, should that treaty be rejected.

Resolved, that the doctrine of non-interference with Resowed, That the officers and soldiers who have the rights of property of any portion of the people of this carried the arms of their country into Mexico, bave Confederacy, be it in the States or Territories thereof, crowned it with imperishable glory. Their unconquer-by any other tban the parties interested in them, is the able courage, their daring enterprise, their unfaltering true Republican doctrine recognized by this body. perseverance and fortitude when assailed on all sides by numerable foes and that more formidable enemy-the

This resolution was rejected : Yeas, 36 ; nays, diseases of the climate-exalt their devoted patriotism 216--the yeas being: Georgia, 9; South Carointo the highest heroism, and give them a right to the lina, 9; Alabama, 9; Arkansas, 3 ; Florida, 3 ; profound gratitude of their country, and the admiration

Maryland, 1; Kentucky, 1. of the world,

Resolved, that the Democratic National Convention of 30 States composing the American Republic tender their fraternal congratulations to the National Conven

FREE DEMOCRATIC CONVENTION, 1848. tou of the Republic of France, now assembled as the free-suffrage Representatives of the Sovereignty of thirty- The Barnburners of New York, who were tive millions of Republicans to establish government on those eternal principles of equal rights for which their disgusted with the proceedings of the National Lafayette and our Washington fought side by side in Convention which had nominated Cass and Butthe struggle for our National Independence; and we ler for President and Vice-President, met in would especially convey to them and to the whole pion Convention at Utica, on the 22d of June, 1848. of their liberties, through the wisdom that shall guide their Delegates were also present from Ohio, Wisconcouncils, on the basis of a Democratic Constitution, not sin and Massachusetts. Col. Samuel Young prederived from the grants or concessions of kings or sided over the deliberations of this Convention; dynasties, but originating from the only true source of land Martin Van Buren was nominated for Presi. political power recognized in the States of this Union the inherent and inalienable right of the people, in their dent, with Henry Dodge, of Wisconsin, for sovereign capacity, to make and to amend their forms Vice-President. Gen. Dodge subsequently deof government in such manner as the welfare of the

clined. community may require.

Resowed, That the recent development of this grand On the 9th of August following, a Convenpolitical truth, of the sovereignty of the people and tion was held at Buffalo, which was attended by their capacity and power for self-government, which is prostrating thrones and

erecting Republics on the ruins delegates from the States of Maine, New-Hampof despotism in the old world, we feel that a high and shire, Vermont, Massachusetts, Connecticut, sacred duty is devolved, with increased responsibility, Rhode Island, New-York, New-Jersey, Pennsylupon the Democratic party of this country, as the party vania, Maryland, Delaware, Virginia, Illinois, tutional Liberty, Equality and Fraternity, by continuing Wisconsin, Michigan, Indiana, Iowa, and the to resist all monopolies and exclusive legislation for the District of Columbia. Charles Francis Adams, benefit of the few at the expense of the many, and by a of Massachusetts, presided, and the Convention vigilant and constant adherence to those principles and compromises of the Constitution

which are broad enough nominated Messrs. Van Buren and Adams as and strong enough to embrace and uphold the Union as candidates for President and Vice-President, it was, the Union as it is, and the Union as it shall be in and adopted the following Resolves, since the full expansion of the energies and capacity of this

known as great and progressive people.

Rosoloed, That a copy of these resolutions be forwarded through the American Minister at Paris, to tbe National Convention of the Republic of France.

Whereas, We have assembled in Convention, as a Resolved, that the fruits of the great political triumph union of freemen, for the sake of freedom, forgetting of 1844, which elected James K. Polk and George M,

all past palitical differences in common resoivo To Dallas President and Vice-President of the United States, maintain the rights of free labor against the aggressions bave fulfilled the hopes of the Democracy of the Union of the Slave Power, and to secure free soil to a free in defeating the declared purposes of their opponents in people, Creating a National Bank, in preventing the corrupt and And Whereas, The political Conventions recently asunconstitutional distribution of the Land Proceeds from sembled at Baltimore and Philadelphia, the one stilling the common treasury of the Union for local purposes, in the voice of a great constituency, entitled to be heard in protecting the Currency and Labor of the country from its deliberations, and the other abandoning its distinctive ruinous fluctuations; and guarding the money of the principles for mere availability, have dissolved the Nacountry for the use of the people by the establishment tional party organizations heretofore existing, by nomiof the Constitutional treasury; in the noble impulse nating for the Chief Magistracy of the United States, ungiven to the cause of Free Trade by the repeal of the der the slaveholding dictation, candidates, neither of tariff of 42, and the creation of the more equal, honest, whom can be supported by the opponents of Slavery Exand productive tariff of 1846 ; and that, in our opinion, tension without a sacrifice of consistency, duty and selfit would be a fatal error to weaken the bands of a politi- respect; cal organization by which these great reforms have And whereas, These nominations so made, furnish the been achieved, and risk them in the hands of their occasion anü demonstrate the necessity of the union of known adversaries, with whatever delusive appeals they the people under the banner of Free Democracy, in a sol



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