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ART. 2. The said tribe shall receive from the United States, for ten years, an additional annuity of three hundred dollars, which is to be exclusively appropriated to the purpose of ameliorating their condition, and promoting their civilization. Suitable persons shall be employed at the expense of the United States to teach them to make fences, cultivate the earth, and such of the domestic arts as are adapted to their situation; and a further sum of three hundred dollars shall be appropriated annually, for five years, to this object. The United States will cause to be delivered to them in the course of the next spring, horses fit for draught, cattle, hogs, and implements of husbandry, to the amount of four hundred dollars. The preceding stipulations, together with goods to the amount of eight hundred dollars, which is now delivered to the said tribe, (a part of which is to be appropriated to the satisfying certain individuals of the said tribe, whose horses have been taken by white people,) is to be considered as full compensation for the relinquishment made in the first article.
ART. 3. As there is great reason to believe that there are now in the possession of the said tribe, several horses which have been stolen from citizens of the United States, the chiefs who represent the said tribe are to use their utmost endeavors to have the said horses forthwith delivered to the superintendent of Indian affairs, or such persons as he may appoint to receive them. And as the United States can place the utmost reliance on the honor and integrity of those chiefs who have manifested a punctilious regard to the engagements entered into at the treaty of Greenville, it is agreed, that in relation to such of the horses, stolen as aforesaid, but which have died, or been removed beyond the reach of the chiefs, the United States will compensate the owners for the loss of them, without deducting, from the annuity of the said tribe, the amount of what may be paid in this way. But it is expressly understood, that this provision is not to extend to any horses which have been stolen within the course of twelve months preceding the date hereof.
ART. 4. The said tribe having exhibited to the above-named commissioner of the United States, sufficient proof of their right to all the country which lies between the Ohio and White river and the Miami tribe, who were the original proprietors of the upper part of that country, having explicitly acknowledged the title of the Delawares, at the general council held at fort Wayne, in the month of June, 1803, the said United States will, in future, consider the Delawares as the rightful owners of all the country which is bounded by the White river on the north, the Ohio on the south, the general boundary line running from the mouth of the Kentucky river on the east, and the tract ceded by this treaty, and that ceded by the treaty of fort Wayne, on the west and south west.
ART. 5. As the Piankeshaw tribe have hitherto obstinately persisted in refusing to recognize the title of the Delawares to the tract of country ceded by this treaty, the United States will
negotiate with them, and will endeavor to settle the matter in an amicable way; but should they reject the propositions that may be made to them on this subject, and should the United States not think proper to take possession of the said country without their consent, the stipulations and promise herein made, on behalf of the United States, shall be null and void.
ART. 6. As the road from Vincennes to Clark's grant will form a very inconvenient boundary, and as it is the intention of the parties to these presents, that the whole of the said road shall be within the tract ceded to the United States, it is agreed that the boundary, in that quarter, shall be a straight line, to be drawn parallel to the course of the said road, from the eastern boundary of the tracts ceded by the treaty of fort Wayne to Clark's grant; but the said line is not to pass at a greater distance than half a mile from the most northerly bend of said road.
In witness whereof, the commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States, and the chiefs and head men of the said tribe, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals. Done at Vincennes, the eighteenth day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and four; and of the independence of the United States the twenty-ninth.
William Henry Harrison,
Jeta Buxika, his x mark,
Bokongehelas, his x mark,
Alimee, or Geo. White Eyes, his x mark,
John Gibson, Secretary to Com.
Vigo, Col. of Knox co., I. T. M.
John Rice Jones, of Ind. T'y.
Robert Buntin, Prothonotary of
G. Wallace, jun., of Ind. Ter.
I do certify, that each and every article of the foregoing treaty was carefully explained, and precisely interpreted, by me, to the Delaware chiefs who have signed the same.
[CONCLUDED AUGUST 27, 1804.]
A treaty between the United States of America, and the Piankeshaw
tribe of Indians.
The President of the United States, by William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana territory, superintendent of Indian
affairs, and commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States for concluding any treaty or treaties, which may be found necessary, with any of the Indian tribes northwest of the river Ohio, and the chiefs and head men of the Piankeshaw tribe, have agreed to the following articles, which, when ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall be binding upon the said parties.
ART. 1. The Piankeshaw tribe relinquishes, and cedes to the United States forever, all that tract of country which lies between the Ohio and Wabash rivers, and below Clark's grant and the tract called the Vincennes tract, which was ceded by the treaty of fort Wayne, and a line connecting the said tract and grant, to be drawn parallel to the general course of the road leading from Vincennes to the falls of the Ohio, so as not to pass more than half a mile to the northward of the most northerly bend of said road.
ART. 2. The Piankeshaw tribe acknowledges explicitly the right of the Kaskaskia tribe to sell the country which they have lately ceded to the United States, and which is separated from the lands of the Piankeshaws by the ridge or high land which divides the waters of the Wabash from the waters of the Saline creek; and by that which divides the waters of the said Wabash from those which flow into the Auvase and other branches of the Mississippi.
ART. 3. An additional annuity of two hundred dollars shall be paid by the United States to the said tribe, for ten years, in money, merchandise, provisions, or domestic animals, and implements of husbandry, at the option of the said tribe; and this annuity, together with goods to the value of seven hundred dollars, which are now delivered to them by the commissioner of the United States, is considered as a full compensation for the above mentioned relinquishment.
ART. 4. The United States reserve to themselves the right of dividing the whole annuity which they pay to the said tribe, amongst the families which compose the same; allowing always a due proportion for the chiefs. And the said chiefs, whenever the President of the United States may require it, shall, upon proper notice being given, assemble their tribe for the purpose of effecting this arrangement.
In witness whereof, the commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States, and the chiefs and head men of the said tribe, have hereunto set their hands and affixed their seals. Done at Vincennes, in the Indiana territory, the twenty-seventh day of August, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and four, and of the independence of the United States the twenty-ninth.
William Henry Harrison,
Wabochquinke, la gros bled, or big corn, his x mark,
Makatewelama, chien noir, or black dog, his x mark,
Signed, sealed and delivered in presence of
John Gibson, Sec. to the Com.
of the Territory of Indiana, Henry Vanderburg, one of the Judges of Indiana Territory, B. Parke, Attorney General of the Territory of Indiana, William Prince, Sheriff of Knox county, Indiana Territory,
George Wallace, jun., of the
Peter Jones, of Knox county,
I do certify, that each and every article of the foregoing treaty was carefully explained, and precisely interpreted, by me, to the Piankeshaw chiefs who have signed the same.
JOSEPH BARRON, Interpreter.
[CONCLUDED OCTOBER 24, 1804.]
Articles of a treaty between the United States of America and the Cherokee Indians.
Daniel Smith and Return J. Meigs, being commissioned by Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States, with powers of acting in behalf of the said United States, in arranging certain matters with the Cherokee nation of Indians; and the underwritten principal chiefs, representing the said nation, having met the said commissioner in a conference at Tellico, and having taken into their consideration certain propositions made to them by the said commissioners of the United States; the parties aforesaid, have unanimously agreed and stipulated, as is definitely expressed in the following articles:
ART. 1. For the considerations hereinafter expressed, the Cherokee nation relinquish and cede to the United States, a tract of land bounding southerly, on the boundary line between the State of Georgia and the said Cherokee nation, beginning at a point on the said boundary line northeasterly of the most northeast plantation in the settlement known by the name of Wafford's settlement, and running at right angles with the said boundary line four miles in the Cherokee lands; thence, at right angles southwesterly and parallel to the first mentioned boundary line, so far as that a line, to be run at right angles southerly to the said first mentioned boundary line, shall include, in this cession, all the plantations in Wafford's settlement, so called, as aforesaid.
ART. 2. For, and in consideration of, the relinquishment and cession, as expressed in the first article, the United States, upon signing the present treaty, shall cause to be delivered to the Cherokees, useful goods, wares, and merchandise, to the amount of five thousand dollars, or that sum in money, at the option (timely signified) of the Cherokees, and shall, also, cause to be delivered, annually, to them, other useful goods to the amount of one thousand dollars, or money to that amount, at the option of the Cherokees, timely notice thereof being given, in addition to the annuity, heretofore stipulated, and to be delivered at the usual time of their receiving their annuity.
In witness of all and every thing, herein determined, between the United States and the Cherokee nation, the parties have hereunto set their hands and seals, in the garrison of Tellico, on Cherokee ground, within the United States, this twentyfourth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and four, and in the twenty-ninth year of the independence and sovereignty of the United States. Daniel Smith, Return J. Meigs, Molluntuskie, his x mark, L. s. Broom, his x mark,
J. McLamore, his x mark, L. s.
Rob. Purdy, Secretary,
Path Killer, his x mark,
Sour Mush, his x mark,
Jno. Campbell, Capt. 2d U. S.
John Brahan, Lt. 2d Reg't. Inf.
Thos. J. Van Dyke, Sur. Mate.
Wm. L. Lovely, Ass't. Ag't.
SACS AND FOXES.
[CONCLUDED NOVEMBER 3, 1804. ]
Articles of a treaty made at St. Louis, in the district of Louisiana, between William Henry Harrison, governor of the Indiana territory, and of the district of Louisiana, superintendent of Indian affairs for the said territory and district, and commissioner plenipotentiary of the United States for concluding any treaty or treaties, which may be found necessary with any of the northwestern tribes of Indians, of the one part, and the chiefs and head men of the united Sac and Fox tribes, of the other part. ART. 1. The United States receive the united Sac and Fox tribes into their friendship and protection, and the said tribes agree to consider themselves under the protection of the United States, and of no other power whatsoever.