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Ordered, That the same be referred to a committee; and that Mr. Schoonmaker,' Mr. L'Hommedieu and Mr. Palmer' be a committee for that purpose."


On the 20th of October, 1779, the Assembly Journals show the action taken by this Committee, which had been increased the next day (August 26, 1779) by the addition of four new members, Messrs. Gordon, Tredwell, Benson and Harpur.' Upon the presentation of other petitions for the incorporation of a College at Schenectady, as further noticed in our account of Union College:


"Mr. Benson from the Committee to whom was referred the Petition of the Freeholders and Commonalty of the town of Kingston, presented to this House on the 25th of August last, the petition of John Cuyler and 842 other inhabitants of the counties of Albany and Tryon; and the Petition of Thomas Clark and 130 other inhabitants of the County of Charlotte, both presented on the 26th of August last, report: That the petitioners to each petition be permitted to bring into this House at the next meeting of the Legislature, a Bill for the purpose in each petition mentioned.

Resolved, That the House do agree with the said Committee in the said Report.

Ordered, That the Clerk of this House transmit a copy of the above Report and Resolution to two of the persons who subscribed the said petitions respectively."

These early movements in behalf of Collegiate education were crowded out of sight by the events of the Revolution. The Kingston project appears to have resulted at that time, or soon after, in the formation of an Academy under the auspices of the town Trustees, which is thought to have been the first Academy founded in the State.

On the 10th of February, 1804, application was made to the Regents for the erection of Kingston Academy into a College. The application was made repeatedly afterward, but as often declined on the ground of insufficient endowment. It was particularly urged about the time that Hamilton College was formed, but opposed by the interests of institutions that it was supposed it might injure.

1Cornelius C Schoonmaker, of Ulster County.

2 Ezra L'Hommedieu, of Suffolk County.

3 Thomas Palmer, of Ulster County.

4 James Gordon, of Albany County (Ballston).
Thomas Tred well, of Suffolk County.
Egbert Benson, of Dutchess County.
Robert Harpur, of New York County.


On the 21st of January and 15th of February, 1802, application was made for the Charter of a College in Onondaga or Cayuga Counties, and the above names were suggested in correspondence. On the 3d of March, 1802, a Committee of the Regents reported adversely, on the ground that sufficient funds had not been provided, and also on the ground that there were Colleges enough in the State already. Mr. Dan Bradley was active in urging the above measure.


By an act passed March 30, 1858, Charles King, Isaac Ferris, Horace Webster, Thomas D. Andrews, George Wood, Charles O'Conor, Amasa J. Parker, Valentine Mott, William C. Noyes and Daniel F. Tiemann were incorporated for the purpose of founding a Law College, and with power to hold an estate for this purpose worth $100,000. The College was to be subject to visitation by the Regents, but their records do not show that any organization was perfected under this act.

NEW YORK LAW INSTITUTE (New York). Incorporated by the Legislature February 22, 1830.* as a Library, but authorized to give instruction.

NEW YORK STATE AND NATIONAL LAW SCHOOL. Incorporated March 17, 1851, and located at Ballston Spa. A course of instruction was established and maintained for several years, but as no reports were made to the Regents no statistics can be given. Portions of the act, allowing persons holding diplomas to practice in the courts of the State, were repealed June 5, 1877.*

An amendment passed April 4, 1853,' provided for the removal of the school to Poughkeepsie.



Incorporated April 22, 1867, as a Female College, but the location not fixed by law. The act named twenty-one Trustees, and

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James K. Place might designate a conference or conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church that might elect four others.

The "Susquehanna Seminary," an academy for female education, had been some years before located at Binghamton, and a fine edifice built upon an eminence overlooking the valley. Money had been loaned to the corporation by the State, and the title subsequently passed to the State, upon its sale by foreclosure of a mortgage. It was temporarily used as a State Blind Asylum (since located at Batavia), and afterward as the "Susquehanna Home," a charitable institution. Still later, it was leased by the Trustees of Place College.

By an act passed April 11, 1871,' the terms of conveyance of these premises were fixed, consisting of certain rents and other dues, which if paid within ninety days would entitle Place College to a conveyance of all interest of the State in the premises, with the appurtenances thereto belonging. These conditions were not fulfilled, and the College was never fully organized.


Incorporated April 18, 1838,' by special act, and to be located upon Staten Island. It was conditioned to the raising of $80,000 within two years, from the date of the act, which was to be shown by satisfactory evidence to the Regents, but this was not done, and the College was not organized.

ST. JOHN'S COLLEGE (Brooklyn).

Incorporated under the general law for the formation of Benevolent, Charitable, Scientific and Missionary Societies, but no reports were ever made to the Regents.

ST. PAUL'S COLLEGE (New York City).

Formed under the general act for the incorporation of Benevolent, Charitable, Scientific and Missionary Societies, November 12, 1851, but never organized.


Incorporated by a special act passed April 3, 1871,' with the de

'Chap. 409, Laws of 1871, p. 812.

2 Chap. 294, Laws of 1838.

3 Chap. 257, Laws of 1871.

sign of establishing at or near Poughkeepsie a College for the education of young men and women of African descent, but never organized.


An academic institution established by Miss Lucille Tracy, at Rochester, was incorporated by the Legislature April 17, 1857, as the "Tracy Female Institute," and this by another act passed May 21, 1872,' was created a College by name, the latter act simply changing the title, without specifying its powers. No reports were ever made as a College.


An institution under this name was incorporated by special act March 26, 1861, with full powers for the creation of a College or Department of Law, of Medicine, and such other Colleges or Departments of Science, as might be thought expedient, or either of them separately as found desirable. Those subscribing $100 at one time, were to be allowed to vote at the annual elections, and were to be entitled to a deduction of five per cent on tuition bills. The University was authorized to confer degrees, and was to be subject to visitation by the Regents. Its Medical Department might send one delegate to the State Medical Society.

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The war, just then beginning, diverted attention from this enterprise, and nothing was ever done toward carrying the intention into effect in any of its departments.


This was incorporated with full collegiate powers, May 11, 1846, but only its Medical Department was ever organized. An account of this is given in connection with Medical Colleges.


Incorporated by special act April 8, 1836, with the usual powers of a College, and to be located in the city of Buffalo. Income limited to $25,000. Not organized.


In January, 1817, printed petitions numerously signed were pre

1 Chap. 698, Laws of 1857, p. 556.

2 Chap. 803, Laws of 1872, p. 1894.

3 Chap. 66, Laws of 1861.

4 Chap. 110, Laws of 1836.


sented to the Regents, for the incorporation of a College in Richmond County. They stated at large the objections that might be brought against a College in a great city, the condition in the grant of the endowment of the existing College, which, as they claimed, excluded from its first honors all who were not of a particular religious profession, and other points which would probably impede future legislative patronage, and forever prevent it from arriving to such distinction as would a College erected in a more retired situation, established upon more liberal principles, and the honors of which would be alike attainable by persons of all religious denominations.

In contrast, they presented the peculiar advantages which Staten Island presented. Retired and free from the temptations of city life it was still near although separated from the city by the Bay of New York-so as to prevent the students from having access to city pleasures and dissipation, it could still confer the benefits and conveniences of a city College to the city of New York. If their sons could now be educated at Columbia College and board at home they could then save an equal amount in cheaper tuition fees, as the cost of maintaining a rural College would be very much less, and the various extra payments for fashionable dress and frivolous accomplishments unavoidable in a city would be saved.

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The convenience of access and proximity to New Jersey and Connecticut by steamboat were pointed out; it could be reached from the city in forty minutes, and any supplies or aid could be obtained in an hour. The air was pure, the district eminently salubrious, and the water surprisingly pure. The inhabitants were economical, industrious and moral; religious opportunities were convenient, and supplies of all kinds cheap and abundant.

The opportunity of teaching practically the application of Mathemathics and the Science of Engineering in the fortifications were pointed out, and other attractions in great number and variety were suggested. The sum of $5,000 had been already subscribed for a Library, and a tract of land worth $10,000 had been offered as a gift for the site of the College. The petitioners did not ask for a charter that should be valid until a further sum of $50,000 was secured for an endowment, independent of any public patronage.

Upon the 27th of January, 1817, the Regents passed a resolution for granting a charter similar in its terms to that of Hamilton College, and to take effect when the conditions offered by the applicants had been fulfilled.

A bond dated February 3, 1817, was executed by Daniel D. Tomp

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