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having passed the examination in Preliminary studies hereinafter provided for, shall pursue the higher branches of English education, or the classics, or both.

2. At the close of each Academic Term a public examination shall be held of all scholars presumed to have completed preliminary studies. This examination shall be conducted in the presence, and under the direction of a committee of at least three persons, to be appointed by the Trustees of the Academy. A record of the examination shall be kept, with the date at which it was held. To each scholar who has sustained such examination, a certificate shall be given in such form as the Regents shall prescribe, to be signed by the committee above referred to, and the Principal of the Academy, and the possession of such certificate shall entitle the person holding it to admission into the academic class in any Academy, subject to the visitation of the Regents without further examination.

3. Scholars adimitted to any Academy who have not received the certificates of examination as aforesaid, and who claim or are presumed to be academic scholars, shall within one week of such admission be examined by the Principal and other teachers of the Acad. emy, and if found to have completed the Preliminary studies, shall be provisionally admitted to the academic class; but such admission shall not excuse such scholar from the examination above required at the close of the term, and the certificate as aforesaid shall be given only on such examination; but said certificate may have effect as if given at the commencement of the term, provided the committee shall be satisfied that the scholar to whom it is given was at that time entitled to it.

$4. Every scholar to be entitled to the certificate of admission to the academic class, as aforesaid, shall on the required examination be found to have attained such proficiency in reading, spelling and writing as is usually attained by scholars at the age of twelve years in the best Common Schools of the State, and to have such knowledge of arithmetic, English grammar and geography that the further study of these subjects in any of the ordinary school treatises is un

necessary.

$5. All scholars admitted to the academic class as aforesaid shall be regarded as scholars in the higher branches of English education or as classical scholars; and having after such admission pursued studies usually regarded as in advance of arithmetic, English grammar and geography, as aforesaid, or having become thoroughly proficient in the elementary works usually studied prior to the classics, and in addition thereto having studied the first book of Virgil, or its equivalent in Cæsar, Sallust or Cicero, shall entitle the Academy to which they belong to a share in the distribution of the Literature Fund, provided they have pursued such studies for four months or upwards of the year for which the distribution is made; the said four months to embrace at least thirteen full weeks of study."

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It was afterward, but before the first trial of this method, decided that the examinations should be held simultaneously throughout the State, and by means of printed questions.

There was thus provided a means for knowing the scholarship of students entering upon classical or higher English studies, which had not existed before. The method was first tried in November, 1865, and from the beginning was received favorably among educators, as leading to great improvement in our mode of ascertaining the exact condition of scholarship in the several Academies of the State. The experience of the first year led to some modifications, and the subject presented first as a means for ascertaining the preparation of students at the time of entering upon higher studies was not long afterward employed in determining the progress made, and in fixing the basis upon which the Literature money should be apportioned.

From this beginning to the present time these written examinations upon printed questions have been continued with increasing favor, and steadily improving results, and in 1871 the Regents, in their Annual Report, said:

"Its results, from the beginning, have clearly indicated serious defects in elementary education, while the requirements of preliminary proficiency have not been changed, either by the statute, or the ordinances of the Regents; the number of scholars who have been found to have made such proficiency has been reduced to less than one-half the number allowed before this system of examination was instituted."

Before February, 1870, the certificates were allowed as claimed, but since then they have been reviewed in the office of the Regents. During the three years preceding the adoption of this review, at the central office, all that were claimed were allowed. Since then the percentage allowed has ranged from 64.3 to 90.6.

APPROPRIATIONS MADE TO ACADEMIES BY THE REGENTS UPON THE BASIS OF ATTENDANCE OF Students allOWED UNDER THEIR RULES TO PARTICIPATE IN THE INCOME OF LITERATURE FUNDS.

1848 1849

1830

1851

Academy of Dutchess County (Poughkeepsie).

Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. 1793 1813 $230 00 1824 1836 1859 $159 05 1814 320 00 1825 1837 1860

143 20

1794 1795

1815

370 00

1827

1839

1861

192 19

1802

1816

300 00

1828

1840

184 81

1803

1817

87 50

1829

1841

151 18

1804

1818

145 28

1830

1842

1808

70.00

1819

307 40

1831

1843

1809

80 00

1820

165 09

1832

1844

1810

100 00

1821

1833

1845

1811

1834

1812

150 00
1822
200 00 1823

1835

1871 1872

1873

1972 1873

1316

1817

1813

1319

1830

1821

1822

1823

1824

1825

1825

1827

1827

1828

1829

1830

1831

1832

1833

1828

1829

1830

1831

1832

1833

1834

$515.00
275 09
250.00

100 00

150 00

200 00

138 27
152 61

98 26

132 98

19.82

82.94

154 96

117 49 258 27

200 00

234 50

408 60

377 00

239 78

167 50

450.00

378 04

399 50

589 00

450 97

604 83

725 80

661 34

360 65

360 68

350 20

347 17

410 34

281 70

115 50

115 50

204 28

142 13

171 68

171 68

1874 1,286 50 1875 1,683 58

1852
1853

1854

1855

1874 1875

1874
1875

Addison Academy: (now) Addison Academy and Union School.

112 71
98 81

70 21

26 59

1828

1829

1830

1831

1832

1833

1834

1835

1836

1837

1838

1834

1835

1836

1837

1838
1839

1840

1835

1836

1837

1838

1839 1840

50 00

262 50
134 14

1876

1877

185 26
247 28

293 32
131 53

489 87

277 18

277 18

313 70

265 62

306 06

306 06

212 50

CHAPTER XX.

208 00

193 74

575 74

410 34
474 64

553 49

411 09

1,064 36

1,106 49
847 27

177 38

105 75

83 16

143 93

130 68
120 56

1865

1871

1872

1873

1,942 18
2,069 12

1876 1877

$229 12
108 75

1839

1840

1841

1842

1843

1844

1845

1846

1847

1848

1849

250 00

104 11

312 46

324 57

187 82

114 64

1841

1842

1843

1844

1845

1846

1847

103 87

103 87

189 26

Adelphi Academy of Brooklyn.

1876
1877

217 66 1878
236 78 1879

1841

1842

1843

1844

1845

1846

58 70

19 82

27 64

22 96

Afton Union School, Academic Department.

94 88 1878
82 36 1879

496 46

524 38

513 06

473 08

462 92

1846
1847

486 57

449 38

455 37

1874
1875

1876
1877

713 40

684 78

865 83

844 53

Albany Academy.

566 99

1850

505 68

1851

485 83

203 74

343 04

230 00

171 45

1852

1853

1854

1878 2.332 19
1879 2,233 07

1855

1856

1857

1858

$111 83

98 36

346 69

512 93

451 12

481 45

458 88

440 31

321 80

228 60
187 37

1859

1860

1848

1849

1850

1851

1852

1883

1854

61275

52 61
55281
36 03

Albany Female Academy.

849 15

912 01
755 68

780 15

731 46

573 92

509 41

555 87

197 37
171 78

1847

1848

1849

1850

1851

1852

171 41
206 13

1880
1881

285 84

298 69

244 50

329 95

298 40

316 88

Albany Female Seminary.

115 49
134 77

222 43

197 75

225 58

225 38
255 97

423 47

405 48

181 77
210 07

152 61

Albany High School.

147 39

169 81

187 21

1848 1849

1850

1851

2,403 86
2,093 99

1852

1853

1854

1855

1856

1857

1858

1878 1879 1880 1881

1880
1881

1880
1881

1861

1862

1863

1864

1865

1866

1867

1868

1869

1870

1871

1855

1856

$138 27
142 92

160 79

186 17

175 74

187 03

1857

1858

1859

1860

263 29

202 86

159 15

184 94

213 44

1853

1854

1855

1856

1857

1859

31 17 53.99 76 31 114 00

147 86
141 51

152 63
110 07

268 02

288 66

302 57

244 22

201 54

213 04

175 03

203 69

104 07

42 86
33 04

408 74
314 17

230 73

263 89

255 64
297 14

329 37

296 65

68 69

76 70

47 60 107 90

1862

1863

1864

1865

1866

1867

1868

1882 2,168 63

1882
1883

1882 1883

1882 1883

1873

1874

1875

1876

1877

1878

1879

1880

1881

1882

1883

1861

1862

1863

1864

1865

1874

1860

1861

1862

1863

1864

1865

1883

167 67

191 75

115 68

171 38 91 01

104 02 193 89

204 45 247 70

125 54 73.99

120 53

164 67

210 44

189 75

319 71

238 93

279 74

267 10

224 90

261 84

241 27

292 70

260 36

211 61

213 23

205 45 72.04

157 52

137 55

96 22

76 10

72.90

56274

2,031 28

Albion Academy: (now) Albion Union School, Academic Department (since 187

Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amen

Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years.
1840 $104 26 1848 $374 92 1856
1863
1841
1849 363 33
1857

$306 28

$262 32

1878

1870 1871

106 71

1864

297 08

198 22

1579

1842

1850

328 28

1858

1865

225 02

1872

207 34

1880

1843

1851

272 10

1859

1866

255 71

1873

160 70

1844

1852

1860

1867

1874

1845

1853

1861

1875

1846

1868 1869

1854

1862

1877

1847

1855

1838

1843

1844

1845

1846

1847

1868

1869

1870

1877

1836

1837

1838

1839

1840

1838

1839

1840

1841

1842

1843

1843

1844

1845

1846

1847

1848

1849

1863 1864

1860 1861

1876 1877

1864

299 42

259 33

354 85

408 65

331 47

503 35

254 41

532 00

486 97

452 18

751 53
774 61

316 36

361 99

385 74

$15 44

103 65

218 84

802 76

1,050 98

776 09

193 40

268 22

187 49

145 72

146 01

164 13

100 24

151 27

123 51
149 88

1848

1849

)850

1851

1871

1872

1873

1841

1842

1843

Alexander Classical School: Alexander Collegiate Seminary.

1839

91 92

149 29 1841

1842

110 00

1844

1845

1844

1845

1846

1847

1848

1854

1855

1356

72 55

1878 51 47 1879

1865

1862
1863

359 12

322 89

182 55

296 94

1867 1868

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$339 42

199 59

258 57

265 00

243 44

303 28 371 67

1864
1865

1871

Alfred Academy.

624 63

617 56

633 67
443 19

1856

1857

1858

1859

1851

1852

1853

1854

1855

390 16

450 71

294 12

684 42
599 78
675 30

Almond Academy.

Amenia Seminary.

482 92

637 58

611 57

498 94
455 57

219 51

1856

1857
1858

588 11
628 09

Amsterdam Female Seminary: (now) Amsterdam Academy.

266 70 1850

275 44

1851

106 19 1563
64 03 1864
176 13 1863

96 75
109 04
36 02

215 16

1852

302 90

1853

179 09

1869

260 07

137 55

1870

159 54

109 44

1871

159 87

688 84
653 28

72 68
76 62
45 91

648 57
581 75
564 40

Ames Academy.

133 23

1854

116 13

1855

90 01 106.98 155 27

1866
1867

417 35
338 10

1874

391 71

301 91
310 23

Andes Collegiate Institute.

1866

179 60 1867

164 09

91 28

48 75

90 12

164 81
130 21

102 09

91 13

Angelica Academy.

189 54
162 40

8.68

126 69

144 65

158 58

103 50
120 33

1860

1861

1862
1863

1880 1881

5661

1856
1857

1858

1874
1875

1859

1860

1861

1862
1863

1872

1873

1874

1875

1876

1877

Angola Union School, Academic Department.

1880

57 23

1881

114 00 1882

1868

102 92

78 92

195 60

1868 1869

558 48
516 64

373 54

516 25

529 42 412 74

358 57
307 64

234 79
15 44
78.92

Arcade Academy: (now) Arcade Union School, Academic Department.

271 18

1877

123 13

63 44
72 29
49.05
70 53

117 02

114 89

181

1582

1883

1843

61 00
19 65

1582 1553

1978

1879

1880 21.04 1881 239 98

1852

463 27

1883

1564 525 1863 43 1-66 1867

3P

1876 1877

1873 1879

1864

1867 1868 1869 1870

151 68 1875
72 40
1876

1869

1883

1882

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1865

1866

1843 1844

1845

1846

1847

1848

1849

152 40

146 90

151 59

222 87

341 16

241 97

201 05

1869

1850

1851

1852

1853

1854

1855

1856

45 25

142 92

223 00

191 02
70.57

71 97

106 37

92 04

1872

1873

1857

1858

1859

1860

1861

1862

1863

1875
1876

Argyle Academy.

117 18

1864

137 77

1865

104 15

1866

48 33

1867

130 48

1868

30 18

1869

29 69

1870

52 61
55 81

96 60

144 78

91 32

171 38

73 67

190 04

283 95

1871 1872

1873

1874

1875

1876

1877

166 32 480 98

1881

138 76 124 40 103 30

87 48

47 35

33 49
20 59

1883

1878 1879

1880

1881 1882 1883

82-6

6353

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1841

1874 1875

1844

1845

1646

1847

1563

1866

1967

1568

1810

1811

1812

1838

25.52

99 68

81 44

58 00

67 10

164 50

99 68

161 75

258 06

202.09
226 60

255 25
365 37

343 89

268 77
196 00

50 00 138 36

142 52

88.54

108.59

106 26

312 49

265 24

201 35

165 97

170 76

168 27

123 50
237 80

91 08

240 46

380 05

131 43

368 95

1846

263 78. 1847

74.35

66 97

98 45

156 01

1870

1871

1872

100 00

100 00

120 00

1830

1831

1832

1833

1834

1835

419 84

1836

1837

1870

1871

1872

1841 . 1842

1848

1849

1850

1851

1832

1853

1848

1849

1850

1551

1852

1853

1877*
1576

1848

1849

1850

1869

1870
1871

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1813
1814

1815

226 60

165 60

206 00

229 38

1839

229 37

211 22

116 63

97 33

283 95

356 80

442 31

354 58
200 83

143 59
84.78

89 33

67 51

84.06

77 64

200 03
178 98

162 20

150 18

250 11

253 27

150 90

134 09

175 50

60 56
67 00

1838

1839

1840

1841

1842

1843

1844

1845

135 74
203 59
270 90

1873 1874

1875

170 00

120 00

120 00

203 83

1843
1844

1854

1855

1856

1857

1858

1859

1854

1855

1856

1857

1858

1859

1860

1861

Auburn Academic High School.

619 85

⚫ 617 52
657 65

Astoria Institute.

Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount. Years. Amount.
$205 15 1846 $134 31 1847
$114 65
1848 $143 59

Auburn Academy.

274 63

1846

278 04

1847

308 32

1848

346 61

346 26

352 00

317 31

291 88

1879
1880

1886

1877

1878

Auburn Female Seminary.

330 06
357 19

1851

1852

1853

166 24
314 23

1849

1850

1872
1873

1874

1816

1817

1818

1851

1852

159 83

164 81

195 98

181 83

130 67
123 45

1876

1877

1878

1845
1846

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1862

1863

1864

1865

1866

1867

1868
1869

50 23 108 10

129 85

Aurora Academy.

221 17

150 47

1882

317 19

114 65

335 04

339 10

417 60

419 40

404 96

1881

759 02

766 97

831 07

1854

1855

1856

1875 1876 1877

78 76
45.84
62 26
20.41

49.21

31 31

Ball Seminary (Hoosick Falls).

120 71
122 25

104 11

1819 1820

190 55

191 19

205 95

164 36

270 93

Avon Academy: (now) Avon Union School, Academic Department.

240 00 1844

19 24

1843

136 48

46 63

1883

91 99

Bainbridge Union School, Academic Department.

421 38
197 37

166 87
140 09

138 65

1882

1841

290 00

546 05
538 47

1853

1854

1855

1856

Ballston Academy.

50 00 112 00 143 10

1857

1858

1859

284 10
301 37
190 45

1879
1880

1881

58.00
35 38

Batavia Female Academy.

1840

163 18

64 04

1847
1848

1866

1867

1868

1869

1870

1871

77 23 1857 121 88 1858 103 54 1859

1870

1871

1871

1872

1874

1875

1876

Baldwinsville Academy: (now) Baldwinsville Free Academy.

1878

290 26
258 27
236 72

1879

1880

132 51
147 86
180 09

359 95

259 78

250 40

1821 1822

224 15

230 72

170 75

147 06

1842

642 93
667 74

683 97

346 76
364 29

27 40

7 29

34 67

49 77

101 79
99 11

562 54

654 13
670 38

430 45

447 70

273 58
234 40

204 78

75 07
69 09
49.25

233 74
152 15
190 78

35 00
87 50

1882
1883

87 77

1860

1861

1862

1863

1864

1865
1866

1882 1883

1849

1872

1873

1874

1875

1876

1877

1877

1878

1879

1880

1881

1882

1883

1883

1860

1861

1862

1881

1882
1883

1823 1824

254 24 130 72

193 32

239 79.

256 59

232 13

145 81

119 36

295 28

573 89 505 05

373 02

62 20

28 70

77 19

36 83

50 22

5 15

133 83

83 11

83 43

104 93 82.55

25 11 22 52

245 02

25 06 24 68 28 30

208 33

161 41 171 28

97 58 88 12

• One hundred and eighty-nine dollars and seventy-five cents of this allowed on thirty-four scholars attending in 1875-6, and not included in the apportionment of that year.

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